Goma, Congo (Kinshasa)

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Goma, Congo (Kinshasa)

Region: North Kivu


Geographic Coordinates: -1.679400, 29.233600
Temperature Range: 18.0°C to 28.0°C (64°F to 82°F)
Climate: Goma, Congo (Kinshasa) has a tropical climate with high temperatures and rainfall throughout the year.
Population: 249862
Language: Swahili

Goma is a city situated in the eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Adjacent to Lake Kivu. The city has a population of over one million people and is renowned for its picturesque natural scenery, Lively culture, And tumultuous history. One of Goma’s most prominent features is its close proximity to Virunga National Park, Which houses some of Africa’s most iconic wildlife species such as gorillas, Elephants, And lions. The park also encompasses several active volcanoes that attract tourists from all over the world. However, Goma’s location near these volcanoes comes with significant drawbacks.

In 2002 and again in 2021, Eruptions from Mount Nyiragongo devastated much of the city and displaced thousands of residents. Despite these setbacks, Goma has managed to rebuild itself each time. The city’s economy heavily relies on cross-border trade with neighboring Rwanda. Many goods pass through Goma on their way to other parts of DRC or further into Central Africa. However, This trade also makes Goma vulnerable to political instability in the region. Over the years, Due to its strategic location near key transportation routes; Goma has been at the center stage for several conflicts.

In recent times armed groups have clashed with government forces in and around Goma as they compete for control over resources like minerals or land. Despite these challenges though life goes on in Goma; it boasts a rich cultural heritage that can be seen in its music scene and traditional dances performed during festivals like Amani Festival or Fête de la Musique.

Overall while living here might not be easy due to ongoing insecurity issues or natural disasters such as volcanic eruptions; there are still many reasons why someone might choose to visit or even call this vibrant African metropolis their home!



Important Landmarks

  1. Mount Nyiragongo
  2. Virunga National Park
  3. Lake Kivu
  4. Goma Volcano Observatory
  5. Bukavu-Goma Road Bridge
  6. Goma Cathedral
  7. Goma Central Market
  8. Maman Collette Women’s Centre
  9. Congo Palace Hotel
  10. Gorilla Rehabilitation and Conservation Education Center (GRACE)

Primary Industries

  • Agriculture is the primary industry due to its fertile soil and favorable climate. The city produces crops such as coffee, maize, beans, cassava, and bananas.
  • Mining is also a significant industry as Goma is located near several mineral-rich areas that produce minerals such as gold, tin, tungsten, and coltan.
  • Tourism is another important industry in the region due to Goma’s proximity to Virunga National Park. The park is home to mountain gorillas and other wildlife which attracts many visitors each year.
  • Retail markets are prevalent throughout the city where locals sell goods such as clothing, foodstuffs, electronics among others.
  • Banking services are also available with branches of leading banks operating there including Banque Commerciale du Congo (BCDC), Equity Bank Congo (EBC), Trust Merchant Bank (TMB) among others.
  • Transportation is well-developed in Goma with an airport that serves domestic flights within the country while there are also road networks connecting it to other cities in DRC like Bukavu, Kinshasa etc.

  • Noteable History

    1. The eruption of Mount Nyiragongo in 2002, which destroyed much of the city and displaced hundreds of thousands of people.
    2. The ongoing conflict in eastern Congo, which has resulted in the displacement and suffering of millions of people.
    3. Laurent-Désiré Kabila, former president of Congo (Kinshasa), who was assassinated in Goma in 2001.
    4. General Laurent Nkunda, a rebel leader who fought against government forces in eastern Congo from 2004 to 2009.
    5. Dr. Denis Mukwege, a Congolese gynecologist who has dedicated his life to treating victims of sexual violence and advocating for their rights.
    6. The Virunga National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site located near Goma that is home to endangered mountain gorillas and other wildlife.
    7. The M23 rebellion, an armed group that operated in eastern Congo from 2012 to 2013 and briefly took control of Goma during their campaign against government forces.
    8. Beni massacre – A series massacres carried out by Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) militants since October 2014 killing over thousand civilians around Beni area including some attacks on outskirts areas around Goma as well.

