Singkawang, Indonesia

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Singkawang, Indonesia

Region: West Kalimantan

Geographic Coordinates: 0.900000, 108.983000
Temperature Range: 25.0°C to 32.0°C (77°F to 90°F)
Climate: Tropical climate with high humidity and rainfall throughout the year.
Population: 230376
Language: Indonesian

Singkawang is a small city located in the western part of Kalimantan, Indonesia. It is known as the City of a Thousand Temples due to its rich cultural heritage and diverse religious practices. The city has a population of approximately 200, 000 people and is home to various ethnic groups such as Chinese, Dayak, Malay and Javanese. One of the main attractions in Singkawang is its unique Chinese culture that can be seen throughout the city.

The Chinese community here has preserved many traditions from their ancestors including dragon dances, Lion dances, And other cultural performances during important festivals such as Lunar New Year. Visitors can also explore several temples built in traditional Chinese architecture styles such as Vihara Tri Dharma Bumi Raya which houses three different religions – Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism. Another popular attraction in Singkawang is its natural beauty with various waterfalls and beaches nearby. One must visit Pasir Panjang Beach which offers stunning views of the South China Sea with white sand beaches stretching for miles.

Visitors can also take a trip to Gunung Poteng Waterfall located about 30 km away from Singkawang where they can enjoy swimming or hiking through lush green forests. Singkawang also offers delicious local cuisine that reflects its multicultural heritage. Some popular dishes include Nasi Kuning (yellow rice), Soto Banjar (spicy chicken soup) and Mie Titi (noodle soup). For dessert lovers, There are various sweet treats like Kue Lumpur (mud cake) or Es Buah (fruit ice).

Apart from tourism activities, Singkawang plays an essential role in Indonesia’s economy by producing rubber plantations along with palm oil plantations found throughout the region that contribute significantly to the country’s exports. Singkawang offers visitors an opportunity to experience Indonesian culture at its finest while also enjoying natural beauty and delicious cuisine. It is a city that has preserved its traditions while embracing modernity, Making it an ideal destination for tourists who want to explore the rich cultural diversity of Indonesia.

Important Landmarks

  1. Vihara Tri Dharma Bumi Raya
  2. Pasar Tengah Singkawang
  3. Pantai Pasir Panjang
  4. Istana Singkawang
  5. Masjid Raya Al-Huda Singkawang
  6. Danau Bangka Belitung Park
  7. Tugu Khatulistiwa Singkawang
  8. Museum Kayu Tua
  9. Pura Agung Jagatnatha
  10. Air Terjun Lembah Bujang Senang

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: Singkawang is known for its fertile land and is a major producer of rice, palm oil, rubber, and pepper.
  2. Fisheries: The city has a large fishing industry due to its proximity to the sea.
  3. Textile: Singkawang has a growing textile industry that produces batik fabric and traditional clothing.
  4. Furniture: The city has many furniture factories that produce wooden furniture for domestic and international markets.
  5. Mining: There are several small-scale mining operations in the area that extract coal, gold, and other minerals.
  6. Tourism: Singkawang is also developing as a tourist destination due to its cultural heritage sites such as Chinese temples, traditional markets, and festivals like Cap Go Meh (Chinese New Year).
  7. Retail: There are many retail shops in the city selling everything from groceries to electronics.
  8. Service sector: The service sector is also growing with businesses such as banks, hotels, restaurants, and healthcare facilities opening up in the city.

Noteable History

  1. Singkawang was founded by Chinese immigrants in the 17th century to work in gold mines.
  2. During World War II, Japanese forces occupied Singkawang and used it as a military base.
  3. In 1967, Singkawang became an official city in Indonesia.
  4. The city is renowned for its lively Chinese culture and annual Cap Go Meh festival, which marks the end of the Chinese New Year.
  5. Prominent individuals from Singkawang include Tan Tjoei Hock, a successful businessman and philanthropist who established various schools and hospitals in the region; Haryanto Tanoesoedibjo, founder of MNC Group, one of Indonesia’s largest media companies; and Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, former President of Indonesia (2004-2014) who was born in nearby Pacitan but spent part of his childhood in Singkawang.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Vihara Tri Dharma Bumi Raya is a stunning Buddhist temple in Singkawang, renowned for its intricate architecture and sculptures.
  2. Taman Wisata Alam Kapuas Hulu is a nature reserve that offers visitors the opportunity to explore Singkawang’s lush forests and diverse wildlife.
  3. Museum Tionghoa Indonesia showcases the rich history and culture of Indonesia’s Chinese community, with exhibits on art, literature, religion, and more.
  4. Pasar Tengah Singkawang is a bustling market where visitors can find everything from fresh produce to local handicrafts.
  5. Masjid Raya Al-Huda is one of Singkawang’s largest mosques, famous for its beautiful architecture and peaceful atmosphere.
  6. Bukit Batu Lintang Nature Park is a scenic park that offers panoramic views of Singkawang’s landscape with hiking trails and picnic areas for visitors to enjoy.
  7. Kwan Im Temple Sien Sheng Gong is another beautiful Buddhist temple located in Singkawang known for its colorful decorations and serene ambiance.
  8. Rumah Adat Melayu Kubu Raya is an authentic Malay house preserved as a cultural heritage site in Kubu Raya district near Singkawang.
  9. Pantai Pasir Panjang Beach is one of the most popular beaches near Singakwang famous for its white sands, clear water & scenic beauty.
  10. Danau Sentarum National Park located near singakwang houses some rare species such as orangutans & other primates along with many small lakes within it which are worth exploring.

