Sakarya, Turkey

Reading Time: 7 minutes

Sakarya, Turkey

Region: Sakarya

Geographic Coordinates: 40.783300, 30.400000
Temperature Range: -10.0°C to 40.0°C (14°F to 104°F)
Climate: Seasonal.
Population: 271515
Language: Turkish

Sakarya is a city located in the northwestern region of Turkey, With a population of approximately one million people. It is situated on the Sakarya River, Which runs through the city and provides natural beauty to its surroundings. The city has a rich history dating back to ancient times when it was known as Adapazarı. Throughout its history, It has been influenced by various civilizations such as the Byzantine Empire, Ottoman Empire, And modern Turkey. One of Sakarya’s most notable landmarks is Taraklı Thermal Springs.

These springs are located around 80 km from Sakarya and are known for their therapeutic properties that have been used for centuries to treat various ailments such as arthritis and respiratory problems. The springs are surrounded by lush greenery that adds to their serene atmosphere. Another popular attraction in Sakarya is Sapanca Lake which is situated just outside of the city center. This lake offers visitors a chance to relax and enjoy nature while taking part in activities such as fishing or boating. There are also several restaurants along the shore that offer traditional Turkish cuisine.

Sakarya’s rich cultural heritage can be seen throughout its many museums and historical sites. One such site is Adapazarı Museum which houses artifacts from different periods including Roman times, Byzantine era, Seljuk period, Ottoman era and more recent history after Turkey’s independence war. The Hendek Fortress located on top of a hill overlooking Hendek district was built during the Ottoman era to protect against enemy attacks from neighboring regions; today it serves as an important historical landmark for visitors interested in learning about Turkish military architecture.

For those interested in outdoor activities like trekking or camping there are many natural parks surrounding Sakarya like Kuzuluk Natural Park where visitors can enjoy scenic views while hiking through forests full of wildlife including deer & wild boars among others. food enthusiasts will love exploring local markets selling fresh produce and traditional Turkish dishes like baklava, Kebab, And Turkish delight. Sakarya is known for its delicious cuisine which is a blend of Ottoman and Anatolian flavors that have been passed down through generations. Sakarya is a city with something to offer everyone.

Its natural beauty, Rich history, Cultural heritage, Outdoor activities and delicious cuisine make it an ideal destination for tourists looking for an authentic Turkish experience.

Important Landmarks

  1. Sapanca Lake is a picturesque lake that is surrounded by mountains and forests, making it a popular destination for boating and picnics.
  2. Hendek Castle is an ancient castle ruin that dates back to the Ottoman era, offering visitors a glimpse into Turkey’s rich history.
  3. Sakarya Museum showcases local history, culture, and art through its impressive exhibits.
  4. Kuzuluk Thermal Springs are natural hot springs with healing properties and offer visitors a relaxing atmosphere to unwind in.
  5. Tarakli Village is a charming village that boasts traditional Ottoman houses, cobblestone streets, and local crafts shops for visitors to explore.
  6. Karasu Beach is located on the Black Sea coast and offers crystal clear waters along with various water sports activities for beachgoers to enjoy.
  7. Serdivan Planetarium serves as an educational center where visitors can learn about astronomy while watching shows in its state-of-the-art planetarium dome.
  8. Adapazari Central Mosque stands as one of the largest mosques in Sakarya with impressive architecture that combines modernity with tradition.
  9. Akova Ethnography Museum preserves the local heritage of Sakarya through traditional clothing, tools, utensils, etc., providing insight into Turkey’s cultural past.
  10. Efteni Lake Bird Sanctuary serves as a natural reserve home to various bird species like flamingos, pelicans, herons ideal for birdwatching enthusiasts or nature lovers in general who want to experience Turkey’s wildlife up close.

