Pātan, India

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Pātan, India

Region: Gujarat

Geographic Coordinates: 23.850000, 72.116700
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 35.0°C (68°F to 95°F)
Population: 125497
Language: Gujarati

Patan, Also known as Patan or Patan City, Is a historic city located in the Gujarat state of India. It is situated on the banks of the River Saraswati and is approximately 8 kilometers south of Ahmedabad. The city has a rich cultural heritage and boasts several magnificent architectural wonders that attract tourists from all over the world. One of the most famous landmarks in Patan is the Rani Ki Vav, Which is an intricately designed stepwell that dates back to the 11th century.

It was built by Queen Udayamati in memory of her husband King Bhimdev I and was recently declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The stepwell features elaborate carvings, Sculptures, And frescoes depicting Hindu deities, Mythological scenes, And everyday life during that era. Another popular attraction in Patan is the Sahastralinga Talav, Which is a large artificial lake surrounded by temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. The lake was built during the reign of King Siddharaj Jaisinh and has 1, 000 lingas (phallic symbols representing Lord Shiva) placed around it.

Visitors can take boat rides on this serene lake while admiring its beautiful surroundings. Patan also houses several Jain temples such as Panchasara Parshwanath Temple, Mahavir Swami Derasar, And Hemchandracharya Jain Gyan Mandir among others. These temples are known for their exquisite architecture featuring intricate carvings made from white marble. The city also offers an insight into its rich history through its museums such as Patan Museum that displays artifacts related to local history including traditional textiles like patola sarees (a type of double ikat silk saree), Ancient coins, Sculptures etc., Showcasing artistry unique to this region.

Apart from these historical sites, Patan has much more to offer visitors including bustling bazaars, Colorful street markets, And delectable food. The city is famous for its traditional Gujarati cuisine which includes dishes like dhokla, Khandvi, Fafda and the sweet dish called jalebi. Patan is a treasure trove of history and culture that offers an unforgettable experience to anyone who visits. Its rich heritage sites and cultural landmarks provide a glimpse into the past while its vibrant bazaars and delicious cuisine offer a taste of modern-day Gujarat.

It is an ideal destination for those interested in exploring India’s diverse cultural landscape or just looking to immerse themselves in a unique travel experience.

Important Landmarks

  1. Rani ki Vav
  2. Sahastralinga Talav
  3. Panchasara Parshwanath Jain Derasar
  4. Patola weaving center
  5. Patan Museum
  6. Khan Sarovar Lake
  7. Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University Campus
  8. Bindu Sarovar
  9. Mahavir Swami Jain Temple
  10. Anand Sarovar

Primary Industries

  1. Patan, India is renowned for its handicrafts industry, specifically for its Patola silk sarees.
  2. The city also has significant industries and businesses in:
    • Agriculture
    • Tourism
    • Small-scale manufacturing of products like textiles, furniture, and jewelry
  3. Additionally, there is a notable presence of pharmaceutical companies in the area.

Noteable History

  1. The city of Pātan was founded by King Vanraj Chavda in the 8th century.
  2. Pātan was a major center of learning and culture during the reign of the Solanki dynasty in the 11th and 12th centuries. The famous Sun Temple, which is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, was built during this time.
  3. In the early 14th century, Pātan became part of the Delhi Sultanate under Alauddin Khalji.
  4. The city was later ruled by various Rajput clans, including the Kachwaha dynasty and Rathore dynasty.
  5. Notable people associated with Pātan include Hemachandra Acharya, a Jain scholar and poet who lived in the city during King Siddharaj Jaisinh’s reign; Rani Sipri commissioned several notable buildings in Pātan; Shyamji Krishna Varma an Indian freedom fighter who was born there.
  6. In modern times, Pātan is known for its textiles and handicrafts industry – particularly its Patola silk sarees – considered to be among India’s finest textiles.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Patan Museum
  2. Golden Temple (Kwa Bahal)
  3. Rudra Varna Mahavihar
  4. Krishna Mandir
  5. Mahaboudha Temple
  6. Hiranyavarna Mahavihar (Golden Window Monastery)
  7. Kumbeshwar Temple
  8. Ashoka Stupa and Pillar
  9. The Patan Durbar Square
  10. The Mul Chowk Palace
  11. The Taleju Bhawani temple

