Ch’ŏngjin, North Korea

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Ch’ŏngjin, North Korea

Region: North Hamgyong Province


Geographic Coordinates: 41.783300, 129.767000
Temperature Range: -30.0°C to 30.0°C (-22°F to 86°F)
Climate: Cold winters and warm summers with significant rainfall throughout the year.
Population: 667929
Language: Korean

Ch’ŏngjin is a city located in the northeastern region of North Korea near the border with China. It serves as the capital of North Hamgyong province and has a population of around 700, 000 people. The city is renowned for its industrial production and has been an essential center for mining and steel production since the early 20th century. The Chongam Pavilion, Which dates back to 1467 during the Joseon Dynasty, Is one of Ch’ŏngjin’s most notable landmarks. The pavilion was constructed as a gathering place for scholars to discuss literature and poetry.

Today, It attracts many tourists who can enjoy stunning views of both the city and surrounding countryside. Mount Soyo is another significant site in Ch’ŏngjin that stands at over 1, 600 meters tall. This mountain range offers breathtaking views of both North Korea and China from its summit. Visitors can hike along trails that lead through dense forests filled with rare flora and fauna. Several museums dedicated to preserving Ch’ŏngjin’s rich cultural heritage are also available in the city.

One such museum is the Hamgyong Folk Museum, Which showcases traditional Korean clothing, Tools used for farming or hunting, Musical instruments like drums or flutes made from bamboo or wood. Apart from its cultural offerings, Ch’ŏngjin plays an important role in North Korea’s economy due to being home to several large factories producing textiles products like clothing or footwear items such as shoes or boots made from leather sourced domestically within their country’s borders instead imported materials abroad making them self-sufficient economically speaking too!

Despite being one of North Korea’s largest cities by population size (after Pyongyang), It remains relatively isolated due to its location far from major transportation hubs like airports or seaports that would make it easier for tourists visiting this area more accessible than currently possible today without extensive planning ahead beforehand when considering traveling there from abroad. Ch’ŏngjin is a city with a rich cultural heritage and industrial significance. Its landmarks, Museums, And natural beauty make it an attractive destination for tourists interested in exploring North Korea’s history and culture.

While its isolation may present some logistical challenges for visitors, Those who make the effort to visit will be rewarded with a unique experience that few other destinations can offer.



Important Landmarks

  1. Chongjin Steel Works: It is one of the largest steel mills in North Korea and a major industrial landmark.
  2. Chongam-ri Revolutionary Site: This site is dedicated to Kim Il Sung’s revolutionary activities during his time as a guerrilla fighter against Japanese colonial rule.
  3. Sehwa Beach: A popular beach destination for locals and tourists alike.
  4. Songam Caves: These caves are known for their unique rock formations and underground river systems.
  5. Mt. Myohyang: A scenic mountain range located near Ch’ŏngjin that offers hiking trails, waterfalls, and temples.
  6. Rakwon Beer Factory: The factory produces North Korea’s most popular beer brand called Taedonggang.
  7. Rimyongsu Falls: A beautiful waterfall located on the outskirts of Ch’ŏngjin that attracts many visitors every year.
  8. Jipsam Revolutionary Site: Another site dedicated to Kim Il Sung’s revolutionary activities during his time as a guerrilla fighter against Japanese colonial rule.
  9. Majon Beach Resort: A luxury beach resort located near Ch’ŏngjin that offers various water sports activities such as jet skiing, parasailing, etc.
  10. Haeju Temple: It is a Buddhist temple situated in Haeju-dong district in central part of city which has been designated as National Treasure No 200 by North Korean government.