Primary Industries

  1. Automotive Industry: Several automotive manufacturers such as Toyota, Honda, and Hyundai are located in Sakarya.
  2. Textile Industry: The region boasts a strong textile industry with companies producing textiles from cotton, wool, and synthetic materials.
  3. Construction Industry: Numerous construction companies in Sakarya specialize in building commercial and residential properties.
  4. Food Processing Industry: A thriving food processing industry exists in Sakarya with factories producing dairy products, meat products, canned foods, and confectionery items.
  5. Chemicals Industry: Chemical production is another significant industry in the region with many chemical plants manufacturing fertilizers, plastics, and other chemicals.
  6. Machinery Manufacturing: Several machinery manufacturing companies situated in the region produce equipment for various industries including agriculture and construction.
  7. Tourism Industry: With natural beauty spots like Lake Sapanca and Kartepe Ski Resort among others; tourism forms an important sector of the economy of Sakarya province of Turkey.

Noteable History

  1. Battle of Sakarya: This was a major battle fought between the Turkish National Forces, led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, and the Greek Army during the Turkish War of Independence in 1921. The battle lasted for over three weeks, resulting in a decisive victory for the Turks.
  2. Ancient city of Aizanoi: Located within Sakarya province, this ancient city was an important center during Roman times, renowned for its impressive Temple of Zeus and well-preserved theater.
  3. Nasuh Akar: Born in Sakarya in 1915, Nasuh Akar was an acclaimed Turkish painter known for his realistic depictions of everyday life.
  4. Adnan Menderes: Although not born in Sakarya, Adnan Menderes served as Prime Minister of Turkey from 1950 until he was executed following a military coup d’état in 1960. He spent much of his political career representing Sakarya as its Member of Parliament.
  5. Sapanca Lake: One of Turkey’s largest freshwater lakes is located within Sakarya province and is popular among tourists due to its scenic beauty.
  6. Karaosmanoğlu family: This prominent family has deep roots dating back to Ottoman times and has produced several notable politicians including former Mayor Zeki Toçoğlu.
  7. Feridun Fazıl Tülbentçi: Born in Adapazarı (the capital city), Feridun Fazıl Tülbentçi was an acclaimed poet who wrote about themes such as love, nature, and spirituality.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Sakarya Museum showcases the history and culture of Sakarya, including artifacts from the ancient Roman city of Ancyra.
  2. Adapazarı Train Station is a historic train station built in 1899 and is one of the oldest in Turkey. It is now a cultural center with exhibitions and events.
  3. Hendek Castle dates back to the Byzantine era and offers stunning views of the surrounding countryside.
  4. Sapanca Lake is a picturesque lake surrounded by mountains, perfect for a relaxing day trip or picnic.
  5. Karasu Beach is one of the most popular beaches in Sakarya, with clear water and sandy shores.
  6. Taraklı Ottoman Village is a well-preserved Ottoman village with traditional architecture, narrow streets, and old houses converted into museums or guesthouses.
  7. Serdivan Planetarium is the first planetarium in Turkey that offers educational shows about space science and astronomy.
  8. Ada Cafe & Restaurant is a famous restaurant located on an island in Sakarya River serving Turkish cuisine with stunning river views.
  9. Geyve Hacı Şeref Mosque Complex is an impressive mosque complex featuring Ottoman architecture, gardens, fountains, and tombs of important figures from Turkish history.
  10. Kuzuluk Thermal Springs & Spa Center is a natural thermal spring that offers spa treatments for relaxation and healing purposes located within a beautiful forest park setting near Adapazarı city center.

Sports Teams

  1. Sakaryaspor: This football club was founded in 1965 and is based in Sakarya. The team has played in the Turkish Super League for multiple seasons and has won the TFF First League twice.
  2. Serdivanspor: Another football club from Sakarya, Serdivanspor was also established in 1965. The team plays its home matches at the Serdivan Stadium and competes in the Turkish Regional Amateur League.
  3. Hendekspor: Founded in 1957, this football club hails from Hendek district of Sakarya and currently competes in the Turkish Regional Amateur League.
  4. Adapazarıspor: Established back in 1930, Adapazarıspor was a former football club from Adapazarı district of Sakarya that dissolved due to financial difficulties.
  5. Karasu Belediyespor: A relatively new sports club from Karasu district of Sakarya, Karasu Belediyespor has already made an impact by winning several championships across basketball, volleyball, and handball at regional levels.
  6. Akyazı Belediyespor: This sports club based on Akyazı district of Sakarya mostly competes at local levels but has achieved success by winning several championships over time.

