Zlatoust, Russia

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Zlatoust, Russia

Region: Zlatoust is located in the Chelyabinsk Oblast region of Russia

Geographic Coordinates: 55.166700, 59.666700
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 30.0°C (-40°F to 86°F)
Climate: Cold and snowy winters, mild summers with some precipitation.
Population: 167978
Language: Russian

Zlatoust is a small city located in the Chelyabinsk Oblast region of Russia. It is situated on the eastern slopes of the Ural Mountains and has a population of approximately 175, 000 people. The city was founded in 1754 as a center for metalworking and metallurgy, Remaining an important industrial hub ever since. One of Zlatoust’s most notable features is its beautiful architecture. Many buildings were constructed during the late 19th century and early 20th century when Zlatoust experienced rapid growth.

The Cathedral of St. Michael, Built between 1839 and 1846, Is undoubtedly the most iconic building with intricate carvings, Colorful mosaics, And soaring domes visible from miles away. Another significant attraction in Zlatoust is its museums. The Museum of Arms and Local Lore showcases fascinating exhibits related to local history as well as weapons from different eras including medieval times to modern weaponry used by Russian military forces today. Zlatoust also boasts stunning natural scenery due to its location near the Ural Mountains.

Visitors can take advantage of numerous hiking trails that offer breathtaking views over vast forests dotted with lakes or venture into nearby national parks like Taganay National Park to see unique flora and fauna species native only to this region. The city’s economy relies heavily on metallurgy production; making it an excellent destination for those interested in exploring industrial tourism or learning about how metals are processed into various products such as knives or other metal tools used worldwide today.

In addition to its historical significance, Zlatoust offers many recreational activities for visitors who want something more active than just sightseeing or museum hopping like skiing at nearby ski resorts during winters months or fishing trips along picturesque rivers during summer months. Overall, Zlatoust is a hidden gem in Russia that offers visitors an exciting mix of history, Culture, And natural beauty. Whether you are interested in exploring the city’s rich industrial heritage or immersing yourself in its stunning natural surroundings, Zlatoust has something for everyone.

Primary Industries

  1. Metallurgical industry: Zlatoust is known for its production of high-quality steel products, including knives, swords, and other metal goods.
  2. Machine-building industry: The city has a strong engineering base with companies producing machinery and equipment for various industries.
  3. Chemical industry: There are several chemical plants in the city that produce industrial chemicals such as fertilizers and polymers.
  4. Food processing industry: Zlatoust has a number of food processing companies that produce meat products, dairy products, and baked goods.
  5. Construction materials industry: The city produces construction materials such as cement and concrete blocks.
  6. Service sector: There are also many businesses in the service sector including retail shops, restaurants, hotels, and entertainment venues.

Noteable History

  1. Empress Elizabeth Petrovna founded the city in 1754 via decree.
  2. The Zlatoust weapons factory was established in 1815, which produced high-quality military equipment like swords and sabers for the Russian army.
  3. Mikhail Kalashnikov, inventor of the AK-47 assault rifle, worked at this factory during WWII.
  4. Ivan Krylov, a renowned Russian fabulist and writer born from 1769 to 1844, was born in Zlatoust.
  5. Pyotr Stolypin served as Prime Minister of Russia from 1906 to 1911 and visited Zlatoust during his tenure as governor-general of Yekaterinburg.
  6. During WWII, Zlatoust played an important role in manufacturing military equipment for Soviet Union’s war effort against Nazi Germany.
  7. In August 1991 after failed coup attempt against Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev by hardline Communist Party officials known as Gang of Eight; thousands protested demanding democratic reforms and end to Communist Party rule.
  8. Today, Zlatoust is renowned for its production of knives and other metal products made using traditional techniques developed at its historic weapons factory.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Museum of Arms and Local Lore: This museum showcases the history of Zlatoust’s arms production, as well as local history and culture.
  2. Zlatoust Art Gallery: This art gallery features works by local artists, as well as exhibitions from around Russia and beyond.
  3. Church of the Holy Trinity: This beautiful Orthodox church dates back to the 18th century and is a must-visit for architecture enthusiasts.
  4. Monument to Peter the Great: This impressive statue honors one of Russia’s most famous rulers, who visited Zlatoust in 1715.
  5. Memorial Complex Zlatoust: Located on a hill overlooking the city, this complex commemorates those who fought in World War II and includes a museum, monument, and park.
  6. The House-Museum of Nikolay Martynov: This small museum is dedicated to the life and work of Nikolay Martynov, a famous Russian composer who was born in Zlatoust.
  7. Park Zolotoy Rog: A popular destination for locals and visitors alike, this park offers stunning views of Lake Turgoyak and has plenty of activities for all ages.
  8. Ski Resort Taganai: For outdoor enthusiasts, this ski resort offers skiing, snowboarding, hiking trails with breathtaking views year-round.
  9. Ice Palace Ural Lightning: Sports fans will enjoy visiting this modern ice rink that hosts hockey games throughout the year.
  10. Zlatoust State Drama Theatre named after Gorky: One can visit here to watch plays or performances by local actors or artists.


  1. Shashlyk House – This restaurant is famous for its delicious shashlik (kebabs) made with tender meat and served with various sauces.
  2. Ural Dumplings – This restaurant serves traditional Russian dumplings stuffed with meat, potatoes or mushrooms.
  3. Pivnaya Kruzhka – A pub-style restaurant that serves a variety of Russian dishes along with beer and other drinks.
  4. Krasnaya Gorka – This restaurant offers a wide range of dishes including soups, salads, meat dishes and desserts.
  5. Sibirskiy Stol – A cozy cafe that specializes in Siberian cuisine such as pelmeni (dumplings), borscht (beet soup) and smoked fish.
  6. Cafe Bread – A bakery-cafe that offers freshly baked breads, pastries and cakes along with coffee and tea.
  7. Teplo Restaurant & Bar – An upscale restaurant that offers modern European cuisine along with cocktails and wine selection.
  8. Cafe Kvartira 27 – A hipster-style cafe that serves breakfast all day long along with sandwiches, salads and coffee drinks.
  9. Pizzeria Mama Mia – This pizzeria specializes in pizzas made from fresh ingredients along with pasta dishes as suggested by the name itself.
  10. Cafe Uyutnoye Mesto – It is a cozy place where you can enjoy homemade food like pelmeni (dumplings), vareniki (stuffed dumplings), borscht(beetroot soup), etc., at reasonable prices.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Park of Culture and Rest – a large park with walking paths, playgrounds, and picnic areas.
  2. Ski resort Zlatoust – a popular destination for skiing and snowboarding.
  3. Lake Turgoyak – a beautiful lake with beaches for swimming and water sports.
  4. Zlatoust City Beach – a sandy beach on the Miass River.
  5. The Zlatoust Museum of Local Lore – an interesting museum showcasing the history and culture of the region.
  6. The Church of St. John Chrysostom – a historic church with beautiful architecture.
  7. The Monument to Miners – a statue honoring the city’s mining heritage.
  8. Ice Palace Ural – an ice rink for skating and hockey games.
  9. Victory Park – a memorial park dedicated to World War II veterans, featuring monuments, memorials, and walking paths.
  10. Sports Complex Olympus – A sports complex that offers various indoor activities like swimming pool, fitness center etc.


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