El Geneina, Sudan

Reading Time: 5 minutes

El Geneina, Sudan

Region: West Darfur


Geographic Coordinates: 13.450000, 22.450000
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 45.0°C (68°F to 113°F)
Climate: Dry and hot with a rainy season from June to September.
Population: 252744
Language: Arabic

El Geneina is the capital city of West Darfur state in Sudan. It is located in the western part of the country and has a population of approximately 300, 000 people. The city was founded in 1910 by the British colonial administration and was initially used as a military base during World War I. The city has a rich cultural heritage, With many traditional Sudanese customs still practiced today.

One of the most notable cultural events is the El Geneina Festival, Which takes place every year in February and celebrates various aspects of local culture including music, Dance, Food, And crafts. Despite its cultural richness, El Geneina has faced significant challenges over recent years due to ongoing conflict within West Darfur state. The region has experienced frequent clashes between different ethnic groups and militia groups resulting in displacement for thousands of people. The humanitarian situation within El Geneina remains dire with limited access to basic services such as healthcare and education.

In response to this crisis, Several international aid organizations have set up operations within the city to provide assistance to those affected by conflict. El Geneina’s economy relies heavily on agriculture with crops such as millet being grown extensively throughout the surrounding area. The city also serves as an important trading hub for goods coming from neighboring Chad and Central African Republic. In terms of infrastructure development, There have been some positive developments over recent years with new roads being constructed connecting El Geneina to other major cities within Sudan.

Additionally, Plans are underway for a new airport which will help improve transport links further. Overall despite facing significant challenges due to ongoing conflict within West Darfur state there remains hope that through continued investment both domestically and internationally that El Geneina can become a prosperous center for trade and commerce once again while retaining its rich cultural heritage that makes it so unique among cities across Africa.’



Important Landmarks

El Geneina, Sudan

El Geneina is the capital city of West Darfur State in Sudan. It is a relatively small city with limited tourist attractions and landmarks. However, some notable places to visit in El Geneina include:

  1. The Central Market: A bustling market where visitors can buy local goods and souvenirs.
  2. The Al-Fasher University: A public university located on the outskirts of El Geneina that offers various academic programs.
  3. The Kebkabiya Wildlife Reserve: A protected area located about 60 kilometers north of El Geneina that offers visitors a chance to see wildlife such as giraffes, antelopes, and gazelles.
  4. Wadi Howar National Park: Another protected area that lies about 200 kilometers east of El Geneina where visitors can enjoy hiking and camping while viewing stunning landscapes.
  5. The Tora Bora Waterfall: Located about 20 kilometers southwest of El-Geneina, this waterfall is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the region.

Primary Industries

  1. El Geneina is the capital city of West Darfur State in Sudan, and it has several major industries and businesses.
  2. These include:
    • Agriculture
    • Livestock
    • Trade
    • Transportation
    • Mining
    • Tourism
    • Services sector
  3. Agriculture is the main economic activity in El Geneina with crops such as millet, sorghum, wheat and vegetables being produced.
  4. Cattle rearing is also a significant industry with a large livestock market where cattle are sold to traders from other parts of Sudan and neighboring countries.
  5. El Geneina serves as a commercial center for West Darfur State with many small businesses engaged in trade activities such as retailing and wholesaling.
  6. It’s also a major transportation hub for the region which has many transport-related businesses including taxi services, bus companies and trucking firms among others.
  7. There are small-scale mining operations around El Geneina that extract gold and other minerals from the ground.
  8. Although tourism potential exists due to natural attractions like Wadi Howar Park which offers scenic views of waterfalls amidst lush green vegetation along its banks; security concerns related to conflict in surrounding regions like South Sudan or Chad have hindered its development.
  9. With growing population comes demand for services like healthcare facilities, education centers, banking institutions etc., making services sector an important contributor to El Geneina’s economy.

