Djelfa, Algeria

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Djelfa, Algeria

Region: Djelfa


Geographic Coordinates: 34.666700, 3.250000
Temperature Range: 15.0°C to 40.0°C (59°F to 104°F)
Climate: Dry and hot climate with low precipitation throughout the year in Djelfa, Algeria.
Population: 265833
Language: Arabic

Djelfa is a city located in the heart of Algeria, With a population of approximately 300, 000 people. The city is known for its rich history and culture, As well as its beautiful scenery and friendly locals. Djelfa sits at an altitude of 1, 100 meters above sea level and enjoys a moderate climate throughout the year. One of the most striking features of Djelfa is its unique architecture. The city is home to many traditional houses made from red clay bricks that give it a distinctive look.

These houses are often decorated with intricate patterns and designs that reflect the local culture and history. The local economy in Djelfa revolves around agriculture, With farming being one of the main sources of income for residents. The region’s fertile soil allows for crops such as wheat, Barley, Olives, Figs and dates to be grown in abundance. Another aspect that makes Djelfa special is its cultural heritage. The city has been inhabited since prehistoric times and has seen many different civilizations come and go over the centuries.

As such, There are many historical sites to explore in Djelfa including ancient tombs dating back to Roman times. In addition to its cultural attractions, Djelfa also boasts some stunning natural scenery. Visitors can enjoy hiking through nearby mountains or exploring one of several nearby parks such as Tassili N’Ajjer National Park which features breathtaking landscapes formed by millions of years’ worth of erosion. Despite being located in a relatively remote part of Algeria, Getting to Djelfa is relatively easy thanks to good road connections with other major cities such as Algiers or Oran.

There are also regular bus services connecting it with other towns within Algeria making it an accessible destination for tourists looking for something off-the-beaten-path. Overall, Djefla offers visitors an opportunity to experience authentic Algerian hospitality while immersing themselves in rich cultural heritage surrounded by stunning natural beauty. Whether you’re interested in history, Culture, Or just want to enjoy some time away from the hustle and bustle of modern life, Djelfa is a destination worth exploring.



Important Landmarks

  1. Grotte de Ain Naga: A cave system located near Ain Naga village that features stalactites and stalagmites.
  2. Tassili n’Ajjer National Park: A UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its breathtaking landscape of sandstone formations and prehistoric rock art.
  3. Djelfa Museum: A museum showcasing the history and culture of Djelfa region.
  4. El Ksar Lake: A picturesque lake located in the middle of a desert landscape that offers stunning views and recreational activities such as fishing and boating.
  5. Beni Hammad Fort: The ruins of an 11th-century fortified city built by the Hammadid dynasty, featuring impressive architectural structures such as palaces, mosques, and cisterns.
  6. El Khroub Mosque: A historic mosque dating back to the 17th century with intricate tilework and woodcarvings.
  7. Medracen Mausoleum: An ancient royal tomb dating back to the Numidian era (3rd century BC) located near Batna city in eastern Algeria but close enough for a day trip from Djelfa region.

Primary Industries

  1. The major industries and businesses in Djelfa, Algeria include:
    • Agriculture
    • Animal husbandry
    • Textile manufacturing
    • Food processing
    • Construction
  2. The region is known for its production of:
    • Wheat
    • Barley
    • Olives
    • Dates
  3. Livestock farming is also a significant industry with:
    • Cattle
    • Sheep
  4. Textile manufacturing includes the production of traditional Algerian clothing such as:
    • Djellabas
    • Kaftans
  5. Food processing includes the production of:
    • Olive oil
    • Date products such as syrup and paste
  6. Construction has been on the rise in recent years due to government investment in infrastructure projects.

