Geographic Coordinates: 37.450000, 35.800000
Temperature Range: 15.0°C to 30.0°C (59°F to 86°F)
Kozan is a charming city located in the Adana province of Turkey. It is situated on the foothills of the Taurus Mountains and surrounded by beautiful landscapes. The city is famous for its rich history, Cultural heritage, And stunning natural beauty. One of the most significant landmarks in Kozan is the Kozan Castle, Which dates back to 1186 AD. The castle has been restored several times over the centuries and now stands as a magnificent structure overlooking the city. Visitors can explore its ancient walls, Towers, And dungeons while enjoying panoramic views of Kozan.
Another popular attraction in Kozan is the Grand Mosque or Ulu Camii, Which was built during Ottoman times in 1579 AD. This impressive mosque features intricate tile work and calligraphy that showcases traditional Turkish artistry. Kozan also boasts several museums that showcase its rich history and culture. One such museum is The Archaeological Museum where visitors can see artifacts from different periods including Hittite, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires. Another notable museum is The Ethnography Museum where visitors can learn about traditional Turkish customs through exhibits showcasing clothing, Household items and other cultural artifacts.
For nature lovers visiting Kozan there are plenty of outdoor activities to enjoy including hiking trails through forests with waterfalls cascading down cliffsides into crystal-clear pools below or exploring caves filled with stalactites and stalagmites. Foodies will love sampling local cuisine such as kebabs cooked over charcoal fires or tasting traditional dishes like çiğ köfte (spicy raw meatballs) made with bulgur wheat mixed with herbs spices served alongside fresh vegetables.
Overall, Kozan offers something for everyone from history buffs to adventure seekers to food connoisseurs alike making it an ideal destination for those looking for a unique travel experience in Turkey.
- Agriculture (especially cotton and citrus fruits)
- Food processing
- Textile manufacturing
- Construction materials production
- Small-scale enterprises such as handicrafts and traditional goods production
- The city of Sis, once the capital of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia from the 12th to the 14th century, is an ancient site.
- During World War I in 1919, Turkish forces defeated French troops who had occupied the region in a battle known as Kozan.
- Zübeyde Hanım, mother of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was born in Kozan.
- Yahya Kemal Beyatlı, a famous Turkish poet and writer spent his childhood in Kozan and wrote about it in his memoirs.
- The historic Kozan Castle (also known as Sis Castle) dates back to Roman times and was later used by various ruling powers including Byzantines, Seljuks, and Ottomans.
- Notable people from Kozan include politician Mehmet Ali Talat who served as President of Northern Cyprus from 2005-2010 and actor Tuncel Kurtiz who starred in many popular Turkish films and TV shows.
- During Ottoman times, Kozan was an important center for silk production with many silk farms located in the surrounding areas.
- In recent years, tourists have been drawn to explore its rich history and natural beauty including nearby waterfalls, caves, hiking trails making it a popular destination for visitors interested in these attractions.
- Kozan Castle is a historic castle located in the heart of Kozan.
- Kozan Museum showcases the history and culture of Kozan.
- Taşköprü (Stone Bridge) is an ancient bridge that spans the Ceyhan River.
- Alahan Monastery is an early Christian monastery with impressive architecture located outside of Kozan.
- Cilicia Museum is a museum dedicated to the history and culture of Cilicia, a region that includes Kozan.
- Şar (Sarı) Castle is another historic castle located in the hills outside of Kozan.
- Karatepe-Aslantaş National Park is a national park with ancient ruins and beautiful natural scenery.
- Hacı Sabancı Mosque Complex is a modern mosque complex built by a wealthy local family, featuring stunning architecture and design elements from both Turkish and Islamic traditions.
- Sirkeli Höyük Archaeological Site is an archaeological site dating back to the Hittite period, featuring impressive ruins and artifacts from this ancient civilization.
- Akçatekir Mosque was built in 1500s which makes it one of the most important examples of Ottoman architecture in Adana province.
- The Kozan Cherry Festival is an annual event held in June to celebrate the cherry harvest season. Attendees can participate in activities such as cherry picking, traditional music and dance performances, and enjoy local food vendors.
- In August, the Kozan International Folk Dance Festival takes place, where folk dance groups from all over the world come together to perform traditional dances.
- The Kozan Historical Houses Festival is held annually in September and showcases the city’s historic houses that have been preserved for generations.
- Celebrating the arrival of spring is the Hıdrellez Festival with traditional music and dance performances, food stalls, and a parade through town.
- Every February marks the Kozan Almond Blossom Festival celebrating blooming almond trees with concerts, exhibitions, and cultural events.
- Demonstrations by local weavers showcasing their work are available at every October or November’s Kozan Carpet Weaving Festival highlighting carpet weaving artistry.
- During Ramadan (the Muslim holy month), there are various cultural events such as iftar gatherings where people come together to share meals after sunset prayers.
- Adana kebab: This is a famous Turkish dish made with grilled meat, typically lamb or beef. Some of the popular restaurants serving Adana kebab in Kozan are Beykoz Ocakbaşı and Şahin Usta.
- Lahmacun: A thin, crispy flatbread topped with minced meat and vegetables. Some of the best places to try this dish in Kozan include Lahmacuncu Yusuf Usta and Kardeşler Pide ve Lahmacun Salonu.
- Baklava: A sweet pastry made with layers of phyllo dough filled with chopped nuts and honey syrup. One of the most popular places to try baklava in Kozan is Güllüoğlu Baklavaları.
- Tantuni: A type of wrap filled with seasoned meat, vegetables, and herbs. Some recommended places to try tantuni in Kozan are Tantuni Baba and İskender Tantuni.
- Çiğ köfte: A raw meatball dish made from bulgur wheat, tomato paste, spices, and herbs. You can find delicious çiğ köfte at many street vendors around town.
- Ocakbaşı restaurants: These are traditional Turkish grill restaurants where you can enjoy various grilled meats like lamb chops, chicken shish kebab or beef ribs while sitting around a charcoal fire pit on low cushions on the floor; some recommended ocakbaşı options in Kozan include Akçatepe Ocakbaşı Restaurantı or Fasulyeci Ali Usta Ocakbaşı & Mangal Evi.
- Meze platters: These are small dishes served as appetizers that usually consist of cold salads, dips like hummus, baba ghanoush, stuffed grape leaves, olives and cheeses. Some recommended places to try meze platters in Kozan are Şahin Usta and Ataşehir Restaurant.
- Kozan Castle: a historical castle that offers beautiful views of the city.
- Seyhan Dam: a popular spot for picnics and water sports such as boating and fishing.
- Kozan City Park: a large park with playgrounds, walking trails, and picnic areas.
- Ceyhan River: a great place for rafting and kayaking.
- Taurus Mountains National Park: a scenic park with hiking trails, camping sites, and wildlife viewing opportunities.
- Taşkuyu Cave: an underground cave system that offers guided tours.
- Karsantı Thermal Springs: hot springs that are believed to have healing properties.
- Adana Oyuncak Museum (Toy Museum): a museum dedicated to toys from different eras and cultures.
- Adana Archaeology Museum: a museum showcasing artifacts from ancient civilizations in the region.
- Misis Bridge (Oldest Roman bridge of Asia Minor): the oldest Roman bridge in Asia Minor which is still used today for transportation purposes over Ceyhan river.