Magong, Taiwan

Reading Time: 9 minutes

Magong, Taiwan

Region: Magong, Taiwan is located in Penghu

Geographic Coordinates: 23.566700, 119.583000
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 35.0°C (50°F to 95°F)
Climate: Climate and weather patterns in Magong, Taiwan vary throughout the year.
Population: 63729
Language: Mandarin Chinese

Magong, Also known as Penghu, Is a captivating archipelago located in the Taiwan Strait. Comprising 90 islands and islets, Magong is the largest and most populous island in the Penghu County of Taiwan. With its stunning natural landscapes, Rich history, And vibrant culture, It has become a popular tourist destination. One of Magong’s main attractions is its pristine beaches. The island boasts numerous sandy shores with crystal-clear turquoise waters that are perfect for swimming or simply enjoying a relaxing day under the sun. One such beach is Shanshui Beach, Renowned for its unique rock formations and breathtaking views.

Visitors can also indulge in various water activities like snorkeling or diving to explore the colorful marine life surrounding the islands. Apart from its natural beauty, Magong offers an intriguing historical heritage that dates back centuries. The city itself showcases a blend of traditional Taiwanese architecture with Western influences from Dutch colonial times. One must-visit site is Tianhou Temple – dedicated to Mazu (the goddess of seafarers), It stands as one of Taiwan’s oldest temples and features intricate wood carvings and beautiful murals depicting ancient legends. For history enthusiasts, There are several museums worth exploring on Magong Island.

The Penghu Living Museum provides insight into local customs and traditions through exhibits showcasing traditional handicrafts and artifacts from everyday life on the islands. Additionally, Visitors can learn about Penghu’s military past at the Penghu Martyrs’ Shrine or delve into naval history at Zheng Family Ancestral Hall Museum. Food lovers will find themselves delighted by Magong’s culinary scene which specializes in fresh seafood dishes due to its coastal location. Local delicacies include grilled squid skewers known as calamari, Salted duck eggs called iron eggs or Penghu flying fish – a local specialty prepared using flying fish caught around the islands.

To truly experience all that Magong has to offer exploring the surrounding islands is a must. Ferry services are available to take visitors on day trips or overnight stays to some of the smaller, Less populated islands. These excursions provide opportunities for hiking, Bird-watching, And enjoying breathtaking views from scenic spots like Guanyin Pavilion or Chimei Island. Magong is a captivating destination that offers a perfect blend of natural beauty and cultural heritage.

With its pristine beaches, Historical sites, Mouthwatering cuisine, And exploration opportunities beyond the main island this enchanting archipelago in Taiwan Strait promises an unforgettable experience for all who visit.

Important Landmarks

  1. Penghu Great Bridge: A stunning bridge connecting Magong City to Baisha Island, offering breathtaking views of the surrounding sea.
  2. Tianhou Temple: A historic temple dedicated to Mazu, the goddess of the sea. It is one of Taiwan’s oldest temples and an important religious site.
  3. Penghu Living Museum: An open-air museum showcasing traditional Penghu architecture and culture. Visitors can explore traditional houses and learn about local customs.
  4. Guanyinting Recreation Area: A scenic area with beautiful coastal landscapes, hiking trails, and a lighthouse offering panoramic views of the area.
  5. Four-eyed Well: An ancient well with four small openings that allow people to draw water simultaneously from different directions.
  6. Shuncheng Gate Tower: The only remaining city gate tower in Magong City, dating back to the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912). It offers a glimpse into the city’s historical past.
  7. Fenggui Cave: A unique cave formation located on a cliff overlooking the ocean, known for its stalactites and stunning rock formations.
  8. Siyu Fort: A well-preserved fort built during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) to defend against pirates and foreign invasions. It now serves as a museum showcasing military artifacts.
  9. Whale Cave Geological Park: A geological park featuring unique rock formations resembling whales along with beautiful coastal scenery.
  10. Husky Village Penghu: A popular attraction where visitors can interact with adorable huskies through various activities such as dog sledding or simply enjoying their company in picturesque surroundings.

Primary Industries

  1. Tourism: Magong is a popular tourist destination due to its beautiful beaches, historical sites, and cultural attractions. The tourism industry plays a significant role in the local economy, with numerous hotels, resorts, restaurants, and souvenir shops catering to visitors.
  2. Fishing: As an island county surrounded by the sea, fishing has always been a vital industry in Magong. The local fishermen engage in various fishing activities such as deep-sea fishing and aquaculture.
  3. Agriculture: Despite limited arable land on Penghu Islands, agriculture still plays a role in the local economy. Farmers cultivate crops like peanuts, sweet potatoes, onions, garlics as well as fruits such as mangoes and guavas.
  4. Salt production: Historically known for salt production since ancient times; however today it has become more of a cultural heritage rather than an industrial-scale operation.
  5. Manufacturing: There are some small-scale manufacturing activities present in Magong that produce goods like textiles (e.g., towels), handicrafts (e.g., pottery), processed food products (e.g., fish snacks), etc.
  6. Renewable energy: In recent years there has been increasing focus on renewable energy sources such as wind power generation due to its favorable geographical location with strong winds blowing across the islands.
  7. Services sector: Like any other city or town globally; services sector including retail shops/stores selling daily essentials or providing professional services like healthcare facilities (hospitals/clinics) are also present to cater to the needs of locals and tourists alike.

