Vincennes, France

Reading Time: 9 minutes

Vincennes, France

Region: Île-de-France

Geographic Coordinates: 48.847800, 2.439200
Climate: Data not available.
Population: 49788
Language: French

Vincennes is a charming town located in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. With its rich history, Picturesque streets, And proximity to the capital city, Vincennes offers visitors a delightful blend of cultural heritage and modern amenities. At the heart of Vincennes lies the magnificent Château de Vincennes. This medieval fortress dates back to the 14th century and is one of the largest castles in Europe. Its towering keep, Impressive moat, And imposing walls transport visitors back in time to an era of knights and kings.

The castle also houses a fascinating museum that showcases its historical significance through interactive exhibits and displays. Just outside the castle walls lies Parc Floral de Paris – an expansive botanical garden that stretches over 70 acres. This lush green oasis is home to thousands of plant species from around the world. Visitors can explore themed gardens such as rose gardens or Japanese gardens while enjoying peaceful walks along meandering paths or taking part in various events held throughout the year.

Vincennes also boasts a vibrant town center filled with quaint shops, Lively cafés, And gourmet restaurants offering delicious French cuisine. Rue du Midi is particularly renowned for its collection of boutique stores selling unique fashion items and artisanal crafts. The local market held twice a week provides an opportunity for visitors to immerse themselves in French culture by sampling fresh produce, Cheeses, Pastries, And other regional specialties. For those seeking more active pursuits, Bois de Vincennes offers ample opportunities for outdoor recreation.

Spanning over 2, 400 acres – even larger than New York City’s Central Park – this sprawling forested area features lakes where visitors can rent rowboats or pedal boats during summer months. It also encompasses several sports facilities including tennis courts and horse riding centers. History enthusiasts will find plenty to discover within Vincennes’ boundaries as well. Sainte-Chapelle de Vincennes is a stunning Gothic chapel built in the 14th century, Adorned with beautiful stained glass windows and intricate stone carvings. The nearby Fort Neuf de Vincennes, Constructed in the 19th century, Provides a glimpse into France’s military past.

Vincennes’ excellent transportation links make it an ideal base for exploring Paris. A short metro ride takes you directly to the heart of the city, Allowing easy access to iconic landmarks such as the Eiffel Tower or Louvre Museum. Alternatively, Visitors can take a leisurely stroll along Promenade Plantée – a former elevated railway track transformed into an urban park that offers breathtaking views of Paris from above. Vincennes is a captivating destination that seamlessly combines history and nature with modern amenities.

Whether you’re exploring its medieval castle and charming streets or immersing yourself in its natural beauty at Parc Floral de Paris or Bois de Vincennes, This town offers something for everyone. With its proximity to Paris and excellent transport connections, Vincennes is an ideal place to experience French culture while enjoying all that this enchanting region has to offer.

Important Landmarks

  1. Château de Vincennes: This medieval fortress and royal residence is a major attraction in Vincennes. It features a well-preserved keep, moat, towers, and beautiful gardens.
  2. Bois de Vincennes: This large public park is located on the eastern edge of Paris but within the city limits of Vincennes. It offers various recreational activities such as walking trails, lakes, a zoo (Parc Zoologique de Paris), botanical gardens (Jardin d’Agronomie Tropicale), and an amusement park (Parc Floral de Paris).
  3. Sainte-Chapelle du Château de Vincennes: Situated within the walls of the Château de Vincennes, this chapel is known for its stunning stained glass windows depicting biblical scenes.
  4. Cartoucherie Theatre: Located in an old ammunition factory complex in Bois de Vincennes, this theater hosts various performances including avant-garde plays, dance shows, and circus acts.
  5. Pavillon Baltard: Originally built as a market hall in Paris during the 19th century but later relocated to Nogent-sur-Marne near Vincennes. The Pavillon Baltard is an architectural gem that now serves as a venue for concerts and events.
  6. Parc Floral de Paris: Situated within Bois de Vincennes, this beautiful floral park offers colorful displays of flowers throughout the year along with themed gardens and regular horticultural events.
  7. Église Saint-Louis-de-Vincennes: This historic church dates back to the 17th century and features impressive architecture with intricate woodwork inside.
  8. Vélodrome Jacques Anquetil: Known for its cycling track where numerous national championships take place; it also hosts other sporting events like roller-skating and athletics.

These are just a few of the notable landmarks and attractions in Vincennes, offering visitors a mix of history, nature, culture, and entertainment.

