Ḩarastā, Syria

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Ḩarastā, Syria

Region: Ḩarastā, Syria is located in Damascus Governorate

Geographic Coordinates: 33.566700, 36.366700
Climate: Data not available.
Population: 45974
Language: Arabic

Harastā is a small town located in the Rif Dimashq Governorate of Syria. Situated just 9 kilometers north of the capital city, Damascus, It holds great historical and cultural significance. The town’s origins date back to ancient times, With evidence of human settlements found as early as the Bronze Age. Over the centuries, Harastā has witnessed numerous civilizations and rulers who have left their mark on its landscape. One notable feature of Harastā is its rich architectural heritage. The town boasts beautiful examples of traditional Syrian architecture, With many well-preserved historical buildings that showcase intricate stone carvings and delicate ornaments.

These structures reflect various periods in Syrian history, Including Ottoman and Islamic influences. The central part of Harastā is characterized by its vibrant marketplaces or souks. These bustling markets are a hub for locals to gather and trade a wide range of goods – from fresh produce to traditional handicrafts. Exploring these souks provides visitors with an opportunity to immerse themselves in the local culture while experiencing the sights, Sounds, And aromas unique to this part of Syria. Nature enthusiasts will also find plenty to enjoy in Harastā’s surrounding countryside.

The region is known for its picturesque landscapes consisting of rolling hills covered in olive groves and orchards filled with fragrant citrus trees. This natural beauty offers visitors a chance to escape from urban life and indulge in peaceful walks or picnics amidst serene surroundings. For those interested in history, Nearby archaeological sites provide fascinating insights into ancient civilizations that once thrived here. Just outside Harastā lies Tell Harasta – an archaeological mound where excavations have unearthed artifacts dating back thousands of years ago. In recent years, However, Harastā has faced significant challenges due to ongoing conflicts within Syria.

Like many other towns across the country, It has suffered from destruction and displacement. Despite these hardships, The resilience of its people remains evident as they strive to rebuild their lives and preserve their cultural heritage. Harastā is a town that encapsulates the rich history and diverse culture of Syria. Its architectural beauty, Vibrant markets, Natural landscapes, And archaeological sites make it an intriguing destination for travelers seeking a deeper understanding of this ancient land.

While challenges persist in the region, Harastā serves as a testament to the enduring spirit of its people who are determined to restore their town’s former glory.

Important Landmarks

  1. Umayyad Mosque: Located in the heart of Ḩarastā, the Umayyad Mosque is an important religious site for Muslims. It has historical significance and architectural beauty.
  2. Citadel of Harasta: This ancient fortress dates back to the Roman era and offers panoramic views of the surrounding area. It served as a strategic military location during various periods in history.
  3. Al-Rahman Mosque: Another significant mosque in Ḩarastā, Al-Rahman Mosque is known for its stunning architecture and serene atmosphere.
  4. Old City Souk: The traditional marketplaces or souks are always worth exploring to experience local culture and buy unique items. The Old City Souk of Ḩarastā offers a glimpse into daily life with its narrow streets filled with shops selling textiles, spices, handicrafts, and more.
  5. Mausoleum of Sheikh Yahya al-Harani: This mausoleum is dedicated to Sheikh Yahya al-Harani, a prominent Islamic scholar from Ḩarastā who lived during the 12th century AD.

It’s important to note that due to ongoing conflicts in Syria, travel advisories should be checked before planning any visits to these locations or any other parts of the country.

Primary Industries

  1. Manufacturing: The wider Damascus metropolitan area has a significant manufacturing sector, which likely extends to Ḩarastā as well. Industries such as textiles, leather goods, food processing, metalworking, and machinery production are prominent.
  2. Agriculture: Syria’s agricultural sector plays a crucial role in its economy. While urbanization has affected agricultural activities near cities like Ḩarastā, some farming activities may still exist on the outskirts or rural areas surrounding the city.
  3. Construction: Given its proximity to Damascus and ongoing infrastructure development projects in Syria, construction-related businesses are likely to be present in Ḩarastā.
  4. Retail and Services: As a residential area within the greater metropolitan region of Damascus, retail stores offering various goods and services are expected to operate within Ḩarastā.

It’s important to note that since 2011 when Syria entered into civil war conditions due to political unrest followed by armed conflict; information about specific industries or businesses might be outdated or disrupted due to this ongoing crisis.

Noteable History

  1. Ancient History: The area around Harasta has a rich history dating back to ancient times. It was part of the Aramean and later Roman Empire.
  2. Umayyad Caliphate: During the Umayyad Caliphate (661-750 CE), Harasta was an important military base due to its strategic location near Damascus, the capital of the caliphate.
  3. Ottoman Empire: In more recent history, during the period of Ottoman rule over Syria (1516-1918), Harasta was an administrative center within the empire.
  4. Syrian Civil War: In recent years, Harasta gained prominence due to its involvement in the Syrian Civil War that began in 2011. The town witnessed intense fighting between rebel groups and government forces.

