Tongchuanshi, China

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Tongchuanshi, China

Region: Shaanxi

Geographic Coordinates: 35.080000, 109.030000
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 40.0°C (-40°F to 104°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 282258
Language: Mandarin

Tongchuanshi, Also known as Tongchuan, Is a city located in the northwest of Shaanxi province in China. It is situated on the banks of the Wei River and is surrounded by mountains on three sides. The city has a population of approximately 700, 000 people and covers an area of 3, 882 square kilometers. The history of Tongchuanshi dates back to over 2, 000 years ago when it was established as a military fortress during the Han Dynasty. The city played an important role in protecting China’s northern borders from foreign invasions.

Over time, It became an important center for trade and commerce due to its strategic location along the Silk Road. One of the main attractions in Tongchuanshi is its rich cultural heritage. The city boasts several historical sites such as the Yuhua Palace which was built during the Tang Dynasty and served as a residence for emperors visiting Tongchuanshi. Another notable attraction is the Yaozhou Kiln Ruins Museum which showcases ancient Chinese pottery dating back to over 1, 400 years ago.

Tongchuanshi also has several natural attractions that draw visitors from all over China including Mount Liupan which stands at 2, 882 meters tall and offers breathtaking views of surrounding landscapes. Visitors can also explore Lishan National Forest Park which covers an area of over 300 square kilometers and features stunning waterfalls, Lakes and wildlife. In addition to tourism, Tongchuanshi has a strong economy with industries such as mining (coal), Metallurgy (steel), Machinery manufacturing and food processing being major contributors to its GDP.

The city’s coal reserves are estimated at around one billion tons making it one of China’s largest coal producers. The local cuisine in Tongchuanshi is also worth mentioning with dishes such as Yangrou Pao Mo (lamb soup with bread) being popular among locals and tourists alike. The city is also known for its production of pear and apple wines which are sold throughout China. Overall, Tongchuanshi is a fascinating city with a rich history, Stunning natural scenery and a thriving economy. It offers visitors an opportunity to explore ancient Chinese culture while experiencing modern-day China at the same time.

Important Landmarks

  1. Huanghe Lou (Yellow River Tower)
  2. Yuhua Cave Scenic Area
  3. Yaozhou Kiln Ruins Museum
  4. Wuzhou Mountain Forest Park
  5. Zhenyuan Ancient Town
  6. Tongchuan City Museum
  7. Daming Palace National Heritage Park
  8. Mount Hua (Huashan) Scenic Area
  9. Famen Temple
  10. Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor

Primary Industries

  1. Coal mining
  2. Metallurgy
  3. Machinery manufacturing
  4. Chemical production
  5. Building materials production
  6. Agriculture

The city is known for its abundant coal reserves and has several large coal mines. It also has a significant metalworking industry with companies producing iron and steel products. Additionally, Tongchuanshi is home to several chemical plants that produce fertilizers and other chemicals. The city also has a growing tourism industry due to its historical sites such as the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor.

