Tomsk, Russia

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Tomsk, Russia

Region: Tomsk Oblast

Geographic Coordinates: 56.488600, 84.952200
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 30.0°C (-40°F to 86°F)
Climate: Cold and snowy winters, mild summers with occasional rain.
Population: 572740
Language: Russian

Tomsk is a city situated in Siberia, Russia, Which lies on the banks of the Tom River. The city was established in 1604 as a fortress to safeguard the eastern borders of the Russian Empire from Mongol and Chinese invasions. Over time, Tomsk has developed into one of Siberia’s most significant cultural and educational centers. The city is well-known for its fascinating history, Impressive architecture, Lively nightlife, And picturesque landscapes. One of Tomsk’s most notable landmarks is its historic center that boasts over 70 preserved wooden houses constructed in traditional Siberian architectural style.

Many of these houses date back to the 18th century and are regarded as some of Russia’s best examples of wooden architecture. Visitors can also explore several museums that showcase local history and culture such as The Museum Complex Tomskaya Pisanitsa which displays ancient rock carvings found near Tomsk. Tomsk’s world-renowned universities also attract visitors to this city.

With over ten higher education institutions including two major universities – Tomsk State University (TSU) and National Research Tomsk State University (NR TSU), This city has long been known as an academic hub for students from all around Russia as well as international students who come here seeking top-quality education. For nature lovers, There are numerous parks like Gagarin Park or Victory Park where visitors can take leisurely strolls or enjoy various outdoor activities like cycling or rollerblading along scenic routes with breathtaking views across riverside landscapes.

In addition to its rich cultural heritage and natural beauty, There are plenty more reasons why tourists flock to this vibrant metropolis in Siberia; one being its lively nightlife scene which includes bars, Clubs, Restaurants serving delicious local cuisine such as pelmeni (dumplings filled with minced meat) or shashlik (grilled meat skewers). Overall it’s safe to say that visiting Tomsk offers something for everyone. Whether you’re interested in history, Culture, Education or simply looking for a relaxing getaway surrounded by stunning natural beauty, This Siberian city is definitely worth adding to your travel itinerary.

Important Landmarks

  1. Tomsk State University
  2. Tomskaya Pisanitsa Museum-Reserve
  3. Voskresensky Cathedral
  4. Trud Stadium
  5. Lenin Square and Monument
  6. Tomsk Regional Museum of Local Lore
  7. Komsomolsky Prospekt
  8. Nikolayevsky Triumphal Arch
  9. Tomsk Drama Theater
  10. Tomsk Botanical Garden

Primary Industries

  1. Information technology: Tomsk is one of the top IT hubs in Russia, with numerous software development companies and startups.
  2. Education: The city is home to multiple universities and research institutes, making it a center for education and research.
  3. Oil and gas: The oil and gas industry contributes significantly to the economy of Tomsk.
  4. Chemicals: Several chemical plants in the city produce fertilizers, plastics, among other chemicals.
  5. Manufacturing: The manufacturing industry in Tomsk encompasses machinery production, food processing, woodworking, paper production among others.
  6. Healthcare: There are many hospitals and clinics in Tomsk that offer medical services to residents as well as tourists visiting the city.
  7. Tourism: With its rich history and architecture monuments like wooden houses from 17th century or Stolby Nature Reserve which attracts rock climbers from all over Russia – tourism also plays an essential role in the local economy of Tomsk.

Overall these industries contribute significantly to the growth of the city’s economy while providing employment opportunities for residents living there.

