Salmān Bāk, Iraq

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Salmān Bāk, Iraq

Region: Salahuddin

Geographic Coordinates: 33.100000, 44.583300
Population: 117500
Language: Arabic

Salmān Bāk is a small town located in the north of Iraq, Near the city of Erbil. The town is situated in the Kurdistan region and has a population of around 15, 000 people. Salmān Bāk is known for its rich history and culture, As well as its stunning natural beauty. One of the most notable features of Salmān Bāk is its ancient citadel. The citadel dates back to at least 3000 BC and was once a thriving center for trade and commerce. Today, It serves as an important historical landmark and tourist attraction.

Visitors can explore the winding alleys and ancient buildings that make up this fascinating site. In addition to its historical significance, Salmān Bāk also boasts some stunning natural scenery. The town sits on the banks of the Great Zab River, Which provides a picturesque backdrop for visitors to enjoy. There are also several nearby mountains that offer hiking opportunities for those who want to explore further. Another highlight of Salmān Bāk is its vibrant cultural scene. The town is home to several museums that showcase local art and artifacts from throughout history.

There are also many festivals held throughout the year that celebrate Kurdish culture, Including music, Dance, And food. For those interested in religion or spirituality, There are several important sites located within easy reach of Salmān Bāk. One such site is Lalish Temple – one of the most sacred places in Yazidi religion – which can be reached by car within an hour’s drive from Salmān Bāk. Overall, Salmān Bak offers visitors a unique blend of history, Culture, Nature, And spirituality that makes it an unforgettable destination in Iraq’s Kurdistan region.

Whether you’re interested in exploring ancient ruins or immersing yourself in local traditions – or simply enjoying breathtaking views – there’s something for everyone in this charming town.

Important Landmarks

  1. The ancient city of Babylon
  2. The Great Mosque of Samarra
  3. The ruins of Hatra
  4. Al-Mutanabbi Street in Baghdad
  5. Erbil Citadel
  6. Ziggurat of Ur
  7. Ashur
  8. Al-Shaheed Monument
  9. Mosul Dam
  10. Arbil National Museum

Noteable History

  1. The town is recognized for its ancient ruins that date back to the Babylonian era.
  2. During World War I, Salmān Bāk was occupied by British forces.
  3. In the 1980s, the Iran-Iraq War also impacted the town.
  4. Sheikh Muhammad al-Salman was born in Salmān Bāk in 1897; he is a distinguished Islamic scholar and historian.
  5. Sheikh Abdul Aziz Al-Qassim Al-Salman is another well-known religious leader and philanthropist who originates from Salmān Bāk.
  6. Dr. Ali al-Salman is an Iraqi politician who served as Minister of Health from 2010 to 2014 under Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki’s government; he was born in Salmān Bāk in 1958.
  7. Recently, ISIS attacks on nearby cities and towns such as Tikrit and Mosul have affected Salmān Bāk during the ongoing conflict in Iraq since 2014.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Al-Mutanabbi Statue: A monument dedicated to the famous poet Al-Mutanabbi.
  2. National Museum of Iraq: A museum showcasing the history and culture of Iraq.
  3. Baghdadi Museum: A museum featuring artifacts from the city’s history.
  4. Baghdad Modern Art Museum: An art museum displaying contemporary Iraqi art.
  5. Abu Hanifa Mosque: One of the oldest mosques in Baghdad.
  6. Al-Shaheed Monument: A monument honoring the martyrs who died during the Iran-Iraq War.
  7. The House of Wisdom (Bayt al-Hikma): A historical site that was once a center for learning and scholarship during the Islamic Golden Age.
  8. The Great Mosque of Samarra: One of the largest mosques in the world located near Salmān Bāk which is famous for its spiral minaret.
  9. Al-Kadhimiya Mosque : One of Shia Islam’s holiest sites located on outskirts of Baghdad
  10. Taq Kasra Archway : It is an ancient Persian monument that dates back to 6th century AD and is considered as one of most important surviving architecture from ancient Persia

Cultural Events

  1. Eid al-Fitr: This is a religious festival that marks the end of Ramadan.
  2. Ashura: This is a religious event that commemorates the martyrdom of Imam Hussain.
  3. Iraqi Independence Day: Celebrated on October 3rd every year to commemorate Iraq’s independence from Britain in 1932.
  4. Baghdad International Festival: A cultural event held annually in Baghdad featuring music, dance, theater performances, and art exhibitions.
  5. Mesopotamian Marshes Festival: A festival held annually in southern Iraq to celebrate the unique culture and traditions of the Marsh Arabs.
  6. Babylon International Festival: A cultural event held annually near Babylon featuring music concerts, folklore shows, and art exhibitions.
  7. Kurdish New Year (Newroz): Celebrated by Kurdish people across Iraq to mark the beginning of spring and a new year according to their calendar system.

It’s important to note that due to ongoing political instability and security concerns in certain parts of Iraq including Salmān Bāk , some events may be cancelled or postponed without prior notice so it’s always best to check for updates before planning any visits or attending any events/festivals there.


  • Masgouf – a traditional Iraqi dish made from grilled fish served with rice and vegetables.
  • Al-Masbah – a restaurant that serves traditional Iraqi dishes such as kebabs, stews, and rice dishes.
  • Al-Baghdadiya Restaurant – specializes in lamb dishes such as lamb kebab and roasted lamb with rice.
  • Al-Saif Restaurant – known for their grilled chicken and meat dishes.
  • Al-Khalidiya Bakery – famous for their freshly baked bread and pastries.

Note: It is always recommended to check the current situation of the place before visiting any place due to safety concerns.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Al-Salam Park: A large park with walking trails, playgrounds, and picnic areas.
  2. Salmān Bāk Sports Club: A local sports club that offers various activities such as football (soccer), basketball, and volleyball.
  3. Al-Mu’tasim Park: Another park with walking trails and a small lake for fishing.
  4. Al-Shaheed Monument Park: A memorial park dedicated to Iraqi soldiers who died in the Iran-Iraq War.
  5. Cultural Center of Salmān Bāk: Offers cultural events such as music concerts, art exhibits, and theater performances.

Note that this information may not be up-to-date or accurate due to changes in local conditions or circumstances beyond our control. It’s always best to check with local authorities or travel guides for the most current information on parks and recreational activities in Salmān Bāk or any other location you plan to visit.


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