Bam, Iran

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Bam, Iran

Region: Kerman

Geographic Coordinates: 29.106100, 58.356900
Temperature Range: 5.0°C to 40.0°C (41°F to 104°F)
Climate: Dry and hot summers with occasional dust storms, and mild winters with occasional snowfall.
Population: 127396
Language: Persian

Bam is a city located in the southeastern part of Iran, Situated on the edge of the Iranian plateau. The city is known for its rich history and cultural heritage, With its origins dating back to 2000 BC. Bam has been an important center of trade and commerce since ancient times due to its strategic location on the Silk Road. One of the most notable landmarks in Bam is the Arg-e Bam, Also known as Bam Citadel. This ancient fortress dates back to at least 500 BC and was once considered one of Iran’s greatest architectural wonders.

The citadel covers an area of over 180, 000 square meters and contains numerous buildings including a mosque, A bathhouse, And a governor’s residence. The city also boasts several other historical sites such as Shah Abbasi Caravanserai which was built during Safavid era (1501-1736) to provide shelter for traders traveling along the Silk Road. Another popular attraction is Jame Mosque which dates back to Seljuk period (1038-1194). It features intricate tile work and calligraphy that depict religious stories.

Aside from its historical significance, Bam is also famous for its date palms which have been cultivated in this region since ancient times. The date palms are not only an important source of food but also play a significant role in local culture with festivals dedicated to their harvest taking place annually. In addition to its cultural heritage sites, Bam offers visitors plenty of opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking in nearby mountains or exploring surrounding deserts.

There are several hiking trails that lead through scenic landscapes including Lut Desert which has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its unique geological formations. Bam’s cuisine reflects influences from neighboring regions such as Baluchistan and Sistan-Baluchestan provinces with dishes like Shorba soup made with lamb meatballs or Qaliyeh Mahi – fish stew cooked with tamarind, Garlic, And spices. The city is also known for its sweets such as Baklava and Gaz which are made with local dates and pistachios.

Overall, Bam is a fascinating destination that offers visitors an opportunity to experience Iran’s rich cultural heritage along with its natural beauty. Whether you’re interested in history, Architecture, Or outdoor activities, Bam has something to offer everyone.

Important Landmarks

  1. Bam Citadel: A UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the largest adobe structures in the world.
  2. Arg-e Bam: A 2000-year-old fortress made of mud bricks.
  3. Shazdeh Garden: A Persian garden with a beautiful water feature and fruit trees.
  4. Jameh Mosque of Bam: An ancient mosque with intricate tile work and calligraphy.
  5. Bazaar-e Vakil: A traditional market selling local handicrafts and souvenirs.
  6. Rayen Castle: Another well-preserved adobe castle located outside of Bam city center.
  7. Kerman Province Anthropology Museum: A museum showcasing artifacts from different periods of Iranian history.
  8. Mahan Gardens: Beautiful Persian gardens with a historic shrine dedicated to Shah Nematollah Vali, a Sufi saint.
  9. Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut): One of the hottest places on earth with unique geological formations and sand dunes for adventurous travelers to explore.
  10. Mirza Reza Traditional Bathhouse: A traditional bathhouse that has been operating since Qajar era.

Primary Industries

  1. Bam, Iran is known for its agriculture and handicrafts industries.
  2. The main crops grown in the region include dates, citrus fruits, and cotton.
  3. Handicrafts such as palm leaf weaving, carpet weaving, and pottery are also important businesses in Bam.
  4. Additionally, the city has a small tourism industry centered around the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the Bam Citadel.