Primary Industries

  1. Tourism: Vincennes is famous for its historical attractions, most notably the Château de Vincennes, a medieval fortress that attracts numerous tourists.
  2. Education: The commune hosts several educational institutions, including the University Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne (UPEC) Faculty of Medicine.
  3. Healthcare: Vincennes has various healthcare facilities such as hospitals, clinics, and medical centers providing essential services to residents and visitors.
  4. Retail and Services: The town center of Vincennes has numerous shops, boutiques, restaurants, cafes, hotels, and other service-oriented businesses catering to both locals and tourists.
  5. Information Technology: As part of the wider Paris metropolitan area known for its tech industry presence (Silicon Sentier), some IT-related companies operate in or near Vincennes.
  6. Administration: Due to its proximity to Paris and being part of the Greater Paris region (Île-de-France), there are administrative offices related to local government services present in Vincennes.
  7. Cultural Institutions: There are various cultural establishments like museums (e.g., Musée des Arts d’Afrique et d’Océanie) or theaters that contribute to the artistic scene within or close to Vincennes.
  8. Green Spaces Management: Bois de Vincennes is one of the largest public parks in Paris covering an extensive area within or adjacent to Vincennes; thus park management-related activities may be present locally.

It’s important to note that while these industries exist in or near Vincennes, they might not be as prominent as those found directly within central areas of larger cities like nearby Paris itself.

Noteable History

  1. Château de Vincennes: The most iconic landmark in Vincennes is the Château de Vincennes, a massive medieval fortress that served as a royal residence for French kings from the 12th to the 18th century. It played a crucial role in French history, serving as both a hunting lodge and a prison.
  2. Saint Louis: King Louis IX (Saint Louis) was born at the Château de Poissy near Vincennes in 1214. He later expanded and fortified the Château de Vincennes during his reign (1226-1270). Saint Louis is renowned for his religious devotion, just rule, and patronage of arts.
  3. Hundred Years’ War: During the Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453), English forces occupied Vincennes multiple times due to its strategic location near Paris. The castle was besieged by French troops led by Joan of Arc in 1429 but remained under English control until 1436.
  4. Charles V: King Charles V of France (1364-1380) made significant renovations to the Château de Vincennes, transforming it into an impressive royal residence with Gothic architecture elements such as Sainte-Chapelle du Donjon.
  5. Treaty of Paris (1815): After Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo, negotiations for peace took place at the Château de Vincennes leading to the signing of Treaty of Paris on November 20, 1815.
  6. World Wars: During World War I and II, various military units were stationed in or around Vincennes due to its proximity to Paris.
  7. Val-de-Marne Prison Escape (1985): In April 1985, four members of the terrorist group Action Directe escaped from the Val-de-Marne Prison in Vincennes, leading to a nationwide manhunt.
  8. Bois de Vincennes: This large public park, located on the eastern edge of Paris but administratively part of Vincennes, has hosted numerous events and exhibitions throughout history. It also served as a military camp during World War I.

These are just a few examples of notable historical events and people associated with Vincennes, France. The city’s rich history and its famous castle make it an important destination for history enthusiasts.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Château de Vincennes: This well-preserved medieval fortress is a must-visit in Vincennes. Explore its towers, moat, and donjon (keep), which is one of the tallest in Europe.
  2. Musée de l’Histoire de France: Located within the Château de Vincennes, this museum showcases the history of France through various artifacts and exhibitions.
  3. Parc Floral de Paris: Situated near Vincennes, this beautiful park features stunning gardens, colorful flowerbeds, and numerous walking paths. It’s a perfect place to relax and enjoy nature.
  4. Église Saint-Louis: This historic church is known for its impressive architecture and stained glass windows. Take a moment to admire its intricate details and peaceful atmosphere.
  5. Centre d’Art Contemporain – La Ferme du Buisson: Located just outside Vincennes in Noisiel, this contemporary art center hosts exhibitions by renowned artists from around the world.
  6. Pavillon Baltard: A magnificent iron-and-glass structure built-in 1864 that used to be a market hall but now serves as an event venue hosting concerts, trade shows, and other cultural events.
  7. Bois de Vincennes: One of the largest public parks in Paris, Bois de Vincennes offers vast green spaces perfect for picnics or leisurely walks around lakes and gardens.
  8. Zoo de Vincennes (Parc Zoologique de Paris): Situated within Bois de Vincennes, this zoo houses over 2,000 animals from various species across five biozones.
  9. Memorial des Martyrs De La Deportation: Located on Île-de-la-Cité in Paris (close to Vincennes), this memorial pays tribute to the victims of Nazi deportations during World War II with its serene underground crypts.
  10. Cité Nationale de l’Histoire de l’Immigration: Also situated in Paris, this museum explores the history and contributions of immigration to France through multimedia exhibits, documents, and personal testimonies.

Sports Teams

  1. Vincennes US Handball: This handball club was founded in 1943 and has been active ever since. They participate in various regional and national handball competitions.
  2. Vincennes Racing Club (VRC): The VRC is a multisport club that offers activities such as football (soccer), rugby, tennis, athletics, and more. It was established in 1897 and has a long-standing history within the community.
  3. Cercle Nautique de l’Est Parisien (CNEP): Located near Vincennes at Lac des Minimes, CNEP is one of the oldest rowing clubs in France dating back to 1886. They provide rowing facilities and training for enthusiasts of all ages.
  4. Association Sportive de la Police Municipale de Paris – Section Tir à l’Arc: This archery club operates under the umbrella of the municipal police force of Paris but has its shooting range located within Bois de Vincennes park.
  5. Tennis Club du Parc Floral: Situated within Parc Floral de Paris, this tennis club offers courts for both recreational players and competitive tournaments.

