Kaya, Burkina Faso

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Kaya, Burkina Faso

Region: Kadiogo

Geographic Coordinates: 13.083300, -1.083300
Temperature Range: 25.0°C to 40.0°C (77°F to 104°F)
Climate: Dry and hot with a rainy season from May to October.
Population: 122949
Language: Moore

Kaya is a city located in the north-central region of Burkina Faso and serves as the capital of Sanmatenga province. The city has a population of around 100, 000 people and covers an area of approximately 60 square kilometers. It sits on a plateau with an elevation of 315 meters above sea level. The climate in Kaya is hot and dry throughout the year, With temperatures ranging from 25 to 40 degrees Celsius. The rainy season occurs between June and September when heavy rainfall can cause flooding.

Agriculture forms the backbone of Kaya’s economy, With cotton being one of its main crops alongside millet, Sorghum, Maize, Groundnuts, And beans. Livestock breeding also plays a significant role in the city’s economy. Infrastructure development has seen significant progress in recent years with paved roads connecting Kaya to other major cities such as Ouagadougou (the capital) and Bobo-Dioulasso. The city also boasts several health facilities that provide primary healthcare services to residents. Kaya’s traditional architecture reflects Burkina Faso’s rich cultural heritage with many buildings constructed using mud bricks decorated with intricate designs made from straw or wood carvings.

Lake Bam lies about five kilometers outside the city center offering tourists an excellent spot for fishing or nature walks while taking breathtaking views. Finally, Kaya hosts several festivals throughout the year celebrating different aspects of local culture such as music or dance performances showcasing traditional attire worn by locals during these events making it one of Burkina Faso’s must-visit destinations for those seeking authentic African culture combined with modern amenities provided by its growing infrastructure development initiatives.

Primary Industries

  1. Kaya, Burkina Faso is known for its thriving agricultural industry.
  2. The region’s primary crops include:
    • Millet
    • Sorghum
    • Maize
    • Peanuts
    • Cotton
  3. In addition to agriculture, Kaya also has a significant livestock industry that produces meat and dairy products from:
    • Cattle
    • Sheep
    • Goats
  4. The city also has a strong handicraft industry that produces traditional clothing, pottery and jewelry.
  5. As a regional hub for trade in northern Burkina Faso, Kaya boasts markets selling food items like grains or spices.
  6. Additionally, the city offers various services such as healthcare facilities due to its location along major transportation routes connecting it to other parts of Burkina Faso.

Noteable History

  1. The Mossi Kingdom: Kaya was once part of the Mossi Kingdom, which was one of the largest pre-colonial empires in West Africa.
  2. Thomas Sankara: Thomas Sankara was a Burkinabe military officer and politician who served as President of Burkina Faso from 1983 until his assassination in 1987. He is known for his revolutionary policies, including promoting women’s rights, land reform, and anti-corruption measures.
  3. The Battle of Kaya: In 1897, French forces defeated the Mossi army at the Battle of Kaya, which marked the beginning of French colonial rule in Burkina Faso.
  4. Amadou Hampâté Bâ: Amadou Hampâté Bâ was a renowned Malian writer and ethnologist who spent much of his life studying West African cultures and traditions. He lived in Kaya for several years during his research.
  5. The Nakomse Rebellion: In 2001, members of the Nakomse ethnic group launched a rebellion against the Burkinabe government in Kaya.
  6. The International Festival Nuits Atypiques de Koudougou: This annual festival celebrates music, dance, theater, and other forms of artistic expression from around Burkina Faso and beyond.
  7. Yennenga: Yennenga was an ancient warrior princess who is said to have founded the Mossi Kingdom after fleeing an arranged marriage with her father’s enemy.

