Arusha, Tanzania

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Arusha, Tanzania

Region: Arusha

Geographic Coordinates: -3.366700, 36.683300
Temperature Range: 15.0°C to 30.0°C (59°F to 86°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 416442
Language: Swahili

Arusha is a bustling city located in the northern part of Tanzania, Nestled at the foot of Mount Meru and surrounded by picturesque landscapes. It serves as a gateway to some of Tanzania’s most popular tourist destinations, Including Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Conservation Area, And Mount Kilimanjaro. The city has a population of approximately 400, 000 people and is home to a diverse mix of cultures. One of Arusha’s main attractions is its vibrant markets. The central market offers an array of fresh produce such as fruits and vegetables, Meat, And fish.

Visitors can also find handmade crafts like baskets, Jewelry, And clothing made by local artisans. The market provides an authentic glimpse into everyday life in Arusha. Another popular destination for visitors to Arusha is the Natural History Museum. This museum features exhibits on Tanzania’s rich history and culture including displays on tribal customs dating back centuries ago. There are also exhibits showcasing the country’s flora and fauna with taxidermy animals from all over East Africa.

For those interested in outdoor activities or nature-based tourism options there are several opportunities available around Arusha including hiking trails up Mount Meru or visiting nearby national parks like Tarangire National Park which boasts large herds elephants or Lake Manyara National Park where visitors can see pink flamingos wading through shallow waters. Arusha also offers plenty of dining options for both locals and tourists alike with many restaurants serving traditional Tanzanian cuisine such as ugali (maize porridge) served with stewed meats or fish dishes cooked with coconut milk.

The city has a rich cultural heritage that it celebrates through various festivals throughout the year such as Maasai Cultural Festival which showcases traditional dances performed by members from different tribes living within Tanzania along with food stalls selling local delicacies like roasted goat meat (nyama choma). Overall, Arusha is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Tanzania. With its rich history, Vibrant culture, And stunning natural beauty it offers something for everyone from adventure seekers to those looking for a more relaxed getaway.

Important Landmarks

  1. Mount Kilimanjaro
  2. Serengeti National Park
  3. Ngorongoro Conservation Area
  4. Arusha National Park
  5. Lake Manyara National Park
  6. Tarangire National Park
  7. Olduvai Gorge Museum and Archaeological Site
  8. Maasai Market
  9. Cultural Heritage Center
  10. The Tanzanite Experience

Primary Industries

  1. Arusha, Tanzania is a bustling city with a diverse range of industries and businesses.
  2. The tourism industry is one of the major drivers of the local economy, with many hotels, lodges, tour operators and safari companies catering to tourists.
  3. The city also has a thriving agriculture industry that produces coffee, maize, beans, wheat as well as fruits like avocados and mangoes.
  4. In addition to these industries, Arusha also has several manufacturing facilities producing textiles and furniture made from local wood species such as mahogany or teakwood.
  5. Education is another important sector in the city with several universities offering opportunities for students from all over Tanzania.
  6. Healthcare services are readily available throughout the city ranging from basic check-ups to more specialized treatments like surgery or cancer treatment.
  7. Retail trade & commerce thrives in Arusha with small shops selling local crafts such as beaded jewelry along with larger supermarkets where locals purchase groceries or household items needed for daily living.
  8. Finally, transportation & logistics play an important role in Arusha’s economy. The city acts as a transportation hub with an international airport connecting it to other parts of East Africa through road or air transport networks connecting it to other parts of the country.

Noteable History

  1. The Arusha Declaration was a significant speech delivered by Tanzania’s first president, Julius Nyerere in 1967, where he presented his vision for socialism and self-reliance in the country.
  2. The Arusha Accords were signed in 1993 to bring an end to the civil war that occurred in Rwanda, which took place near Arusha.
  3. Mount Meru is a dormant volcano that is situated close to Arusha and is a popular destination for climbers and hikers.
  4. Serengeti National Park is located near Arusha and is renowned for being one of the world’s most famous wildlife reserves, housing iconic African animals such as lions, elephants, and giraffes.
  5. The Maasai people are indigenous to the area around Arusha; they have unique customs and clothing that distinguish them from other tribes.
  6. Mwalimu Julius Nyerere International Airport serves as an entry point into northern Tanzania and the Serengeti region; it was named after Tanzania’s first president.
  7. Dr. Jane Goodall conducted much of her research on chimpanzees at Gombe Stream National Park near Arusha; she is a well-known primatologist worldwide.
  8. Tanzanite mining takes place mainly around Mererani town near Arusha; Tanzanite is a rare gemstone found only in Tanzania.
  9. Kilimanjaro International Airport (KIA) connects various countries across Africa with Europe & Asia; it’s located between Moshi (the base town for Kilimanjaro climb) & Arusha city – serving as one of East Africa’s major aviation hubs.
  10. Mount Kilimanjaro stands tall at 5’895m above sea level making it the world’s highest free-standing mountain- located about 70km from Arusha city.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Arusha National Natural History Museum
  2. Cultural Heritage Center
  3. Old Boma Museum
  4. Arusha Declaration Monument
  5. Uhuru monument
  6. Meserani Snake Park
  7. Mount Meru Game Sanctuary
  8. Lake Duluti Conservation Area
  9. Ngurdoto Crater Conservancy
  10. Arusha Clock Tower

