Johannesburg, South Africa

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Johannesburg, South Africa

Region: Gauteng

Geographic Coordinates: -26.204400, 28.045600
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 30.0°C (50°F to 86°F)
Climate: Johannesburg has a subtropical highland climate with dry winters and rainy summers.
Population: 8000000
Language: English

Johannesburg, Also known as Joburg or Jozi, Is the largest city in South Africa and one of the most vibrant and dynamic cities on the African continent. Located in the heart of Gauteng province, Johannesburg is a bustling metropolis that has grown from a small mining town to become one of Africa’s leading financial centers. The city boasts a rich history that dates back to the discovery of gold in 1886. This led to an influx of people from all over South Africa and beyond, Resulting in a diverse population that reflects the country’s multiculturalism.

Today, Johannesburg is home to more than 4 million people who speak over 10 languages. One of the most iconic landmarks in Johannesburg is its skyline dominated by towering skyscrapers such as The Carlton Centre which was once Africa’s tallest building and The Ponte City Apartments which stands at an impressive height of 173 meters. These buildings are not only impressive feats of engineering but also serve as symbols of Johannesburg’s economic power.

Johannesburg offers plenty for visitors to explore including world-class museums such as The Apartheid Museum and Constitution Hill where visitors can learn about South Africa’s struggle for democracy under apartheid. Other attractions include Gold Reef City Theme Park which offers thrilling rides and roller coasters along with insights into Joburg’s gold-rush history; Zoo Lake – a popular picnic spot with stunning views; Soweto – famous for being home to Nelson Mandela’s former residence; Melville – known for its bohemian vibe with trendy cafes, Bars & restaurants; Sandton City Mall – one-stop shopping destination with high-end brands & designer stores.

Foodies will find plenty to love about Johannesburg too! From street food vendors selling bunny chow (a hollowed-out loaf filled with curry) or pap en vleis (maize meal porridge served with meat) to high-end restaurants serving up contemporary cuisine using local ingredients, There is something for everyone’s taste buds. Despite its many attractions, Johannesburg is not without its challenges. Crime rates are high in some areas, And visitors are advised to take necessary precautions when exploring the city. However, With proper planning and awareness of one’s surroundings, Johannesburg can be a safe and enjoyable destination.

Johannesburg is a city that offers an exciting blend of history, Culture and modernity. Its diverse population has created a unique fusion of African traditions with contemporary influences from around the world. Whether you’re interested in exploring museums or enjoying the vibrant nightlife scene, Joburg has something for everyone to enjoy!

Important Landmarks

  1. Apartheid Museum
  2. Nelson Mandela Square
  3. Gold Reef City
  4. Constitution Hill
  5. Lion Park
  6. Johannesburg Zoo
  7. The Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site
  8. Soweto Township Tour
  9. Walter Sisulu Botanical Gardens
  10. Top of Africa Observation Deck

Primary Industries

  1. Johannesburg, South Africa boasts a diverse range of industries and businesses, including:
    • Mining
    • Finance
    • Manufacturing
    • Technology
    • Tourism
    • Retail
    • Healthcare
    • Education
  2. The city has a rich history as a mining hub for gold and other precious metals. It is commonly referred to as the City of Gold due to its mining legacy.
  3. Johannesburg is home to the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE), which is one of the largest stock exchanges in Africa. The city’s strong finance sector also includes banking and insurance.
  4. The manufacturing sector in Johannesburg is robust with particular strengths in:
    • Automotive production
    • Textiles
    • Food processing
  5. The city’s growing tech industry encompasses:
    • Software development
    • E-commerce
    • Telecommunications
  6. Tourism plays an important role in Johannesburg’s economy with its rich cultural heritage and natural attractions like Kruger National Park nearby. Retail also thrives with numerous shopping centers serving both local residents and tourists.
  7. Healthcare is another significant industry for Johannesburg with several world-class hospitals attracting patients from around the region.
  8. Education also flourishes with several universities located within or near the city making it an important center for higher education in South Africa.

