Gusau, Nigeria

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Gusau, Nigeria

Region: Zamfara

Geographic Coordinates: 12.150000, 6.666700
Temperature Range: 25.0°C to 40.0°C (77°F to 104°F)
Climate: Dry and hot weather prevails throughout the year in Gusau, Nigeria with a short rainy season from June to September.
Population: 383162
Language: Hausa

Gusau is the capital city of Zamfara State in Nigeria, Located in the northwest region of the country. The city has an estimated population of over 500, 000 people and is a commercial hub for trade and agriculture in the state. The city boasts a rich cultural heritage with various ethnic groups such as Hausa, Fulani, And Kanuri residing within its borders. This diversity can be seen in its food, Clothing, Music and dance styles. The annual Gusau Durbar festival showcases this cultural diversity with colorful parades featuring traditional attire and horse riding displays.

Numerous educational institutions such as Federal University Gusau (FUGUS), Zamfara State College of Education, Primary schools and secondary schools are located here. These institutions have contributed significantly to the development of education in the state. Agriculture is one of Gusau’s thriving industries with crops such as maize, Millet, Sorghum being grown extensively by farmers within the vicinity. Small-scale businesses also contribute to economic growth – these include trading activities like textiles sales or grocery stores which provide essential goods for residents.

Transportation options within Gusau include motorbikes (popularly known as Okada) which are commonly used for short distance trips while buses or taxis are used for longer distances around town or outside it. One major attraction site nearby is Kaura Namoda waterfalls located about 70 kilometers from the city center – it’s an ideal spot for picnics or relaxation after a long day’s work or sightseeing around town. Another popular tourist destination nearby is Tsafe Hills which offers scenic views that attract visitors all year round. In conclusion, Gusau offers visitors unique experiences when they visit.

From its rich cultural heritage to its thriving agricultural sector and beautiful scenery – there’s something for everyone here. With continued investment in infrastructure developmentand education, Gusauis poised to become a major economic hubinthe northwest regionofNigeria.

Important Landmarks

  1. Gusau Central Mosque: This mosque is one of the largest and most beautiful mosques in Nigeria, with a unique architectural design that draws many visitors.
  2. Kwatarkwashi Rock Paintings: Located in Kwatarkwashi village near Gusau, these ancient rock paintings depict various animals, humans, and other objects important to those who lived there thousands of years ago.
  3. Matan Fada Hill: Situated on the outskirts of Gusau, this hill offers stunning views of the city from its summit.
  4. Zamfara State Museum: This museum showcases artifacts related to the history and culture of Zamfara State.
  5. Tsafe Lake: Near Gusau lies this lake which provides opportunities for fishing, boating, and picnicking.
  6. Argungu Fishing Festival: Although not directly located in Gusau but nearby Argungu hosts an annual festival attracting many tourists from around Nigeria with its famous fishing competition on River Mata Fada.

It’s important to note that due to security concerns related to terrorism attacks or kidnapping incidents happening frequently around Northern Nigeria (including Zamfara state), travelers should always check for updated travel advisories before traveling to these areas or consider avoiding them altogether for safety reasons.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: The city is known for its agricultural activities, including farming of crops such as maize, millet, rice, and groundnuts.
  2. Mining: Zamfara State is rich in mineral resources such as gold and lead, which are mined in Gusau.
  3. Trading: There are several markets in Gusau where traders sell various goods such as food items, clothing, and household goods.
  4. Transportation: The city has a busy transportation sector with many commercial vehicles plying different routes within the state and neighboring states.
  5. Education: There are several primary schools, secondary schools, and tertiary institutions located in Gusau that provide education to students from within the state and beyond.
  6. Healthcare: The healthcare industry is also significant with several hospitals and clinics providing medical services to residents of the city.
  7. Hospitality industry: There are hotels and guest houses that cater to tourists visiting the city or those who need accommodation while on business trips or other purposes.