Cultural Events

  1. Rani Ki Vav Festival is an annual event in January that honors the beautiful stepwell, Rani Ki Vav.
  2. Modhera Dance Festival happens in January and showcases classical dance performances with the stunning Sun Temple as a backdrop.
  3. Bhadra Purnima Fair takes place in September and October to celebrate Lord Krishna’s birth.
  4. Tarnetar Fair is held in September and is a love festival where young men and women come together to find their partners.
  5. Navratri Festival occurs during September or October to commemorate the victory of good over evil.
  6. Patola Weaving Festival exhibits exquisite Patola silk sarees woven by master weavers from Patan.
  7. International Kite Festival takes place on 14th January every year for Makar Sankranti, a day dedicated to flying colorful kites.
  8. Shamlaji Melo is a vibrant fair near Shamlaji temple during November-December that attracts devotees from Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, etc., to worship Lord Vishnu at his ancient temple amidst lush green hills.
  9. Rath Yatra is celebrated annually on Ashadhi Beej (June-July), where chariots carrying deities are taken through streets for people to offer prayers.
  10. Bhavnath Mahadev Mela happens around February-March annually at Bhavnath Mahadev Temple near Girnar Hills, attracting pilgrims who perform rituals & seek blessings from Lord Shiva.


  • Gujarati Thali: A traditional meal that includes a variety of vegetarian dishes like roti, sabzi, dal, rice, and sweets.
  • Manek Chowk: A street food market that offers a wide range of delicious snacks like pav bhaji, dabeli, khichu, and khaman dhokla.
  • Vishala Restaurant: An authentic Gujarati restaurant that serves traditional dishes like khandvi, thepla, undhiyu and jalebi.
  • Patang Restaurant: A rooftop restaurant with a beautiful view of the city that serves Indian and international cuisine.
  • Mocha Cafe: A cozy cafe that offers coffee drinks along with sandwiches and pastries.
  • Agashiye Restaurant: An upscale restaurant located in a heritage hotel serving traditional Gujarati food in an elegant setting.
  • Swad Dining Hall: A popular vegetarian restaurant serving North Indian and South Indian cuisine at affordable prices.
  • Sankalp Restaurant: Another popular South Indian vegetarian restaurant known for its dosas and idlis.
  • Havmor Ice Cream Parlour: A local favorite for ice cream lovers offering various flavors of ice creams along with shakes and sundaes.
  • The Grand Bhagwati Hotel & Banquets: It is one of the best places to enjoy luxurious dining experience with multiple cuisines options available from all around the world including Chinese, Italian, Mexican etc.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Rani Ki Vav is an ancient stepwell that has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is a popular tourist destination in Pātan.
    2. Sahastralinga Talav is a historic lake surrounded by temples, making it an ideal location for picnics and boating.
    3. Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University boasts several parks and gardens that are open to the public, including the stunning Botanical Garden.
    4. Panchasar Lake is a serene lake situated on the outskirts of Pātan, offering boating facilities and breathtaking views of surrounding hills.
    5. Patan Museum houses an impressive collection of artifacts from the region’s rich history, including sculptures, paintings, and textiles.
    6. Mahavir Swami Jain Temple is dedicated to Lord Mahavira – one of the most revered figures in Jainism – featuring intricate carvings and architecture.
    7. Ranakdevi Temple Complex includes several temples dedicated to various Hindu deities known for their exquisite carvings and architecture.
    8. Modhera Sun Temple was built about 25 kilometers from Pātan in honor of Lord Surya (the sun god) featuring stunning carvings depicting mythological scenes.
    9. Siddhpur Town Hall Garden located in nearby Siddhpur town offers a peaceful escape from city life with its lush greenery and tranquil atmosphere.
    10. Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary located approximately 200 kilometers from Pātan provides an opportunity to see diverse flora & fauna species like leopard cat or Indian pangolin among others while trekking through scenic trails amidst nature’s bounty!


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