It’s important to note that while these industries contribute significantly to Magong’s economy; being an island location with limited resources compared to mainland Taiwan cities; they may not be as diversified or large-scale as in some other major cities.

Noteable History

  1. Battle of Penghu (1623): Magong was initially settled by Dutch colonizers in 1622 during the Dutch Formosa period. However, Ming loyalist forces under Zheng Zhilong attacked and expelled the Dutch from Penghu in 1623, marking an important event in Taiwan’s history.
  2. Zheng Chenggong (Koxinga): Zheng Chenggong, also known as Koxinga, was a Chinese military leader who played a crucial role in expelling both the Dutch and later the Spanish from Taiwan during the 17th century. He established his base at Magong before launching successful campaigns against foreign powers.
  3. Mazu Pilgrimage: Magong is home to one of Taiwan’s largest annual religious events – the Mazu Pilgrimage or Tianhou Temple Festival. This pilgrimage attracts thousands of devotees who come to pay homage to Mazu, goddess of seafarers and fishermen.
  4. Qing Dynasty Rule: During Qing Dynasty rule (1683-1895), Magong became an important administrative center for Penghu County due to its strategic location as a port city on China’s maritime trade routes.
  5. Japanese Occupation: Like much of Taiwan, Magong came under Japanese rule from 1895 until 1945 after Japan acquired Taiwan from China following their victory in the First Sino-Japanese War.
  6. World War II Bombardment: During World War II, Magong was heavily bombarded by Allied forces due to its strategic importance as a Japanese military outpost and naval base.
  7. Wang An-Chi: Wang An-Chi (1906-1990) was born in Magong and became one of Taiwan’s most renowned calligraphers and painters. He played a significant role in promoting traditional Chinese arts and was honored with numerous awards during his lifetime.
  8. Penghu National Scenic Area: Magong is the gateway to the Penghu National Scenic Area, which comprises a collection of stunning islands known for their unique geological formations, pristine beaches, and cultural heritage sites.

These notable historical events and people have shaped Magong’s history and contributed to its significance in Taiwan’s cultural landscape.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Penghu Living Museum: A cultural museum showcasing the history, traditions, and lifestyle of the Penghu Islands.
  2. Magong City God Temple: A historic temple dedicated to the City God, featuring intricate architecture and beautiful sculptures.
  3. Penghu Great Bridge: An iconic landmark connecting Magong City with Xindian Island, offering stunning views of the surrounding area.
  4. Tianhou Temple: A popular temple dedicated to Mazu (Goddess of the Sea), known for its vibrant colors and elaborate decorations.
  5. Penghu Marine Geological Park: An educational park displaying unique rock formations formed by volcanic activities in Penghu Islands.
  6. Four-eyed Well: A historical well with a unique design featuring four openings, believed to bring good fortune and luck to visitors.
  7. National Museum of Traditional Taiwanese Puppetry: Showcasing traditional puppetry art forms through exhibits and live performances.
  8. Guanyinting Recreation Area: A scenic spot with lush greenery, walking trails, and a panoramic view of Magong City from its observation deck.
  9. Fenggui Blowholes Scenic Area: Natural blowholes where seawater shoots up into the air during high tide, creating an impressive spectacle.
  10. Shihli Beach Park: A picturesque beach park with golden sands, clear blue waters, and various recreational facilities for visitors to enjoy water sports or relax by the shore.

Sports Teams

  1. Penghu Football Club: The Penghu FC is a professional football (soccer) club based in Magong City, Penghu County. They compete in the Taiwanese Premier League and have been one of the top teams in recent years.
  2. Penghu Baseball Team: Baseball is quite popular in Taiwan, but Magong does not have any professional baseball teams of its own. However, there may be local amateur or youth baseball teams that participate in regional competitions.
  3. Water Sports Clubs: Given that Magong is an island surrounded by water, various water sports clubs can be found here. These clubs offer activities such as sailing, windsurfing, jet skiing, and more.
  4. Basketball Teams: While there might not be any professional basketball teams based solely in Magong, there could be local basketball leagues or amateur teams participating in regional tournaments.

It’s important to note that due to the relatively small size of Magong and limited resources for professional sports infrastructure on the island compared to larger cities like Taipei or Kaohsiung; most residents may participate more recreationally rather than through organized team events at a high level of competition.

