Aş Şaff, Egypt

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Aş Şaff, Egypt

Region: Egypt

Geographic Coordinates: 29.577200, 31.290600
Climate: Data not available.
Population: 59348
Language: Arabic

Aş Şaff, Also known as As Saf, Is a small village located in the Minya Governorate of Egypt. Situated on the eastern bank of the Nile River, It lies approximately 200 kilometers south of Cairo. Aş Şaff is a place that beautifully blends history, Culture, And natural beauty. One of the main attractions in Aş Şaff is its rich archaeological heritage. The village is home to several ancient sites dating back thousands of years. Most notably, It houses the ruins of Akoris, An ancient Egyptian city that flourished during the Middle Kingdom period (2055-1650 BCE).

Exploring these ruins allows visitors to witness remnants of grand temples and structures that once stood tall. Beyond its historical significance, Aş Şaff boasts breathtaking natural landscapes. The village sits amidst lush green fields and palm groves along the banks of the Nile River. This picturesque setting offers visitors a serene escape from bustling cities and a chance to immerse themselves in nature’s beauty. The local community in Aş Şaff warmly welcomes tourists and provides them with opportunities to experience traditional Egyptian culture firsthand.

Visitors can interact with friendly locals who are happy to share stories about their heritage and daily lives. Traditional folk dances and music performances are often organized for tourists to enjoy authentic cultural experiences. For those seeking adventure or outdoor activities, Aş Şaff offers various options such as felucca boat rides on the Nile River or exploring nearby desert landscapes by camelback or jeep safaris. These activities provide unique opportunities for visitors to witness stunning sunsets over scenic vistas or simply relax while sailing along one of Egypt’s most iconic rivers.

Food enthusiasts will also be delighted by Aş Şaff’s culinary offerings. Local restaurants serve traditional Egyptian cuisine featuring dishes like koshari (a mix of rice, Lentils, Pasta topped with tomato sauce), Ful medames (mashed fava beans), Grilled meats marinated with aromatic spices, And freshly baked bread. These flavorsome delicacies provide a true taste of Egyptian gastronomy. In terms of accommodation, Aş Şaff offers a range of options to cater to different preferences and budgets.

From cozy guesthouses that provide an authentic village experience to luxurious resorts with Nile River views, Visitors can find suitable lodging options that enhance their stay in this charming village. Aş Şaff is a hidden gem in Egypt that offers visitors a unique blend of ancient history, Natural beauty, Cultural experiences, And warm hospitality. Whether exploring archaeological sites, Immersing oneself in the tranquility of the Nile River surroundings or savoring traditional Egyptian cuisine – this village provides an enriching experience that showcases the diverse wonders Egypt has to offer.

Important Landmarks

  1. Beni Hassan Tombs: Located on the eastern bank of the Nile River near Aş Şaff, these ancient rock-cut tombs date back to the Middle Kingdom of Egypt (around 2055-1650 BCE). They contain beautifully preserved wall paintings depicting scenes from daily life and religious rituals.
  2. Tuna el-Gebel: Situated around 20 kilometers south of Aş Şaff, Tuna el-Gebel is an archaeological site known for its extensive necropolis and catacombs. It was a significant burial ground during ancient times and houses several animal cemeteries dedicated to sacred animals like baboons and ibises.
  3. Tell El-Amarna: Located about 45 kilometers north of Aş Şaff, Tell El-Amarna is an important historical site that was once the capital city established by Pharaoh Akhenaten during his reign in the 14th century BCE. The remains include ruins of palaces, temples, and tombs.
  4. Bani Hasan Mosque: This mosque is one of the oldest Islamic structures in Egypt and dates back to around 640 CE. It showcases beautiful architectural elements with intricate woodwork and calligraphy.

While these attractions may not be as well-known as those found in major cities like Cairo or Luxor, they offer visitors a glimpse into Egypt’s rich history and cultural heritage.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: The village is known for its agricultural activities, with farmers cultivating various crops such as cotton, wheat, corn, vegetables, and fruits.
  2. Livestock farming: Animal husbandry is another significant industry in Aş Şaff. Farmers rear livestock such as cattle, sheep, goats, and poultry for meat production and dairy products.
  3. Fishing: Since Aş Şaff is situated close to the Nile River and has access to irrigation canals, fishing plays a role in the local economy.
  4. Handicrafts: Some residents engage in traditional handicrafts like pottery-making or weaving carpets to supplement their income.
  5. Small-scale retail trade: Local shops provide essential goods and services to the community members.
  6. Transportation services: Some individuals may operate transportation services within the village or offer inter-village travel options using taxis or mini-buses.
  7. Education sector: Schools and educational institutions provide employment opportunities for teachers and administrative staff within the village.

It’s important to note that being a small rural area with limited economic diversity compared to urban centers, Aş Şaff’s economy largely revolves around agriculture-related activities.

