Dayr az Zawr, Syria

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Dayr az Zawr, Syria

Region: Dayr az Zawr is located in the Dayr az Zawr Governorate

Geographic Coordinates: 35.333300, 40.150000
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 45.0°C (50°F to 113°F)
Climate: Hot and dry summers, mild winters with occasional rainfall.
Population: 271800
Language: Arabic

Dayr az Zawr is a city located in the eastern part of Syria, Near the banks of the Euphrates River. It is one of the largest cities in Syria and has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. The city has been an important center for trade and commerce since its inception, Due to its strategic location on major trade routes. The name Dayr az Zawr means monastery of oil, Which refers to the abundance of oil reserves in this area. The city is also known for its agriculture, Particularly cotton and wheat production.

In fact, Dayr az Zawr was once considered as the breadbasket of Syria. One of the most significant landmarks in Dayr az Zawr is its historic old town or medina. This area features traditional architecture with narrow streets lined with shops selling everything from spices to textiles. There are also several historic mosques and churches within this area that date back centuries. Another notable attraction in Dayr az Zawr is Qal’at al-Rahba castle, Which was built during the Islamic caliphate period.

This fortress served as a military base and was strategically placed along major trade routes to protect against invasions from neighboring empires. Despite being an important economic hub for centuries, DayrazZzwar has faced numerous challenges over recent years due to ongoing conflict within Syria. The city has been heavily impacted by fighting between government forces and rebel groups since 2011. As a result, Many residents have been forced to flee their homes or face dire living conditions. Despite these challenges, Efforts are underway to rebuild and revitalize DayrazZzwar’s economy and infrastructure after years of destruction caused by war.

Several projects aimed at restoring damaged buildings have already begun while others aim at creating new job opportunities for locals through investment in agriculture or tourism sectors. Overall, Despite facing many difficulties over recent years due to ongoing conflict, Dayr az Zawr remains a city with a rich history and culture that is well worth exploring. From its historic old town to its picturesque location on the banks of the Euphrates River, There is much to see and experience in this fascinating Syrian city.

Important Landmarks

  1. Deir ez-Zor Suspension Bridge: A historic suspension bridge that spans the Euphrates River.
  2. Deir ez-Zor Citadel: A medieval fortress that was built during the Abbasid period.
  3. Al-Furat Cafe: A popular cafe located on the banks of the Euphrates River.
  4. Al-Takaya Mosque: A historic mosque that dates back to the 13th century.
  5. Martyrs’ Cemetery: A cemetery dedicated to those who lost their lives during various conflicts in Syria.
  6. Deir ez-Zor Museum: An archaeological museum that showcases artifacts from ancient Mesopotamia and other historical periods.
  7. Al-Firdaws Park: A public park with gardens, fountains, and playgrounds for children.
  8. The Roman Bridge of Thapsacus: An ancient Roman bridge over the Euphrates River near Dayr az Zawr city limits (located about 30 km west).

Please note that due to ongoing conflict and instability in Syria, some of these landmarks may not be accessible or safe for tourists at this time.

Primary Industries

  1. Oil and Gas Industry: Dayr az Zawr is home to one of Syria’s largest oil fields, which produces a significant portion of the country’s oil and gas.
  2. Agriculture: The region is famous for its fertile lands used for growing crops such as wheat, barley, and cotton.
  3. Manufacturing: There are multiple small-scale manufacturing industries in Dayr az Zawr that produce textiles, food products, and construction materials.
  4. Construction: The city has experienced significant growth in recent years due to increased investment in infrastructure projects such as roads, bridges, and buildings.
  5. Trading: Due to its strategic location near the border with Iraq and proximity to major cities like Aleppo and Damascus, Dayr az Zawr serves as an essential trading hub for goods coming from both within Syria and abroad.
  6. Services Sector: There are numerous service-based businesses operating in the city including banks, hotels, restaurants shops etc.

