Dzerzhinskiy, Russia

Reading Time: 7 minutes

Dzerzhinskiy, Russia

Region: Moscow Oblast

Geographic Coordinates: 55.633300, 37.850000
Climate: Data not available.
Population: 55669
Language: Russian

Dzerzhinskiy is a vibrant and historic city located in the Moscow Oblast region of Russia. Named after the influential Bolshevik revolutionary Felix Dzerzhinsky, This city has a rich history that dates back to the 17th century. Situated just 22 kilometers northeast of Moscow, Dzerzhinskiy serves as an important industrial and residential hub for the surrounding region. The city boasts a diverse architectural landscape that beautifully blends old-world charm with modern developments. One of the most notable landmarks is the Church of St. Nicholas, Built in traditional Russian Orthodox style with its iconic golden domes and intricate frescoes adorning its walls.

The church stands as a testament to Dzerzhinskiy’s religious heritage. Dzerzhinskiy also offers several parks and green spaces, Providing residents and visitors with ample opportunities for relaxation and recreation. The Central Park is particularly popular, Featuring well-maintained gardens, Walking paths, And playgrounds for children. This serene oasis serves as an ideal spot for picnics or leisurely strolls amidst nature. For those interested in history or culture, Dzerzhinskiy offers numerous museums that showcase its past. The Museum of Local Lore provides fascinating insights into the city’s development throughout different periods while displaying artifacts from ancient times to more recent historical events.

The local cuisine in Dzerzhinskiy is diverse and mouthwatering; visitors can savor traditional Russian dishes at charming restaurants scattered across the city center. From hearty borscht (beet soup) to flavorful pelmeni (dumplings), There are plenty of options to satisfy any culinary craving. Moreover, Dzerzhinskiy benefits from excellent transportation links due to its proximity to Moscow. A short train ride connects it directly with Russia’s capital city, Allowing residents easy access to all that Moscow has to offer while still enjoying a quieter suburban lifestyle away from the bustling metropolis.

In terms of education, Dzerzhinskiy is home to several prestigious schools and institutes that provide quality education across various disciplines. This has contributed to the city’s reputation as an intellectual hub, Attracting students from all over Russia. Dzerzhinskiy is a captivating city that seamlessly blends history, Culture, And modernity. With its stunning architecture, Lush green spaces, Museums offering glimpses into the past, Delectable cuisine, Convenient transportation links to Moscow, And excellent educational institutions – Dzerzhinskiy truly offers something for everyone.

Whether you are a history enthusiast exploring the local museums or a nature lover seeking tranquility in its parks or simply looking for a taste of authentic Russian cuisine – this charming city promises an unforgettable experience.

Important Landmarks

  1. Monument to Felix Dzerzhinsky: This monument is dedicated to Felix Dzerzhinsky, a prominent Soviet statesman and founder of the Cheka (the predecessor of the KGB). It is one of the main symbols of the town.
  2. Park Pobedy (Victory Park): Located near Dzerzhinskiy, this park commemorates World War II and honors the memory of fallen soldiers. It features various monuments, memorials, and an eternal flame.
  3. Central Square: The central square of Dzerzhinskiy serves as a gathering place for locals and visitors alike. It often hosts events, festivals, and concerts.
  4. Church of St Nicholas: This Russian Orthodox church is one of the main religious sites in Dzerzhinskiy. Its beautiful architecture attracts both locals and tourists interested in religious heritage.
  5. Local Museums: While not specifically located within Dzerzhinskiy itself but nearby towns like Lyubertsy or Balashikha offer museums that showcase local history or art exhibitions that can be visited by tourists looking for cultural experiences.

It’s worth noting that while these attractions may not be on par with those found in larger cities like Moscow or St Petersburg, they still offer visitors a glimpse into local history and culture within this small Russian town.

