Geographic Coordinates: 35.324200, 51.645800
Climate: Varāmīn, Iran has a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. Precipitation is highest in the winter months and lowest in the summer months.
Varāmīn is a city located in the Tehran Province of Iran, With a population of around 120, 000 people and an altitude of 1, 550 meters above sea level. The city has a rich history and cultural heritage that dates back to ancient times. During the Achaemenid Empire, Varāmīn was founded as an important center for trade and commerce. Later on, During the Parthian Empire, It became a major hub for silk production and trade. In Islamic times, Varāmīn became famous for its textiles and carpets.
One of the most notable landmarks in Varāmīn is the Jameh Mosque which features intricate tile work on its facade as well as beautiful calligraphy inside. Another important landmark is the Mausoleum of Imamzadeh Yahya which is dedicated to one of Imam Ali’s descendants. The city also boasts several historical houses that are open to visitors including Haj Ali Akbari House, Shah Abbasi Caravanserai House, Haj Mohammad Ibrahim Khan House and Qajar Museum House. These houses feature traditional Iranian architecture with beautiful courtyards adorned with fountains.
For nature lovers, Varāmīn offers several parks including Amir Kabir Park where visitors can rent paddle boats or enjoy a picnic on its lush green lawns. The city also has hot springs located just outside town where visitors can relax in natural mineral water pools. In addition to its historical sites and natural beauty, Varāmīn hosts several annual festivals including Nowruz (Iranian New Year), Which is celebrated on the first day of spring. The city also hosts a traditional carpet weaving festival that showcases local weavers’ artistry and skill.
Overall, Varāmīn is an enchanting Iranian city with something for everyone – from ancient landmarks to traditional houses to beautiful parks – making it an unforgettable experience for all who visit!
- Jameh Mosque: This is one of the oldest mosques in Iran, dating back to the 12th century.
- Varamin Castle: This castle was built during the Qajar era and served as a military fortress.
- Shah Abbasi Caravanserai: Built during the Safavid era, this caravanserai was used as a resting place for travelers.
- Imamzadeh Yahya: This is a shrine dedicated to Yahya ibn Zayd, who was a descendant of Imam Ali.
- Pardis-e-Mahalat Park: This park is located on the outskirts of Varāmīn and offers beautiful views of nature.
- Narin Castle: Located near Varamin city, Narin Castle dates back to Sassanid dynasty (224-651 AD).
- Shams-ol-Emareh Building: A historical building built by Naser al-Din Shah Qajar in Tehran’s Golestan Palace complex but it’s not far from Varāmīn city.
- Qasr-e-Bahram Caravanserai : A historic caravanserai located near Varamin which has been restored recently and can be visited by tourists now.
Note – These are some famous landmarks and tourist attractions in Varāmīn city or nearby areas which can be visited by tourists if they plan their trip accordingly with respect to their interest and time availability etc..
- Agriculture, especially wheat and barley
- Textile production
- Carpet weaving
- Brick making
- Ceramics production
- Food processing (such as dairy products and canned fruits)
- Construction materials
- Small businesses selling traditional handicrafts like pottery and metalwork
- Industrial parks housing factories producing various goods including:
- Plastic products
- Electrical equipment
- The Battle of Varamin: In 1217, the Mongol army under Genghis Khan’s son Jochi defeated the Khwarezmian Empire in a battle near Varāmīn.
- Amir Kabir: Mirza Taqi Khan Amir Kabir was one of Iran’s most influential prime ministers during the Qajar dynasty. He was exiled to Varāmīn by Naser al-Din Shah in 1851 and was later assassinated there in 1852.
- Imamzadeh Yahya: This is a shrine located in Varāmīn that is believed to be the burial place of Yahya ibn Zayd, a descendant of Prophet Muhammad.
- Soltan Abad Caravanserai: This historic caravanserai is located on the Silk Road and dates back to the Safavid era (16th century).
- Sheikh Ali Khan Zanganeh: A prominent Iranian poet from Varāmīn who lived during the Qajar dynasty.