Notable People:

  • Abu Ali al-Harithi (1928-2004): A prominent Islamic scholar born in Harasta who specialized in Hadith studies.
  • Ghassan Massoud (born 1958): A Syrian actor from Harasta who gained international recognition for his portrayal of Salahuddin al-Ayyubi (Saladin) in Ridley Scott’s film Kingdom of Heaven (2005).

Please note that due to ongoing conflicts, information about specific historical events or individuals associated with contemporary towns like Harasta might be limited or difficult to verify accurately.

Museums and Things To See

  1. National Museum of Damascus: Located in Damascus, this museum houses an extensive collection of artifacts representing Syria’s rich cultural heritage.
  2. Umayyad Mosque: Situated in Damascus, this grand mosque is one of the oldest and largest mosques globally, known for its stunning architecture.
  3. Aleppo Citadel: In Aleppo city, you can find this imposing medieval fortress that offers panoramic views of the city.
  4. Krak des Chevaliers: Located near Homs (approximately 30 km from Ḩarastā), this Crusader castle is a UNESCO World Heritage site renowned for its well-preserved architecture.
  5. Apamea: Also near Homs (around 40 km from Ḩarastā), Apamea features ancient Roman ruins including colonnaded streets and a theater.

Please note that these suggestions are provided solely for informational purposes when considering Syrian historical sites under different circumstances than today’s reality. Always refer to official travel advisories before planning any trip abroad or visiting areas affected by conflicts or political instability.

Sports Teams

  1. Unfortunately, there is limited information available on sports teams and their histories specifically in Ḩarastā, Syria. This could be due to the ongoing conflict in the region and its impact on sports activities.
  2. However, it’s worth noting that football (soccer) is a popular sport in Syria, and many cities and towns have their own local teams.
  3. It’s possible that Ḩarastā may have had or currently has its own football team as well.
  4. To gather more accurate and up-to-date information about sports teams in Ḩarastā, it would be best to consult local sources or individuals familiar with the area’s sporting scene.

Cultural Events

  1. Damascus International Film Festival: This festival takes place in the nearby city of Damascus but attracts participants and visitors from all over Syria, including Ḩarastā. It showcases local and international films, promotes dialogue among filmmakers, and encourages cultural exchange.
  2. Damascene Rose Festival: Held annually in May or June, this festival celebrates the blooming of Damascene roses that are famous for their fragrance. The festival includes music performances, traditional dances, food stalls offering rose-infused delicacies, art exhibitions showcasing rose-themed artwork, and various activities related to rose cultivation.
  3. Olive Harvest Festival: As an agricultural region with olive groves surrounding it, Harasta used to celebrate the Olive Harvest Festival during autumn (October-November). The festival involved olive picking competitions among locals along with traditional music performances and food stalls offering dishes made from olives.
  4. Traditional Music Festivals: Prior to the conflict in Syria, several traditional music festivals were organized throughout the country where musicians would perform classical Arabic music or local folk songs specific to different regions of Syria. These festivals often featured dance performances as well.

Please note that due to current circumstances it is advisable to check for up-to-date information on events before planning any visits as situations can change rapidly.


  1. Shawarma: This famous Middle Eastern dish consists of thinly sliced marinated meat (usually chicken or beef) cooked on a vertical rotisserie. You can find numerous shawarma stalls and shops throughout Harasta.
  2. Falafel: A staple street food in Syria, falafel is made from ground chickpeas mixed with herbs and spices, shaped into balls or patties, and deep-fried until crispy. It is often served with tahini sauce and wrapped in pita bread.
  3. Kibbeh: Kibbeh is a traditional Levantine dish made from ground meat (typically lamb or beef) mixed with bulgur wheat, onions, herbs, and spices. It can be prepared in various forms such as fried croquettes or baked casserole-style.
  4. Fattoush: Fattoush is a refreshing salad made from mixed greens, tomatoes, cucumbers, radishes, onions, toasted pita bread pieces (sumac-coated), fresh herbs like parsley and mint; all dressed with lemon juice and olive oil.
  5. Al-Mahatta Restaurant: Located near the main railway station in Harasta’s city center, Al-Mahatta offers a wide range of Syrian dishes including kebabs (grilled meat skewers), grilled fish platters like Sayadieh (fish cooked with rice), mezze platters (assorted appetizers), and more.
  6. Beit Sissi Restaurant: Situated on the outskirts of Harasta near Damascus International Airport road junctions 14-15th km., Beit Sissi specializes in traditional Syrian cuisine such as Mansaf (a rice dish with lamb and yogurt), Maklouba (a layered rice and vegetable dish), and various grilled meat options.
  7. Al-Ajami Restaurant: Located in the nearby city of Damascus, Al-Ajami is a renowned restaurant that serves authentic Syrian dishes. Their menu includes favorites like stuffed vine leaves (warak enab), lamb chops, hummus, baba ghanoush, and more.

Please note that due to the ongoing conflict in Syria, it is essential to check the current situation before planning any travel or dining experiences in Harasta or other parts of the country.


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