Primary Industries

  1. Chemical Manufacturing: Dzerzhinskiy is home to numerous chemical manufacturing companies, producing a variety of chemicals such as fertilizers, plastics, synthetic fibers, pharmaceuticals, and industrial chemicals.
  2. Petrochemical Industry: The city has petrochemical plants that process petroleum and natural gas into various products like plastics, rubber, solvents, detergents, and other petrochemical derivatives.
  3. Pharmaceutical Industry: Dzerzhinskiy has pharmaceutical companies engaged in the production of medicines and medical supplies.
  4. Rubber Industry: The city hosts rubber manufacturing facilities involved in the production of tires, conveyor belts, industrial hoses, seals, gaskets, and other rubber-based products.
  5. Textile Industry: Dzerzhinskiy has textile factories producing fabrics for clothing manufacturers as well as technical textiles used in various industries like automotive or construction.
  6. Machine Building: The city also houses machine-building enterprises specializing in the production of machinery used by different sectors such as agriculture or construction.
  7. Construction Materials Production: Dzerzhinskiy is known for its construction materials industry with companies producing cement, concrete blocks/panels/slabs/pipes/tiles/etc., bricks/clay products/ceramics/glassware/etc., insulation materials (e.g., mineral wool), etc.
  8. Food Processing Industry: There are food processing plants operating in Dzerzhinskiy that manufacture dairy products (milk/cheese/butter/yogurt), meat/fish/poultry products (canned/frozen/smoked), baked goods (bread/pastries), confectionery items (chocolates/candies).
  9. Packaging Industry: Some packaging companies are present in Dzerzhinskiy, manufacturing various types of packaging materials like cardboard boxes, plastic containers, flexible packaging (films/foils), etc.
  10. Engineering and Metalworking: The city has engineering and metalworking enterprises involved in the production of metal structures, machinery parts/components, tools/equipment/instruments (e.g., cutting tools), etc.

It is important to note that this list is not exhaustive and there may be other industries and businesses operating in Dzerzhinskiy as well.

Noteable History

  1. Felix Dzerzhinsky: The town was named after Felix Dzerzhinsky, who was a prominent figure in the early Soviet Union. He played a crucial role in establishing the Cheka, the first Soviet secret police organization.
  2. Construction of Moscow Metro: In 1936, construction began on the Moscow Metro’s Sokolnicheskaya Line which connected Sokolniki (Moscow) and Dzerzhinskaya (now known as Partizanskaya). This marked an important development for transportation infrastructure in the region.
  3. World War II: During World War II, Dzerzhinskiy became an important industrial center supporting Moscow’s defense efforts against Nazi Germany. Numerous factories were relocated to this area to ensure their safety from German bombings.
  4. ZIL Factory: The Zavod imeni Likhachova (ZIL) automobile factory was established in Dzerzhinskiy during World War II when it was evacuated from its original location near downtown Moscow due to war threats. ZIL became one of the largest automotive manufacturers in the Soviet Union.
  5. Cultural Institutions: Over time, several cultural institutions have been established in Dzerzhinskiy including theaters like Theatrical Space and Sovremennik, as well as museums such as Museum of Local Lore.

While these events and figures may not be globally significant or widely known outside Russia, they hold local importance for residents of Dzerzhinskiy and contribute to its historical identity within Russia’s broader context.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Dzerzhinskiy Local History Museum: This museum showcases the history and culture of the town and its surrounding areas. It exhibits artifacts, photographs, and documents that depict the local heritage.
  2. Church of the Nativity of Christ: This beautiful Russian Orthodox church is one of the main religious sites in Dzerzhinskiy. It features stunning architecture and intricate interior decorations.
  3. Monument to Felix Dzerzhinsky: The town is named after Felix Dzerzhinsky, a prominent figure in Soviet history. There is a monument dedicated to him in the central square of Dzerzhinskiy.
  4. Park Pobedy (Victory Park): Located nearby in Moscow’s Khimki district, this park commemorates Russia’s victory over Nazi Germany during World War II. It features monuments, memorials, and an eternal flame.
  5. Izmailovo Kremlin: Although it’s not directly in Dzerzhinskiy but rather in Moscow, Izmailovo Kremlin is worth mentioning due to its proximity to the town (around 20 km away). It is a replica of an old Russian fortress with colorful towers housing various museums, craft shops, and art galleries.

While these are some notable places to visit in or near Dzerzhinskiy, keep in mind that it’s always recommended to check for updated information on opening hours or any restrictions before planning your visit.

Sports Teams

  1. 1. FC Dzerzhinets – This football (soccer) club was founded in 1994 and represents the city of Dzerzhinskiy. It competes in regional leagues and has had moderate success at lower levels.
  2. 2. HC Dzerzhinets – The ice hockey team HC Dzerzhinets was established in 2008 and participates in regional amateur leagues.
  3. 3. BC Dzerzhinskiy – This basketball club was formed more recently and competes mostly at the local level.