Noteable History

  1. The Battle of Djelfa in 1854 saw the French army suffer defeat against Algerian tribes.
  2. Ahmed Ben Bella, a socialist revolutionary and politician from Maghnia, Algeria, served as the first President of Algeria from 1963 to 1965.
  3. Djelfa played a significant role during the Algerian War (1954-1962), fought between France and Algeria for independence.
  4. Abdelhamid Mehri was an Algerian politician born in Djelfa in 1929 who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1979 to 1988 and Secretary-General of the National Liberation Front (FLN) from 1990 to 1991.
  5. The Battle of Sidi Brahim occurred near Sidi Brahim village located close to Djelfa between French forces and local tribes in September1845.
  6. Hocine Aït Ahmed, an Algerian revolutionary leader born in Ain El Hammam, played a key role in the struggle for independence against France.
  7. Several oasis cities such as Laghouat and Ghardaia have been inhabited since ancient times by various peoples including Berbers and Arabs near Djelfa.
  8. Fatima-Zohra Imalhayene is one notable woman from this region known for her contribution to literature through her novels portraying women’s lives under colonialism; she was born in Bou Saada but raised in Djelfa province.
  9. Boualem Sansal is considered one among most prominent writers alive today; he was born on October15th ,1949 at Teniet El-Haad and has been awarded numerous international prizes for his works including the prestigious Peace Prize of German Book Trade in2011.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Djelfa Museum: This museum showcases the history and culture of Djelfa and its surrounding areas.
  2. Tassili n’Ajjer National Park: This park features stunning rock formations, ancient cave paintings, and unique flora and fauna.
  3. Ain Ouessara Mosque: This mosque is an impressive example of Islamic architecture in Algeria.
  4. El Kala’a Fort: This fort was built during the Ottoman period and offers visitors a glimpse into Algeria’s rich history.
  5. Ghardaia Old Town: This UNESCO World Heritage Site features traditional Berber architecture and a vibrant market atmosphere.
  6. Beni Hammad Fort: This ancient fortress was once the capital of a powerful Berber dynasty in the 11th century.
  7. Djelfa Cultural Center: This center hosts various cultural events throughout the year, including music concerts, art exhibitions, and theater performances.
  8. Sidi Yahia Mosque: Located in nearby M’Sila province, this mosque is known for its intricate tilework and beautiful minaret.
  9. Bou Saada Oasis: A picturesque oasis town located just outside of Djelfa with palm trees, gardens, fountains, markets & more!
  10. Timgad Roman Ruins: Located near Batna but worth visiting if you are traveling through Algeria as it is one of the best preserved Roman ruins in North Africa!



Cultural Events

  1. Moussem of El-Ouricia: This religious festival is held annually in May in the town of El-Ouricia. It honors Sidi Boumediene, a well-known Sufi saint.
  2. Festival of Traditional Arts: This festival takes place every August and showcases traditional music, dance, and handicrafts from all over Algeria.
  3. International Festival of Poetry: Poets from around the world gather to share their work and engage in discussions about poetry at this event.
  4. National Festival of Popular Culture: Held each year, this festival celebrates Algeria’s diverse cultures through music, dance, food, and other cultural activities.
  5. Date Festival: Djelfa produces a significant amount of dates each year; therefore an annual Date Festival is held every October to celebrate this important crop.
  6. Camel Racing Competition: Camels are an essential part of Algerian culture and economy; thus camel racing competitions occur regularly throughout Djelfa province as well as other regions across Algeria.

Please note that some events may be cancelled or postponed due to COVID-19 pandemic situation around the world.


Cuisine

  • Couscous: A traditional dish made from semolina served with vegetables and meat.
  • Merguez: Spicy lamb sausages that are grilled and often served as a street food.
  • Chakhchoukha: A hearty stew made from shredded bread, lamb or beef, chickpeas, tomatoes, and spices.
  • Brik: A crispy pastry filled with egg and tuna or chicken.
  • Restaurants:
    • Chez Ali Baba Restaurant: Known for its delicious couscous dishes and warm hospitality.
    • La Rose des Sables Restaurant: Offers a variety of Algerian dishes including chakhchoukha and merguez.
    • Le Paradis des Gourmets Restaurant: Specializes in traditional Algerian cuisine such as brik, tagine, couscous, and more.
    • Dar El Khir Restaurant: Offers a mix of Algerian and Mediterranean cuisine in a cozy atmosphere.
    • Cafe de la Gare Djelfa: Known for its coffee drinks, pastries, and light meals like sandwiches, salads, etc.
    • L’olivier restaurant: One of the best places to taste local food like couscous, tagines, etc.

    Parks and Recreation

    1. Jardin Public: This is a beautiful public park located in the heart of Djelfa city. It has lush green lawns, flower beds, fountains, and benches for visitors to relax and enjoy the serene atmosphere.
    2. Parc National de Djelfa: This national park is located on the outskirts of Djelfa city and is a popular destination for nature lovers. It has hiking trails, picnic areas, wildlife viewing opportunities, and stunning landscapes.
    3. Stade Municipal de Djelfa: This sports stadium hosts various sporting events such as football matches, athletics competitions etc. It also has a running track which is open to the public for jogging or walking.
    4. Centre Culturel et Sportif de la Jeunesse: This cultural and sports center offers facilities like swimming pool, gymnasiums, tennis courts etc., where visitors can engage in various sports activities.
    5. Cinéma Le Colisée: This cinema hall screens latest movies from Hollywood as well as local Algerian films.
    6. Musée d’Art et d’Histoire de la Ville de Djelfa: This museum showcases artifacts related to the history and culture of Djelfa region including traditional costumes, jewelry etc., giving visitors an insight into local customs and traditions.
    7. La Grotte des Fées (Fairy Cave): Located outside the city limits of Djelfa this cave system features stunning stalactites/stalagmites formations that are worth exploring by adventurous tourists who love caving expeditions.

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