Overall, Kaya has played an important role in both Burkinabe history and West African culture more broadly through its connection to these notable events and individuals over time.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Kaya Museum showcases the cultural heritage of the Mossi people, including traditional clothing, weapons, and crafts.
  2. The Grand Mosque of Kaya is a beautiful mosque that anyone interested in Islamic architecture and history must visit.
  3. The Sacred Crocodile Pond is located just outside of Kaya and is home to several crocodiles that are considered sacred by the local people.
  4. The Sissili River runs through Kaya and is a popular spot for swimming and fishing.
  5. The Gounghin Rock Formation offers stunning views of the surrounding landscape and is located just outside of Kaya.
  6. The Centre National de la Danse et des Arts Dramatiques (CNAD) offers classes in dance, theater, music, and other performing arts.
  7. La Maison du Peuple de Koudougou hosts concerts, exhibitions, and other events showcasing Burkina Faso’s rich artistic traditions; it’s about an hour’s drive from Kaya in the city of Koudougou.
  8. La Place de la Nation is a public square in downtown Kaya that’s great for soaking up local culture while watching street performers or live music performances.
  9. Le Marché Central de Ouagadougou may not be technically located in Kaya itself (it’s about an hour’s drive away), but this bustling market in Burkina Faso’s capital city is well worth a visit for its vibrant atmosphere and wide selection of goods for sale.
  10. Les Cascades de Banfora are another destination located outside of Kaya (about four hours’ drive away), these stunning waterfalls near Banfora are one of Burkina Faso’s top tourist attractions thanks to their natural beauty and surrounding scenic landscapes.

Cultural Events

  1. Festival of the Sacred Drum: This festival is held annually in Kaya and celebrates the traditional drumming culture of Burkina Faso.
  2. FESPACO Film Festival: This biennial film festival is one of the largest cultural events in Africa and attracts filmmakers, actors, and movie enthusiasts from around the world.
  3. International Crafts Fair: This fair showcases a variety of traditional crafts from Burkina Faso and other African countries, including textiles, pottery, jewelry, and woodcarvings.
  4. Ouagadougou Jazz Festival: Although not held specifically in Kaya, this annual jazz festival takes place in nearby Ouagadougou and features musicians from across Africa and beyond.
  5. National Cultural Week: Held annually in August, this week-long event celebrates Burkina Faso’s diverse cultural heritage with music performances, dance displays, art exhibitions, and more.
  6. Bobo-Dioulasso Cultural Festival: Another event not located specifically in Kaya but still worth mentioning is the Bobo-Dioulasso Cultural Festival which takes place annually to celebrate the culture of western Burkina Faso through music performances by local artists as well as international acts from across West Africa.


  • Kaya, Burkina Faso is renowned for its traditional West African cuisine
  • Delectable dishes include:
    • Poulet Yassa – a succulent chicken dish marinated with onions and lemon juice
    • Riz Gras – a tasty rice dish prepared in tomato sauce with meat or vegetables
    • Tô – a starchy porridge made from millet or sorghum flour, typically served with soup or sauce
  • There are numerous restaurants in Kaya that serve these mouth-watering delicacies:
    • Restaurant Chez Fatouma
    • La Belle Etoile
    • Le Boukarou
    • Le Relais de Kaya

    Parks and Recreation

    1. Parc Urbain Bangr-Weoogo: This park is located in the capital city of Ouagadougou and offers various recreational activities such as hiking, picnicking, and bird watching.
    2. Le Ranch: This is a popular resort located in Kaya that offers horseback riding, swimming pool facilities, and a restaurant.
    3. Les Cascades de Karfiguéla: These are beautiful waterfalls located near Kaya that offer scenic views and swimming opportunities.
    4. Laongo Sculpture Symposium Park: This park is home to over 50 sculptures created by artists from all over the world.
    5. National Museum of Music: Located in Ouagadougou, this museum showcases traditional Burkinabe music instruments and history.
    6. The Village Artisanal de Ouagadougou: This artisan market sells handmade crafts such as textiles and pottery made by local artisans.
    7. Lake Tengrela Wildlife Reserve: Located near Banfora town which is around 200 km from Kaya; this reserve offers boat rides to spot hippos and crocodiles along with birdwatching opportunities.

    Note that some of these places may be closed or have limited access due to COVID-19 restrictions or other factors beyond our control; please check before visiting any place to ensure it’s open for visitors at your desired time of visitation.


    Dream, Travel, Repeat.

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