Manzhouli, China

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Manzhouli, China

Region: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Geographic Coordinates: 49.588100, 117.452000
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 30.0°C (-40°F to 86°F)
Climate: Cold and dry winters, warm and humid summers in Manzhouli, China.
Population: 249472
Language: Chinese

Manzhouli is a city located in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China, On the border with Russia. It is one of the busiest land ports in Asia and has a population of around 300, 000 people covering an area of 696 square kilometers. The name Manzhouli comes from Manchuria, Which was once part of the Qing Dynasty. The city was established in 1901 as a trading post between China and Russia and remains an important hub for trade between the two countries. Manzhouli’s architecture is unique due to its blend of Chinese and Russian culture seen throughout its buildings.

For example, St. Sophia Cathedral built-in 1907 by Russian Orthodox missionaries now serves as a museum while Zhalainuoer Mosque combines traditional Chinese elements with Islamic design. Apart from cultural attractions, Visitors can enjoy stunning natural scenery such as Hulunbuir Grassland outside the city limits offering breathtaking views ideal for horseback riding or camping. Genghis Khan Square features statues depicting scenes from his life along with other historical figures from Inner Mongolia’s past.

For history enthusiasts interested in military technology should visit Museum Of Armor And Artillery In Zhurihe Training Base near this city where they can see tanks used by PLA forces over time. Visitors looking for entertainment options can choose from various restaurants serving both Chinese and Russian cuisine along with nightclubs and bars to experience local nightlife. Overall, Manzhouli offers visitors a unique blend of culture, History, And natural beauty making it a fascinating destination worth exploring.

Important Landmarks

  1. Manzhouli International Trade Center is the largest duty-free shopping center in China and a must-visit attraction for tourists.
  2. Manzhouli Russia Street is a unique tourist destination that showcases Russian architecture, culture, and cuisine.
  3. Hulun Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Inner Mongolia, offering breathtaking views of the surrounding grasslands and mountains.
  4. Zhalainuoer National Forest Park features beautiful forests, lakes, and waterfalls, making it a popular destination for hiking and camping enthusiasts.
  5. Genghis Khan Square is a large public square in the city center that boasts a giant statue of Genghis Khan on horseback.
  6. Manzhouli Railway Station was built in 1903 and now serves as a museum showcasing the history of railway transportation in China.
  7. The Manzhouli Matryoshka Dolls Museum is dedicated to Russian nesting dolls and attracts visitors from all over the world with its unique collection.
  8. Wudalianchi Scenic Area can be found approximately 200 kilometers from Manzhouli; it features volcanic landscapes with hot springs, waterfalls, lakes surrounded by forests and grasslands – an ideal spot for nature lovers to explore!

Primary Industries

  1. Logistics and transportation: As a crucial gateway for trade between China and Russia, logistics and transportation are vital industries in Manzhouli.
  2. Tourism: Manzhouli’s distinctive Russian-style architecture has made it an attractive destination for tourists from both China and Russia.
  3. Agriculture: The fertile land surrounding Manzhouli provides ample opportunities for agriculture, particularly crops such as wheat, corn, soybeans, and sunflowers.
  4. Manufacturing: Textiles, machinery parts, electronics components are some of the goods produced by manufacturing facilities in Manzhouli.
  5. Retail: Due to its location as a border town with Russia there is significant cross-border retail trade happening between these two countries through this city.
  6. Real estate development: With increasing infrastructure development projects taking place in the region there has been steady growth of real estate industry as well.

Manzhouli’s economy heavily relies on cross-border trade with Russia along with other industries mentioned above which support local population’s livelihoods as well as attract investment opportunities from outside investors looking to tap into this growing market potential at the border region of China-Russia relations.

Noteable History

  1. The founding of Manzhouli occurred in 1901, when it was established as a small trading post located on the border between China and Russia.
  2. The Chinese Eastern Railway was completed in 1903, which connected Manzhouli to Vladivostok and opened up trade routes between China and Russia.
  3. In 1939, the Battle of Khalkhin Gol took place near Manzhouli between Soviet and Japanese forces. This resulted in a decisive victory for the Soviets.
  4. During the Sino-Soviet War (1969), there were several border clashes near Manzhouli between Chinese and Soviet troops.
  5. Notable people associated with Manzhouli include Zhang Yimou, a renowned film director who spent part of his childhood there; Wu Jingui, a former professional football player who later became a coach and was born in Manchuria (of which Manzhouli is part); Li Zehou, a philosopher and literary critic who has written extensively on aesthetics and was born in Liaoning Province (which includes parts of what is now known as Inner Mongolia).