Noteable History

  1. Dayr az Zawr, located in eastern Syria, has a rich history filled with notable events and individuals.
  2. During the Roman Empire, the city was an essential hub for trade and commerce. Its Souk al-Sagha market traded in goods such as spices and textiles.
  3. In the Islamic Golden Age, Dayr az Zawr became a center for scholarship and learning. Many prominent scholars lived and worked there including Al-Biruni, Ibn Taymiyyah, Ibn Arabi, and Al-Ghazali.
  4. Unfortunately, Dayr az Zawr fell victim to Mongol invasion in 1258 AD when Hulagu Khan’s armies sacked the city as part of their conquest of the Abbasid Caliphate.
  5. During World War I, Ottoman forces occupied Dayr az Zawr until British troops captured it in 1918.
  6. More recently however since 2011 it has been heavily damaged by fighting between government forces and rebel groups due to Syria’s ongoing civil war making it center stage for conflict.
  7. Notable people associated with Dayr az Zawr include Syrian writer Zakariya Tamer and former Syrian Minister of Defense Mustafa Tlass.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Deir ez-Zor Museum: This museum showcases the history and culture of the region, including artifacts from ancient civilizations.
  2. Al-Furat University: A prominent university located in Dayr az Zawr that offers a range of academic programs.
  3. Al-Qusayr Castle: A medieval castle that was built during the time of the Crusades and is now a popular tourist attraction.
  4. Al-Maqdisi Mosque: One of the oldest mosques in Syria with beautiful architecture and intricate details.
  5. Euphrates River: The Euphrates River runs through Dayr az Zawr and provides stunning views for visitors to enjoy.
  6. Qala’at al-Rahba Castle: A historic castle located on top of a hill overlooking Dayr az Zawr city.
  7. Al-Salihiyah Bridge: A famous suspension bridge over the Euphrates River that connects two parts of Dayr az Zawr city together.
  8. Roman Bridge at Halabiye: An ancient Roman bridge that dates back to 200 AD, located near Halabiye village outside of Dayz az Zawar city limits.
  9. Mount Bishri Nature Reserve: A protected nature reserve with diverse flora and fauna species, perfect for hiking and outdoor activities.

Note – Due to ongoing conflicts in Syria, it’s important to check travel advisories before planning any trips or visiting any location mentioned above as it may not be safe at this time for tourists or travelers alike.

Cultural Events

  1. Eid al-Fitr: A Muslim festival that marks the end of Ramadan fasting.
  2. Eid al-Adha: Another Muslim festival that celebrates the sacrifice of Prophet Ibrahim.
  3. Mawlid al-Nabi: A religious celebration of the birth anniversary of Prophet Muhammad.
  4. Damascus International Fair: An annual trade fair held in Damascus where businesses from different countries showcase their products and services.
  5. Archeological Museum Festival: An event organized by the Deir ez-Zor Museum to celebrate Syrian culture and history through exhibitions, workshops, music performances, and other activities.

Please note that due to ongoing conflict and political instability in Syria, many cultural events may be canceled or postponed indefinitely for safety reasons.


  • Kibbeh: a traditional dish made of minced meat and bulgur wheat.
  • Shawarma: a Middle Eastern sandwich made with shaved meat, vegetables, and sauce.
  • Fattoush: a salad made with mixed greens, tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, and pita chips.
  • Al-Malak Restaurant: serves traditional Syrian dishes like kibbeh and shawarma.
  • Al-Sheikh Restaurant: known for its grilled meats and kebabs.
  • Abu Rami Restaurant: offers authentic Syrian cuisine including kibbeh nayyeh (raw meat), hummus bi tahini (chickpea dip), and fatayer (stuffed pastry).
  • Al-Zahraa Sweets & Pastries: famous for its baklava (sweet pastry) and other Middle Eastern sweets.
  • Homs Sweets & Pastries: offers a wide variety of traditional Syrian desserts like halva (sweet confection) and ma’amoul (date-filled cookies).

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Al-Furat Park: A large park located on the banks of the Euphrates River. It offers green spaces, walking paths, playgrounds for children, and picnic areas.
    2. Al-Shuhada Park: A small park in the city center with a fountain and benches.
    3. Sports Complex: A facility with a soccer field and basketball court.
    4. Al-Iskan Swimming Pool: An outdoor swimming pool open during summer months.
    5. Cycling: There are several cycling routes around Dayr az Zawr that offer scenic views of the surrounding countryside.

    It is important to note that due to ongoing conflict in Syria, many parks and recreational facilities may not be accessible or safe for use at this time.


    Go Where The Road Takes You.

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