Zhijiang, China

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Zhijiang, China

Region: Hubei province

Geographic Coordinates: 30.427100, 111.751000
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 40.0°C (-40°F to 104°F)
Climate: Climate: Humid subtropical climate with hot summers and mild winters. Weather patterns: Heavy rainfalls during the summer months, occasional typhoons, and occasional snowfall in winter.
Population: 495995
Language: Chinese

Zhijiang is a county in the western part of Hunan Province, China. It sits on the banks of the Xiang River and is surrounded by mountains, Making it an ideal destination for tourists. The county has a long history dating back to the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC) and has been an important transportation hub between Hunan and Sichuan provinces. One of Zhijiang’s most famous attractions is the Wulingyuan Scenic Area which covers 369 square kilometers. It features towering sandstone pillars, Deep ravines, Gorges, Streams, Waterfalls, And caves. The area was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992.

The Shennong Mountain National Forest Park is another popular attraction in Zhijiang that covers an area of 1, 200 square kilometers. It boasts diverse flora and fauna including rare animals such as giant pandas, Golden monkeys, Chinese pangolins as well as over 3, 000 species of plants. Zhijiang also has many cultural sites such as ancient temples like Tianxin Temple which was built during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD) or Yuxi Temple which dates back to the Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD).

There are also several museums that showcase local history including one dedicated to Zhang Guolao who was one of China’s legendary Eight Immortals. The county is also known for its agriculture with crops such as rice being grown on terraced fields along mountain slopes. Zhijiang’s tea production has been recognized by China’s Ministry of Agriculture with several varieties receiving national awards for their quality. In addition to its natural beauty and cultural heritage sites, Zhijiang offers visitors opportunities for outdoor recreation such as hiking in Shennong Mountain National Forest Park or boating on Xiang River.

The county also hosts annual events like Dragon Boat Festival where teams compete in races on the river. Overall, Zhijiang is a destination that offers something for everyone. From its stunning natural scenery to its rich cultural heritage and outdoor activities, It is a must-visit location for anyone traveling to Hunan Province.

Important Landmarks

  1. Xuefeng Mountain Scenic Area: A beautiful mountain range with hiking trails and stunning views.
  2. Lianhua Lake Scenic Area: A picturesque lake surrounded by lush greenery and scenic spots.
  3. Yandi Mausoleum: A historical site dedicated to the legendary Chinese emperor Yandi.
  4. Zhijiang Museum: A museum showcasing the history, culture, and art of Zhijiang.
  5. Yanzi Cave Scenic Area: An underground cave system with unique rock formations and natural wonders.
  6. Shuanglong Gorge Scenic Area: A scenic area featuring a deep canyon with waterfalls, rapids, and lush forests.
  7. Tianshengqiao National Forest Park: A park filled with natural beauty including waterfalls, lakes, mountains, caves and more!
  8. Wulingyuan Scenic Area (partially located in Zhijiang): One of China’s most famous national parks known for its towering sandstone pillars amidst dense forests that inspired James Cameron’s Avatar film series!

Primary Industries

  • 1. Agriculture (especially rice farming)
  • 2. Tourism
  • 3. Manufacturing (textiles, machinery, electronics)
  • 4. Mining (coal, copper)

  • Noteable History

    1. The Battle of Changsha occurred in Zhijiang during the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1941. Chinese forces successfully defended their territory against the Japanese army.
    2. Huang Xing, born in Zhijiang in 1874, was a revolutionary leader and military commander who played a significant role in overthrowing the Qing dynasty and establishing the Republic of China.
    3. Mao Zedong, founding father of communist China, spent time in Zhijiang during his early years as a political activist.
    4. Chen Yi, born in Zhijiang in 1901, was a prominent Chinese military commander and politician who served as mayor of Shanghai and governor of Guangdong Province.
    5. Li Bai (Li Po), one of China’s most famous poets from the Tang dynasty (618-907), is believed to have lived near Zhijiang at some point.
    6. Zhou Enlai was a prominent Chinese statesman who served as Premier under Mao Zedong from 1949 until his death in 1976. He visited Zhijiang several times during his career to meet with local officials and inspect infrastructure projects.
    7. Wang Yangming was a philosopher during China’s Ming dynasty (1368-1644) who emphasized personal morality over traditional Confucianism teachings on social order and hierarchy. He lived near Zhijiang while serving as an official there.
    8. Xiong Shili, born in Zhijiang in 1885, developed his own philosophical system known as New Confucianism or Neo-Confucianism based on Buddhist principles combined with traditional Confucianism and became another notable philosopher from modern-day Hunan province.