- The Iranian Revolution: During the Iranian Revolution in 1979, there were protests and clashes between protesters and security forces in Varāmīn.
- The earthquake of 2002: A devastating earthquake struck Varāmīn on June 22, 2002, killing over two hundred people and causing widespread damage to buildings and infrastructure.
- Varāmīn Citadel: This historical fortress dates back to the Sassanid era and is a must-visit for history buffs.
- Imamzadeh Yahya: This shrine is dedicated to the grandson of Imam Ali and is one of the most important religious sites in Varāmīn.
- Jameh Mosque of Varāmīn: This mosque was built during the Seljuk period and features stunning tilework and intricate architecture.
- Qajar Bathhouse Museum: This museum showcases traditional Persian bathhouses, which were an important part of Iranian culture for centuries.
- Agha Bozorg Mosque: This mosque was built during the Safavid era and features beautiful tilework and calligraphy.
- Varamin Carpet Museum: This museum displays some of the finest Persian carpets in Iran, showcasing their intricate designs and high-quality weaving techniques.
- Shah Abbasi Caravanserai: Built during the Safavid era, this caravanserai was once an important stop along trade routes between Iran, Central Asia, and India.
- Baghestan Palace Complex: These ruins date back to the Parthian era (247 BC – 224 AD) when they served as a summer palace for royalty.
- Haji Ebrahim Water Reservoirs Complex: These ancient water reservoirs were used to store water for irrigation purposes during droughts or dry seasons in ancient times but are still functional today!
- Mahdieh Park & Zoo: It’s a perfect place to spend time with family where you can see various animals including lions, tigers, bears etc., enjoy a picnic or just relax amidst greenery!
- Unfortunately, I don’t have access to the latest information and news about sports teams in Varāmīn, Iran.
- However, I can suggest some popular sports played in Iran such as:
- Football (soccer)
- Some of the most well-known football clubs in Iran include:
- Persepolis FC
- Esteghlal FC
- Both of these clubs are based in Tehran.
- Varāmīn Carpet Festival: This festival is dedicated to the traditional art of carpet weaving in Varāmīn. It showcases handmade carpets by local artisans through exhibitions, workshops and competitions.
- Mehregan Festival: This ancient Persian festival marks the autumn equinox and is celebrated across Iran with music, dance performances, food stalls selling traditional Iranian dishes and sweets.
- Sizdah Bedar: This national holiday is celebrated on the 13th day of Persian New Year (Nowruz). People go out for picnics with family and friends in parks or countryside.
- Fajr International Film Festival: Although this film festival takes place annually in Tehran every February which showcases Iranian cinema along with international films.
- Ashura Commemoration: A religious event observed by Shia Muslims worldwide which marks the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (AS) at Karbala on 10th Muharram month according to Islamic calendar.
- Dizi: a hearty stew made with lamb, chickpeas, and potatoes.
- Baghali Polo: a rice dish made with fava beans and dill.
- Kebab: grilled meat skewers served with rice or bread.
- Ash Reshteh: a thick soup made with noodles, beans, herbs, and spices.
- Fesenjan: a chicken or beef stew made with pomegranate molasses and walnuts.
- Shater Abbas Restaurant
- Soltani Restaurant
- Alborz Restaurant
- Tehran-e-Vara Cafe & Restaurant
- Zeytoon Cafe & Restaurant
- Varāmīn City Park
- Shahr-e-Rey Park
- Pardisan Park
- Cheshmeh Ali Recreation Area
- Sorkheh Hesar National Park
- Varāmīn Desert Wildlife Reserve
- Garmab Hot Springs
- Abgarm Mineral Springs
- Hiking and trekking in the Alborz Mountains surrounding Varāmīn.
- Cycling and mountain biking through the countryside and local villages.
- Picnicking, camping, and fishing at nearby lakes such as Lar Dam or Jajrood River.
- Skiing at Dizin Ski Resort during the winter months (approximately 70 km from Varāmīn).
Please note that these events may vary year-to-year depending on local conditions such as COVID-19 pandemic etc.
Some popular restaurants in Varāmīn include: