Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Region: Ulaanbaatar

Geographic Coordinates: 47.920300, 106.917000
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 30.0°C (-40°F to 86°F)
Climate: Cold and dry winters, with hot summers and occasional dust storms.
Population: 1396288
Language: Mongolian

Ulaanbaatar is the capital city of Mongolia, Located in the northern part of the country. The city has a population of over 1.3 million people and is known for its rich history, Culture, And traditions. The name Ulaanbaatar means Red Hero in Mongolian and was named after Damdin Sukhbaatar, A famous revolutionary hero who played a significant role in Mongolia’s independence from China. It has been the capital of Mongolia since 1924. One of the most striking features of Ulaanbaatar is its location amidst vast open landscapes surrounded by mountains.

The city sits at an altitude of 4, 430 feet above sea level on the banks of Tuul River. Ulaanbaatar boasts several historical landmarks that reflect its rich cultural heritage such as Gandantegchinlen Monastery which dates back to 1838 and is home to over 150 monks who practice Tibetan Buddhism. Another popular attraction is Sukhbaatar Square which serves as the political center for Mongolia. The National Museum provides an insight into Mongolian history with exhibits ranging from prehistoric times until modern-day life in urban areas like Ulaanbaatar.

Visitors can learn about traditional nomadic lifestyles through displays depicting yurts (traditional tents), Horse riding gear, Clothing made from animal hides or woolen materials among other things. Ulaanbaatar also offers visitors opportunities to learn more about traditional Mongolian crafts such as felt-making or embroidery at various workshops around town where locals share their skills with tourists interested in learning more about these arts. Food lovers will enjoy trying out local cuisine like Khorkhog or Buuz; Ulaanbaatar has it all!

visitors can explore its surrounding countryside where they can experience stunning vistas that stretch as far as the eye can see by going on horseback riding tours or trekking in nearby mountains. Ulaanbaatar is a city rich in history and culture that offers visitors an unforgettable experience.

Important Landmarks

  1. Gandan Monastery
  2. Sukhbaatar Square
  3. Choijin Lama Temple Museum
  4. National Museum of Mongolia
  5. Zaisan Memorial Hill
  6. Bogd Khan Palace Museum
  7. Winter Palace of the Bogd Khan
  8. Chinggis Khaan Statue Complex
  9. Gorkhi-Terelj National Park
  10. The State Opera and Ballet Theatre

Primary Industries

  1. Mining: Mongolia is rich in mineral resources, making the mining industry a significant contributor to the country’s economy.
  2. Construction: The construction sector has experienced rapid growth in recent years due to increased investment in infrastructure projects.
  3. Retail: There has been a significant increase of supermarkets, shopping malls, and retail outlets throughout Ulaanbaatar.
  4. Tourism: The tourism industry has been steadily growing with more tourists visiting Mongolia each year.
  5. Finance: The financial sector is expanding with more banks and financial institutions opening up their operations within Ulaanbaatar.
  6. Agriculture: Agriculture remains an important industry for Mongolia with livestock farming as the mainstay of rural communities.
  7. Manufacturing: Several manufacturing industries operate within Ulaanbaatar including food processing, textiles, and machinery production.
  8. Education: Education is a key industry as there are several universities and educational institutions located within the city limits offering various courses to students from all over the world.
  9. Healthcare: Healthcare services have also seen significant growth over recent years with new hospitals being built or renovated across the city.

Noteable History

  1. Establishment of Ulaanbaatar: Ulaanbaatar was established as a permanent settlement in 1639 by the Mongolian ruler Zanabazar.
  2. Bogd Khan: Bogd Khan was the last king of Mongolia and a religious leader who played an important role in the country’s history. He lived in Ulaanbaatar, where he built many palaces and monasteries.
  3. Soviet Occupation: In 1921, the Soviet Union occupied Mongolia, and Ulaanbaatar became its capital city.
  4. Mongolian Revolution: In 1990, Mongolia underwent a peaceful revolution that led to democracy and free-market reforms. Many protests took place in Ulaanbaatar during this time.
  5. Chinggis Khaan Statue Complex: Located on the outskirts of Ulaanbaatar, this complex houses a giant statue of Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan), one of Mongolia’s most famous historical figures.
  6. Gandantegchinlen Monastery: This is one of the largest Buddhist monasteries in Mongolia and is located in downtown Ulaanbaatar.
  7. Choijin Lama Temple Museum: This museum showcases traditional Mongolian art and artifacts from various periods throughout history.
  8. National Museum of Mongolia: Located in central Ulaanbaatar, this museum contains exhibits on Mongolian history from prehistoric times to modern day.
  9. Naadam Festival: The annual Naadam Festival takes place every July in various locations throughout Mongolia but is centered around events held at the National Sports Stadium in Ulaanbaatar.
  10. Sukhbaatar Square: This central square is named after Damdin Sukhbaatar, one of the leaders of Mongolia’s revolution against China in 1921 and features statues honoring him and other important figures from Mongolian history.

Museums and Things To See

  1. National Museum of Mongolia
  2. Gandan Monastery
  3. Zaisan Memorial Hill
  4. Choijin Lama Temple Museum
  5. Bogd Khan Palace Museum
  6. Sukhbaatar Square
  7. Natural History Museum of Mongolia
  8. Mongolian National Art Gallery
  9. The Fine Arts Zanabazar Museum
  10. Chinggis Khaan Statue Complex

Sports Teams

  1. Ulaanbaatar City FC is a professional football club that was founded in 2016 and is based in Ulaanbaatar. They currently compete in the Mongolian National Premier League.
  2. Khangarid FC is another football club that is based in Ulaanbaatar and was established in 1998. They also compete in the Mongolian National Premier League.
  3. Bayangol FC was founded in 2000 and has been consistently competing at the Mongolian National Premier League since then.
  4. The Altai Eagles are a professional ice hockey team located in Ulaanbaatar, playing their home games at the Buyant Ukhaa Sports Palace.
  5. Another ice hockey team from Mongolia’s capital city, the Gobi Wolves, also competes at a national level.
  6. Erchim SC is one of Mongolia’s oldest football clubs, having been established back in 1955 with numerous domestic titles won over time and being one of the most successful teams from Ulaanbaatar.
  7. Khoromkhon Club may have been founded recently back in 2014 but has quickly become a competitive force within Mongolian football circles due to strong performances on both domestic and international stages.

Cultural Events

  1. Genghis Khan’s Birthday: Celebrated on the first day of winter according to the lunar calendar, this holiday honors the birth of the legendary Mongolian leader.
  2. Nadaam Festival: Held in July, this is Mongolia’s largest and most important festival, featuring traditional sports such as wrestling, archery, and horse racing.
  3. White Month: This holiday, also known as Tsagaan Sar, marks the Lunar New Year and is celebrated in late January or early February with family gatherings and traditional food.
  4. Nauryz: Celebrated by Kazakh and Mongolian communities in March, this holiday marks the beginning of spring and is celebrated with traditional food, music, and dance.
  5. Shamanism Day: Held on the first day of the lunar calendar, this holiday celebrates the traditional Mongolian religion of shamanism.
  6. Harvest Festival: Celebrated in September or October, this festival marks the end of the harvest season and includes traditional food, music, and dance.
  7. Ice Festival: Held in Khuvsgul Lake in February, this festival features ice sculptures, ice fishing, and other winter activities.
  8. Camel Festival: This festival, held in the Gobi Desert region during March, showcases traditional camel racing and other cultural activities.
  9. Horse Festival: Celebrated in various regions of Mongolia throughout the year, this festival highlights the importance of horses in Mongolian culture and includes horse racing and other equestrian events.
  10. Eagle Hunting Festival: Held annually in Western Mongolia during October or November, this festival celebrates the traditional practice of using trained eagles for hunting.


  1. Khorkhog is a traditional Mongolian dish made with mutton cooked using hot stones and served with vegetables and rice. You can try it at popular restaurants like Modern Nomads or Khorkhog House.
  2. Buuz are steamed dumplings filled with meat, onions, and spices. If you want to taste some delicious buuz, check out Cafe Amsterdam or Buuz Restaurant.
  3. Khuushuur is a deep-fried dough pocket filled with minced meat or vegetables that you can try at Khuushuur House or Grand Khan Irish Pub.
  4. Tsuivan is a stir-fried noodle dish that often includes vegetables and meat or tofu; it’s sometimes served as a hearty soup. You can find some great tsuivan dishes at Tsuivan King or Tumen Ekh.
  5. Boortsog is sweet fried dough typically eaten as a snack or dessert; sometimes people dip it in condensed milk or butter tea! Some bakeries to check out for boortsog include Nomin Delger Bakery and Ulaanbaatar Bakery.
  6. Shabu-shabu is Mongolian-style hot pot where diners cook their own meats and veggies in boiling broth right at the table! Popular shabu-shabu restaurants include Shaburi Hot Pot & Grill and Genghis Khan BBQ House.
  7. Korean cuisine has become quite popular in Mongolia due to its proximity to South Korea; there are many Korean restaurants in Ulaanbaatar serving dishes like kimchi jjigae (spicy stew), bulgogi (marinated beef), bibimbap (mixed rice bowl). Some top picks include Seoul Restaurant and Dong Il Jang Korean Restaurant.
  8. Mongolian barbecue refers to stir fry made on large flat iron grills where diners choose from an array of raw meats such as lamb, pork, beef, chicken, fish, and various vegetable options. One of the most famous restaurants for Mongolian barbecue is BD’s Mongolian Grill which has multiple locations in Ulaanbaatar.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Gorkhi-Terelj National Park is a great destination for nature lovers, offering a range of outdoor activities such as hiking, horseback riding, camping and breathtaking views of the surrounding mountains.
  2. Bogd Khan Mountain National Park is another park located within Ulaanbaatar that offers hiking trails, picnic areas and opportunities to spot wildlife like deer and foxes.
  3. The Chinggis Khaan Statue Complex features an impressive statue of Chinggis Khaan on horseback surrounded by a park with walking paths and picnic areas for visitors to enjoy.
  4. Sukhbaatar Square is the heart of Ulaanbaatar where visitors can explore historic buildings or attend public events like concerts or festivals that take place here regularly.
  5. Zaisan Memorial Hill provides panoramic views of the city along with a monument dedicated to Soviet-Mongolian friendship.
  6. Winter Palace Museum was once home to the last Mongolian king before he was deposed in 1924 but now serves as a museum showcasing exhibits on Mongolian history and culture.
  7. Tumen Ekh Ensemble Performance showcases traditional Mongolian music, dance, and throat singing at various venues throughout Ulaanbaatar.
  8. During winter months several outdoor ice skating rinks are open in various parks throughout Ulaanbaatar providing an opportunity for people to enjoy ice skating.
  9. Central Sports Palace Complex hosts various sporting events including basketball games, wrestling matches, ice hockey games etc.,
  10. Mongolian National Circus- A circus that showcases traditional Mongolian acrobatics along with international acts making it an entertaining experience for all ages!


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