Noteable History

  1. The Ancient City of Bam: The city of Bam is known for its ancient citadel, which was built around 2,000 years ago. It is considered to be one of the largest adobe structures in the world.
  2. Alexander the Great: Alexander the Great conquered Bam in 330 BC during his campaign through Persia.
  3. Marco Polo: Marco Polo visited Bam in the 13th century and described it as a thriving trading center.
  4. Timurid Dynasty: The Timurid dynasty ruled over Bam from the late 14th century until the mid-15th century.
  5. Earthquake of 2003: In December 2003, a devastating earthquake hit Bam, killing over 26,000 people and destroying much of its historic architecture.
  6. Ahmad Reza Radan: Ahmad Reza Radan was an Iranian police officer who played a key role in rescuing survivors after the earthquake in 2003.
  7. Shah Abbas I: Shah Abbas I ordered extensive renovations to be made to Bam’s citadel during his reign in the early 17th century.
  8. Mirza Mohammad Farrokhi Yazdi: Mirza Mohammad Farrokhi Yazdi was a prominent Persian poet who lived during the Qajar era and wrote several works about life in Iran’s provinces, including one about his travels through Kerman province where he visited Bam.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Arg-e Bam is an ancient citadel that holds the distinction of being the largest adobe structure in the world. It has also been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  2. The Bam Citadel Museum is located within Arg-e Bam and showcases artifacts and exhibits related to the history of the citadel and its surrounding region.
  3. Emamzadeh Shah Mir Ali is a stunning shrine complex located just outside of Bam, known for its intricate tile work.
  4. The Jameh Mosque of Bam, dating back to the 9th century, boasts impressive architecture and decorative details that are sure to impress visitors.
  5. Rayen Castle is another impressive adobe fortress similar in style to Arg-e Bam but smaller in size.
  6. The Shah Abbasi Caravanserai served as an ancient inn for travelers along the Silk Road, offering a fascinating glimpse into Iran’s rich history.
  7. Shazdeh Garden is a picturesque garden featuring pools, fountains, and pavilions set against a backdrop of mountains – perfect for nature lovers!
  8. Kerman Bazaar offers visitors a bustling marketplace where they can shop for handicrafts, textiles, spices, and other local goods while immersing themselves in Iranian culture.
  9. Ganjali Khan Complex consists of several historic buildings from Iran’s Safavid era including a bathhouse, mosque, bazaar, caravanserai – making it an ideal destination for history buffs!
  10. Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut) is one of Iran’s most unique natural wonders featuring stunning sand dunes and rock formations spread over an area larger than Switzerland – truly awe-inspiring!

Cultural Events

  1. Bam Citadel Festival: This festival celebrates the historical significance of Bam Citadel and includes traditional music and dance performances.
  2. Sadeh Festival: This ancient Persian festival is celebrated on January 30th and marks the end of winter. It involves lighting bonfires to symbolize the victory of light over darkness.
  3. Nowruz: The Persian New Year is celebrated on March 21st with traditional food, music, dance, and family gatherings.
  4. Ashura: This Shia Muslim religious holiday commemorates the martyrdom of Imam Hussein and his followers in battle against Yazid’s army at Karbala.
  5. Yalda Night: Celebrated on December 21st, this festival marks the longest night of the year with traditional foods like pomegranate seeds and watermelon.
  6. International Puppet Theater Festival: Held annually in Bam since 2008, this festival brings together puppeteers from around Iran to showcase their skills through performances for all ages.
  7. Silk Road Music Festival: This event features musicians from Iran as well as other countries along the Silk Road who perform a variety of traditional music genres including classical Persian music.

Please note that due to COVID-19 pandemic many events may be cancelled or postponed so it is recommended to check before attending any event/festival mentioned above.


  1. Kebabs: Grilled meat on skewers is a popular dish in Bam. Some of the famous kebab restaurants include Kabab Siraj and Kabab Khaneh-ye Javad.
  2. Ash-e Shalgham: This is a traditional soup made with turnips, lamb or beef, herbs and spices. It is served with bread and sometimes yogurt on top.
  3. Baghlava: A sweet pastry made of layers of phyllo dough filled with nuts and honey syrup.
  4. Qalyan (Hookah): Smoking flavored tobacco through a water pipe is a popular pastime in Iran.
  5. Bazaar Restaurants: The bazaar area has many small eateries serving traditional Iranian dishes such as stews (khoresht), rice dishes (polo), and soups (ash).
  6. Dizi: A hearty stew made with lamb or beef, chickpeas, potatoes, tomatoes and other vegetables.
  7. Fesenjan: A rich stew made with pomegranate molasses and walnuts served over rice.

Some popular restaurants in Bam include:

  • Shahrzad Restaurant for traditional Iranian food
  • Haji Mohammad Restaurant for kebabs
  • Kavir Restaurant for seafood
  • Darvish Khan Traditional Tea House for tea and snacks
  • Baghlava Shop for sweets
  • Bazaar Restaurants for street food options like falafel sandwiches or saffron ice cream cones etc.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Arg-e-Bam Park: This park is situated inside the Arg-e-Bam citadel and features stunning gardens, fountains, and a pond.
    2. Bam Citadel: A UNESCO World Heritage Site that offers a glimpse into the ancient history of Bam.
    3. Shazdeh Garden: A lovely garden with water features located 35 km from Bam.
    4. Bazaar of Bam: A traditional market where you can find local crafts and souvenirs.
    5. Desert Safari: You can take a jeep or camel ride to explore the nearby desert areas around Bam.
    6. Hiking in Kerman Mountains: The nearby Kerman mountains offer several hiking trails for adventure enthusiasts.
    7. Cycling Tours: You can rent bicycles to explore the city of Bam at your own pace.
    8. Bird Watching Tour: The wetlands near Bam are home to several bird species that attract bird watchers from all over the world.


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