Cultural Events

  1. Penghu International Fireworks Festival: Held annually in April or May, this festival features spectacular fireworks displays over the sea. It is one of the largest and most popular firework festivals in Taiwan.
  2. Penghu Ocean Fireworks Festival: Taking place during summer, this festival showcases a variety of cultural performances, live music shows, and stunning fireworks displays along the beach.
  3. Tianhou Temple Pilgrimage: Celebrated on the 23rd day of the third lunar month (usually in April), this religious event involves a grand procession from Tianhou Temple to other temples in Magong City. Devotees carry an image of Mazu while praying for her blessings.
  4. Ghost Month Festivities: During Ghost Month (the seventh lunar month), various activities are organized throughout Magong to honor deceased ancestors and appease wandering spirits. These include traditional opera performances, puppet shows, and large-scale ceremonies held at temples.
  5. Guanyin Cultural Festival: This annual event celebrates Guanyin Bodhisattva with religious rituals, parades featuring colorful floats depicting Buddhist stories or legends, as well as traditional music and dance performances.
  6. Penghu Seafood Carnival: Showcasing the local culinary delights of Penghu Islands, this food festival offers a wide array of fresh seafood dishes prepared by local chefs using traditional cooking techniques.
  7. Dragon Boat Races: Held during Dragon Boat Festival (on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month), these races take place at various locations around Magong City’s coastlines where teams compete against each other paddling dragon-shaped boats to commemorate Qu Yuan’s death by drowning himself in protest against corrupt government officials.

Please note that specific dates for these events may vary each year; it is advisable to check local sources or official websites for the most up-to-date information.


  1. Oyster Omelette (蚵仔煎): Magong is famous for its oyster omelette, a dish made with fresh oysters, eggs, and sweet potato starch. You can find this local specialty in various night markets and street food stalls.
  2. Penghu Seafood: Being an island destination, Magong offers an abundance of fresh seafood. Many seafood restaurants along the coast serve dishes like steamed fish, grilled squid, stir-fried clams, and more.
  3. Penghu-style Beef Noodles (澎湖牛肉麵): This regional variation of beef noodles features tender beef slices served with thick wheat noodles in a flavorful broth. Several noodle shops in Magong specialize in this local delicacy.
  4. Penghu-style Fried Chicken (澎湖炸雞): Known for its crispy texture and unique seasoning blend, the Penghu-style fried chicken is a must-try street food snack while exploring Magong’s night markets or food stalls.
  5. Local Snacks: Apart from the main dishes mentioned above, you’ll find various local snacks throughout Magong’s streets and markets such as peanut candy (花生糖), taro balls (芋圓), pineapple cake (鳳梨酥), and more.

As for popular restaurants to visit in Magong:

  1. 7th Heaven Seafood Restaurant: A well-known seafood restaurant offering a wide selection of fresh seafood dishes cooked to perfection.
    Address: No 8-6 Cao’an Road
  2. Longmen Seafood Restaurant: Another highly recommended establishment specializing in delicious seafood cuisine.
    Address: No 17-4 Zhongyang Road
  3. Penghu Beef Noodles: A popular spot to enjoy the local style of beef noodles.
    Address: No 6-2 Zhongyang Road
  4. Shiyu Restaurant: Known for its traditional Taiwanese dishes and seafood delicacies.
    Address: No 11-1 Gongyuan Road
  5. Magong Night Market: While not a specific restaurant, Magong’s night market offers a wide range of street food stalls serving local delicacies, snacks, and fresh seafood.

These are just a few examples, but there are many more dining options available in Magong to satisfy your taste buds with authentic local cuisine.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Penghu Living Museum: This open-air museum showcases the traditional architecture, culture, and history of Penghu. Visitors can explore the various exhibits and learn about the local way of life.
  2. Guanyinting Recreation Area: Located on a hill overlooking Magong City, this recreational area offers beautiful views of the cityscape and coastline. It has walking trails, picnic areas, and a large statue of Guanyin Bodhisattva.
  3. Central Street Park: Situated in the heart of Magong City, this park is a popular spot for locals to relax or exercise. It features lush greenery, benches for seating, and paved paths for walking or jogging.
  4. Fenggui Promenade: Located on a wind-swept hilltop in Penghu County’s westernmost area, this promenade offers panoramic views of the ocean and surrounding islands. It’s an ideal spot to enjoy sunset views or fly kites.
  5. Shanshui Beach Park: This beach park is known for its soft white sand and clear blue waters. Visitors can swim or sunbathe on the beach while enjoying stunning coastal scenery.
  6. Xiyu Western Forts: These historical forts were built during Qing Dynasty rule to protect against pirates’ attacks along Taiwan’s coastlines. Today they serve as popular tourist attractions with well-preserved structures offering insights into Taiwan’s past.
  7. Tianhou Temple Square (Magong Mazu Temple): The largest temple in Penghu dedicated to Mazu (Goddess of Sea), it attracts many worshippers throughout the year due to its religious significance as well as cultural performances held during festivals.

These are just some examples; there are many more parks and recreational activities available in Magong that cater to different interests such as cycling routes along coastal areas or exploring nearby islands by boat tours.


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