Geographic Coordinates: 40.650000, 35.833100
Temperature Range: -30.0°C to 40.0°C (-22°F to 104°F)
Amasya is a small city located in the north-central region of Turkey. It is situated on the banks of the Yeşilırmak River, Surrounded by lush green mountains and steep cliffs. Amasya has a rich history that dates back to 3000 BC and was once an important center for trade, Culture, And politics during the Hellenistic era. One of the most striking features of Amasya is its unique architecture. The city is known for its Ottoman-style houses built into the cliffs along the riverbank.
These houses have balconies overlooking the river and are adorned with colorful flowers and plants, Creating a picturesque scene that attracts many tourists every year. The city’s most famous attraction is undoubtedly its ancient tombs carved into rock faces called “the Tombs of Pontus Kings”. These tombs date back to 300 BC and are considered some of Turkey’s most impressive archaeological sites. They were built for kings and queens during the Pontic Kingdom period, Which was a powerful regional power in Anatolia before being conquered by Rome.
Another must-visit site in Amasya is The Museum of Archaeology which displays artifacts from various periods including Hittite, Roman, Byzantine, Seljukid Ottoman Empires. Visitors can see items such as pottery vessels from 4000 BC or gold jewelry dating back to 600 BC. For those interested in Islamic history or architecture should visit Bayezid II Mosque which was built by one of Ottomon Empire’s great sultans Bayezid II in early 16th Century AD . This mosque has an impressive dome with patterns made up entirely out ceramic tiles , While inside it has beautiful calligraphy works on walls .
Amasya also offers plenty of opportunities to explore nature trails around town where visitors can hike through forests filled with wildlife such as bears or wolves while enjoying breathtaking views over valleys below them. but not least , Amasya is also famous for its local cuisine which includes dishes such as ‘Amasya Tava’ and ‘Tas Kebab’. These dishes are made with locally sourced ingredients and have a unique flavor that can only be found in this region of Turkey. Amasya is an ideal destination for those who want to explore history, Culture, Architecture, Nature and food all in one place.
With its beautiful scenery, Rich history and unique architecture , It offers something for everyone.
- Amasya Castle
- Pontic Tombs
- Hazeranlar Mansion
- Sultan II Bayezid Mosque Complex
- Gökmedrese Mosque and Theological School
- Ferhat Water Tunnel
- Yalıboyu Houses
- Tashan Inn and Bazaar
- Alparslan Turkes Museum and Library
- Archaeological Museum of Amasya
- The major industries and businesses in Amasya, Turkey are:
- Textile manufacturing
- Food processing
- Birthplace of the Ottoman Empire: Amasya served as the capital of Ottomans in their early days, making it the birthplace of the Ottoman Empire.
- Pontic Kingdom: In ancient times, Amasya was part of the Pontic Kingdom ruled by Mithridates VI.
- Strabo: The famous Greek geographer Strabo was born in Amasya around 63 BC.
- Sultan Bayezid II: The ninth Sultan of Ottoman Empire, Bayezid II spent much time in Amasya during his reign from 1481 to 1512.
- Ferhat and Şirin legend: This story has been immortalized by poets such as Fuzuli and Nizami Ganjavi where Ferhat fell in love with Şirin who lived on another mountain across from his own; he dug a tunnel through the mountain so they could be together but died before he could reach her.
- Hazerfen Ahmet Celebi: A famous Turkish scientist and inventor Hazerfen Ahmet Celebi is believed to have flown over Bosphorus Strait using artificial wings he designed himself in early 17th century.
- Battle of Ankara (1402): One of the most significant battles fought between Timurids under Timur against Ottomans led by Bayezid I took place near Ankara resulting in a decisive victory for Timurids after which Bayezid I was captured leading to an interregnum period known as Fetret Devri or era of troubles.
- Battle Of Dömeke (1399): Another battle fought between Timurids and Ottomans in Amasya resulted in a victory for Ottomans led by Bayezid I.
- Amasya Castle: A historical castle built by the Romans and later used by Byzantines and Ottomans.
- Archaeological sites: Several archaeological sites in Amasya include the Roman bridge, the tombs of Pontic Kings, and the rock tombs carved into cliffs along the Yeşilırmak River.