Overall, these sports teams have played a significant role not only promoting sports culture within their respective communities but also representing Sakarya on national platforms through their performances on various sporting events across Turkey.

Cultural Events

  1. The International Sakarya Music Festival is an annual event held in September that showcases a diverse range of music genres, including classical, jazz, and traditional Turkish music.
  2. The Sakarya International Film Festival takes place in November and features independent films from all over the world.
  3. Celebrating the ancient sport of Turkish wrestling, the Traditional Turkish Wrestling Festival is held every July and includes competitions and performances.
  4. Bringing together publishers, authors, and book lovers from across Turkey to promote literature and reading, the Sakarya Book Fair is an annual event.
  5. Dating back to the 14th century, the Kırkpınar Oil Wrestling Tournament is one of Turkey’s oldest sporting events held every June in nearby Edirne.
  6. Children across Turkey celebrate their rights on April 23rd each year with parades, concerts, and other activities during International Children’s Day Celebrations.
  7. April 23rd marks both National Sovereignty Day (celebrating the founding of Turkey’s parliament) as well as Children’s Day – making it a major holiday throughout Sakarya province with parades and festivities taking place all over!


  • Adapazarı Köfte: This is a type of meatball made with ground beef or lamb, onion, garlic, and spices. It is usually served with rice pilaf and salad.
  • Kavurma: This is a traditional Turkish dish made with diced meat (usually lamb or beef), onions, tomatoes, peppers, and spices. It is cooked slowly until the meat is tender and flavorful.
  • Hamsi Tava: This is a popular seafood dish in Sakarya that consists of fried anchovies served with lemon wedges and parsley.
  • Çöp Şiş: This is a skewered grilled meat dish that can be made with beef or lamb cubes marinated in herbs and spices.
  • Meşhur İnegöl Köftecisi: This restaurant serves some of the best köfte (meatballs) in the region according to locals.
  • Sakarya Balıkçısı: A seafood restaurant known for their fresh fish dishes like grilled sea bass or octopus salad.
  • Öz Süt Ürünleri: A dairy shop famous for its locally-made cheese varieties like tulum cheese or curd cheese (lor peyniri).
  • Sefa Sofrası Restaurant & Cafe: A traditional Turkish restaurant serving various dishes including kebabs, stews, soups as well as vegetarian options like stuffed grape leaves (dolma) or eggplant moussaka (imam bayildi).

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Sapanca Lake is a popular destination for fishing, boating, and picnicking.
    2. Kuzuluk Thermal Springs is a natural hot spring that is renowned for its therapeutic properties.
    3. Serdivan Park is a large park with walking trails, playgrounds, and picnic areas to enjoy the outdoors.
    4. Adapazari Zoo houses over 200 animals from around the world for visitors to see and learn about them.
    5. Hendek Forest Park is a beautiful forested area with hiking trails and picnic spots perfect for nature lovers.
    6. Sakarya Museum of Archaeology showcases the history of the region in an indoor setting.
    7. Sakarya River Rafting offers an exciting outdoor activity where visitors can experience white water rafting on the Sakarya River.
    8. Karasu Beach attracts beachgoers with its sandy beaches and clear waters ideal for swimming or sunbathing.
    9. Kartepe Ski Resort provides winter sports enthusiasts skiing, snowboarding, and other snow-related activities during winter months.
    10. Erenler Sofrası Open Air Museum & Restaurant – A famous restaurant in Sakarya offering traditional Ottoman cuisine in an open-air setting surrounded by historical artifacts from Ottoman times’ ambiance makes it unique among others restaurants in town.


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