Museums and Things To See

  1. The Manzhouli Museum of Art showcases an extensive collection of contemporary and traditional Chinese art.
  2. The Manzhouli Railway Station is a popular tourist attraction due to its unique architecture and historical significance.
  3. Russia Street, located in the heart of Manzhouli, is known for its Russian-style buildings and cultural attractions.
  4. Genghis Khan Square is a large public square featuring a statue of the famous Mongolian leader, as well as numerous shops and restaurants.
  5. The Hulun Lake National Wetland Park, located just outside of Manzhouli, is home to a variety of rare bird species and other wildlife.
  6. Xing’an Palace is a beautiful palace constructed in the Qing Dynasty that served as an administrative center for Inner Mongolia during that time period.
  7. Wudalianchi Scenic Area offers visitors the chance to explore geothermal areas with hot springs, volcanic cones, lakes, forests & waterfalls.
  8. Zhalainuoer Grassland provides vast grassy expanses with horse riding & yurt accommodations available.
  9. Hulunbuir Prairie features vast open grasslands dotted with herds of grazing animals such as horses & cows.
  10. Manzhouli North Mountain Forest Park offers hiking trails through lush forests and stunning mountain views in a scenic forest park setting.

Sports Teams

  1. Manzhouli Football Club: An amateur football club founded in 2006 that participates in local football leagues and tournaments.
  2. Manzhouli Basketball Club: An amateur basketball club founded in 2010 that participates in local basketball leagues and tournaments.
  3. Manzhouli Volleyball Club: An amateur volleyball club founded in 2012 that participates in local volleyball leagues and tournaments.
  4. Inner Mongolia Horse Racing Team: Although not based specifically within Manzhouli, the Inner Mongolia Horse Racing Team represents the region at national horse racing events.

Overall, while there may not be any major sports teams or franchises with extensive histories within Manzhouli itself, the city’s residents still enjoy participating in various athletic pursuits through these smaller clubs and organizations throughout the area.

Cultural Events

  1. Manzhouli Ice and Snow Festival is held annually in January, featuring ice sculptures, snow activities, and cultural performances.
  2. Mongolian Nadam Fair is a traditional festival of the Mongolian people, featuring horse racing, archery competitions, and wrestling matches.
  3. China-Russia Border Trade Fair is an international trade fair held annually in August to promote cross-border trade between China and Russia.
  4. Manzhouli International Marathon is a marathon race held annually in September with participants from all over the world.
  5. Inner Mongolia Ethnic Minority Culture Festival is an annual festival celebrating the diverse ethnic cultures of Inner Mongolia with traditional music and dance performances, handicraft exhibitions, and food fairs.
  6. Manchurian Tiger Festival is a conservation event held annually in October to raise awareness about the endangered Manchurian tiger species through educational exhibits and activities.
  7. Golden Autumn Tourism Festival is an annual tourism promotion event showcasing the natural beauty of Manzhouli during autumn season with various outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, and sightseeing tours.
  8. Chinese New Year Celebration is a major cultural event celebrated every year in February or March with fireworks displays, dragon dances, traditional food fairs, and family gatherings to welcome the Lunar New Year.


  • Mongolian Hot Pot
  • Roast Lamb
  • Stewed Beef Noodles
  • Fried Rice with Wild Mushrooms
  • Grilled Fish

There are several popular restaurants in Manzhouli that serve these dishes including:

  • Hulunbuir Restaurant (呼伦贝尔餐厅)
  • Xiangshengyuan Restaurant (香盛园餐厅)
  • Yifangzhai Restaurant (一方斋餐厅)
  • Dongpo Pork Restaurant (东坡肉餐厅)
  • Jiajiayuan Dumpling House (家家源包子铺)

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Manzhouli National Forest Park is a vast park with many hiking trails, picnic areas, and breathtaking views of the nearby mountains.
    2. For winter activities, Manzhouli Ice and Snow World is an amusement park that provides ice skating rinks and snow slides.
    3. If you’re looking for a more nature-focused experience, check out Manzhouli Wetland Park – a nature reserve with walking trails that offers birdwatching opportunities.
    4. To learn about the history and culture of the region, head over to Manzhouli Museum of History and Culture – it’s a museum dedicated to showcasing these topics.
    5. The skiing enthusiast will find themselves at home in Manzhouli International Ski Resort – it has multiple slopes catering to skiers of all levels.
    6. Hulun Lake Scenic Area is perfect for those who want to enjoy boating, fishing, camping or hiking around the largest lake in northern China.
    7. If you’re interested in traditional Mongolian performances or horse riding experiences then Zhalainuoer Grassland Scenic Area is your go-to destination as it has an expansive grassland area where visitors can do just that!
    8. Lastly, Genghis Khan Square is a public square located at the city center featuring statues of Genghis Khan as well as other historical figures from Mongolia’s past!


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