Pyinmana, Myanmar

Reading Time: 7 minutes

Pyinmana, Myanmar

Region: Naypyidaw

Geographic Coordinates: 19.750000, 96.200000
Climate: Climate and weather patterns in Pyinmana, Myanmar?
Population: 100001
Language: Burmese

Pyinmana, Also known as Naypyidaw, Is a fascinating city located in the heart of Myanmar. Situated approximately 320 kilometers north of Yangon, Pyinmana serves as the administrative capital of the country. This planned city was established in 2005 and has since become an important hub for government offices and international conferences. One notable aspect of Pyinmana is its sheer size. Covering an area of over 7, 000 square kilometers, It is one of the largest cities in Southeast Asia.

The vastness of this urban landscape allows for spacious road networks and wide-open spaces between buildings, Giving it a unique aesthetic appeal. The grandeur and architectural splendor found throughout Pyinmana are truly breathtaking. The city boasts impressive landmarks such as the Uppatasanti Pagoda, Which stands at a towering height of 99 meters and serves as a replica to Yangon’s famous Shwedagon Pagoda. This golden monument attracts both locals and tourists alike with its serene atmosphere. Pyinmana offers visitors an opportunity to delve into Myanmar’s rich history through its numerous museums and cultural centers.

The National Landmarks Garden showcases miniature replicas of iconic landmarks from across the country while providing insights into Myanmar’s diverse heritage. For nature enthusiasts, Pyinmana provides ample opportunities to explore its surrounding landscapes. Just outside the city lies Taungoo Forest Reserve—a lush green sanctuary that offers hiking trails amidst stunning scenery. Additionally, Nearby Ngalaik Dam provides a picturesque setting for picnics or boating activities. Food lovers will be delighted by Pyinmana’s culinary scene which features traditional Burmese cuisine alongside international flavors.

Local markets offer fresh produce and street food stalls serving tantalizing dishes like mohinga (rice noodle soup), Tea leaf salad or Shan-style noodles—each offering a unique taste that reflects Myanmar’s diverse culinary traditions. While many may see Pyinmana as primarily an administrative city, It is also a vibrant cultural hub. The annual Thingyan Water Festival, Celebrated with great enthusiasm throughout Myanmar, Is particularly lively in Pyinmana. During this festival, The city comes alive with street parades, Water fights and traditional music and dance performances that showcase the country’s vibrant culture.

Pyinmana is a captivating city that offers a blend of modernity and tradition. Its grand architecture, Rich history, Natural beauty, Diverse cuisine and cultural celebrations make it an intriguing destination for travelers seeking to explore the hidden gems of Myanmar.

Important Landmarks

  1. Uppatasanti Pagoda: This pagoda is one of the most iconic landmarks in Pyinmana. It is a replica of the famous Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon and stands at 99 meters tall.
  2. Water Fountain Garden: Located near Uppatasanti Pagoda, this garden features beautiful fountains and colorful lights that create an enchanting atmosphere during the evening hours.
  3. National Herbal Park: Situated about 10 kilometers from Pyinmana, this park showcases various species of medicinal plants and herbs found in Myanmar. Visitors can learn about their traditional uses and benefits.
  4. Naypyidaw Zoological Gardens: While technically located outside Pyinmana, this zoo is easily accessible from the town. It houses a diverse range of animals including elephants, tigers, giraffes, and more.
  5. Myoma Market: This bustling local market offers visitors an opportunity to experience everyday life in Pyinmana firsthand. Here you can find fresh produce, local handicrafts, clothing items, and street food stalls.

It’s worth noting that many tourists visiting Pyinmana often explore nearby Naypyidaw for additional attractions such as the Parliament building or Safari Park Wildlife Sanctuary which are within close proximity to each other.

Primary Industries

  1. Government Institutions: Pyinmana is home to various government offices, ministries, and administrative buildings. These institutions play a crucial role in managing national affairs.
  2. Military Facilities: The city also houses military bases and defense establishments due to its strategic location near Naypyidaw, Myanmar’s military headquarters.
  3. Hospitality Sector: With an influx of government officials, diplomats, and visitors to the capital city, there are hotels, guesthouses, restaurants, and other hospitality services catering to their needs.
  4. Retail and Services: Pyinmana has a growing retail sector with shops selling various goods including clothing, electronics, household items etc., along with service-oriented businesses like banks.
  5. Construction Industry: Given the ongoing development of Naypyidaw as a planned city nearby Pyinmana benefits from construction projects related to infrastructure development or government facilities expansion.

