Jīroft, Iran

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Jīroft, Iran

Region: Kerman


Geographic Coordinates: 28.678100, 57.740600
Temperature Range: 15.0°C to 40.0°C (59°F to 104°F)
Climate: Hot and dry climate with low precipitation throughout the year in Jīroft, Iran.
Population: 130429
Language: Persian

Jīroft, Located in the Kerman Province of Iran, Is considered to be one of the oldest cities in the world with a rich history dating back to prehistoric times. It has been an important center for trade and commerce for centuries. The city’s archaeological sites are notable, Including a citadel dating back to 2500 BCE that was discovered by Iranian archaeologists in 2001. It is one of the most significant discoveries in Iranian archaeology.

Apart from its archaeological sites, Jīroft also has cultural attractions such as museums showcasing local art and artifacts and traditional markets where visitors can shop for locally-made goods. The people of Jīroft are known for their hospitality and warm welcome towards visitors. The city has a vibrant culture that includes music, Dance, Food, And festivals throughout the year. Jīroft’s location makes it an ideal destination for outdoor enthusiasts with deserts, Mountains, And valleys offering opportunities for hiking, Camping or rock climbing while enjoying nature’s beauty.

Overall Jīroft offers visitors a unique blend of history culture tradition natural beauty making it a must-visit destination when travelling through Iran or looking for an off-the-beaten-path adventure experience with plenty to explore both within its borders but also beyond them thanks to its strategic location connecting different regions across this fascinating country!



Important Landmarks

  1. Jiroft Dam: A large dam on the Halil River that provides irrigation water to the surrounding agricultural lands.
  2. Konar Sandal: An archaeological site that dates back to the third millennium BCE and is believed to be one of the oldest cities in Iran.
  3. Shahdad Desert: A vast desert area with unique sand formations and ancient mud-brick buildings.
  4. Jameh Mosque of Jiroft: A historic mosque built during the Seljuk period with intricate tile work and carvings.
  5. Shahr-e Sukhteh: An ancient city located near Jiroft that dates back to around 3200 BCE and is considered one of the most important archaeological sites in Iran.
  6. Qaleh Dokhtar: A fortress located on a hilltop overlooking Jiroft that dates back to Sassanid era (224-651 CE).
  7. Gogonbadan Cave: A natural cave system located near Jiroft with stalactites, stalagmites, and underground pools.
  8. Bampur Castle: An ancient castle built during Parthian period (247 BCE – 224 CE) that served as a military stronghold for centuries.
  9. Kerman-Jiroft Railway Bridge: A historic railway bridge built during Qajar era (1785-1925) over Halil River which has become a popular spot for tourists due to its scenic views.
  10. Jazmourian Wetland Complex: A complex wetland ecosystem located near Jirof which is home for many migratory birds species.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture, which includes the cultivation of:
    • Dates
    • Pistachios
    • Pomegranates
  2. Carpet weaving
  3. Construction
  4. Mining
  5. Production of saffron

