Sankt Gallen, Switzerland

Reading Time: 9 minutes

Sankt Gallen, Switzerland

Region: Sankt Gallen

Geographic Coordinates: 47.424200, 9.370800
Climate: Varies.
Population: 75833
Language: German

Sankt Gallen, Also known as St. Gallen, Is a picturesque city located in northeastern Switzerland. Nestled between the rolling hills of the Appenzell Alps and the serene Lake Constance, This charming destination offers visitors a unique blend of history, Culture, And natural beauty. At the heart of Sankt Gallen lies its captivating Old Town. Steeped in medieval charm, This UNESCO World Heritage Site boasts narrow cobblestone streets lined with beautifully preserved buildings adorned with colorful frescoes. The centerpiece of the Old Town is undoubtedly the Abbey District, Home to one of Europe’s most important monastic libraries.

The Abbey Library houses an extensive collection of ancient manuscripts and books dating back to the 8th century. Beyond its rich cultural heritage, Sankt Gallen also offers breathtaking natural landscapes for outdoor enthusiasts to explore. Just a short drive from the city center lies Mount Säntis, Which stands at an impressive 2, 502 meters above sea level. Adventurers can embark on exhilarating hikes or take cable cars to reach its summit for panoramic views that stretch across Switzerland and into neighboring countries.

For those seeking relaxation amidst nature’s tranquility, Lake Constance provides an idyllic setting just a stone’s throw away from Sankt Gallen. Visitors can indulge in various water activities such as swimming or boating while enjoying stunning vistas of shimmering waters framed by lush greenery. Culinary delights await food enthusiasts in Sankt Gallen as well. From traditional Swiss dishes like cheese fondue and rösti to international cuisine served in trendy restaurants scattered throughout town squares—there is something to satisfy every palate here.

Don’t forget to sample some local beer too; after all, Sankt Gallen has gained recognition for its exceptional craft breweries. In addition to its cultural attractions and natural wonders, Sankt Gallen hosts several annual events that draw visitors from near and far. The St. Gallen Festival is a renowned music event that showcases both classical and contemporary performances, While the OLMA Fair celebrates the region’s agricultural heritage with exhibitions, Livestock shows, And traditional Swiss customs. As for accommodations, Sankt Gallen offers a range of options to suit every traveler’s needs.

From luxurious hotels in historic buildings to cozy guesthouses tucked away in quiet corners of the Old Town—there is no shortage of charming places to stay. Sankt Gallen effortlessly combines its rich historical legacy with stunning natural surroundings, Making it an enchanting destination for all types of travelers. Whether you are seeking cultural immersion through visits to ancient libraries or yearning for outdoor adventures amidst breathtaking landscapes—Sankt Gallen promises an unforgettable experience that will leave you wanting more.

Important Landmarks

  1. Abbey of Saint Gall: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, this is one of the most important medieval monastic complexes in Europe.
  2. Abbey Library of Saint Gall: Located within the Abbey, it houses a vast collection of ancient manuscripts and is renowned for its Baroque architecture.
  3. St. Gallen Cathedral (St. Gallus): A stunning example of Baroque architecture with its ornate interior and impressive frescoes.
  4. Textile Museum St. Gallen: Showcasing the city’s rich textile history, it exhibits various textiles, lacework, embroidery, and historical machinery.
  5. Red Square (Roter Platz): The heart of Sankt Gallen’s old town, it features colorful medieval buildings and is lined with shops and cafes.
  6. Kunstmuseum St.Gallen: An art museum displaying contemporary art exhibitions as well as works from Swiss artists.
  7. Three Ponds (Drei Weieren): A scenic recreational area with three interconnected ponds surrounded by lush greenery ideal for walking or picnicking.
  8. Einstein Museum: Dedicated to physicist Albert Einstein who lived in Sankt Gallen for a short period during his youth; it presents his life and work through interactive exhibits.
  9. Mühlegg-Hofmann Collection: A private collection showcasing modern Swiss art including works by famous artists such as Ferdinand Hodler and Cuno Amiet.
  10. Rosenberg Castle (Schloss Rosenberg): Situated on a hill overlooking the city, this castle offers panoramic views along with historical exhibitions about local culture.

Primary Industries

  1. Textiles and Apparel: Sankt Gallen has a long-standing tradition of textile manufacturing. The city is known for its lace production, embroidery, and textile machinery.
  2. Machinery and Engineering: The region is home to several companies specializing in machinery manufacturing, precision engineering, automation technology, and industrial equipment.
  3. Pharmaceuticals: Sankt Gallen houses pharmaceutical companies involved in research, development, and production of drugs and medical devices.
  4. Financial Services: The city serves as a regional financial hub with various banks, insurance companies, investment firms, and other financial service providers.
  5. Education: Sankt Gallen is renowned for its educational institutions such as the University of St.Gallen (HSG), which offers programs in business administration, economics, law, social sciences.
  6. Tourism: Due to its picturesque location near Lake Constance (Bodensee) and the Appenzell Alps region nearby; tourism plays a significant role in the local economy.
  7. Retail Trade: Sankt Gallen has a vibrant retail sector with numerous shops ranging from boutiques to department stores catering to various consumer needs.
  8. Food Processing: The region is involved in food processing activities including dairy products like cheese production along with other agricultural products processing such as chocolate manufacturing or meat processing.
  9. Information Technology (IT): IT services including software development firms are present in the area contributing to technological advancements within different sectors.
  10. Transportation & Logistics: Being well-connected by roadways & railways; transportation & logistics industry plays an important role facilitating trade within Switzerland as well as international export-import activities.