Sports Teams

  1. Arusha FC is a football club based in Arusha founded in 2014. The team plays its home games at Sheikh Amri Abeid Stadium.
  2. Meru United is another football club based in Arusha founded in 2006. The team plays its home games at the Ushirika Stadium.
  3. Simba wa Moshi is a basketball team representing the Kilimanjaro region which includes Arusha. The team has won several regional championships over the years.
  4. Mount Meru Cricket Club is a cricket club based in Arusha founded in 1999 with both men’s and women’s teams competing locally as well as internationally.
  5. Lengo Football Academy provides training for young boys aspiring to become professional footballers and has produced several talented players who have gone on to play for top clubs both locally and internationally.
  6. Northern Mountain Region Volleyball Association organizes volleyball tournaments for clubs from different regions including Arusha, Kilimanjaro, Manyara among others.

Cultural Events

  1. Zanzibar International Film Festival – A week-long event that showcases African and international films, including documentaries, shorts and feature-length films.
  2. Bagamoyo Arts Festival – Celebrates the arts and culture of Tanzania with music, dance, theater performances and art exhibitions.
  3. Sauti za Busara Music Festival – Held annually in Stone Town, Zanzibar this festival brings together musicians from all over Africa to showcase their talent through traditional African music genres.
  4. Mzalendo Halisi Music Festival – A celebration of Tanzanian music that features local artists performing different genres including Bongo Flava, Taarab, Hip Hop and Reggae.
  5. Uhuru Torch Race – An annual relay race held across Tanzania to celebrate the country’s independence day on December 9th.
  6. Kili Challenge – An annual charity climb up Mount Kilimanjaro to raise funds for various charitable causes in Tanzania.


  1. Nyama Choma, a grilled meat dish, is a popular choice at restaurants like Khan’s Barbecue and The Carnivore.
  2. Local eateries like Mama Africa serve Ugali and Sukuma Wiki, a dish made with maize meal and collard greens.
  3. The Blue Heron restaurant is known for their delicious Chapati, a type of flatbread.
  4. Jambo Grill is the place to go for tasty Samosas.
  5. Kili Villa is famous for their Pilau, a spiced rice dish.
  6. Arusha Coffee Lodge or Karama Lodge are great spots to try Mandazi, sweet fried doughnuts.
  7. If you’re looking for some of Tanzania’s finest coffee, check out Arusha Coffee Roasters or Kahawa Cafe & Restaurant.
  8. Zanzibar Cafe & Lounge has an excellent fresh juice bar while The Blue Heron restaurant offers delicious smoothies made with fresh fruit.
  9. Mishkaki are grilled meat skewers that can be enjoyed at Maasai Camp in Usa River.
  10. Kilimajaro Wonders Hotel serves up the classic Tanzanian dish of Ugali with fish stew which is definitely worth trying!

Parks and Recreation

  1. Arusha National Park is a popular destination for hiking, wildlife viewing, and bird watching.
  2. Mount Meru offers a challenging climb for experienced hikers with stunning views of the surrounding area.
  3. Meserani Snake Park is a reptile park featuring a variety of snakes and other animals.
  4. Ngurdoto Crater is a volcanic crater that is now a nature reserve with hiking trails and wildlife viewing opportunities.
  5. Lake Duluti is a scenic lake surrounded by forested hills, popular for fishing and boating.
  6. Cultural Heritage Center is an art gallery and cultural center showcasing traditional Tanzanian crafts and artifacts.
  7. Arusha Clock Tower is a historic clock tower in the center of town that serves as a meeting point for locals and tourists alike.
  8. Uhuru Monument commemorates Tanzania’s independence from colonial rule, located in the heart of Arusha city center.
  9. Maasai Market is an open-air market where visitors can purchase handmade crafts, jewelry, clothing, and other souvenirs from local artisans.
  10. Kilimanjaro Golf & Wildlife Estate offers an 18-hole golf course set amidst a wildlife conservation area with views of Mount Kilimanjaro in the distance.


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