Noteable History

  1. Tongchuan was an important coal mining center during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912).
  2. In 1935, the Chinese Red Army led by Mao Zedong passed through Tongchuan on their Long March.
  3. During the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), Tongchuan was occupied by Japanese forces.
  4. After the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, Tongchuan became a major industrial center for coal mining and metallurgy.
  5. Notable people from Tongchuanshi include Tang Jiaxuan, former Foreign Minister of China; Li Peng, former Premier of China; and Zhang Yimou, film director and cinematographer.
  6. The Yan’an Rectification Movement in 1942-43 had significant impact on Communist Party organizations throughout Shaanxi Province including in Tongchuanshi.
  7. In 1969, a massive earthquake struck Shaanxi province that caused widespread devastation in many cities including Tongchuanshi where thousands lost their lives and homes were destroyed.
  8. The city has also seen significant growth since economic reforms began under Deng Xiaoping’s leadership in the late 1970s leading to modernization of its infrastructure such as highways connecting it to other parts of China as well as expansion into new industries like tourism which have helped boost local economy over time.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Tongchuan Museum showcases the rich history and culture of Tongchuanshi, including exhibits on the city’s mining industry, ancient pottery, and local customs.
  2. Yuhua Palace is a historic palace built during the Tang Dynasty and is one of the best-preserved examples of Tang architecture in China.
  3. Mianshan Mountain Scenic Area offers stunning views of mountains, valleys, and waterfalls just outside Tongchuanshi.
  4. Qingyun Temple dates back to the Northern Wei Dynasty and is known for its intricate carvings and beautiful gardens as a Buddhist temple.
  5. Xing’an Mausoleum complex contains several tombs from the Tang Dynasty, including that of Emperor Taizong.
  6. Fenghuangshan National Forest Park features lush forests, crystal-clear lakes, and breathtaking mountain vistas in Tongchuan’s neighboring county Yan’an City.
  7. Huashan Mountain Scenic Area near Tongchuan City has an elevation 2 154 meters above sea level with a magnificent view from its peak as one of China’s Five Great Mountains.
  8. Xi’an City Wall has been preserved well since it was built during Ming dynasty around 1370 AD in Xi’an which is about an hour drive from Tongchuanshi.
  9. Huaqing Hot Springs have been a famous attraction since ancient times with hot springs pools surrounded by mountains located about half an hour drive away from Xianyang International Airport.
  10. Terracotta Army Museum features thousands of life-size terracotta soldiers that were buried alongside China’s first emperor to protect him in his afterlife which is located in Xi’an about two hours drive away from tongchuanshi.

Cultural Events

  1. Tongchuan International Kite Festival is an annual event held in April, featuring kites from around the world and including kite-flying competitions and cultural performances.
  2. The Tongchuan Lantern Festival takes place on the 15th day of the first lunar month, showcasing colorful lantern displays, traditional food, and dragon dance performances.
  3. The Tongchuan Peony Festival is held in May each year to celebrate the city’s abundant peony flowers with exhibitions, cultural shows, and flower-viewing tours.
  4. Celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, the Tongchuan Dragon Boat Festival includes dragon boat races on local rivers and lakes as well as traditional food and music.
  5. The Tongchuan Shaanxi Opera Festival brings together performers from across China to showcase Shaanxi opera traditions through live shows and workshops.
  6. Chinese New Year celebrations in Tongchuanshi include fireworks displays, temple fairs, family gatherings for meals together (reunion dinners), red envelopes containing money given to children by elders or bosses at work etc., all culminating in a huge parade featuring lion dances and dragon dances through streets decorated with red lanterns.


  • Shaanxi Noodles: This is a famous local dish made with hand-pulled noodles served with various toppings such as meat, vegetables, and spices.
  • Roujiamo: A type of Chinese sandwich made with baked bread filled with minced meat.
  • Liangpi: A cold noodle dish made from wheat or rice flour mixed with water and served with a spicy sauce.
  • Lao Cheng Yi Guan: A popular restaurant that serves traditional Shaanxi cuisine such as roujiamo, biangbiang noodles, and shaomai dumplings.
  • Shengji Restaurant: Known for its delicious hot pot dishes featuring fresh meats and vegetables cooked at the table in a boiling broth.
  • Xian De Lai Hot Pot Restaurant: Another popular hot pot restaurant that offers a variety of broths and ingredients to choose from.
  • Hongxing Restaurant: A family-friendly eatery that specializes in regional dishes like yangrou paomo (lamb soup), jiaozi (dumplings), and crispy fried chicken wings.
  • Beilin District Food Street: This bustling street is lined with food stalls selling all kinds of local delicacies including shaobing (baked flatbread), roujiamo sandwiches, grilled skewers of meat or veggies, bubble tea drinks, and more!

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Tongchuan Forest Park
    2. Qinglongshan National Forest Park
    3. Yintai Mountain Scenic Area
    4. Yan’an Revolutionary Memorial Hall
    5. Tongchuan Sports Center
    6. Pingluo Ecological Park
    7. Tongchuan Children’s Amusement Park
    8. Jiaokou Eco-tourism Scenic Spot
    9. Zhen’an County Hot Spring Resort
    10. Hongfeng Lake Wetland Park


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