Port Sudan, Sudan

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Port Sudan, Sudan

Region: Red Sea State

Geographic Coordinates: 19.616700, 37.216700
Temperature Range: 25.0°C to 40.0°C (77°F to 104°F)
Climate: Hot and dry climate with very little rainfall throughout the year in Port Sudan, Sudan.
Population: 579942
Language: Arabic

Port Sudan is a bustling city located on the Red Sea coast in eastern Sudan. It is the country’s main seaport and serves as a gateway for trade with neighboring countries such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia, And Eritrea. The city has a population of around 500, 000 people and is known for its vibrant markets, Beautiful beaches, And rich cultural heritage. One of the most popular attractions in Port Sudan is the Red Sea Hills. These hills are home to a variety of wildlife including baboons, Hyenas, And gazelles.

Visitors can take guided tours through the hills to see these animals up close or enjoy hiking trails that offer stunning views of the surrounding landscape. Another must-see attraction in Port Sudan is Suakin Island. This small island was once an important trading hub for goods coming from Africa and Asia. Today it offers visitors a glimpse into Sudan’s rich history with its well-preserved coral buildings that date back to the Ottoman Empire. For those interested in learning about local culture, There are several museums in Port Sudan worth visiting.

The National Museum of Port Sudan houses artifacts from ancient civilizations that once inhabited this region while the Nubian Museum showcases traditional Nubian art and culture. Of course no trip to Port Sudan would be complete without spending time at one of its many beautiful beaches. Some popular options include Sha’ab Rumi Beach which offers some of the best diving opportunities in all of Africa or Sanganeb Beach which boasts crystal clear waters perfect for swimming or snorkeling.

Overall, Port Sudan offers visitors an incredible mix of natural beauty, History, Culture and adventure making it an ideal destination for anyone looking to experience all that this fascinating country has to offer.’

Important Landmarks

  1. Sanganeb National Park is a popular destination for scuba diving and snorkeling, home to diverse marine life including sharks, rays, turtles, and colorful fish.
  2. The Port Sudan Lighthouse is a historic landmark that offers stunning views of the Red Sea.
  3. Suakin Island is a UNESCO World Heritage site known for its well-preserved Ottoman-era architecture, located just off the coast of Port Sudan.
  4. The Red Sea Hills are rugged hills that offer breathtaking scenery and are popular for hiking and camping.
  5. Gurna Beach is a beautiful sandy beach where visitors can swim, sunbathe or relax in the sun.
  6. The Blue Belt Museum showcases the history and culture of the Red Sea region with exhibits on local traditions, crafts and wildlife.
  7. Jebel Marra Mountains are located about 200 km from Port Sudan and are home to several small villages as well as unique flora and fauna like baboons and hyenas.
  8. Khor Shinab Wildlife Reserve covers over 20 square kilometers along the coast near Port Sudan; it’s home to various species of birds as well as antelopes such as oryxes.

Primary Industries

  1. Shipping and Logistics: Port Sudan is the largest port in Sudan, handling most of the country’s imports and exports.
  2. Oil Refining: The city has an oil refinery that produces petroleum products for domestic consumption.
  3. Fishing Industry: Port Sudan is a major fishing hub with a large fleet of fishing vessels operating from its port.
  4. Agriculture: The region around Port Sudan is known for its agriculture, particularly cotton and sesame farming.
  5. Mining Industry: There are several mining companies operating in the area, extracting minerals such as gold, silver, copper, and zinc.
  6. Tourism Industry: Port Sudan has several tourist attractions such as beaches, coral reefs and historical sites that attract visitors from all over the world.
  7. Manufacturing Industries: There are several small-scale manufacturing industries producing goods such as textiles, leather products and food processing plants in the city.

