Region: Sibiu, Romania is located in the county of Sibiu
Geographic Coordinates: 45.792800, 24.151900
Temperature Range: -30.0°C to 40.0°C (-22°F to 104°F)
Sibiu is a city located in the Transylvania region of Romania, Known for its rich history and cultural heritage. The city was founded by German settlers in the 12th century and has since become an important economic, Cultural, And educational hub of Romania. Sibiu is also famous for its well-preserved medieval architecture, Which has earned it the title of “Europe’s Cultural Capital” in 2007. The historic center of Sibiu is divided into two parts – the Upper Town and Lower Town.
The Upper Town is located on a hill overlooking the Lower Town and features narrow cobblestone streets, Colorful houses with red-tiled roofs, Gothic-style churches, Museums, Art galleries, Restaurants, And cafes. The most famous landmarks of Upper Town are The Evangelical Church (built-in 1300), The Council Tower (built-in the 14th century), Brukenthal Palace (built between 1778-1788) which now serves as a museum displaying European art from the 15th to the 18th centuries.
The Lower Town is situated on flat terrain at the foot of Upper town where visitors can enjoy beautiful parks such as Sub Arini Park or Tineretului Park or stroll along Astra Boulevard which offers stunning views over Cindrel Mountains. In addition to this park system there are many other attractions worth seeing including Piata Mare square with its colorful buildings that date back to medieval times; Liars Bridge – an iconic pedestrian bridge that connects two sides of town; Huet Square – home to one of Europe’s largest Lutheran cathedrals dating back to mid-14th century.
Sibiu has always been known for its cultural events such as music festivals like JazzTM or ARTmania Festival held annually attracting thousands from all over Europe who come here to enjoy great music performances by local artists as well as international ones too. There are also many museums showcasing Romanian heritage, Including the ASTRA National Museum Complex – one of the largest open-air museums in Europe. It covers an area of over 96 hectares and features traditional Romanian houses, Churches, Mills, And other buildings from different regions of Romania.
One can also visit the Sibiu Zoo which is home to over 100 species of animals from all around the world. The zoo has a special focus on conservation efforts for endangered species such as tigers, Leopards, And bears. Another interesting place to visit is The Steam Locomotive Museum located in a former railway station which displays various steam engines used during Romania’s industrial revolution.
Sibiu’s cuisine is influenced by both German and Romanian traditions with dishes like ciorba (a sour soup made with vegetables), Sarmale (stuffed cabbage rolls) or mici (grilled minced meat rolls) being some of the local favorites. Visitors can taste these dishes at one of many traditional restaurants scattered throughout the city center. Sibiu is a city that offers visitors an authentic experience into Romania’s rich history and cultural heritage. Its well-preserved medieval architecture combined with modern-day attractions make it an ideal destination for tourists looking for something unique and off-the-beaten-path in Eastern Europe.
- The Brukenthal Palace is a stunning Baroque palace that was constructed during the 18th century. It is now home to the Brukenthal National Museum.
- The Evangelical Cathedral, which features Gothic-style architecture, dates all the way back to the 14th century.
- The Council Tower served as part of Sibiu’s fortifications during medieval times and remains an impressive structure today.
- The Bridge of Lies is an arched bridge with a fascinating legend attached to it.
- Astra Museum of Traditional Folk Civilization is an open-air museum that showcases traditional Romanian architecture and way of life in a unique way.
- Piața Mare (Big Square) is a large public square surrounded by historic buildings and cafes, making it a popular spot for tourists and locals alike.
- Piața Mică (Small Square) is another picturesque square that boasts colorful houses, cafes, and restaurants for visitors to enjoy.
- The Liar’s Bridge has become one of Sibiu’s most iconic landmarks due to its intriguing legend – supposedly if you tell a lie while crossing it, the bridge will collapse beneath your feet!
- Cetatea de Balta was constructed in the 14th century as an impressive fortress used for defensive purposes against Ottoman invasions; today it stands as testament to Sibiu’s rich history.
- The ASTRA National Museum Complex spans over 96 hectares of land area and offers visitors various exhibits showcasing traditional Romanian architecture and way of life in an open-air museum setting – definitely worth checking out!
Major Industries and Businesses in Sibiu, Romania
- Automotive parts
- Historic old town
- Software development services
- Shopping centers
- Healthcare providers (hospitals & clinics)
- Financial institutions (banks & insurance companies)
- Education institutions (schools & universities)
- Real estate agencies
Overall, these industries contribute significantly to the economy of Sibiu making it a hub for business activities within Romania.
- The city was founded by German settlers in the 12th century and became an important trade center in medieval times.
- Sibiu played a key role in the Reformation movement, with Martin Luther himself visiting the city in 1544.
- The city was also a center of Transylvanian culture during the 18th and 19th centuries, with many notable writers, artists, and musicians living there.
- During World War II, Sibiu was occupied by Nazi Germany and used as a base for military operations against the Soviet Union.
- After the war, Sibiu became part of communist Romania under dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu’s regime.
- In 1989, Sibiu was one of the centers of anti-communist protests that led to Ceaușescu’s overthrow.
- Notable people associated with Sibiu include Johann Nepomuk Hummel (composer), Samuel von Brukenthal (governor), Emil Cioran (philosopher), Ion Agârbiceanu (writer), Octavian Goga (poet), Hermann Oberth (rocket scientist).
- Today, Sibiu is known for its well-preserved historic center which is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and its vibrant cultural scene including festivals such as ASTRA Film Festival or JazzTM Festival.