Noteable History

  1. Ancient Egyptian Civilization: The Qena Governorate, where Aş Şaff is located, was part of ancient Upper Egypt. The area has archaeological sites that date back thousands of years and were once inhabited by ancient Egyptians.
  2. Luxor Temple: Located near Aş Şaff, Luxor Temple is one of the most famous ancient Egyptian temples. It was built during the New Kingdom period and dedicated to Amun-Ra, Mut, and Khonsu.
  3. Valley of the Kings: Also situated near Aş Şaff in Luxor’s West Bank, the Valley of the Kings served as a burial ground for pharaohs during Egypt’s New Kingdom period (1550–1070 BCE). Famous tombs like those of Tutankhamun and Ramses II can be found here.
  4. Hatshepsut: One notable person associated with this region is Queen Hatshepsut (1507–1458 BCE), an influential female pharaoh who ruled Egypt during its prosperous 18th Dynasty.
  5. Akhenaten: Another important figure from this era is Pharaoh Akhenaten (1353–1336 BCE), known for introducing monotheism by worshiping only one god—Aten—the sun disk deity.
  6. Karnak Temple Complex: Situated in nearby Luxor city, Karnak Temple Complex ranks among Egypt’s largest religious sites from antiquity. It was dedicated primarily to Amun-Ra but expanded over time to include other deities as well.
  7. Battle of Kadesh: In 1274 BCE, Pharaoh Ramesses II fought against the Hittite Empire in what became known as the Battle of Kadesh. While the battle itself took place in modern-day Syria, Ramesses II was from Egypt and ruled over the region that includes Aş Şaff.

While Aş Şaff itself may not have specific historical events or notable people associated with it, its proximity to Luxor and other historically significant sites ensures a connection to ancient Egyptian civilization and renowned figures from that era.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Abydos Temple: Located around 60 kilometers north of Aş Şaff, the Abydos Temple is an ancient Egyptian temple dedicated to the god Osiris. It is known for its well-preserved reliefs and hieroglyphs.
  2. Sohag National Museum: Situated in Sohag city, approximately 70 kilometers northeast of Aş Şaff, this museum showcases a collection of artifacts from the Pharaonic period and Greco-Roman era.
  3. El-Minya Art Center: About 120 kilometers northwest of Aş Şaff lies El-Minya city with its art center that promotes contemporary Egyptian art through exhibitions and workshops.
  4. Al-Qusiya Heritage Village: Located around 30 kilometers south of Aş Şaff in Al-Qusiya city, this village offers a glimpse into traditional rural life in Egypt with its mud-brick houses and local handicrafts.
  5. Tuna el-Gebel Necropolis: Situated near Mallawi (approximately 100 kilometers northwest of Aş Şaff), this ancient necropolis houses numerous tombs and catacombs dating back to the Pharaonic period.

While these attractions are not directly within Aş Şaff itself, they can be reached by car or public transportation with some travel time involved.

Cultural Events

  1. Moulid Aş Şaff: This is an annual religious festival held in honor of the local patron saint, usually taking place in October or November. The festival includes processions, music performances, traditional dances, and various street vendors selling food and goods.
  2. Ramadan: Aş Şaff celebrates the holy month of Ramadan with great enthusiasm like all other Muslim-majority areas in Egypt. During this time, Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset and gather for special evening prayers called Taraweeh. Families come together to break their fasts with Iftar meals.
  3. Eid al-Fitr: This is a major Islamic festival celebrated at the end of Ramadan to mark the breaking of the fast. People wear new clothes, visit mosques for prayers, exchange gifts with family and friends, and enjoy festive meals together.
  4. Coptic Christmas: As Egypt has a significant Coptic Christian population, Christmas is celebrated on January 7th according to the Julian calendar (which differs from Western Christmas on December 25th). Coptic Christians attend church services followed by festive gatherings with family and friends.
  5. National Holidays: Aş Şaff also celebrates national holidays such as Egyptian Independence Day (July 23rd), Revolution Day (January 25th), Labor Day (May 1st), among others. These occasions often involve parades or public events organized by local authorities.

It’s important to note that specific dates for these events may vary each year based on lunar calendars or other factors; therefore it’s recommended to check locally for exact dates if planning to attend any festivals or cultural events in Aş Şaff or any other location in Egypt.


  1. Egyptian Street Food: Aş Şaff offers various street food options such as koshari (a mix of rice, lentils, pasta, and fried onions), ta’ameya (Egyptian falafel), ful medames (stewed fava beans), and shawarma.
  2. Seafood: Being located near the coast, Aş Şaff is known for its fresh seafood dishes. You can find a variety of fish like mullet or sea bass prepared in different ways such as grilled or fried.
  3. El Kebabgy Restaurant: This popular restaurant in Aş Şaff specializes in Middle Eastern cuisine with a focus on grilled meats like kebabs and shish tawook. They also serve traditional Egyptian dishes such as molokhia (a green leafy vegetable stew) and stuffed vine leaves.
  4. Al Nakhil Restaurant: Another well-known restaurant offering local Egyptian cuisine is Al Nakhil. They serve traditional dishes like pigeon stuffed with rice (fatta meshaltet) or lamb liver cooked with garlic and spices.
  5. El Mawardy Sweets: For those with a sweet tooth, El Mawardy Sweets is a famous confectionery shop in Aş Şaff where you can indulge in delicious Arabic desserts like baklava, basbousa (sweet semolina cake), or kunafa.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Unfortunately, I could not find any specific information about public parks or recreational activities in Aş Şaff, Egypt.
  2. It is possible that there may be local parks or recreational areas in the town, but they may not be widely known or listed online.
  3. It is recommended to reach out to local residents or authorities for more accurate information about available parks and recreational activities in Aş Şaff.


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