These are just some of the major industries found in Sankt Gallen; however there may be several other smaller businesses operating across different sectors contributing to the local economy.

Noteable History

  1. Abbey of St. Gall: The Abbey of St. Gall was founded in 612 AD by the Irish monk Saint Gall and became one of the most important monastic centers in Europe during the Middle Ages. The abbey played a significant role in preserving and disseminating knowledge, particularly through its renowned library.
  2. Codex Sangallensis: The Codex Sangallensis, also known as the St. Gall Gospel Book or Codex 1395, is an illuminated manuscript from the 9th century that contains the four Gospels of the New Testament.
  3. Textile Industry: Sankt Gallen gained prominence during the Industrial Revolution as one of Europe’s leading centers for textile production, especially embroidery and lace-making.
  4. Einstein’s Wife Mileva Marić: Mileva Marić was born in Serbia but studied physics at ETH Zurich, where she met Albert Einstein while he was studying there too. They got married in Sankt Gallen on January 6, 1903.
  5. Reduit: During World War II, Switzerland implemented a defense strategy called Reduit to create fortified positions within mountainous regions to protect against potential invasions. Sankt Gallen was part of this plan.
  6. University of St. Gallen (HSG): Founded in 1898 as a business school focusing on economics and law, it later expanded into various fields such as social sciences and humanities.
  7. Saint Wiborada: Wiborada is considered to be Switzerland’s first female saint who lived during the early-10th century near present-day Sankt Galler Klosterplatz (Abbey Square). She dedicated her life to religious devotion and became a martyr during the Hungarian invasions.
  8. Abbey Library of St. Gall: The Abbey Library of St. Gall is one of the oldest and most important monastic libraries in the world, dating back to the 8th century. It houses numerous medieval manuscripts, including illuminated texts and early printed books.
  9. Säntis: Sankt Gallen is located near the majestic mountain peak called Säntis, which stands at an elevation of 2,502 meters (8,209 ft). It has become a popular tourist destination for hiking and skiing.

These are just a few notable events and people associated with Sankt Gallen; there are many more historical aspects that contribute to its significance in Switzerland’s cultural heritage.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Abbey of St. Gall: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, this magnificent abbey complex is a must-visit in Sankt Gallen. Explore the stunning Baroque cathedral, the library with its ancient manuscripts, and the Abbey’s architectural wonders.
  2. Textile Museum: Located in an old spinning mill, this museum showcases the rich textile heritage of Sankt Gallen. Discover historical fabrics, embroidery techniques, and exhibitions on contemporary textile art.
  3. Kunstmuseum St.Gallen: This modern art museum houses an impressive collection of Swiss and international contemporary artworks. From paintings to sculptures and installations, it offers a diverse range of exhibitions.
  4. Naturmuseum St.Gallen: Learn about the natural history and biodiversity of eastern Switzerland at this fascinating museum. Explore exhibits on geology, flora, fauna, and local ecosystems.
  5. Red Square: This vibrant square in the heart of Sankt Gallen is lined with colorful medieval buildings housing shops and cafes. Enjoy a stroll through its narrow streets filled with boutiques or relax at one of its many outdoor terraces.
  6. Historical Museum St.Gallen: Housed in a former grain storage building from the 18th century, this museum provides insights into the city’s history through various artifacts and interactive displays.
  7. Beer Bottle Museum (Bierflaschenmuseum): For beer enthusiasts or collectors alike, this unique museum showcases an extensive collection of beer bottles from around the world along with their history.
  8. Stiftsbibliothek (Abbey Library): Admire one of Europe’s oldest libraries within the Abbey complex itself; it houses over 1700 years’ worth of books including precious manuscripts like Stiftsbibliothek Codex Sangallensis.
  9. Museumsnacht St.Gallen (Museum Night): If you’re lucky to be visiting during Museumsnacht (Museum Night), don’t miss this annual event where numerous museums and cultural institutions stay open late, offering special exhibitions, concerts, and performances.
  10. Walenstadtberg: While not in Sankt Gallen itself, a short trip to the nearby town of Walenstadtberg is highly recommended. Enjoy breathtaking views of Lake Walensee from the mountain’s summit and explore its hiking trails.

