Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand

Region: Nakhon Si Thammarat

Geographic Coordinates: 8.436400, 99.963100
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 35.0°C (68°F to 95°F)
Climate: Tropical climate with high humidity and rainfall throughout the year, with a peak in November and December.
Population: 106322
Language: Thai

Nakhon Si Thammarat is a city situated in the southern part of Thailand, Renowned for its cultural heritage and rich history. As the capital of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, It is located on the eastern coast of Gulf of Thailand and has a population of around 150, 000 people. It is one of the oldest cities in Thailand. The city was founded more than 1, 000 years ago by Hindu-Buddhist merchants from India who established a trading post at the mouth of Nakhon Si Thammarat River. It eventually became an important hub for trade and commerce in Southeast Asia.

Today, Tourists can witness evidence of this rich history throughout the city. Wat Phra Mahathat Woramaha Vihan is one famous landmark that dates back to the 13th century. This temple complex includes several ancient structures such as chedis (stupas), Pagodas, And statues which are considered some of Thailand’s finest examples of Buddhist art. Khao Luang National Park is another popular attraction offering visitors stunning views from its peak where they can see waterfalls cascading down cliffsides into crystal clear pools below. Tourists can also enjoy hiking trails through lush forests filled with exotic flora and fauna.

The local cuisine in Nakhon Si Thammarat offers unique flavors influenced by Indian spices, Chinese ingredients, And local herbs such as lemongrass and galangal root. Some must-try dishes include Gaeng Tai Pla (spicy fish curry), Khao Yam (rice salad), Moo Hong (braised pork belly) among others. For those interested in shopping or nightlife activities during their visit to Nakhon Si Thammarat there are numerous markets selling fresh produce like fruits & vegetables alongside handmade crafts and souvenirs. The city also has a vibrant nightlife scene with bars, Clubs, And live music venues catering to all tastes.

Overall, Nakhon Si Thammarat is a fascinating destination for travelers who are interested in exploring the rich cultural heritage of Thailand. With its ancient temples, National parks, Delicious cuisine, And vibrant nightlife scene there is something for everyone in this charming southern Thai city.

Important Landmarks

  1. Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan is a famous Buddhist temple with a chedi that is said to contain relics of the Buddha.
  2. Khao Luang National Park is a forested area with waterfalls, caves, and hiking trails.
  3. Thung Song Railway Station is an old train station with colonial-style architecture.
  4. Nakhon Si Thammarat City Pillar Shrine is a sacred site where locals come to pray for good fortune and success.
  5. Wat Phra That Lampang Luang is an ancient temple complex with intricate carvings and statues.
  6. Baan Tan Khun Museum showcases the history and culture of Nakhon Si Thammarat province.
  7. Chaweng Noi Beach offers crystal clear waters, white sand beaches, and tons of water activities making it beautiful beach destination.
  8. Central Plaza Nakhon Si Thammarat is a huge mall located in the heart of the city providing ample shopping opportunities.
  9. Hat Pak Meng Beach offers peaceful surroundings for tourists who want to escape from busy city life making it perfect for relaxation.
  10. Talad Sod Satarana Market – This market serves fresh seafood dishes such as squid curry, grilled fish, crab omelet etc., all cooked in traditional Thai style!

Primary Industries

  1. The major industries and businesses in Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand are:
    1. Agriculture
    2. Tourism
    3. Manufacturing
    4. Services
  2. The province is known for its production of:
    1. Rubber
    2. Palm oil
    3. Fruits such as durian and mangosteen
  3. The tourism industry is also significant due to the province’s cultural attractions such as:
    1. Temples
    2. Historical sites
  4. Manufacturing includes:
    1. Food processing
    2. Textiles
    3. Furniture production
  5. Services such as healthcare and education also play a role in the local economy.