Noteable History

  1. Johannesburg was founded in 1886 during a gold rush, leading to the establishment of numerous mines and rapid city growth.
  2. Nelson Mandela played a significant role in the anti-apartheid movement while living in Johannesburg for many years, including his imprisonment on Robben Island.
  3. In 1976, students from Soweto protested against apartheid education policies, leading to violent clashes with police resulting in numerous deaths.
  4. Mahatma Gandhi developed his philosophy of nonviolent resistance during his time spent in Johannesburg between 1903-1914.
  5. Desmond Tutu is a South African Anglican cleric known for his opposition to apartheid and later winning the Nobel Peace Prize for his work towards reconciliation during South Africa’s transition to democracy.
  6. The Rand Rebellion occurred in 1922 when miners went on strike against poor working conditions and low wages which led to violent clashes with police resulting in over 200 deaths.
  7. Chris Hani was an anti-apartheid activist who was assassinated outside his home by white supremacists in Boksburg during 1993.
  8. On March 21st,1960, police opened fire on peaceful protesters demonstrating against pass laws at Sharpeville killing sixty-nine people and injuring hundreds more – this event became known as the Sharpeville Massacre.
  9. Walter Sisulu & Oliver Tambo were prominent anti-apartheid activists who played key roles alongside Nelson Mandela as leaders of the African National Congress (ANC).
  10. The Hector Pieterson Memorial & Museum commemorates events that occurred on June 16th when schoolchildren protested against being taught only Afrikaans as part of their education curriculum which ultimately led to deadly violence at Orlando West High School resulting in Hector Pieterson’s death becoming an iconic symbol of resistance against apartheid.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Apartheid Museum
  2. Constitution Hill
  3. Nelson Mandela Square
  4. Johannesburg Art Gallery
  5. Wits Art Museum
  6. Market Theatre
  7. Origins Centre Museum
  8. Hector Pieterson Memorial and Museum
  9. Sci-Bono Discovery Centre
  10. Walter Sisulu Botanical Gardens

Sports Teams

  1. Kaizer Chiefs FC was founded in 1970 and is one of the most successful football clubs in South Africa. They have won numerous domestic and international titles, including the CAF Champions League and the African Cup Winners’ Cup.
  2. Orlando Pirates FC is another popular football club based in Johannesburg that was established in 1937. They have a long history of success both domestically and internationally, having won several league titles and continental championships.
  3. The Lions Rugby Union is a professional rugby team that plays in the Super Rugby competition. They were founded in 1889 and have a rich history of success, including winning three Currie Cup titles.
  4. The Golden Lions Cricket Club is a first-class cricket team that represents Gauteng province (which includes Johannesburg) in domestic competitions such as the Sunfoil Series and Momentum One Day Cup.
  5. The Highveld Lions Football Club is a professional soccer team that competes in the National First Division (NFD). They were founded in 1959 as Transvaal Cricket Union but later switched to football.
  6. Wits University Football Club competes at various levels of South African football leagues including Premier Soccer League (PSL), which is considered to be one of Africa’s strongest leagues with some top players from around continent playing for various teams within it.

Cultural Events

  1. Johannesburg International Mozart Festival: This classical music festival celebrates the works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and features performances by local and international artists.
  2. FNB Joburg Art Fair: This contemporary art fair showcases works by African artists and attracts collectors, curators, and art enthusiasts from around the world.
  3. Soweto Wine & Lifestyle Festival: This annual event celebrates South African wine culture with tastings, food pairings, live music, and fashion shows.
  4. Standard Bank Joy of Jazz Festival: This jazz festival features local and international musicians performing a range of styles from traditional to modern jazz.
  5. Rand Show: This family-friendly event is one of the largest consumer exhibitions in Africa with entertainment, shopping opportunities, food stalls, amusement park rides and more.
  6. Johannesburg Pride Parade & Festival: Celebrating LGBTQ+ rights in South Africa through a parade followed by a festival that includes live music performances.
  7. Diwali Festival of Lights: Celebrated annually in October or November this Hindu festival is marked by fireworks displays throughout the city as well as feasting on traditional Indian foods.
  8. Fête de la Musique (Music Day): Held annually in June this celebration brings together musicians performing across various genres at different venues throughout Johannesburg for free concerts.
  9. The National Arts Festival – The largest arts festival on the African continent held annually in Grahamstown is only four hours’ drive from Johannesburg featuring theatre productions across all genres including drama,music,dance,puppetry among others.
  10. Chinese New Year- The Chinese community living within Johannesburg celebrate their New Year with various cultural activities such as dragon dances,lion dances ,fireworks display among other festivities.


