Tirur, India

Reading Time: 9 minutes

Tirur, India

Region: Kerala

Geographic Coordinates: 10.900000, 75.920000
Climate: Climate and weather patterns in Tirur, India vary throughout the year.
Population: 58490
Language: Malayalam

Tirur is a captivating town located in the Malappuram district of Kerala, A southwestern state in India. Nestled along the serene banks of the Bharathapuzha River, This charming town is known for its rich cultural heritage, Historical significance, And natural beauty. Tirur has been a thriving trading hub since ancient times and continues to be an important center for commerce and agriculture. One of the notable attractions in Tirur is its bustling local market. The streets are lined with vibrant shops selling an array of goods including spices, Textiles, Handicrafts, And fresh produce.

Walking through this lively market provides a glimpse into the daily life of locals as they engage in trade and exchange animated conversations. Tirur is also renowned for its religious diversity and hosts several places of worship that attract devotees from different faiths. The most prominent among them is the Thunchan Parambu temple complex which honors Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan, A revered poet who made significant contributions to Malayalam literature. This sacred site serves as a cultural hub where various artistic performances take place regularly. Nature enthusiasts will find solace in Tirur’s picturesque landscapes.

The nearby Kadampuzha Bhagavathy Temple offers visitors an opportunity to explore lush greenery while seeking spiritual solace amidst tranquil surroundings. Additionally, Just outside Tirur lies Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala – one of India’s most renowned Ayurvedic treatment centers – where visitors can experience traditional healing practices amidst serene gardens. For history buffs, Tirur offers glimpses into its past through architectural marvels such as Tali Temple Complex and Trikandiyoor Mahadeva Temple that showcase intricate designs influenced by centuries-old craftsmanship techniques.

The cuisine of Tirur deserves special mention as it tantalizes taste buds with authentic Malabar delicacies like biryani (flavored rice dish), Pathiri (rice pancake), And seafood specialties. The town is also famous for its unique banana chips, A local snack that is loved by both residents and visitors. Tirur’s hospitality extends to its people, Who are known for their warmth and friendliness. Visitors are often greeted with open arms and can experience the renowned Malabar hospitality while exploring the town. Tirur is a captivating destination that offers a harmonious blend of cultural heritage, Natural beauty, And warm hospitality.

Whether it be exploring bustling markets or delving into ancient temples, This town provides an enriching experience that leaves visitors with lasting memories of Kerala’s vibrant traditions and picturesque landscapes.

Important Landmarks

  1. Thunchan Parambu: A memorial dedicated to the renowned Malayalam poet Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan, considered the father of Malayalam literature.
  2. Triprangode Siva Temple: A historic temple known for its intricate architecture and religious significance.
  3. Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala: One of the oldest and most renowned Ayurvedic treatment centers in India, offering traditional therapies and medicines.
  4. Kadampuzha Bhagavathy Temple: A popular Hindu temple dedicated to Goddess Durga, attracting devotees from all over Kerala.
  5. Ponnani Beach: A picturesque beach located near Tirur, offering stunning views of the Arabian Sea and a serene atmosphere for relaxation.
  6. Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary: Situated on the banks of River Kadalundi, this sanctuary is home to a wide variety of migratory birds during winter months.
  7. Nilambur Teak Museum: Located around 30 km from Tirur, this museum showcases various artifacts made from teak wood and provides insights into Kerala’s timber industry history.
  8. Perumanna Grama Panchayat Park: An eco-friendly park with beautiful landscapes, walking trails, children’s play areas, and recreational facilities for visitors to enjoy nature’s beauty.
  9. Kadampuzha Devi Temple Elephant Camp (Anakkotta): Visitors can witness elephants being trained here or take an elephant ride while visiting Kadampuzha Bhagavathy Temple nearby.
  10. Kunhali Marakkar Museum & Aquarium: This museum displays artifacts related to Kunhali Marakkar IV—a naval commander who fought against Portuguese colonial powers—and also houses an aquarium showcasing various marine species found along the Malabar Coast.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: Tirur has a significant agricultural sector, with crops like paddy rice, coconut, banana, rubber, and spices being cultivated. Many farmers engage in farming activities and contribute to the local economy.
  2. Fishing: Being situated near the Arabian Sea coast, Tirur has a thriving fishing industry. Fishermen engage in traditional fishing methods as well as modern techniques to catch various types of fish and seafood.
  3. Handloom Industry: Tirur is famous for its handloom industry that produces traditional Kerala sarees known as Kasavu sarees or Mundum Neriyathum. These handwoven garments are highly sought after both within India and internationally.
  4. Retail Trade: The town serves as a commercial hub for nearby rural areas by providing various retail services such as shops selling textiles, groceries, household items, electronics goods etc.
  5. Education Sector: Tirur has numerous educational institutions ranging from schools to colleges offering education across different disciplines like arts & science studies; engineering & technology; medical & paramedical sciences etc., contributing significantly to employment opportunities in the region.
  6. Healthcare Services: Medical facilities including hospitals and clinics play an essential role in Tirur’s economy by providing healthcare services not only to residents but also to people from nearby towns/villages who come seeking medical treatment.
  7. Tourism Industry: With its scenic beauty and historical significance (such as Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala), Tirur attracts tourists from different parts of India and abroad which further boosts local businesses like hotels/resorts; restaurants/cafes; souvenir shops etc., creating employment opportunities for locals.
  8. Trading Activities: Being well-connected with major cities through roadways/railways facilitates trading activities such as wholesale markets where products like spices, textiles, fruits, vegetables etc., are bought and sold.
  9. Small Scale Industries: Tirur has numerous small-scale industries engaged in manufacturing activities like coir products, handcrafted items, garments/textiles, food processing units etc., which contribute to the local economy.