- Brukenthal National Museum is a complex of six museums that exhibit art collections, antiques, and rare books.
- ASTRA Open Air Museum showcases traditional Romanian village life and architecture in an open-air ethnographic museum.
- Council Tower is a medieval tower that offers panoramic views of the city.
- Evangelical Cathedral is a Gothic-style church dating back to the 14th century.
- The Bridge of Lies is a historic pedestrian bridge with an interesting legend attached to it.
- Thalia Hall is a beautiful concert hall built in the Art Nouveau style.
- The Liar’s Bridge is another historic pedestrian bridge with its own unique legend.
- The Old City Walls and Towers are ancient fortifications that have been preserved over time.
- Potters’ Tower is a fortified tower located near Huet Square.
- The Orthodox Cathedral of Sibiu is a beautiful cathedral built in the Byzantine style featuring stunning frescoes and mosaics inside.
- 1. FC Hermannstadt was founded in 2015 and is a professional football club located in Sibiu, Romania. The team competes in the Liga II, which is the second tier of Romanian football, and plays its home matches at the Municipal Stadium.
- CSM Sibiu is a multi-sport club that has been around since 1949. They have teams competing in various sports such as basketball, handball, volleyball, and athletics.
- CSU Sibiu was founded in 2006 and is a basketball team that plays their home matches at Sala Transilvania. They currently compete in the Liga Națională which is Romania’s top-tier professional basketball league.
- SCM Gloria Buzău is a handball team based in Buzău but with strong ties to Sibiu due to many of its players being from the city or having played for local teams before joining Gloria Buzău. The team has won multiple national titles and has competed internationally.
- CSS Unirea Sibiu was founded back in 1950 and is an athletics club that has produced several notable athletes over the years including Olympic medalist Gabriela Szabo.
- ACS SR Municipal Brașov-Sfântul Gheorghe (formerly ACS SR Brașov) originally came from Brașov but now plays their home games at Stadionul Municipal din Târgu Mureș due to lack of suitable facilities nearby; however they still maintain strong links to rugby clubs throughout Transylvania including those based within or near to Sibu such as RCJ Farul Constanța & CSM Focșani XV.
- Sibiu International Theatre Festival is a renowned theatre festival that takes place every year in June.
- ASTRA Film Festival is an international documentary film festival held in October.
- Sibiu Jazz Festival is a popular jazz festival held every May.
- Transilvania International Film Festival is a major film festival that takes place in Cluj-Napoca, but also has events and screenings in Sibiu during its run in June.
- ARTmania Festival is a rock and metal music festival that takes place every August.
- Medieval Days of Sibiu is an event that recreates the medieval atmosphere of the city with various performances, workshops, and exhibitions.
- Christmas Market is a festive market held during December where visitors can enjoy food, drinks, and traditional crafts while admiring the beautiful Christmas lights and decorations around the city.
- Sibiu Open Air Theatre Festival is an annual summer theatre event with performances taking place at various outdoor venues throughout the city.
- Saxophonia Music Fest is a music festival dedicated to saxophone music which is held annually during September.
- Silver Hand International Puppet Theater Festival is an international puppet theater event organized annually by Puck Puppet Theater for Young People from Cluj-Napoca which usually occurs during November or December.
- Crama Sibiul Vechi – a traditional Romanian restaurant that serves dishes like sarmale (stuffed cabbage rolls), mici (grilled minced meat rolls), and papanasi (fried doughnuts with cheese and sour cream).
- La Taifas – a cozy restaurant that offers a mix of Romanian, Hungarian, and German cuisine. Some of their specialties include goulash soup, schnitzel, and chimney cake.
- Hermania Restaurant – known for its delicious grilled meats such as pork ribs, beef steak, and chicken skewers.
- Casa Romaneasca – another traditional Romanian restaurant that serves hearty dishes like tripe soup, lamb stew with polenta, and roasted duck with red cabbage.
- Cafe Wien – a Viennese-style café that offers coffee drinks along with sweet treats like strudels and cakes.
- Pardon Cafe & Bistro – an elegant café that serves breakfast items like omelets and pancakes as well as salads, sandwiches, burgers for lunch or dinner.
- Zexe Brasserie – located in the heart of the city center this brasserie is known for its fine dining experience offering gourmet meals from around the world using fresh ingredients from local producers in Transylvania region of Romania
- Sub Arini Park is a large park that features walking trails, playgrounds and picnic areas for visitors to enjoy.
- The Astra Museum of Traditional Folk Civilization is an open-air museum that showcases exhibits on Romanian folk culture and traditions.
- Tineretului Park is a popular destination among locals and tourists alike, offering a lake, sports fields and walking paths.
- The Cibin River Promenade provides a scenic river walkway with stunning views of the historic city center.
- Dumbrava Sibiului Natural Park offers hiking trails for nature enthusiasts to explore while also providing opportunities for wildlife viewing.
- Pădurea Dumbrava Sibiului Zoo is located within the natural park area and features various animals for visitors to see up close.
- Parcul Subcetate is a smaller park located in the historic city center that provides benches and green space perfect for relaxation or taking in the sights around you.
- Visitors can rent bicycles to explore the city or surrounding countryside at their own pace with bike rental services available nearby.
- Horse-drawn carriage rides offer traditional tours of the historic city center giving visitors an authentic experience while exploring this beautiful area.
- For those seeking adventure, there are several paintball parks around Sibiu offering adrenaline-fueled fun either alone or as part of a group activity.