Noteable History

  1. Darfur conflict: El Geneina has been at the center of the ongoing Darfur conflict, which began in 2003 and has resulted in widespread violence, displacement, and humanitarian crisis.
  2. Massacre of 2020: In January 2020, a massacre took place in El Geneina that left more than 80 people dead and hundreds injured.
  3. Ibrahim Ahmed Abd al-Aziz: He was a prominent Sudanese politician who served as governor of West Darfur from 2007 to 2010.
  4. Musa Hilal: He was a Janjaweed militia leader who played a key role in the Darfur conflict and was based in El Geneina for many years before being arrested by Sudanese authorities in late 2017.
  5. Sultan Ali Dinar: He was the last sultan of Darfur who ruled from his palace in Al-Fashir until he was killed during the Anglo-Egyptian War in November 1916.
  6. The Fur Kingdom: Before colonialism, El Geneina was part of an ancient kingdom known as The Fur Kingdom which existed from around the mid-15th century until it fell to British forces during colonial times.
  7. Arab slave trade: During the Arab slave trade era (17th-19th centuries), many slaves were transported through El-Geneina on their way to North Africa or Arabia for sale or labor purposes.
  8. Baggara tribesmen: These are nomadic cattle herders who have traditionally lived around West Darfur state including areas like El-Geneina where they often clash with other ethnic groups over land ownership disputes or grazing rights issues.
  9. Tijaniyyah Sufi Order: Sufism has been an important part of the religious and cultural life of El Geneina, with the Tijaniyyah Sufi Order being one of the most influential in the region.

Museums and Things To See

  1. West Darfur Museum: This museum showcases the rich history and culture of the region.
  2. Wadi Howar National Park: It is a beautiful park with diverse flora and fauna.
  3. Al-Fashir Mosque: The mosque is one of the oldest and largest in Sudan.
  4. Jebel Marra Mountains: These mountains offer breathtaking views and are great for hiking.
  5. El Geneina Central Market: It is a bustling market where visitors can buy traditional handicrafts, clothes, food items, etc.
  6. Al-Fashir Palace Museum: The palace was built in the 18th century and now houses a museum showcasing traditional Sudanese art and culture.
  7. Tawila Island: This island offers stunning scenery with crystal clear waters perfect for swimming or snorkeling.
  8. Darfur Cultural Centre: Visitors can learn about the traditions of Darfur through exhibitions, performances, and workshops at this cultural center.
  9. Golo Mountains National Park: This park has unique wildlife species like giraffes, elephants & lions along with scenic beauty to enjoy nature’s beauty at its best!
  10. Sudanese Traditional Music Center: Visitors can experience live music performances by local musicians playing traditional instruments like tambourines & drums!


Sports Teams

  • El Geneina, Sudan is known for its traditional sports such as wrestling and stick fighting.
  • However, there are not many organized sports teams or leagues in the city.
  • Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Sudan, but El Geneina doesn’t have any professional football clubs.
  • The closest professional football club to El Geneina is Al-Hilal Club from Omdurman city.
  • There are some amateur football clubs and local tournaments that take place in El Geneina occasionally.
    • These include Al-Masry Club, a local amateur football club founded in 1975;
    • West Darfur Football Association, an organization that organizes local football tournaments and leagues for different age groups;
    • Darfur Cup, a yearly tournament that brings together teams from different cities and regions of Darfur to compete against each other.
  • Apart from football, there are no notable sports teams or events that take place regularly in El Geneina.


  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Al-Fashir Park: Located in the heart of El Geneina, this park offers green spaces for picnics and relaxation.
    2. Wadi Howar: A popular spot for hiking and camping, this natural reserve is located near El Geneina.
    3. Tawila Island: A scenic island located in Lake Chad, which offers fishing and boating opportunities.
    4. Cultural Center: The center hosts various cultural events such as music concerts and exhibitions.
    5. Sports Complex: Facilities for football (soccer), basketball, volleyball, and other sports are available at the complex.

    Please note that these activities may not be currently available due to ongoing conflicts in the region. It’s important to check with local authorities before planning any trips or activities in El Geneina or Sudan as a whole.


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