Overall, Tirur’s economy is characterized by a mix of traditional sectors such as agriculture and fishing along with modern industries like education and healthcare services.

Noteable History

  1. Mamankam Festival: Tirur was historically known for hosting the Mamankam festival, one of the grandest festivals in medieval Kerala. It was held once every twelve years on the banks of Bharathapuzha River and attracted traders, artists, and warriors from across South India.
  2. Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan: Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan is considered the father of Malayalam language and literature. He resided in Tirur during the 16th century and made significant contributions to Malayalam literature by translating ancient Sanskrit texts into Malayalam.
  3. Valluvakonathiri Kingdom: The Valluvakonathiri Kingdom had its capital at Tirur during ancient times until it was shifted to nearby Tanur in later centuries. The kingdom played a crucial role in shaping regional politics and culture.
  4. Kunhali Marakkar IV: Kunhali Marakkar IV (also known as Kottakkal Marakkar) was a valiant naval commander who fought against Portuguese colonial forces during the 16th century. He hailed from Kottakkal near Tirur and is regarded as a hero among locals for his resistance against foreign invaders.
  5. Uroos Festival: The Uroos festival held at Puthanpalli Mosque in Tirur is an important religious event that attracts devotees from different parts of Kerala each year. It commemorates Sheikh Fariduddin’s arrival at this mosque around 800 years ago.
  6. Arya Pallam: Arya Pallam is an ancient Jain temple located near Tirunavaya on the banks of Bharathapuzha River. It is believed to have been built during the 12th century and holds historical significance due to its association with Jainism in Kerala.
  7. Tirurangadi Mosque: The Tirurangadi Mosque, also known as Thaliyil Palli, is one of the oldest mosques in Kerala. It served as a center for Islamic education and played a crucial role in spreading Islam in the region.

These events and people have contributed to shaping Tirur’s history, culture, and heritage over the centuries.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala: This renowned Ayurvedic institution is located in Kottakkal near Tirur. It offers various treatments and therapies based on traditional Ayurvedic practices.
  2. Thunchan Parambu: This is the birthplace of Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan, a revered poet and scholar who made significant contributions to Malayalam literature. The site includes a memorial dedicated to him.
  3. Kadampuzha Bhagavathy Temple: Situated near Tirur, this ancient temple is dedicated to Goddess Bhadrakali. It attracts devotees from all over the region and hosts colorful festivals throughout the year.
  4. Ponnani Juma Masjid: Located in Ponnani town near Tirur, this historic mosque dates back to the 14th century and holds religious significance for Muslims in Kerala.
  5. Nilambur Teak Museum: A short drive from Tirur will take you to Nilambur Teak Museum, showcasing various artifacts related to teak trees and their historical importance.
  6. Beypore Beach: Although not directly in Tirur but nearby Beypore has a beautiful beach where visitors can relax by the Arabian Sea and witness traditional shipbuilding techniques at the Beypore Shipyard.
  7. Malappuram Juma Masjid: Situated in Malappuram city close to Tirur, this grand mosque is one of the oldest mosques in Kerala known for its architectural beauty.
  8. Thirunavaya Nava Mukunda Temple: Located on the banks of Bharathapuzha River near Tirur, this ancient temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu hosts an annual festival called Mamankam which has historical significance too.

These are just a few highlights, and there are many more attractions to explore in and around Tirur.

Sports Teams

  1. Football:
    • Tirur Football Club: It is one of the prominent football clubs in Tirur. Though there isn’t much documented history available about the club, it has participated in various local and regional tournaments.
  2. Cricket:
    • Tirur Cricket Club: The cricket club represents Tirur in local cricket tournaments and leagues.
  3. Athletics:
    • Tirur Athletic Club: This club focuses on promoting athletics among youth in the region and participates in various athletic events at district and state levels.
  4. Volleyball:
    • Tirur Volleyball Association: Volleyball is quite popular in Kerala, including Tirur. The association organizes volleyball tournaments and provides training for aspiring players.

It’s important to note that these teams might not have extensive historical records or significant achievements at national or international levels due to the town’s relatively small size compared to major cities or regions with more established sporting traditions.