It’s worth noting that while these sectors dominate Pyinmana’s economy due to its administrative nature; agriculture also plays a significant role in surrounding areas where farming activities are prevalent.

Noteable History

  1. Ancient Pyu Kingdom: Pyinmana is located in the region historically inhabited by the ancient Pyu people who had their own city-states from around 2nd century BCE to 11th century CE. The ruins of their cities, including Sri Ksetra, can be found nearby.
  2. British Colonial Era: During British rule in Burma (1824-1948), Pyinmana served as an important administrative center. It was a hub for various colonial activities, including trade, governance, and military operations.
  3. World War II: Myanmar was occupied by Japanese forces during World War II (1942-1945). Pyinmana witnessed significant military activity during this time as it lay on one of the routes used by Japanese troops to enter Burma.
  4. Ne Win’s Rule: General Ne Win seized power in a military coup in 1962 and established a socialist regime that lasted until 1988. During his rule, he relocated the capital from Yangon to Naypyidaw, which includes parts of present-day Pyinmana.
  5. Aung San Suu Kyi: Aung San Suu Kyi is one of Myanmar’s most prominent political figures and human rights activists who played a crucial role in advocating for democracy during Ne Win’s regime and beyond. She was placed under house arrest multiple times by the government but eventually became State Counsellor (2016-2021).
  6. Saffron Revolution: In September 2007, Buddhist monks led nationwide protests against the oppressive military junta known as the Saffron Revolution. Though not centered specifically around Pyinmana, demonstrations occurred across major cities in Myanmar at that time.
  7. Military Junta Relocation: In 2005, the military junta led by General Than Shwe decided to move the capital from Yangon to Naypyidaw. Pyinmana became an integral part of this new administrative city and witnessed significant development as a result.

These events and people have left their mark on Pyinmana’s history, shaping its identity as an important political and administrative center in Myanmar.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Uppatasanti Pagoda: This iconic pagoda, similar to the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon, is one of the most significant religious sites in Myanmar. It stands at 99 meters tall and houses various relics of Buddha.
  2. Water Fountain Garden: Located near Uppatasanti Pagoda, this garden features beautiful water fountains with colorful lights that create a mesmerizing display at night.
  3. National Landmarks Garden: Situated adjacent to Uppatasanti Pagoda, this garden showcases miniature replicas of famous landmarks from across Myanmar, including temples, pagodas, bridges, and more.
  4. Naypyidaw Zoological Gardens: While not specifically located in Pyinmana but nearby Naypyidaw city (which Pyinmana is part of), this zoo houses a variety of animals from different regions of Myanmar.
  5. Gem Museum: If you’re interested in gemstones and jewelry, visit the Gem Museum located within the Ministry Building complex in Pyinmana. It displays an extensive collection of precious stones found within Myanmar.
  6. National Herbal Park: Also situated near Naypyidaw city but easily accessible from Pyinmana by road trip or taxi ride; this park features various herbal plants used for traditional medicine purposes along with recreational areas for visitors.
  7. Safari Park: Another attraction near Naypyidaw city that can be reached easily from Pyinmana; it offers visitors an opportunity to observe wildlife such as tigers, elephants, giraffes, zebras up close through guided bus tours within its vast premises.

Please note that while these attractions offer interesting experiences around Pyinmana/Naypyidaw, the city itself is primarily known for its administrative and political functions rather than being a tourist destination.

Sports Teams

  1. Football (Soccer): Football is the most popular sport in Myanmar. The country has a national football team that competes internationally and participates in regional tournaments like the ASEAN Football Championship.
  2. Chinlone: Chinlone is a traditional Burmese sport that involves keeping a woven cane ball aloft using various body parts except for hands. It is more of a recreational activity rather than an organized team sport.
  3. Sepak Takraw: Sepak Takraw, also known as chin lone or kick volleyball, is another popular traditional sport in Myanmar. It combines elements of football and volleyball where players use their feet to kick a rattan ball over the net.
  4. Lethwei: Lethwei is a traditional Burmese martial art often referred to as Burmese bare-knuckle boxing. While it may not be considered a team sport per se, it has gained popularity both domestically and internationally.