Sports Teams

  1. After conducting research on Singkawang’s sports history,
  2. I was unable to find any notable sports teams or their histories in the city.
  3. It is possible that there are local teams and leagues that exist but have not gained national recognition.

Cultural Events

  1. Cap Go Meh Festival: This festival is celebrated on the 15th day of Chinese New Year, and it marks the end of the Chinese New Year celebrations in Singkawang. The festival includes a parade, lion dance performances, and fireworks.
  2. Naga Bonar Festival: This festival is held annually to commemorate the legendary dragon boat race between two villages in Singkawang. The festival features a dragon boat race, cultural performances, and food stalls.
  3. Tionghoa Indonesia Cultural Festival: This event showcases the rich cultural heritage of Indonesian-Chinese communities in Singkawang through traditional music, dance performances, and culinary delights.
  4. Dayak Cultural Festival: Celebrating Dayak culture and traditions with music performance by local artists showcasing their skills with traditional instruments like sapeh (a lute-like instrument) or gong.
  5. Singkawang Food Festival: A celebration of local cuisine featuring various dishes from different regions in Indonesia as well as some international cuisines.
  6. Lantern Festival: Celebrated during Mid-Autumn Festival where people gather to light lanterns while enjoying mooncakes together with family members or friends.
  7. Kuda Lumping Parade: A traditional Javanese dance performance that involves dancers riding horse-shaped structures made out of bamboo while wearing colorful costumes.
  8. Pesta Rakyat Karapan Sapi (Bull Racing): An annual bull racing competition held in several locations across West Kalimantan including Singkawang where farmers bring their best bulls to compete for cash prizes and prestige.


  1. Mie Tarempa is a popular noodle dish made with yellow noodles, shrimp, and fish balls in a spicy broth.
  2. Nasi Kuning is a fragrant yellow rice dish served with various side dishes such as chicken or beef rendang, sambal goreng ati (spicy fried liver), and crispy fried anchovies.
  3. Bakso Singkawang are meatballs made from minced beef or pork served in a clear broth with noodles and vegetables.
  4. Sate Kelinci is rabbit satay grilled over charcoal and served with peanut sauce.
  5. Warung Kopi 89 is a popular coffee shop that serves traditional Indonesian coffee along with local snacks like pisang goreng (fried bananas) and martabak manis (sweet pancake).
  6. Bakmi Aheng is one of the oldest noodle shops in Singkawang famous for its homemade egg noodles served with pork or chicken toppings.
  7. Soto Banjar Kalimantan Barat is a local version of soto soup made with beef or chicken broth, rice vermicelli, bean sprouts, boiled egg, and shredded chicken or beef.
  8. Pempek Acai Singkawang are fish cakes made from mackerel fish mixed with tapioca flour served with sweet vinegar sauce and cucumber slices.
  9. Kue Putu Ayu Singkawang are steamed green-colored cakes filled with palm sugar syrup topped with grated coconut flesh.
  10. Restaurant Bunda Asih 2 is an Indonesian restaurant that serves various local dishes such as nasi campur (mixed rice), gado-gado (vegetable salad), ayam bakar (grilled chicken), and many more.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Taman Juang Mandor is a public park located in the city center, complete with a jogging track, playground, and a large pond.
  2. Taman Wisata Alam Bukit Batu is a nature park offering hiking trails, camping facilities, and even a waterfall for visitors to enjoy.
  3. Taman Krida Budaya Singkawang showcases traditional dances, music performances, and art exhibitions for those interested in cultural experiences.
  4. Pantai Pasir Panjang is the perfect destination for beach lovers who want to take part in water sports activities like jet skiing or banana boat rides.
  5. Danau Dendam Tak Sudah surrounds visitors with lush greenery and offers boat rentals or fishing opportunities on its beautiful lake.
  6. Taman Bunga Singkawang provides scenic views of colorful blooms throughout the year at this stunning flower garden.
  7. Lapangan Merdeka Singkawang is an open square used for various events such as festivals and concerts that bring together locals and tourists alike.
  8. Gunung Poteng Adventure Park is an outdoor adventure park located in the forested hills of Singkawang featuring zip-lining, rock climbing, ATV rides – perfect for thrill-seekers!


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