Pathein, Myanmar

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Pathein, Myanmar

Region: Ayeyarwady Region

Geographic Coordinates: 16.777800, 94.736900
Temperature Range: 25.0°C to 35.0°C (77°F to 95°F)
Climate: Tropical wet and dry climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. The wet season lasts from May to October, while the dry season runs from November to April.
Population: 237089
Language: Burmese

Pathein is a bustling city located in the Ayeyarwady region of Myanmar. It is situated on the banks of the Pathein River and is known for its vibrant culture, Beautiful landscapes, And rich history. The city has a population of over 300, 000 people and serves as an important commercial hub for the surrounding areas. One of the most prominent features of Pathein is its traditional umbrellas. These colorful umbrellas are made from handcrafted paper and bamboo frames by local artisans.

They are sold in markets throughout the city and are a popular souvenir for visitors to take home with them. In addition to its famous umbrellas, Pathein is also known for its stunning pagodas and temples. The most notable among them is Shwemokhtaw Pagoda, Which dates back to the 4th century AD. This pagoda stands at over 46 meters tall and contains relics from Buddha himself. For those interested in learning more about Pathein’s history, There are several museums in the city that offer insights into local culture and traditions.

One such museum is called Htike Tan Museum which showcases ancient artifacts such as pottery fragments, Coins, Statues etc., That have been discovered around town. Foodies will also love exploring Pathein’s culinary scene which features delicious seafood dishes like fried fish cakes or mohinga (rice noodles with fish soup) along with traditional Burmese cuisine like Shan noodles or tea leaf salad.

Another attraction worth visiting while in Pathein is Ngwe Saung Beach – one of Myanmar’s best beaches located just two hours away from downtown area by car or bus ride through scenic countryside views filled with lush greenery fields along riverside roadsides before reaching this pristine white sand beach surrounded by clear blue waters perfect for swimming or sunbathing under palm trees shade while enjoying fresh seafood snacks served on beachside restaurants nearby. Overall, Pathein is a fascinating destination that offers something for everyone.

Whether you’re interested in history, Culture, Or just want to relax on the beach, This city has it all.

Important Landmarks

  1. Shwemokhtaw Pagoda is a popular Buddhist temple in Pathein that has been around since the 4th century. It’s known for housing a sacred hair relic of Buddha.
  2. The Pathein Umbrella Market is famous for its vibrant umbrellas and parasols made from local materials like bamboo, paper, and silk.
  3. Kyone Htaw Waterfall is located about 20 km from Pathein and attracts many tourists due to its natural beauty.
  4. Ngwe Saung Beach is situated around 48 km from Pathein and boasts stunning white sand beaches, clear waters, and breathtaking sunsets.
  5. Bogyoke Aung San Museum was once home to Bogyoke Aung San, the father of modern Myanmar, but now serves as a museum showcasing his life and accomplishments.
  6. The Irrawaddy Delta region surrounding Pathein features vast rice paddies, lush green landscapes, traditional villages, and waterways that offer boat tours.
  7. Kyaiktiyo Pagoda (Golden Rock) isn’t located in Pathein itself but can be reached by car or bus within two hours’ drive time. This iconic landmark sits atop a giant boulder covered in gold leaf precariously balanced on the edge of a cliff face overlooking stunning views across much of Myanmar’s central plains below it making it well worth visiting while in this part of Myanmar if you have time!

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture
  2. Textile industry
  3. Tourism
  4. Manufacturing
  5. Retail trade
  6. Transport services

The region is well-known for:

  • Rice cultivation
  • Fishing
  • Seafood processing

Pathein is also famous for:

  • Traditional umbrellas made of paper or silk produced by the textile industry

The city attracts tourists with:

  • Beautiful beaches
  • Pagodas
  • Natural attractions

Small-scale manufacturing of products like:

  • Pottery
  • Baskets
  • Handicrafts

There are several markets and shops selling:

  • Local produce such as fruits, vegetables and fish products
  • Textiles
  • Handicrafts

As a port city on the Ayeyarwady River delta region it serves as a hub for:

  • Transport services including river transport to other parts of Myanmar

  • Noteable History

    1. The city has a long history dating back to the Mon Kingdom in the 4th century BCE.
    2. Pathein was an important center for trade and commerce during the British colonial era.
    3. The city is known for its traditional umbrella-making industry, which dates back to the 19th century.
    4. U Ottama, a prominent Burmese nationalist leader who played a key role in the struggle for independence from British rule, was born in Pathein.
    5. During World War II, Pathein was occupied by Japanese forces and suffered significant damage from Allied bombing raids.
    6. In 1959, Cyclone Marian struck Pathein and caused widespread devastation and loss of life.
    7. In recent years, Pathein has experienced rapid economic growth due to increased investment in infrastructure development and tourism.
    8. Notable landmarks in Pathein include Shwemokhtaw Pagoda (a Buddhist temple dating back to the 11th century), Kyone Htaw Waterfall (a popular tourist attraction), and Ngwe Saung Beach (a popular destination for beachgoers).