Noteable History

  1. The Jiroft Civilization, also known as the Halil Rud civilization, existed in the region from around 2500 BCE to 2200 BCE and is known for its impressive artifacts and architecture.
  2. The archaeological site of Konar Sandal near Jiroft is believed to be the capital of the Jiroft Civilization and has yielded many important artifacts such as seals, pottery, and metal objects.
  3. Siraf was a significant port city located near Jiroft during the medieval period that played an important role in trade between Iran and other countries such as China, India, and Africa.
  4. Mirza Reza Kermani was an Iranian revolutionary who assassinated Naser al-Din Shah Qajar in 1896 in Tehran; he was born in Jiroft.
  5. Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar was born in Tabriz but spent some time living in Jiroft during his childhood; he went on to become the sixth king of the Qajar dynasty who ruled Iran from 1907 to 1909.
  6. Seyed Mohammad Bagher Khajeh Noori lived in Jiroft during the early twentieth century and played an important role in promoting Islamic education and culture throughout Iran; he was a prominent Shia cleric.
  7. Hossein Alizadeh is a renowned musician and composer specializing in traditional Persian music (radif); he grew up partly in Jiroft where he learned to play various musical instruments from local musicians despite being born in Tehran.
  8. Nasrollah Kasraian began his acting career with a local theater group before appearing on stage, television, and films; he was born into this world at Jiroft.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Jiroft Archaeological Museum showcases relics from the ancient civilization of Jiroft, dating back to the 3rd millennium BCE.
  2. Konar Sandal Historical Site houses ruins of an ancient city that was once a hub of trade and commerce in the region.
  3. Shahr-e Sukhteh Archaeological Site displays remains of an ancient city dating back to 3200 BCE in Jiroft.
  4. Shahdad Desert, near Jiroft, is famous for its unique landscape and sand dunes resembling waves.
  5. Kerman Bazaar is a traditional market in nearby Kerman city known for handicrafts, spices, and textiles.
  6. Jameh Mosque of Kerman is one of Iran’s oldest mosques with intricate tilework and architecture from the 14th century.
  7. Ganjali Khan Complex features a bathhouse, mosque, bazaar, caravanserai (inn), and other buildings from Safavid era (16th-18th centuries).
  8. Arg-e Bam Citadel is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located about two hours from Jiroft that features a massive fortress made entirely out of mud bricks.
  9. Lut Desert National Park boasts stunning landscapes including sand dunes and rock formations located about three hours from Jiroft.
  10. Rayen Castle is another impressive fortress made out of mud bricks located near Kerman city with panoramic views over surrounding mountains and valleys.



Cultural Events

  1. Jiroft Cultural Festival: This festival celebrates the rich heritage and culture of Jiroft with music, dance performances, traditional food stalls, and handicraft exhibitions.
  2. Norouz Festival: Norouz is the Persian New Year celebrated on March 21st every year. It is a significant festival in Iran and celebrated with family gatherings, feasts, and special customs.
  3. Shahdad Desert Music Festival: This festival takes place in Shahdad desert near Jiroft every year in October-November. It features traditional music performances by local artists along with camping activities.
  4. Sistan-Baluchestan Handicrafts Exhibition: This exhibition showcases the unique handicrafts made by local artisans from Sistan-Baluchestan province including textiles, pottery, jewelry and more.
  5. Qanat Water Management System Festival: Qanat is an ancient underground water management system used to irrigate crops in arid regions of Iran including Jiroft. The festival celebrates this traditional technology with cultural events and educational programs for visitors to learn about its history and importance for agriculture.
  6. Mehregān Festival: Mehregān is a Persian autumn festival celebrating friendship among people while enjoying nature’s beauty with colorful leaves falling from trees during autumn season.
  7. Yalda Night (Shab-e Yalda): A winter solstice celebration that takes place on December 21st every year where families gather together to eat pomegranates & watermelons while reading Hafez poetry until midnight.
  8. Ashura Day (Tasua & Ashura): A religious event commemorating Imam Hossein’s martyrdom at Karbala where people mourn his death through various rituals like self-flagellation, passion plays, and reciting elegies.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Jiroft Park is a popular public park in Iran that provides various recreational activities such as walking, jogging, picnicking, and playing sports.
  2. The Shahdad Desert is an ideal destination for outdoor enthusiasts located about 70 km from Jiroft who want to explore the beauty of the desert landscape.
  3. The Bampour River in Jiroft is an excellent spot for fishing and boating activities.
  4. Khajeh Mountain near Jiroft offers hiking and trekking opportunities for adventure enthusiasts.
  5. Saryazd Castle is an ancient castle near Jiroft that attracts many tourists interested in exploring the rich history of Iran.
  6. Shahr-e Sukhteh Archaeological Site located near Jiroft provides visitors with a chance to explore an ancient civilization that once thrived in this region; it’s also a UNESCO World Heritage site.
  7. Gandom Beryan Desert National Park is about 150 km from Jiroft and offers guided tours and camping trips for visitors who want to explore unique desert landscapes and wildlife habitats.

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