Miluo Chengguanzhen, China
Geographic Coordinates: 28.804900, 113.075000
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 40.0°C (-40°F to 104°F)
Miluo Chengguanzhen is a bustling city located in Hunan Province, China. It sits on the banks of Miluo River and covers 1, 402 square kilometers with a population of around 200, 000 people. The city has a long and storied past that dates back to the Han Dynasty. It was once an important hub for trade and travel between north and south China. Today, It’s known for its agricultural production of rice, Tea, And oranges. One of the most famous attractions in Miluo Chengguanzhen is the Qu Yuan Memorial Hall.
This hall pays homage to Qu Yuan who was a prominent poet during ancient China’s Warring States period. He is renowned for his patriotic poetry that expressed his love for his country and people. Another popular destination within Miluo Chengguanzhen is Dongting Lake Scenic Area which spans over 300 square kilometers including several islands with unique flora and fauna species such as Chinese sturgeon, Water chestnuts, Reeds, Wild ducks along with cranes among others.
Additionally to these attractions are religious sites such as Guanyin Temple from Tang Dynasty or Huangxing Temple built during Ming Dynasty which attract thousands of visitors every year who come to pray or admire their architecture. The city also hosts several festivals throughout the year like Dragon Boat Festival where locals race dragon boats on Miluo River while honoring Qu Yuan’s memory with zongzi; Mid-Autumn Festival where families gather together to admire moonlight while eating mooncakes; Spring Festival where red lanterns light up streets marking the beginning of Chinese New Year.
Miluo Chengguanzhen offers visitors an opportunity to explore China’s rich history & culture along with natural beauty from ancient temples to scenic lakeshores or delicious food options like Miluo Rice Noodle -a popular breakfast dish made from rice flour served alongside various toppings including meat & vegetables- or Orange from Miluo which has been awarded China’s Geographical Indication Product status due to its sweet flavor.
- Miluo River Scenic Area: This scenic area is known for its beautiful natural scenery, including mountains, rivers, and forests.
- Xiong’an Temple: This ancient temple is located on a mountain and offers stunning views of the surrounding area.
- Guan Di Temple: This temple is dedicated to Guan Yu, a famous general from Chinese history.
- Chongyang Palace: This palace was built during the Ming dynasty and features traditional Chinese architecture.
- Miluo Old Street: This street offers a glimpse into traditional Chinese culture with its historic buildings and local shops.
- Longshan Mountain National Forest Park: This park features hiking trails through bamboo forests and scenic views of waterfalls.
- Tang Dynasty City Wall Ruins Park: These ruins date back to the Tang dynasty (618-907) and offer a fascinating look at ancient Chinese history.
- Yuelu Academy: Located in nearby Changsha city, this academy is one of China’s oldest institutions of higher learning with a rich cultural heritage dating back over 1,000 years ago.
Major Industries and Businesses in Miluo Chengguanzhen, China
- Rice production
- Vegetable production
- Fruit production
- Tea production
- Machinery parts
- Electronics components
- Construction materials
- Retail and Wholesale Trade
- Clothing items
- Household appliances
- Food items
- Yueyang Tower
- Miluo River Scenic Area
- Banking services
- Healthcare facilities (hospitals and clinics)
- Hospitality services (hotels and restaurants)
- The Battle of Miluo River: This battle took place in 278 BC between the states of Chu and Qin during the Warring States period. It is said that Qu Yuan, a famous poet and politician from Chu, threw himself into the river after witnessing his state’s defeat.
- Qu Yuan: As mentioned above, Qu Yuan was a prominent figure from Chu who is widely regarded as one of China’s greatest poets. He is also known for his political views and his loyalty to his state.
- Li Bai: Li Bai (also known as Li Po) was a famous Tang dynasty poet who was born in what is now modern-day Miluo Chengguanzhen.
- Mao Zedong: Mao Zedong, the founder of the People’s Republic of China, spent some time in Miluo during his early years as a revolutionary.
- Huang Xing: Huang Xing was a key figure in the Chinese Revolution against the Qing dynasty and later became an important military leader during the Republic of China era. He was born near Miluo Chengguanzhen.
- The Hunan-Guangxi Rebellion: This rebellion took place in 1927-28 against Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalist government and had strong support from peasants in Hunan province, including those living near Miluo.
- The Long March: During this important event in Chinese history (1934-35), Communist forces led by Mao Zedong retreated from their base in Jiangxi province to escape encirclement by Nationalist forces. They passed through Hunan province, including areas near Miluo Chengguanzhen.
- The Korean War: Many soldiers from Hunan province fought alongside North Korean forces during this conflict (1950-53), including some who were stationed near Miluo.
- Miluo Museum
- Miluo River Scenic Area
- Qu Yuan Memorial Hall
- Yuelu Academy (located in nearby Changsha)
- Orange Island Park (located in nearby Changsha)
- Hunan Provincial Museum (located in nearby Changsha)
- Mawangdui Han Tombs (located in nearby Changsha)
- Miluo River Lantern Festival: This festival occurs on the 15th day of the first lunar month and showcases thousands of lanterns floating along the Miluo River.
- Dragon Boat Festival: Celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, this festival features dragon boat races and traditional food such as zongzi (sticky rice wrapped in bamboo leaves).
- Mid-Autumn Festival: Also referred to as the Moon Festival, this celebration takes place on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month and includes family gatherings, mooncakes, and lantern displays.
- Miluo Poetry Conference: This annual event pays tribute to Qu Yuan, a renowned poet from Miluo who resided during China’s Warring States period.
- Spring Festival: Also known as Chinese New Year, this is one of China’s most significant holidays celebrated with fireworks, lion dances, red decorations, and family reunions.
- Miluo Flower Fair: Held in April or May each year, this fair exhibits local flowers such as peonies and cherry blossoms.
- International Kite Festival: This event brings together kite enthusiasts globally to showcase their unique designs and skills in kite-flying competitions.
- Miluo Food Expo: A showcase for local cuisine featuring traditional dishes such as spicy fish hotpot (maocai) and stinky tofu (choudoufu).
- Miluo Fish Head: A dish made with freshwater fish from the nearby Dongting Lake, cooked in a spicy and sour broth.
- Dongting Lake Crab: Another seafood dish featuring crabs from the nearby lake, usually steamed or stir-fried with garlic and ginger.
- Rice Noodle Soup: A popular breakfast dish made with rice noodles, meat (usually pork), and various vegetables.
- Tofu Pudding: A sweet dessert made with soft tofu, served cold with syrup or fruit toppings.
Some popular restaurants in Miluo Chengguanzhen include:
- Xiangxiang Restaurant: Known for its spicy Hunan cuisine and traditional decor.
- Laozhengchang Restaurant: Famous for its Dongting Lake crab dishes and other seafood options.
- Fenghuanglou Restaurant: Offers a variety of local dishes including Miluo Fish Head and Rice Noodle Soup.
- Shunfengshan Restaurant: Specializes in vegetarian dishes using fresh ingredients from the surrounding mountains.