Noteable History

  1. The city was founded in 1604 by the order of Tsar Boris Godunov.
  2. Tomsk played an important role during the Russian Civil War, as it was a center for anti-Bolshevik forces.
  3. In 1918, Tomsk became the capital of the short-lived Siberian Republic.
  4. During World War II, many factories were evacuated to Tomsk from western Russia, making it an important industrial center for the Soviet Union.
  5. Notable people associated with Tomsk include writer Anton Chekhov (who visited the city in 1890), mathematician Andrey Kolmogorov (who taught at Tomsk State University), and physicist Lev Landau (who studied at Tomsk Polytechnic University).
  6. The city is also known for its architecture, including many wooden buildings that have been preserved since the 19th century.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Tomsk Regional Museum of Local Lore is a museum that showcases the history and culture of Tomsk and its surrounding areas.
  2. Tomsk State University Museum is dedicated to the history of one of Russia’s oldest universities.
  3. Wooden Architecture Museum is a collection of traditional wooden buildings from different parts of Siberia, showcasing their unique architectural styles.
  4. The House-Museum of Nikolai Roerich is dedicated to the life and works of Russian artist and philosopher Nikolai Roerich.
  5. The Monument to Tsar Peter I is an iconic monument located in the center of Tomsk, commemorating the visit by Tsar Peter I in 1719.
  6. Tomsk Art Gallery is an art center featuring exhibitions by local artists as well as works from around Russia and beyond.
  7. Stolby Nature Reserve is a scenic park located just outside Tomsk, known for its unique rock formations (stolby) that are popular among climbers and hikers alike.
  8. The Memorial Complex Victory is a monument honoring those who fought in World War II, with exhibits on military history and technology.
  9. The House-Museum of Anton Chekhov should not be missed if you are interested in literature or theatre!
  10. Tomsk Planetarium offers stunning visuals on space exploration for those interested in astronomy!

Cultural Events

  1. Tomsk International Film Festival is an event that exhibits both international and domestic films.
  2. Siberian Maslenitsa is a traditional Russian festival commemorating the end of winter and the start of spring, which features food, music, and dance.
  3. Tomskaya Pisanitsa is an annual celebration dedicated to the ancient rock art discovered in the Altai Mountains near Tomsk.
  4. City Day marks Tomsk’s founding with parades, concerts, and fireworks.
  5. Youth Day highlights young people with musical performances and cultural activities.
  6. The Days of Slavic Culture promotes Slavic culture through music, dance, literature, and art exhibitions.
  7. The Great Siberian Fair occurs annually as a trade fair where local businesses exhibit their products to visitors from all over Russia.
  8. Christmas Markets take place during December in various locations around Tomsk selling traditional Russian crafts and food items for Christmas celebrations.


  • Pelmeni – a type of dumpling filled with meat or vegetables. Try it at Pelmenaya.
  • Siberian soup – a hearty soup made with potatoes, cabbage, carrots, and meat. Try it at Sibirskiy Dvorik.
  • Shashlik – grilled skewered meat served with bread and vegetables. Try it at Shashlychnaya.
  • Blini – thin pancakes usually served with sour cream or jam. Try it at Blinovyi Dom.
  • Pirozhki – small stuffed pastries filled with meat or vegetables. Try it at Pirozhkovy Dom.
  • Borsch – a beetroot-based soup usually served with sour cream and dill. Try it at Stolovaya No 1.
  • Vareniki- similar to pelmeni but larger in size and can be filled with fruits as well as savory fillings such as potatoes or cheese.Try them out in Varenichnaya №1
  • Chebureki- deep-fried turnovers typically filled with minced meat.Try them out in Cheburechnaya Mangal.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Gagarin Park is a large park that offers visitors a variety of recreational activities. The park features a beautiful lake, playgrounds for children, and walking trails that are perfect for those who enjoy spending time outdoors.
    2. Victory Park is a memorial park dedicated to World War II. The park features monuments and gardens that honor those who fought and died during the war.
    3. Tomskaya Pisanitsa Open-Air Museum is an archaeological site featuring rock carvings from the Bronze Age. Visitors can explore the site and learn about the history of the region.
    4. Tomsk Botanical Garden is home to over 5000 plant species and features a greenhouse complex where visitors can see exotic plants from around the world.
    5. Komsomolsky Garden is a small park with flower beds and benches for relaxation. It’s an ideal spot for visitors looking to take a break from their busy day or enjoy some quiet time alone.
    6. Tomsk Zoo houses over 100 species of animals including tigers, bears, monkeys, and birds making it perfect for animal lovers wishing to experience wildlife up close.
    7. Ski resorts in nearby mountains such as Abalak Ski Resort or Sosnovka Ski Resort offer skiing enthusiasts an opportunity to hit slopes while enjoying picturesque scenery.
    8. Ice skating rinks like Crystal Palace Ice Arena or Dynamo Sports Club Ice Rink provide ice-skating enthusiasts with indoor facilities where they can practice their skills regardless of weather conditions outside.
    9. During summer months boating on Tom River provides tourists with yet another way to relax while taking in beautiful views along its banks.
    10. Cycling tours around city’s historic landmarks or scenic countryside areas outside of town are great ways for tourists who love cycling to explore local history & natural beauty.


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