While these are some examples of sports clubs present in or near Vincennes, it’s important to note that professional-level teams with extensive histories aren’t typically associated with this particular area compared to larger cities like Paris or Lyon where top-tier sports clubs dominate the scene.

Cultural Events

  1. Festival International du Film d’Animation de Vincennes: This international animation film festival takes place annually in Vincennes. It showcases a wide range of animated films from around the world, including short films, feature-length movies, and documentaries.
  2. Fête de la Musique: Celebrated on June 21st each year, Fête de la Musique is a nationwide music festival that also takes place in Vincennes. The city comes alive with numerous concerts and performances by local musicians across various genres.
  3. Salon du Livre Ancien et d’Occasion: This antique and second-hand book fair attracts bibliophiles from all over France to Vincennes. Held annually at Parc Floral de Paris, it offers a vast selection of rare books, manuscripts, prints, maps, and other collectibles.
  4. Foire au Troc et aux Armes Anciennes: Organized in February every year at Parc Floral de Paris in Vincennes, this fair specializes in trading antiques and ancient weapons like swords, muskets, armor pieces among collectors.
  5. Les Fééries du Pont: A magical event held during the holiday season where Pont de Joinville (a bridge connecting Joinville-le-Pont to Vincennes) is illuminated with thousands of lights creating a stunning visual spectacle accompanied by music shows.
  6. Journées Européenes du Patrimoine (European Heritage Days): Taking place on the third weekend of September each year across Europe including Vincennes; this event allows visitors to explore historical sites that are usually not accessible to the public such as Château de Vincennes or Église Saint-Louis-de-Vincennes.
  7. Vide-greniers (Flea Markets): Regular flea markets are held in Vincennes, where locals gather to sell second-hand goods and antiques. These markets offer a unique opportunity to discover vintage items, collectibles, and bargains.

Please note that the availability of these events may vary depending on the year and any specific circumstances. It is recommended to check local event listings or Vincennes tourism websites for up-to-date information before planning a visit.


  1. Escargots de Bourgogne: This classic French dish of Burgundy snails cooked with garlic butter is widely available in Vincennes. You can try it at traditional French restaurants like Le Bistrot du 7ème Art.
  2. Coq au Vin: Another famous French dish, coq au vin is a stewed chicken cooked with red wine, mushrooms, and onions. It can be enjoyed at La Table de Laurence or Restaurant L’Ardoise.
  3. Croissants: Vincennes boasts numerous bakeries where you can savor freshly baked croissants for breakfast or as a snack throughout the day. Maison Landemaine is one of the well-known bakeries in the area.
  4. Crêpes: These thin pancakes are a popular treat in Vincennes, especially during festivals like La Chandeleur (Candlemas). L’Entrecôte et les Dames offers delicious crêpes along with other French specialties.
  5. Fromages (Cheeses): France is renowned for its variety of cheeses, and you can find an assortment of them at local cheese shops such as Fromagerie Beillevaire or Les Halles de la Major.
  6. Brasseries: Vincennes has several brasseries that serve both traditional French cuisine and international dishes in a casual setting. Le Petit Bofinger or Au Bureau are good options to explore.
  7. Wine Bars: Enjoying wine is an integral part of French culture, so visiting wine bars like Cave à Vin 9ème Art or Le Chai d’Oc provides an opportunity to taste excellent wines from various regions across France.
  8. Pâtisseries (Pastry Shops): Indulge your sweet tooth with delectable pastries and desserts at local pâtisseries like Pâtisserie de Lys or Le Petit Versailles du Marais.

These are just a few examples of the popular local cuisine and restaurants in Vincennes, France. The city offers a wide range of dining options to cater to various tastes and preferences.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Bois de Vincennes: This is the largest public park in Paris, located in the eastern suburbs of Vincennes. It offers beautiful landscapes, lakes, gardens, and wooded areas where you can go for a walk or have a picnic.
  2. Château de Vincennes: Explore the historic castle of Vincennes and its surrounding park. You can take guided tours of the castle or simply enjoy a leisurely stroll through the park.
  3. Parc Floral de Paris: Located within Bois de Vincennes, this botanical garden offers various themed gardens, colorful flower displays, and greenhouses filled with exotic plants. It also hosts events like music festivals and exhibitions.
  4. Piscine municipale Roger Le Gall: If you’re interested in swimming or water sports, this municipal swimming pool is an excellent choice. It features indoor and outdoor pools as well as facilities for diving and water polo.
  5. Hippodrome de Paris-Vincennes: Horse racing enthusiasts will enjoy visiting this renowned racecourse located in Vincennes Forest. You can watch thrilling races while enjoying the lively atmosphere.
  6. Vélib’ Bike Rental: Explore Vincennes on two wheels by renting bicycles from one of many Velib’ stations scattered throughout the city.


Enjoy The Journey.

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