Cultural Events

  1. Tirur Nercha: This is a famous annual religious festival held at the Tirurangadi Jama Masjid, which attracts thousands of devotees. It includes various cultural programs, processions, and traditional Islamic rituals.
  2. Malabar Mahotsavam: Organized by the Kerala Tourism Department, this festival showcases the rich cultural heritage of Malabar region including Tirur. It features traditional music and dance performances, art exhibitions, handicrafts fair, and delicious local cuisine.
  3. Kottakkal Pooram: Located near Tirur, Kottakkal hosts this vibrant temple festival annually in March/April. It involves grand processions of caparisoned elephants accompanied by traditional music and fireworks.
  4. Puthanpalli Nercha: Held at Puthanpalli Mosque in Tirur every year during February/March, this event commemorates a Sufi saint named Syed Abdur Rahman Bafaqi Thangal with religious rituals and cultural programs.
  5. Thunchath Ezhuthachan Malayalam University Cultural Festival: This university located in nearby Malappuram district organizes an annual cultural fest celebrating Malayalam language and literature through various artistic performances like poetry recitations, drama shows, debates etc.
  6. Perumanna Gramotsavam: Perumanna village near Tirur celebrates its own unique festival showcasing the traditions of the region such as folk dances like Theyyam and Thira along with other cultural activities.
  7. Moulid Festival: Celebrated at various mosques across Tirur during the Islamic month of Rabi’ al-awwal (commemorating Prophet Muhammad’s birthday), Moulid festivals involve religious gatherings with prayers followed by communal feasts called ‘Moulid Nombu’.
  8. Vishu Celebrations: Vishu is an important Hindu festival celebrated throughout Kerala including Tirur in April every year. It involves traditional rituals, elaborate feasts, and the display of ‘Vishukkani’ – an arrangement of auspicious items.

These are just a few examples of the cultural events and festivals that take place in Tirur. The region also celebrates various other religious festivals like Eid, Onam, Navaratri, etc., which add to its cultural vibrancy.


  1. Malabar Biryani: This aromatic rice dish cooked with meat or vegetables is a specialty of the Malabar region. Restaurants like Rahmath Hotel and Hotel Alakapuri are famous for their authentic and flavorful biryanis.

  2. Kallummakkaya (Mussels) Fry: Tirur is renowned for its seafood delicacies, particularly mussels fry. Restaurants like Hotel Nasreena serve lip-smacking kallummakkaya fry that locals and tourists love.

  3. Pathiri with Chicken Curry: Pathiri is a traditional flatbread made from rice flour, often served with spicy chicken curry or other meat gravies. Popular restaurants like Paragon Restaurant offer delicious pathiri dishes.

  4. Arikkadukka (Stuffed Mussels): Another popular seafood dish in Tirur is arikkadukka, where mussels are stuffed with a mixture of spices, coconut, onions, and breadcrumbs before being deep-fried to perfection. You can try it at places like Zam Zam Restaurant.

  5. Sulaimani Tea: Sulaimani tea is a refreshing black tea flavored with various herbs and spices such as ginger, cardamom, cloves etc., making it an excellent choice for tea lovers visiting Tirur’s local tea stalls.

  6. Thalassery Cuisine: Though not specific to Tirur alone but being close to Thalassery city famous for its unique cuisine makes it worth mentioning here too! Thalassery biryani (dum-cooked fragrant rice dish), porotta (layered flatbread), ghee roast dosa (crispy pancake) etc., are some must-try dishes available at various restaurants across Tirur.

Some renowned restaurants in Tirur where you can savor these local delicacies include Rahmath Hotel, Hotel Alakapuri, Hotel Nasreena, Paragon Restaurant, Zam Zam Restaurant and various local street food stalls.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Municipal Park: Located in the heart of Tirur, this park offers lush greenery, walking paths, and benches for relaxation.
  2. Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala Park: Situated near Kottakkal Junction, this park is known for its serene ambiance and well-maintained gardens.
  3. Perinthalmanna Town Park: A popular spot for locals and tourists alike, this park features a children’s play area, jogging track, and beautiful landscaping.
  4. Ponnani Beach: Located near Tirur, Ponnani Beach is a great place to unwind with its sandy shores and picturesque views of the Arabian Sea.
  5. Kadampuzha Devi Temple Grounds: This temple complex has spacious grounds where visitors can take leisurely walks or enjoy picnics amidst tranquil surroundings.
  6. Thirunavaya Nava Mukunda Temple Grounds: Besides being a religious site, the temple grounds offer ample space for outdoor activities like yoga or meditation.
  7. Chaliyar River Cruise: Take a boat ride along the scenic Chaliyar River to appreciate the natural beauty surrounding Tirur while enjoying some leisure time on water.
  8. Indoor Sports Complex at Malappuram District Sports Council Stadium: If you’re into sports activities like badminton or table tennis, you can visit this indoor complex for some recreational fun.
  9. Manjeri Aqua Planet Water Theme Park (nearby): Just a short drive from Tirur lies this water theme park with various water slides and rides suitable for both adults and children.
  10. Nilambur Teak Museum (nearby): Explore the world of teak wood at Nilambur Teak Museum where you can learn about its history while enjoying nature trails within the museum premises.


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