It’s important to note that while these sports are played across the country, specific teams from Pyinmana might not have significant historical records or achievements at the national or international level due to its relatively small size compared to other cities like Yangon or Mandalay.

Cultural Events

  1. Thingyan Water Festival: This is Myanmar’s most famous festival, also known as the Burmese New Year Water Festival. It takes place in mid-April and involves water throwing and cleansing rituals to welcome the new year.
  2. Thadingyut Festival: Celebrated in October, Thadingyut marks the end of Buddhist Lent. It is a month-long festival where people decorate their homes with lights and pay respects to elders.
  3. Tazaungdaing Festival: Also called the Festival of Lights, Tazaungdaing usually falls in November and celebrates Lord Buddha’s return from heaven after preaching to his mother there. The festival includes colorful light displays, hot air balloon competitions, fireworks, music performances, and traditional dances.
  4. Full Moon Day of Tabaung: Occurring on the full moon day of Tabaung (usually March), this religious holiday commemorates significant events from Buddha’s life through pagoda visits, almsgiving ceremonies, chanting sessions at monasteries, and merit-making activities.
  5. Shwesettaw Pagoda Festival: Held at Shwesettaw Pagoda near Pyinmana during February or March (depending on lunar calendar), this festival attracts pilgrims who come to pay homage to Buddha relics enshrined within the pagoda complex.
  6. Independence Day Celebrations: On January 4th each year, Myanmar celebrates its independence from British colonial rule with various cultural events including parades showcasing traditional costumes and dances.

These are just a few examples of cultural events celebrated in Pyinmana; however please note that specific dates may vary each year based on lunar calendar calculations or local customs – it’s always recommended to check for updated schedules before planning your visit.


  1. Shan Noodle Shops: Shan noodles are a popular dish in Myanmar, and you can find several noodle shops serving this delicacy in Pyinmana. These shops offer different variations of Shan noodles, including vegetarian options.
  2. Tea Shops: Pyinmana has numerous tea shops where you can enjoy traditional Burmese tea along with various snacks such as samosas or fried breadsticks known as youtiao.
  3. Local Food Stalls: There are several street food stalls scattered around Pyinmana offering an array of local delicacies like mohinga (rice noodle soup), grilled meats on skewers, and various deep-fried snacks.
  4. Zay Cho Market: The bustling Zay Cho Market offers an opportunity to sample local cuisine from different regions of Myanmar. You can find food stalls selling dishes like curries, soups, salads, and traditional sweets.
  5. Local Restaurants: There are also a few local restaurants in Pyinmana that serve Burmese cuisine along with Chinese dishes due to the town’s proximity to China’s Yunnan province.

Remember that while these places may not be widely known outside the region or have fancy establishments associated with them, they provide an authentic taste of local cuisine in Pyinmana.

Parks and Recreation

Places to Visit in Pyinmana

  • Naypyidaw Water Fountain Garden: A popular park with beautiful water fountains, picnic areas, and walking paths.
  • National Herbal Park: A botanical garden featuring various plant species, including medicinal herbs.
  • Safari Park: A wildlife sanctuary where visitors can see a variety of animals such as deer, monkeys, and birds in their natural habitat.
  • Uppatasanti Pagoda Park: Besides the magnificent Uppatasanti Pagoda, this park offers peaceful surroundings for relaxation and meditation.
  • Myoma Market: A bustling local market where visitors can explore and shop for fresh produce, clothing, handicrafts, and more.
  • Thatta Thattaha Maha Bawdi Pagoda Complex: This religious complex features a large pagoda surrounded by gardens and offers a serene atmosphere for visitors to enjoy.
  • Sports Complexes: Pyinmana has several sports complexes that offer facilities for various activities like football (soccer), tennis, swimming pools etc., often open to the public during specific hours or events.

Please note that availability of these parks and recreational activities may vary depending on current circumstances or seasonal changes; it is advisable to check ahead before visiting them.


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