Khulna, Bangladesh

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Khulna, Bangladesh

Region: Khulna Division


Geographic Coordinates: 22.816700, 89.550000
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 35.0°C (68°F to 95°F)
Climate: Tropical monsoon climate with high rainfall and high humidity throughout the year in Khulna, Bangladesh.
Population: 1400689
Language: Bengali

Khulna is a city located in southwestern Bangladesh, Situated on the banks of Rupsha and Bhairab rivers. It is the third-largest city in Bangladesh with a population of over 1.5 million people. Khulna has a rich history dating back to the 13th century when it was an important center for trade and commerce. One of the main attractions in Khulna is Sundarbans, Which is one of the largest mangrove forests in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage site. The forest houses numerous species of flora and fauna including Bengal tigers, Crocodiles, Spotted deer, Snakes, And various species of birds.

Visitors can take boat tours to witness its beauty firsthand. Another popular attraction in Khulna is Khan Jahan Ali’s shrine complex that includes several mosques, Mausoleums, Tombs, Gardens, Ponds and other structures built during Khan Jahan Ali’s reign as ruler of Bagerhat from 1429-1459 AD. The complex has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site due to its unique architecture that blends Islamic and Hindu styles.

Khulna also boasts several museums that showcase its rich cultural heritage including The Khulna Divisional Museum which displays artifacts from ancient civilizations such as Mohenjo-daro and Harappa along with artifacts from medieval Bengal such as pottery items made by potters at Rampal Thana. The city offers delicious cuisine like bhuna khichuri (a spicy rice dish), Kacchi biryani (a type of biryani made with marinated meat), Fish curry (made using fresh river fish) among others.

Apart from tourism activities mentioned above; there are plenty more things you can do while visiting Khulna such as shopping at local markets where you can find traditional handicrafts textiles among other souvenirs or taking a stroll through parks or visiting temples or mosques within the city. Overall, Khulna is a city that offers visitors an opportunity to experience Bangladesh’s rich cultural heritage and natural beauty. It is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Bangladesh.



Important Landmarks

  1. Sundarbans Mangrove Forests
  2. Sixty Dome Mosque
  3. Khan Jahan Ali Mazar
  4. Shat Gambuj Mosque
  5. Rupsha Bridge
  6. Khulna University of Engineering and Technology (KUET)
  7. Bagerhat Shat Gombuj Masjid and Shrine Complex
  8. Karamjal Wildlife Breeding Center
  9. Narikel Jinjira Beach
  10. Alor Pothe Nature Park

Primary Industries

  1. Jute Industry: Khulna is renowned as the ‘Jute Capital of the World’ due to its thriving jute industry, with numerous jute mills situated in the city.
  2. Shipbuilding Industry: The city has a growing shipbuilding industry, with several shipyards located along the banks of Rupsha River.
  3. Textile Industry: Khulna also boasts a significant textile industry, with several textile mills producing cotton fabrics and garments.
  4. Food Processing Industry: Several food processing units are present in Khulna that manufacture products such as biscuits, noodles, and snacks.
  5. Leather Industry: Numerous leather tanneries located in Khulna produce high-quality leather products for export.
  6. Chemical Industry: The chemical industry in Khulna produces chemicals such as sulfuric acid, caustic soda, and chlorine for use across various sectors.
  7. Agriculture: Agriculture is an essential sector in Khulna’s economy, with crops such as rice, wheat and sugarcane being grown extensively across the region.
  8. Fishing Industry: Due to its proximity to Sundarbans mangrove forest delta region where many fish species are found abundantly; fishing is a thriving industry here generating revenue for local people through exports.
  9. Tourism Industry: With its proximity to Sundarbans mangrove forest delta region and other scenic spots like Bagerhat Shat Gambuj Mosque (60 domed mosque), Khan Jahan Ali Bridge over Rupsa River etc., tourism is also an emerging sector here which generates revenue for local people by providing jobs opportunities through hotels restaurants or transportation services etc.

Noteable History

  1. The Partition of Bengal in 1905 divided the province into two parts, with Khulna becoming part of East Bengal.
  2. The Khulna Conference in 1928 brought together leaders from across the region to discuss issues related to Indian independence and self-rule.
  3. During the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, Khulna played a key role as a battleground between Pakistani forces and Bengali guerrilla fighters.
  4. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the founding father of Bangladesh and its first president, spent time in Khulna during his political career.
  5. Jibanananda Das, one of the most celebrated poets in Bengali literature lived and worked in Khulna for several years before his death.
  6. Khan Jahan Ali is a revered saint who founded numerous mosques and other religious institutions throughout the region.
  7. Rupsha Bridge is a major infrastructure project completed in 2004 that connects Khulna with neighboring districts and has helped spur economic growth in the area.
  8. Sundarbans National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located near Khulna that is home to one of the world’s largest mangrove forests as well as endangered species like tigers and river dolphins.