    Museums and Things To See

    1. The Zhijiang Museum is a great place to explore the history and culture of the area, with exhibits on folklore, ancient artifacts, and traditional crafts.
    2. The Wujiang River Scenic Area offers breathtaking natural landscapes such as mountains, waterfalls, and forests. Visitors can enjoy hiking, boating or fishing.
    3. The Yangtze River Bridge is a landmark in Zhijiang that spans the river offering stunning views of the surrounding countryside.
    4. Xianfeng Ancient Town is a well-preserved traditional Chinese town with ancient buildings and narrow streets lined with shops selling local handicrafts.
    5. Tusi Palace was once the residence of local chieftains during Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). It features intricate architecture and beautiful gardens.
    6. Qiyun Taoist Temple dates back to Tang Dynasty (618-907) and has been designated as a national cultural heritage site.
    7. The Huashan Rock Art Site features rock carvings dating back to Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD).
    8. Dongpo Pavilion offers panoramic views of Zhijiang cityscape named after Su Dongpo who lived during Song Dynasty(960-1279).
    9. Wuliang Cave Scenic Area boasts beautiful karst landscapes with underground rivers flowing through vast caverns filled with stalactites and stalagmites.
    10. Tongdao Diaoqiao National Forest Park is a popular destination for nature lovers featuring beautiful forests, waterfalls, and hiking trails.

    Cultural Events

    1. Dragon Boat Festival: This festival is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month and involves dragon boat races, eating zongzi (sticky rice dumplings), and hanging calamus and wormwood leaves to ward off evil spirits.
    2. Lantern Festival: This festival is celebrated on the 15th day of the first lunar month and involves lighting lanterns, solving riddles written on them, and eating tangyuan (sweet glutinous rice balls).
    3. Zhijiang International Tujia Folk Culture Festival: This festival showcases the unique Tujia ethnic culture with performances, exhibitions, food fairs, and traditional handicrafts.
    4. Spring Festival Gala: This annual event features various performances including singing, dancing, acrobatics, magic shows as well as traditional Chinese folk art forms such as lion dance.
    5. Mid-Autumn Festival: Celebrated on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month with mooncakes (a sweet pastry filled with lotus seed paste or red bean paste), pomelo fruit eating contests among other activities.
    6. China International Folk Arts Festival in Zhijiang: A biennial event that brings together performers from all over China to showcase their traditional folk arts such as opera performances from different provinces in China.
    7. National Day Holiday Celebration: Celebrated every year on October 1st to mark China’s National Day with fireworks displays at night followed by a parade showcasing military might during daytime hours.


    • Zhijiang Rice Noodles: This is a famous dish in the city made with rice noodles, pork, and various vegetables.
    • Wuji Braised Pork: Wuji Restaurant is known for its braised pork dishes that are cooked for several hours until they are tender and flavorful.
    • Sichuan Spicy Hot Pot: Many restaurants in Zhijiang serve this popular spicy hot pot dish that includes a variety of meats and vegetables.
    • Lao Jia Guan Restaurant: This restaurant serves local Hunan cuisine including spicy fish head soup, stir-fried pig’s feet, and steamed fish with chili sauce.
    • Shuiyuan Tea House: This tea house is famous for its traditional Chinese teas and snacks like steamed buns filled with meat or vegetables.
    • Huaqiao Seafood Restaurant: As the name suggests, this restaurant specializes in seafood dishes like grilled fish, shrimp dumplings, and crab soup.
    • Xinxin Noodle House: Another popular noodle shop in Zhijiang serving handmade noodles with various toppings like beef stew or fried eggs.
    • Fangcheng Roast Duck Restaurant: This restaurant serves delicious roast duck cooked to perfection over an open flame fire pit.

    • Parks and Recreation

      1. Zhijiang National Forest Park – a scenic park with hiking trails, waterfalls, and stunning views.
      2. Xinhua Park – a popular park with a lake, playgrounds, and walking paths.
      3. Tianhe Lake Scenic Area – an area with beautiful lakeside scenery and boating activities.
      4. Baishui River Rafting – an exciting outdoor activity for adventure seekers.
      5. Jiulong Mountain Scenic Area – a mountainous area with hiking trails and scenic viewpoints.
      6. Shuicheng Ecological Park – a park with gardens, lakes, and cultural exhibits.
      7. Pingxiang Wetland Park – a wetland area for bird watching and nature walks.
      8. Zhijiang Hot Spring Resort – a relaxing hot spring resort for spa treatments and leisure activities.


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