Sports Teams

  • FC St. Gallen – Founded in 1879, FC St. Gallen is the most prominent football team in Sankt Gallen. They have a rich history and have won several Swiss championships and cups over the years. The team has also participated in European competitions like the UEFA Champions League and Europa League.
  • SC Rapperswil-Jona Lakers – The ice hockey team SC Rapperswil-Jona Lakers represents Sankt Gallen in the Swiss National League. The club was founded in 1945 and has a strong fan base. They have had success at various levels of Swiss ice hockey.
  • BC Winterthur – Although based in Winterthur, which is not far from Sankt Gallen, BC Winterthur is one of the most successful basketball teams in Switzerland. They have won multiple national championships and cups over the years.
  • HC Kriens-Luzern – Another notable handball team with connections to Sankt Gallen is HC Kriens-Luzern. While their home matches are played primarily in Lucerne, they represent both cities and have achieved success at various levels of Swiss handball.
  • Volley Amriswil – Volley Amriswil is a professional volleyball club based near Sankt Gallen, specifically located in Amriswil. They compete at the highest level of Swiss volleyball leagues and have been successful domestically as well as participating internationally.

These are just a few examples of sports teams with historical significance or current prominence associated with Sankt Gallen, Switzerland.

Cultural Events

  1. St. Gallen Festival: This is a renowned classical music festival held annually in June and July, featuring performances by international orchestras, choirs, and soloists.
  2. Olma Fair: Held in October, this is one of the largest agricultural and consumer fairs in Switzerland. It showcases regional products, traditional crafts, livestock exhibitions, and various entertainment activities.
  3. St. Gallen Christmas Market: Taking place during the Advent season (late November to December), this market features beautifully decorated stalls selling crafts, food specialties like gingerbread cookies and mulled wine, as well as live music performances.
  4. OpenAir St.Gallen: A popular music festival held annually in late June or early July at the Sittertobel open-air arena. It attracts both national and international artists from various genres.
  5. Festspiele Balgach: Located near Sankt Gallen, this summer festival offers a diverse program of theater performances ranging from classical plays to contemporary works.
  6. Abbey Library Exhibition: The Abbey Library of St.Gallen holds regular exhibitions showcasing its impressive collection of manuscripts dating back to the Middle Ages.
  7. Cityfest St.Gallen: This street festival takes place every three years (next edition expected in 2022) and offers a lively atmosphere with food stalls representing different cultures, live music stages showcasing local bands/artists, art installations, parades, and more.
  8. Textile Museum Exhibition: The Textile Museum of St.Gallen hosts rotating exhibitions that explore the history of textile production in the region as well as contemporary textile art forms.

Please note that due to possible changes or cancellations caused by external factors (such as COVID-19), it’s always recommended to check for updated information before attending any specific event or festival.


  1. Sankt Galler Bratwurst: This traditional sausage is a must-try in Sankt Gallen. It is typically served with mustard and bread.
  2. Olma-Bratwurst-Stand: Located at the famous St. Gallen market square, this stand serves mouthwatering bratwursts and other Swiss specialties.
  3. Fondue Stübli: This cozy restaurant specializes in traditional Swiss fondue, both cheese and meat varieties.
  4. Restaurant Einstein: Situated in the heart of the city, this elegant restaurant offers a mix of Swiss and international cuisine with high-quality ingredients.
  5. Restaurant zum Goldenen Schäfli: Known for its historic ambiance, this restaurant serves classic Swiss dishes like raclette and Zürcher Geschnetzeltes (Zurich-style sliced veal).
  6. Brauerei Schützengarten: Established in 1779, it is Switzerland’s oldest brewery still producing beer today. Visit their restaurant to enjoy local brews along with hearty pub food.
  7. Roter Bären Hotel & Restaurant: This charming hotel features an excellent restaurant serving regional specialties like sausages with onion sauce or crispy pork knuckle.
  8. Klostergarten St.Gallen: Located within the Abbey District of St.Gallen UNESCO World Heritage Site, this garden café offers stunning views along with light meals such as salads and sandwiches.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Stadtpark: Located in the heart of the city, it offers green spaces for picnics and leisurely walks.
  2. Drei Weieren: A popular recreational area with three interconnected lakes where visitors can swim, sunbathe, or enjoy a picnic.
  3. Wildpark Peter und Paul: A wildlife park located on a hillside near the city center. It is home to various animals such as deer, ibexes, and wild boars.
  4. Botanical Garden of the University of St. Gallen: A beautiful garden with diverse plant species that offers a peaceful environment for relaxation and exploration.
  5. Abbey Library Park: Adjacent to the famous Abbey Library of Saint Gall UNESCO World Heritage Site, this park provides a serene atmosphere for reading or strolling around.
  6. Sitter River Trail: A scenic walking and cycling path along the banks of Sitter River offering beautiful views and tranquility.
  7. Kybunpark Stadium: Home to FC St.Gallen football club, this stadium hosts matches throughout the year which can be enjoyed by sports enthusiasts.
  8. Berggasthaus Bollenwees Hiking Trail: This trail starts at Wasserauen train station and leads hikers through picturesque landscapes towards Mount Altmann where Berggasthaus Bollenwees is situated – offering stunning views along the way.
  9. Adventure Park Abenteuerland Walter Zoo Gossau (located nearby): An amusement park with various attractions including rides, animal exhibits playgrounds mini-golf courses etc., suitable for families with children.

These are just some examples; there are many more parks and recreational activities available in Sankt Gallen that cater to different interests and preferences.


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