Museums and Things To See

  1. The Sundarbans Mangrove Forest is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts should not miss.
  2. The Khulna Divisional Museum showcases the history, culture, and traditions of the Khulna region.
  3. The Khan Jahan Ali Mazar is a mausoleum dedicated to the famous Sufi saint Khan Jahan Ali and is a popular pilgrimage site for Muslims.
  4. The Sixty Dome Mosque was built in the 15th century and is considered one of the most impressive examples of Islamic architecture in Bangladesh.
  5. The Rupsha Bridge spans across the Rupsha River and offers stunning views of the surrounding landscape.
  6. The Bagerhat Shat Gambuj Mosque features 60 domes and was built in the 15th century by Khan Jahan Ali, another stunning example of Islamic architecture.
  7. Shilpakala Academy Khulna hosts exhibitions, workshops, and performances showcasing local artists’ work at this art center.
  8. The Kuthibari Rabindranath Tagore Museum is Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore’s ancestral home converted into a museum showcasing his life’s works.
  9. Chitra Sagor (Lake) is located on Khulna University campus where visitors can enjoy boating or simply relax by its serene waterside at this beautiful lake.
  10. Khalishpur Industrial Area Monument & Park includes recreational facilities like playgrounds & fountains along with a monument dedicated to workers who lost their lives during industrial accidents at Khalishpur Industrial Area.


Sports Teams

  1. Khulna Division cricket team:

    The Khulna Division cricket team represents the Khulna region in domestic cricket competitions in Bangladesh. They have won the National Cricket League (NCL) championship three times, in 2012-13, 2013-14, and 2016-17.

  2. Sheikh Russel Krira Chakra:

    Sheikh Russel Krira Chakra is a football club based in Khulna that plays in the Bangladesh Premier League (BPL). The club was founded in 2007 and has won several titles including the Federation Cup and Independence Cup.

  3. Abahani Limited Dhaka:

    Although not solely based in Khulna, Abahani Limited Dhaka has a strong presence and fan base within the city. The football club was founded in 1972 and has won numerous domestic titles including six Bangladesh Premier League championships.

  4. Mohammedan Sporting Club:

    Mohammedan Sporting Club is another football club with a significant following among fans from Khulna. Founded in Kolkata, India, the club moved to Dhaka after partition but still maintains its popularity across different regions of Bangladesh.

  5. Dhumketu Sporting Club:

    Dhumketu Sporting Club is a relatively new football team from Khulna that plays at the district level but has shown promise by winning several local tournaments over recent years.

Overall, sports teams from Khulna have made significant contributions to Bangladeshi sports history over time through their performances on various platforms both domestically as well as internationally representing their respective regions or clubs they represent within their respective sports disciplines such as cricket or soccer amongst others available for them to participate competitively within locally or nationally at different levels of play offered by authorities governing these events across various locations throughout this country’s geography where these opportunities arise.



Cultural Events

  1. Bishwa Ijtema is an annual Islamic congregation held in Khulna where Muslims from all over the world gather to pray and listen to religious sermons.
  2. Poush Mela is a winter festival celebrated in Khulna, which includes cultural programs, music performances, and traditional food stalls.
  3. Baruni Mela is a local fair held in Khulna during the month of Chaitra (March-April), which features rides, games, and food vendors.
  4. Eid-ul-Fitr is a major religious festival celebrated by Muslims all over Bangladesh including Khulna after the end of Ramadan month.
  5. Bengali New Year (Pohela Boishakh) marks the first day of the Bengali calendar year and is celebrated with great enthusiasm across Bangladesh including Khulna with street fairs and cultural programs.
  6. Durga Puja celebrates the victory of good over evil in Hinduism and involves colorful processions and elaborate rituals in honor of Goddess Durga.
  7. Jatra Utsav is a popular folk theater festival held annually in different parts of Bangladesh including Khulna that features traditional plays accompanied by music and dance performances.
  8. Independence Day (26th March) commemorates Bangladesh’s independence from Pakistan on March 26th 1971 with parades, speeches, patriotic songs being performed across various cities including Khulna.

Cuisine

  1. Bhuna Khichuri: A rice dish cooked with lentils and vegetables, served with spicy fried fish or chicken. You can try it at Shad Restaurant or Hotel Royal International.
  2. Kacchi Biriyani: A special type of biryani made with marinated mutton and basmati rice, cooked in a clay oven. You can try it at Hotel Castle Salam or Ruposhi Bangla Restaurant.
  3. Pitha: Sweet cakes made from rice flour and filled with coconut or molasses. You can try it at Pitha Ghar or Chakma Pitha House.
  4. Shingara: Deep-fried triangular pastry stuffed with spiced vegetables or meat. You can try it at Nizam’s Kitchen or Star Kabab & Restaurant.
  5. Fuchka: Small crispy shells filled with spicy potato mixture, tamarind water, and chickpeas. You can try it at Fuchka Wala on Khan Jahan Ali Road.
  6. Hilsha Fish Curry: A traditional Bengali fish curry made with Hilsha fish (national fish of Bangladesh) cooked in mustard oil and spices, served with steamed rice. You can try it at Hotel Royal International or Nanna Biriyani House.
  7. Jhalmuri: Spicy street food snack made from puffed rice mixed with chopped onion, tomato, cucumber, chili powder, mustard oil, etc. You can find this everywhere on the streets of Khulna.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Khulna City Park
  2. Shibbari Park
  3. Rupsha Bridge Park
  4. Sheikh Rasel Gono Udyan
  5. Khan Jahan Ali Mazar Complex
  6. Sundarbans Mangrove Forest Reserve
  7. Bagerhat Shat Gambuj Mosque and Mausoleum Complex
  8. Karamjal Wildlife Breeding Centre
  9. Fultala Zoo and Botanical Garden

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