Noteable History

  1. Legend has it that Nakhon Si Thammarat was founded in the 2nd century AD by Prince Thammarat, son of King Kaew of Ligor.
  2. Nakhon Si Thammarat played an important role in the Srivijaya Empire, which governed much of Southeast Asia from the 7th to the 13th centuries.
  3. In 1025 AD, Nakhon Si Thammarat was invaded by India’s Chola Empire and suffered extensive damage and enslavement.
  4. King Ramkhamhaeng sent his army to conquer Nakhon Si Thammarat in the 13th century, making significant contributions to Thai literature and culture.
  5. During the Ayutthaya period (1350-1767), Nakhon Si Thammarat served as a prominent trading center and Buddhist scholarship hub.
  6. Phraya Ratsadanupradit Mahison Phakdi, one of Thailand’s most renowned poets and playwrights, was born in Nakhon Si Thammarat in 1862.
  7. Japanese forces occupied Nakhon Si Thammarat during World War II along with much of Southeast Asia.
  8. Wat Phra Mahathat Woramaha Vihan is one of Thailand’s most significant historical sites containing relics dating back over a thousand years.
  9. Queen Sunandha Kumariratana Memorial Park honors Queen Sunandha Kumariratana who passed away due to a boating accident in 1880; she is remembered for her charitable works and modernization efforts for Thailand.
  10. The US Air Force used Nakhon Si Thammarat Airport as a base during Vietnam War operations for transporting troops and supplies to Vietnam.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan is a historic Buddhist temple featuring a towering chedi and intricate architecture.
  2. The City Pillar Shrine is a cultural landmark that houses the city’s sacred pillar and offers insights into local beliefs and traditions.
  3. Khao Luang National Park is a scenic nature reserve with hiking trails, waterfalls, caves, and diverse flora and fauna.
  4. Nakhon Si Thammarat National Museum is an educational institution showcasing artifacts, antiques, artwork, and exhibits related to the region’s history, culture, and heritage.
  5. Old Town Nakhon Si Thammarat is a charming neighborhood filled with well-preserved wooden houses as well as quaint shops selling local handicrafts and souvenirs.
  6. Suan Mokkh International Dharma Hermitage is a serene meditation retreat center founded by the renowned Buddhist monk Ajahn Buddhadasa Bhikkhu.
  7. Wat Chai Na Meditation Center is another peaceful temple that offers meditation classes for visitors seeking inner peace and tranquility.
  8. The Governor’s Palace Museum showcases artifacts from past governors of Nakhon Si Thammarat province in an informative museum setting.
  9. Prince of Songkla University Art Gallery features contemporary Thai art exhibitions in its university art gallery setting.
  10. The Great Serpent Shrine (Chao Por Khao Yai) – A revered shrine located on top of Khao Yai hill which many believe brings good luck to those who visit it.

Sports Teams

  1. Football (soccer) is a popular sport in Thailand, with many professional and amateur teams throughout the country.
  2. Some of the most well-known football clubs in Thailand include:
    • Buriram United FC
    • Chiangrai United FC
    • Bangkok United FC
    • Muangthong United FC
    • Port FC
  3. It’s possible that there are local football clubs or other sports teams based in Nakhon Si Thammarat as well.

Cultural Events

  1. Thung Kula Rong Hai Fair: This is a popular agricultural fair held in Nakhon Si Thammarat every year in April. The fair showcases the region’s famous rice fields and features various cultural performances, food stalls, and traditional games.
  2. Chak Phra Festival: This festival is held annually in October to celebrate the end of Buddhist Lent. The highlight of the festival is a procession of Buddha images carried on elaborately decorated boats along the river.
  3. Nakhon Si Thammarat Food Festival: Held in November, this festival celebrates the local cuisine with an array of food stalls selling traditional dishes such as khao mok gai (chicken biryani) and khanom jeen (rice noodles with curry).
  4. Songkran Festival: Also known as Thai New Year, this festival takes place in mid-April and involves water throwing to symbolize cleansing away bad luck from the previous year.
  5. Loy Krathong Festival: Celebrated annually on the full moon night of November, this festival involves floating krathongs (decorative baskets made from banana leaves) on waterways to pay respect to water spirits and ask for forgiveness for polluting natural resources.
  6. Southern Thailand Cultural Fair: Held annually in December, this fair showcases various aspects of southern Thai culture including music, dance performances, handicrafts exhibitions, and traditional games like takraw (a type of volleyball).


  1. Khanom Jeen Nakhon: This is a famous dish in the city made of rice noodles topped with various curries and sauces.
  2. Kuay Tiew Noodle Soup: A popular breakfast dish consisting of rice noodles served in a flavorful broth with meat or seafood.
  3. Khao Yam: A salad-like dish made of rice mixed with vegetables, herbs, and spices like lemongrass and chili paste.
  4. Pak Phraek Market: This is a bustling market where you can find some of the best street food in the city, including grilled meats, fish cakes, and fried snacks.
  5. Krua Luang Restaurant: A highly recommended restaurant that serves traditional Thai dishes like Tom Yum soup and Pad Thai along with local specialties like Khanom Jeen.
  6. Baan Phueng Restaurant: Another popular restaurant known for its delicious seafood dishes like grilled squid and shrimp curry.
  7. Roti Sai Mai Thonglor 21: This dessert shop offers sweet roti filled with cotton candy that is a must-try when visiting Nakhon Si Thammarat!

Parks and Recreation

  1. Khao Luang National Park is a popular destination for its picturesque waterfalls, hiking trails, and wildlife.
  2. Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan Park is situated near the well-known temple of the same name and provides a serene atmosphere for strolling and unwinding.
  3. Nakhon Si Thammarat City Park is a vast urban park featuring playgrounds, jogging paths, and picnic areas.
  4. Tha Sala Beach boasts breathtaking views and is an ideal spot for swimming and sunbathing.
  5. Ban Nai Thong Beach offers another stunning beach with calm waters that are perfect for relaxation.
  6. Baan Na Khao Waterfall is an awe-inspiring waterfall surrounded by verdant foliage that’s great for picnicking or hiking.
  7. The Old Town Walking Street Market takes place every Saturday evening in Nakhon Si Thammarat’s historic district offering visitors food stalls, live music performances, and local handicrafts to peruse through.


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