  1. Braai (barbecue) – popular at many local restaurants and street vendors.
  2. Bunny Chow – a curry dish served in a hollowed-out loaf of bread.
  3. Pap en vleis (maize meal and meat) – often served with chakalaka (spicy relish).
  4. Bobotie – a sweet and spicy mince dish topped with egg custard.
  5. Boerewors rolls – traditional South African sausage served in a roll with tomato sauce.
  6. Shisa Nyama – traditional Zulu barbecue style cooking, often found at outdoor markets or street vendors.
  7. Moyo Restaurant – offers African cuisine, live music, and entertainment.
  8. The Local Grill – known for its steakhouse menu featuring locally sourced meats.
  9. Pata Pata – serves South African dishes like bunny chow, bobotie, and pap en vleis.
  10. Sakhumzi Restaurant – specializes in township cuisine including braai meat, tripe stew, and samp (a type of porridge).

Parks and Recreation

  1. Johannesburg Botanical Garden is a large park that boasts various gardens, walking trails, and picnic areas.
  2. Zoo Lake is a popular spot for picnics, jogging, fishing, and paddle boating.
  3. Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden is a beautiful garden with hiking trails and waterfalls.
  4. Emmarentia Dam is a scenic spot for picnics, jogging, fishing, and canoeing.
  5. Melville Koppies Nature Reserve is an important archaeological site with hiking trails.
  6. James and Ethel Gray Park is a large park with playgrounds, picnic areas, and walking paths.
  7. Delta Park offers vast green space with hiking trails and birdwatching opportunities.
  8. Modderfontein Reserve features an expansive nature reserve with hiking trails and birdwatching opportunities.
  9. Wild Waters Waterpark provides 9 different rides including the Boomerango slide which happens to be the highest slide in Africa.
  10. Gold Reef City Theme Park offers over 30 different rides from thrill rides to family-friendly ones.


Discover The World.

Explore more:

Limbe, Cameroon

Reading Time: 5 minutes Limbe, Cameroon Region: Southwest Region Geographic Coordinates: 4.016700, 9.216700 Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 35.0°C (68°F to 95°F) Climate: Tropical climate with two distinct seasons: a rainy season from March to October and a dry season from November to February. Population:

Read More »

Giyon, Ethiopia

Reading Time: 6 minutes Giyon, Ethiopia Region: Giyon is located in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR) of Ethiopia Geographic Coordinates: 8.533300, 37.966700 Climate: Seasonal. Population: 114534 Language: Amharic Giyon, Also known as Goba, Is a city situated in the Bale Zone

Read More »

Meishan, China

Reading Time: 5 minutes Meishan, China Region: Sichuan Geographic Coordinates: 30.057500, 103.838000 Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 40.0°C (-40°F to 104°F) Climate: Seasonal. Population: 2950545 Language: Mandarin Meishan is a city located in the southwestern part of China’s Sichuan province. The city sits at the

Read More »

Chengxiang, China

Reading Time: 5 minutes Chengxiang, China Region: Fujian Geographic Coordinates: 31.451500, 121.104000 Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 40.0°C (-40°F to 104°F) Population: 831113 Language: Mandarin Chengxiang is a town located in the northeastern part of Fujian province, China. It sits on the banks of the

Read More »

Lisbon, Portugal

Reading Time: 5 minutes Lisbon, Portugal Region: Lisbon Geographic Coordinates: 38.725300, -9.150000 Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 30.0°C (50°F to 86°F) Climate: Lisbon has a Mediterranean climate with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. Population: 2719000 Language: Portuguese Lisbon, The capital of Portugal, Is

Read More »

Kilis, Turkey

Reading Time: 6 minutes Kilis, Turkey Region: Kilis Province Geographic Coordinates: 36.716700, 37.116700 Temperature Range: 5.0°C to 35.0°C (41°F to 95°F) Climate: Seasonal. Population: 116034 Language: Turkish Kilis is a small city situated in southern Turkey, Close to the Syrian border. Despite its size,

Read More »