- Amasya Museum
- Hazeranlar Mansion
- Bayezid II Mosque Complex
- Sultan Beyazit II Kulliye
- Harşena Castle
- Yalıboyu Evleri (Mansion Houses)
- Tombs of the Kings and Princes (Amasya Royal Tombs)
- Ferhat Water Tunnel
- Aynalı Cave
- International Amasya Ataturk Culture and Art Festival is an annual event held in honor of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of modern Turkey. The festival features cultural activities such as concerts, exhibitions, theater performances, and traditional dances.
- Amasya International Silk Road Festival celebrates the historical Silk Road trade route that passed through Amasya. It includes cultural events such as music and dance performances, handicraft exhibitions, and food tastings.
- Hidrellez Festival is a traditional Turkish festival celebrated on May 6th every year to mark the arrival of spring. It includes rituals such as jumping over bonfires for good luck and dancing to folk music.
- Ottoman Empire Days showcases the history of the Ottoman Empire in Amasya through reenactments, traditional music performances, and handicraft demonstrations.
- Pekmez (Grape Molasses) Festival celebrates the local grape harvest by showcasing different types of pekmez made from grapes grown in Amasya’s vineyards.
- Yedikıta Kültür ve Sanat Festivali (Seven Continents Culture and Art Festival) is an international festival that brings together artists from different countries to showcase their cultures through art exhibitions, music performances, and dance shows.
- Kültür ve Turizm Şenliği (Culture and Tourism Festival) is held annually during summer months with a goal to promote tourism in Amasya by showcasing its cultural heritage through various activities including concerts, exhibitions, traditional sports competitions etc.
- Amasya Mantısı: A traditional Turkish dish consisting of small dumplings filled with minced meat and served with yogurt.
- Hacı Dayı Restaurant: This restaurant is famous for its delicious kebabs, soups, and stews.
- Gözde Pide Salonu: A local bakery serving freshly baked bread and pide (Turkish flatbread) stuffed with various fillings such as cheese, spinach or meat.
- Şerife Bacı Konağı Restaurant: A historic Ottoman mansion turned restaurant serving traditional Turkish dishes such as lamb stew and grilled meats.
- Yalıboyu Restaurant: Located on the banks of the Yeşilırmak River, this restaurant offers beautiful views along with its delicious seafood dishes.
- Güzelcehisar Köftecisi: Known for its köfte (meatballs), this casual eatery serves juicy beef or lamb meatballs accompanied by fresh salads and sides.
- Geleneksel Çiftlik Evleri Restaurant: Set in a restored 19th-century farmhouse surrounded by lush gardens, this restaurant serves organic produce grown on-site along with traditional regional dishes like manti (Turkish dumplings).
- Çelebi Kahvesi: This historic coffeehouse dating back to the 16th century serves strong Turkish coffee and sweet treats like baklava (layered pastry filled with nuts).
- Sultan II. Bayezid Külliyesi Parkı: This park is located in the city center and features a large green area, walking paths, and a playground.
- Hazeranlar Konağı Parkı: This park is situated on the banks of the Yeşilırmak River and offers stunning views of Amasya Castle. It also has a tea garden where visitors can relax and enjoy the scenery.
- Göynücek Şelalesi: Located near the town of Göynücek, this waterfall is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Amasya. Visitors can hike to the top of the waterfall or swim in its refreshing waters.
- Yedikır Dam Lake: This man-made lake is located about 20 kilometers from Amasya and offers fishing, boating, and picnicking opportunities.
- Çakallar Yaylası: This high-altitude plateau is located about 40 kilometers from Amasya and offers spectacular views of the surrounding mountains. Visitors can hike or drive to reach this scenic spot.
- Aynalı Cave: Located near Taşova district, Aynalı Cave features impressive stalactites and stalagmites formations that are illuminated for visitors’ enjoyment.
- İkizler Kanyonu (Twin Canyon): This canyon located near Merzifon district provides an opportunity for hiking enthusiasts to explore its unique rock formations while enjoying breathtaking views of nature’s beauty.
- Tokatlı Kanyonu (Tokatlı Canyon): Similar to İkizler Kanyonu but with different rock formations, Tokatlı Canyon provides an excellent opportunity for outdoor activities like hiking or camping while enjoying picturesque landscape views.
- Amasya Castle & Museum : The castle was built by Pontus King Mithridates VI Eupator in the 1st century BC and offers a panoramic view of the city. The castle also houses a museum where visitors can learn about Amasya’s history and culture.
- Harşena Mountain: This mountain is located near Amasya city center and provides an excellent opportunity for hiking enthusiasts to explore its natural beauty while enjoying stunning views of the city.