Noteable History

  1. The construction of the Port Sudan Railway in the late 19th century, which connected Port Sudan to Khartoum and facilitated trade between Sudan and Europe.
  2. The establishment of a British naval base in Port Sudan during World War II, which played a key role in protecting shipping routes through the Red Sea.
  3. The visit of Mahatma Gandhi to Port Sudan in 1935, during his tour of East Africa.
  4. The development of a thriving merchant community in Port Sudan during the early 20th century, including many Yemeni traders who settled there.
  5. The growth of the city as an important hub for oil exports from South Sudan following independence in 2011.
  6. Notable people associated with Port Sudan include former President Omar al-Bashir, who was born there; footballer Mohamed Salah, who grew up there; and novelist Tayeb Salih, whose classic work Season of Migration to the North is set partly in Port Sudan.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Red Sea Museum
  2. The Great Mosque of Port Sudan
  3. The Suakin Archipelago
  4. The Palace of Sultan Ali Dinar
  5. Khor Shinab National Park
  6. Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park
  7. The Lighthouse of Port Sudan
  8. The Blue Nile Waterfalls (Tis Issat)
  9. Jebel Aulia Dam and Reservoir
  10. Kassala city and its markets

Sports Teams

  1. Al-Merreikh Port Sudan: Founded in 1948, Al-Merreikh is one of the most popular football clubs in Port Sudan and has won several domestic titles.
  2. Al-Hilal Port Sudan: Established in 1930, Al-Hilal is another prominent football club based in Port Sudan that boasts a strong fan base across the country.
  3. Red Sea FC: Despite being relatively new as it was founded only in 2004, Red Sea FC has already made significant progress and won several regional tournaments.
  4. Ports Authority SC: This multi-sport club participates in various sporting activities such as football, basketball, volleyball, handball and athletics.

Cultural Events

  1. Red Sea Festival: This festival is held annually in Port Sudan to celebrate the rich history and culture of the Red Sea region. It features traditional music and dance performances as well as exhibitions of local crafts and cuisine.
  2. Eid al-Fitr: This is a major Islamic holiday celebrated at the end of Ramadan with feasting and prayer.
  3. Independence Day: On January 1st each year, Sudan celebrates its independence from British colonial rule with parades, speeches, and other festivities.
  4. International Camel Racing Festival: This festival takes place in December each year and features camel races as well as other traditional activities such as henna painting and folk dancing.
  5. National Women’s Day: Celebrated on March 8th each year to honor the achievements of women in Sudanese society through parades, speeches, exhibitions etc.

Note that due to COVID-19 pandemic many events might be cancelled or postponed so it’s always better to check updates before planning any trip or attending any event/festival.


  • Seafood: Port Sudan is known for its fresh seafood dishes such as grilled fish, shrimp, and lobster.
  • Ful Medames: A traditional breakfast dish made from mashed fava beans served with bread.
  • Shawarma: A Middle Eastern wrap filled with meat (usually chicken or beef) and vegetables.
  • Al Waha Restaurant: One of the most popular restaurants in Port Sudan serving a variety of local and international dishes.
  • Al Mokhtar Restaurant: Another well-known restaurant offering traditional Sudanese food such as Ful Medames and grilled meats.
  • Red Sea Palace Hotel Restaurant: Located inside the Red Sea Palace Hotel, this restaurant serves a mix of international cuisine along with local specialties like seafood platters.
  • Al Diwan Coffee Shop: This coffee shop is a great place to relax while enjoying some tea or coffee along with light snacks like sandwiches and pastries.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Red Sea State Park: This park is situated on the shore of the Red Sea, providing breathtaking views of the sea. Visitors can indulge in swimming, snorkeling, and scuba diving.
    2. Port Sudan Beach: It’s a well-known beach for both locals and tourists that offers an extensive range of water sports activities like jet skiing, parasailing, banana boat rides and more.
    3. Sanganeb National Park: This park is found off the coast of Port Sudan and is famous for its coral reefs and marine life. Visitors can go scuba diving or snorkeling to explore the underwater world.
    4. Hala’ib Triangle Protected Area: This protected area is located near Port Sudan that provides hiking trails through picturesque landscapes.
    5. Al-Gadarif Park: It’s located in central Port Sudan with walking paths, picnic areas, playgrounds for children as well as basketball courts.
    6. Dinder National Park: Although not directly in Port Sudan but it’s nearby (about 500 km), this national park boasts diverse wildlife including elephants, lions, giraffes among others that visitors can observe on safari tours or hiking trips through its vast savannahs.
    7. Organized fishing trips are also available from several providers in town who will take you out to sea where you can catch tuna or other big game fish species like marlin or sailfish.


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