    Museums and Things To See

    1. Shwemokhtaw Pagoda is a renowned pagoda in Myanmar that should not be missed when visiting Pathein. It is believed to have been constructed over 2,000 years ago and boasts stunning golden spires.
    2. The Pathein Cultural Museum is an excellent place to learn about the history and culture of the region, with exhibits showcasing traditional crafts such as umbrella making.
    3. Ngwe Saung Beach is a picturesque beach located approximately an hour from Pathein that makes for a perfect day trip or overnight stay.
    4. Kyone Htaw Waterfall, situated roughly 40 kilometers from Pathein, offers visitors a refreshing respite from the heat of the city with its breathtaking scenery.
    5. Uzina Pagoda is another significant pagoda in Pathein featuring intricate carvings and magnificent architecture.
    6. Thiri Mingalar Market provides visitors with an insight into daily life in Pathein and sells everything from fresh produce to handmade crafts.
    7. Kyaiktiyo Pagoda (Golden Rock) may not be directly located in Pathein but can be reached by car within a few hours and should not be overlooked if you have time to explore further afield.
    8. Mya Theindan Pagoda’s unique design resembling a giant lotus flower offers spectacular views of the surrounding countryside that are worth seeing while visiting Myanmar’s beautiful city of Pathein.

    Sports Teams

    1. Based on my research, Pathein is not known for having any notable sports teams with significant histories.
    2. The city is primarily known for its traditional handicrafts and agriculture industries.
    3. However, like other parts of Myanmar, football (soccer) is a popular sport in Pathein.
    4. There are likely several amateur teams in the area.

    Cultural Events

    1. Shwemokhtaw Pagoda Festival is the most famous festival in Pathein and is celebrated annually in February or March. It lasts for four days and attracts thousands of visitors from all over Myanmar.
    2. The Pathein Umbrella Festival is held in July or August to celebrate the traditional umbrella-making industry of Pathein. Visitors can watch the making of colorful umbrellas and enjoy cultural performances.
    3. The Bo Bo Gyi Nat Festival takes place in November to honor the spirit deity Bo Bo Gyi Nat, who protects fishermen and sailors. The festival features boat races, music, dance performances, and traditional food.
    4. Although not located in Pathein itself, the Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda Festival is a famous festival that takes place at the Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda (Golden Rock), which is just a few hours away by car from Pathein. Pilgrims come from all over Myanmar to pay their respects at one of Myanmar’s most sacred sites.
    5. Thadingyut Light Festival marks the end of Buddhist Lent (Vassa) throughout Myanmar during October or November each year with streets lit up with candles and lanterns symbolizing Buddha’s return from heaven after preaching there for three months during Lent.
    6. Thingyan Water Festival is celebrated nationwide as New Year’s Day on April 13-16 each year as a time for renewal and cleansing before entering into a new year through dousing each other with water representing washing away bad lucks and sins accumulated over past years while also bringing good luck for upcoming years ahead.


    • Pathein Kyay Oh: a noodle soup dish made with rice noodles, pork or chicken broth, and various toppings such as sliced meat, fish cake, and crispy fried garlic.
    • Ngwe Taung Si Fish Curry: a spicy fish curry made with turmeric, chili peppers, garlic, ginger, and lemongrass.
    • Ohn No Khauk Swe: a Burmese-style coconut chicken noodle soup served with crispy fried noodles.
    • Rakhine-style Seafood Curry: a spicy curry made with fresh seafood such as prawns or fish cooked in coconut milk and spices.

    Some popular restaurants in Pathein that serve these dishes include:

    • Aye Myit Tar Restaurant: Known for its delicious Pathein Kyay Oh
    • Golden Land Seafood Restaurant: Serves fresh seafood dishes including the Rakhine-style Seafood Curry
    • Shwe Minn Thamee Cafe & Restaurant: Offers traditional Burmese cuisine including the Ohn No Khauk Swe
    • Hnin Si Kone Restaurant & Hotel: Serves authentic Ngwe Taung Si Fish Curry along with other local delicacies

    • Parks and Recreation

      1. Pathein Beach is a popular spot for swimming and relaxing by the sea.
      2. Shwemokhtaw Pagoda is a beautiful pagoda with stunning views of the city.
      3. Ngwe Saung Beach is another nearby beach that is great for swimming and sunbathing.
      4. Pathein University Botanical Garden is a peaceful oasis with a variety of flora and fauna to admire.
      5. Ayeyarwady River Cruise allows you to take a boat ride along the famous river and enjoy the scenic views of Pathein.
      6. Thiri Mingalar Market is a bustling market where you can find local handicrafts, souvenirs, and fresh produce.
      7. Kyauk Tan Pagoda is an ancient pagoda with unique architecture that’s worth exploring.
      8. Myaungmya Wetland Wildlife Sanctuary is a nature reserve where you can spot various species of birds, reptiles, and mammals in their natural habitat.
      9. Maha Muni Buddha Image Temple features impressive carvings and statues dedicated to Buddha in an intricate temple setting.
      10. Elephant Camp Adventure Park offers fun activities for all ages such as riding elephants or going on zip lines.


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