It’s important to note that these teams primarily participate in lower-level competitions within their respective sports due to the relatively small size of the city.

Cultural Events

  1. Victory Day (May 9th): This is a significant national holiday commemorating the victory of the Soviet Union over Nazi Germany in World War II. In Dzerzhinskiy, people gather to pay tribute to veterans, attend parades, and enjoy fireworks.
  2. City Day (first weekend of September): This event celebrates the founding of Dzerzhinskiy and includes various activities such as concerts, performances by local artists, food stalls, and amusement rides.
  3. Orthodox Easter: As a predominantly Orthodox Christian country, Easter is an important religious holiday in Russia. In Dzerzhinskiy, you can witness traditional church services and participate in various festive activities like egg painting and exchanging Easter greetings.
  4. Maslenitsa: Also known as Pancake Week or Butter Week, Maslenitsa is a Slavic folk festival marking the end of winter and arrival of spring. It involves eating blini (pancakes), participating in traditional games and competitions like tug-of-war or snowball fights.
  5. International Women’s Day (March 8th): Celebrated worldwide but particularly popular in Russia, this day honors women’s achievements socially, economically culturally etc., with flowers being given to women by men as tokens of appreciation.
  6. New Year’s Eve: Like many places around the world, New Year’s Eve is widely celebrated with fireworks displays at midnight along with festive gatherings among friends and family members.

It should be noted that these events may vary from year to year depending on local initiatives or changes in traditions; therefore it would be advisable to check for specific dates and details closer to your visit time.


  1. Pelmeni: Pelmeni are traditional Russian dumplings filled with various ingredients such as meat, mushrooms, or cheese. In Dzerzhinskiy, you can find small local cafes or street food stalls serving delicious homemade pelmeni.
  2. Shashlik: Shashlik is a popular Russian version of barbecue skewered meat cooked over an open fire. Many local restaurants in Dzerzhinskiy offer shashlik as one of their specialties.
  3. Borscht: Borscht is a hearty beetroot soup that is commonly enjoyed in Russia. Some cafes and family-owned restaurants in Dzerzhinskiy serve this traditional dish along with other soups like solyanka or ukha (fish soup).
  4. Pirozhki: Pirozhki are baked or fried pastries filled with various fillings such as meat, cabbage, potatoes, or cheese. You can find them at local bakeries and street food vendors throughout the town.
  5. Cafe Ural: This cozy café offers a variety of Russian dishes including pelmeni, borscht, pirozhki, and other traditional delicacies.
  6. Restaurant Kalinka: Located in nearby Balashikha city (around 10 km from Dzerzhinskiy), Kalinka offers an extensive menu featuring Russian cuisine classics like shashlik alongside other European dishes.
  7. Café Zolotoye Runo: Another option in Balashikha city is Café Zolotoye Runo which serves both traditional Russian cuisine and international favorites like pizza and pasta.

Remember that these suggestions may vary over time due to the dynamic nature of the restaurant scene. It’s always a good idea to check local reviews or ask residents for up-to-date recommendations.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Central Park of Culture and Rest: This is the main park in Dzerzhinskiy, offering various recreational activities such as walking paths, green spaces for picnics, playgrounds for children, and sports facilities.
  2. Victory Park: A park dedicated to World War II veterans, Victory Park features monuments and memorials honoring the soldiers who fought in the war. It also has walking trails and a peaceful atmosphere.
  3. Youth Park: Designed specifically for young people, this park offers a skatepark with ramps and obstacles for skateboarders, BMX riders, and rollerbladers. It also has a basketball court and open spaces for outdoor games.
  4. Sports Complex Arena: This complex provides facilities for various sports activities including football (soccer), tennis courts, volleyball courts, an ice rink (in winter), swimming pool, fitness center, sauna facilities etc.
  5. Lake Krasnoye: Located near Dzerzhinskiy is Lake Krasnoye which offers opportunities for fishing enthusiasts as well as boating or simply enjoying a relaxing day by the water.
  6. Forest Parks: Surrounding areas of Dzerzhinskiy have numerous forest parks where residents can enjoy hiking trails amidst nature or have a picnic with family or friends.

These are just some examples of public parks and recreational activities available in Dzerzhinskiy; there may be more options depending on personal preferences and interests.


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