    Museums and Things To See

    1. Virunga National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage site that boasts breathtaking landscapes and is home to endangered mountain gorillas and active volcanoes.
    2. The Musée National de Goma showcases the rich history and culture of the Congo through an impressive collection of traditional art, artifacts, and photographs.
    3. Hiking to the summit of Nyiragongo Volcano offers visitors a chance to witness the world’s largest lava lake in action.
    4. Lac Kivu is a picturesque lake that offers plenty of activities such as swimming, fishing, boating, and sunbathing on its beaches.
    5. The Notre Dame de la Paix Cathedral is a stunning Catholic church in Goma with beautiful stained glass windows.
    6. The Centre d’Art de Goma features contemporary Congolese art through exhibitions and workshops.
    7. Masisi Massif Reserve just outside of Goma is home to diverse wildlife including chimpanzees, elephants, buffalos, and antelopes.
    8. Bukavu Panzi Hospital was founded by Dr Denis Mukwege in 1999 to provide medical care for women who have been victims of sexual violence during conflict in eastern Congo.
    9. The Marché des Artistes et Artisans du Nord-Kivu (MAAN) allows visitors to buy local handicrafts at this vibrant market.
    10. Centre Culturel Français de Goma organizes exhibitions, concerts, theater performances, etc., making it an excellent cultural center for locals or tourists alike!


    Sports Teams

    • Unfortunately, there is very limited information available about sports teams and their histories in Goma, Congo (Kinshasa).
    • This is likely due to the ongoing conflict and instability in the region.
    • However, some sources suggest that football (soccer) is a popular sport in Goma, with local teams such as AS Maniema Union and AS Nyuki playing in national leagues.
    • Additionally, basketball has gained popularity in recent years with the establishment of the Goma BBC team.


    • Cultural Events

      1. Amani Festival is an annual music festival held in Goma since 2014, with a focus on promoting peace and reconciliation through music and cultural exchange.
      2. Fête de l’Indépendance is celebrated on June 30th every year to mark Congo’s independence from Belgium in 1960, with parades, speeches, and cultural performances.
      3. Festival des Arts de Goma showcases local artists’ works in various mediums such as painting, sculpture, photography, and performance art.
      4. Fête de la Saint-Sylvestre or New Year’s Eve celebrations are marked by fireworks displays and parties across the city.
      5. Semaine Culturelle du Nord-Kivu is a week-long cultural event held annually in October or November that celebrates the diverse cultures of North Kivu province through dance performances, traditional food exhibitions, fashion shows among others.
      6. Fête de la Musique is celebrated worldwide every year on June 21st as an occasion for amateur and professional musicians to perform free concerts for everyone to enjoy.
      7. Virunga International Film Festival (VIFF) showcases films from across Africa that focus on themes such as conflict resolution or social justice issues affecting the region.
      8. Karibu Music Festival is a three-day annual music festival that brings together musicians from around Africa to perform their unique styles of music while promoting peace-building efforts across the continent.

      Cuisine

      • Fufu and Ndakala: This traditional dish is made with cassava flour and served with a stew of meat or fish.
      • Brochettes: Skewered grilled meat, usually goat or beef, seasoned with spices and served with vegetables.
      • Sambusa: A fried pastry filled with spiced meat or vegetables.
      • Matoke: Steamed plantains mashed into a paste and served as a side dish to stews or meats.
      • Chapati: A flatbread made from wheat flour that is often eaten as a snack or breakfast food.

      Some popular restaurants in Goma, Congo (Kinshasa) are:

      • Le Chalet de Goma: This restaurant serves Congolese and international cuisine and is located near the lake shore.
      • La Terrasse de l’Aeroport: An open-air restaurant located at the airport serving Congolese dishes such as brochettes and fufu.
      • Chez Maman Fatuma: A casual eatery serving local dishes such as sambusa and chapati.
      • Le Bougainvillier Café & Restaurant: An upscale restaurant offering French-inspired cuisine using local ingredients.
      • Coco Jambo Restaurant & Bar: A lively bar/restaurant serving cocktails, beer, pizza, burgers, and other international foods in addition to Congolese options like brochettes and fufu.

      • Parks and Recreation

        1. Virunga National Park is a must-visit destination for adventure enthusiasts. It offers a range of activities such as hiking, gorilla trekking, and wildlife viewing. Located just outside Goma, this park is home to some of the most breathtaking landscapes in Africa.
        2. Lake Kivu is another popular attraction in the area. This picturesque lake offers an array of water activities including swimming, boating, and fishing.
        3. For those interested in geology and volcanoes, the Goma Volcano Observatory is a great place to visit. Here visitors can learn about the local geology and volcanoes in the area.
        4. Tchegera Island is a small island located on Lake Kivu that’s perfect for a day trip or overnight camping excursion.
        5. Kahuzi-Biega National Park is located just a few hours from Goma and it’s home to lowland gorillas and other wildlife species.
        6. Nyiragongo Volcano Hike offers visitors an incredible experience that takes them to the top of one of Africa’s most active volcanoes for stunning views of the surrounding landscape.
        7. Don Bosco Children’s Center provides sports facilities including basketball courts, soccer fields, and volleyball courts for children in the community to use.
        8. Goma City Beach along Lake Kivu remains one of Goma’s popular spots where tourists can swim or sunbathe while enjoying beachside bars and restaurants nearby.

        Suitcase

        Go Where The Road Takes You.


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