Primary Industries

  1. Ch’ŏngjin is a significant industrial center in North Korea, with various industries and businesses contributing to its economy.
  2. The city’s main industries include:
    • Mining
    • Steel production
    • The chemical industry
    • The fishing industry
    • The textile industry
    • The food processing industry
    • Machinery manufacturing
  3. Ch’ŏngjin has several coal mines that are the primary source of energy for its industries.
  4. The city has a large steel plant that produces steel products for various sectors.
  5. There are also several chemical plants that manufacture fertilizers, plastics and other chemicals.
  6. The fishing industry in Ch’ŏngjin is thriving due to its location near the Sea of Japan.
  7. The textile factories in the city produce clothing and other related products.
  8. There are also numerous food processing plants that process agricultural products such as rice, corn and soybeans into various food items.
  9. Finally, Ch’ŏngjin also has several machinery manufacturing plants that produce equipment for different sectors including agriculture, mining and construction.
  10. In conclusion, Ch’ŏngjin plays an essential role in North Korea’s economy due to its diverse range of industries and businesses.

Noteable History

  1. Japanese occupation: From 1939 to 1945, Ch’ŏngjin was occupied by Japan during World War II.
  2. Kim Il-sung: The founder of North Korea, Kim Il-sung, spent time in Ch’ŏngjin during his guerrilla activities against Japanese forces.
  3. Korean War: During the Korean War from 1950 to 1953, U.S. forces heavily bombed Ch’ŏngjin.
  4. Kim Jong-il: Former North Korean leader Kim Jong-il reportedly spent time in Ch’ŏngjin as a child while his father fought against Japanese forces in Manchuria.
  5. Industrialization: In the 1960s and 1970s, Ch’ongjin became an essential industrial center for North Korea’s heavy industry sector, including steel production and shipbuilding.
  6. Famine: Many residents of Ch’ongjin suffered from malnutrition and starvation during the famine of the mid-1990s known as The Arduous March due to food shortages throughout North Korea.
  7. Nuclear testing: In recent years, North Korea has conducted several nuclear tests at its Punggye-ri nuclear test site located near Kilju County which is about 100 km away from Ch’ongjin.
  8. Ri Sol-ju: Current leader Kim Jong-un’s wife Ri Sol-ju is rumored to have been born or raised in or around Ch’ongjin before becoming a singer for Pyongyang’s Unhasu Orchestra before marrying into one of North Korea’s most powerful political families.
  9. Ri Yong-ho: Ri Yong-ho is a North Korean general and politician who was Chief of the General Staff of the Korean People’s Army (KPA) from 2009 to 2012. He was born in Ch’ongjin in 1942.
  10. Kang Kon: Kang Kon is a North Korean footballer who played as a forward for the national team between 1978 and 1987. He was born in Ch’ongjin in 1958.


Sports Teams

  1. Sports are highly valued in North Korea as they promote national unity and pride.
  2. The country has a long history of producing successful athletes in various sports, including:
    • Football (soccer)
    • Basketball
    • Weightlifting
    • Wrestling
    • Table tennis
  3. Ch’ŏngjin is a city located in the northeastern part of North Korea. It is known for its industrial port and fishing industry, but there isn’t much information available on specific sports teams based there.
  4. The most popular sport in North Korea is football (soccer), with the national team having participated in multiple FIFA World Cups. The country also has professional football leagues such as the DPR Korea League and the Pyongyang League.
  5. Basketball is also popular in North Korea with former NBA player Dennis Rodman famously visiting the country several times to play exhibition games with local players. The country also has its own basketball league called the DPRK Basketball League.
  6. Overall, while specific information about sports teams based in Ch’ŏngjin may be limited or unavailable at this time; it’s clear that sports play an important role within North Korean society as a whole.


Parks and Recreation

  1. Chongam Park – a popular park with walking paths, playgrounds, and picnic areas
  2. Kwangbok Street Children’s Park – a small amusement park with rides for children
  3. Songdowon International Children’s Camp – offers a summer camp for children that includes swimming pools, sports facilities, and cultural activities
  4. Chongjin Youth Park – a large park with sports fields and facilities for basketball, volleyball, soccer and other outdoor activities
  5. Taehwa River Park – located along the Taehwa River which offers scenic views of the city

However, it should be noted that access to these parks may be limited or restricted for tourists due to government regulations or security concerns.


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