Noteable History

  1. Mallam Dauran, a Hausa warrior, founded the city in the late 18th century.
  2. The Nigerian government established Federal University Gusau in 1996. This university has become a significant center for higher education in the region.
  3. In 2014, gunmen attacked a school in Gusau and kidnapped over 200 female students which sparked international outrage and calls for action to combat terrorism in Nigeria.
  4. Ahmed Sani Yerima, former governor of Zamfara State who served from 1999 to 2007; Aliyu Mohammed Gusau – former Minister of Defence; Maigari Dingyadi – current Minister of Police Affairs are some notable people from Gusau.
  5. The city is also famous for its traditional crafts such as weaving, pottery-making, and leatherwork.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Zamfara State Museum: This museum showcases the area’s cultural heritage and history.
  2. Gusau City Gate: This historic monument marks the entrance to the city of Gusau.
  3. Kwatarkwashi Rock Paintings: These prehistoric rock paintings are located near Gusau.
  4. Emir’s Palace: The palace of the Emir of Gusau is a stunning piece of architecture that provides insight into traditional Nigerian culture.
  5. Zamfara State College Of Arts And Science: An art center where visitors can view works by local artists and attend cultural events.
  6. Funtua Waterfalls: A picturesque waterfall near Gusau that is popular with tourists.
  7. Kaura Namoda Polo Club: Visitors can watch polo matches at this club which has been in existence for over 100 years.

Note – It is important to check travel advisories before planning your trip as some parts of Nigeria may not be safe for travelers due to security concerns or other issues.

Cultural Events

  1. Eid al-Fitr is a significant religious celebration observed by Muslims throughout Nigeria to commemorate the end of Ramadan.
  2. The Durbar Festival is a vibrant event held during Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha festivities that includes horse riding exhibitions, parades, music performances, and traditional dances.
  3. The Argungu Fishing Festival is an annual fishing competition held in nearby Argungu town that attracts visitors from around the world.
  4. The Zuru Carnival happens every December in Zuru town near Gusau and features cultural displays such as traditional dances, music performances, arts & crafts exhibitions.
  5. The Kano International Trade Fair is one of the biggest trade fairs held annually near Gusau where individuals from various parts of Nigeria come to showcase their products.
  6. Zamfara State Cultural Day Celebration occurs yearly where people celebrate their culture through dance performances showcasing different tribes’ cultures within Zamfara state including Hausa, Fulani, Kanuri etc.
  7. Zamfara State Independence day celebration – A yearly event celebrating Nigerian independence on October 1st with various cultural activities including traditional dances, music performances etc.


  • Suya: This is a popular street food in Nigeria made of grilled skewered meat (usually beef or chicken) seasoned with spices.
  • Tuwo Shinkafa: This is a traditional Hausa dish made of mashed rice flour served with soup or stew.
  • Kilishi: Another popular Nigerian snack made of dried and spiced meat slices.
  • Kuka Soup: A soup made from powdered baobab leaves that are rich in vitamin C and other nutrients.
  • Kebbi Restaurant: A popular restaurant in Gusau that serves traditional Hausa dishes like tuwo shinkafa and miyan kuka soup.
  • Danbaba Restaurant: Another favorite restaurant among locals that serves suya, kilishi, jollof rice, and other Nigerian dishes.
  • Jolly Nyame Cafeteria & Bakery: A cafe/bakery that offers a wide range of baked goods like bread, cakes, pastries as well as local cuisine like tuwo shinkafa and jollof rice.
  • Alhaji Tukur’s Spot: A small roadside eatery known for its delicious suya and other grilled meats served with spicy sauces and sides like yaji (suya spice mix).

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Zamfara State Park: This is a popular park in Gusau that offers visitors a serene environment for relaxation and recreation.
    2. Kwatarkwashi Rock Formation: This natural attraction is located just outside of Gusau and offers hiking trails and scenic views.
    3. Bawan Allah Dam: This dam is a popular spot for fishing, boating, and picnicking.
    4. Zamfara State Cultural Centre: This centre hosts cultural events such as dance performances, music concerts, and art exhibitions.
    5. Local sports clubs: There are several local sports clubs in Gusau where visitors can participate or watch games such as soccer or basketball.


    Pack Your Bags!

Explore more:

Ţanţā, Egypt

Reading Time: 5 minutes Ţanţā, Egypt Region: Ţanţā is located in the Gharbia Governorate Geographic Coordinates: 30.783300, 31.000000 Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 40.0°C (50°F to 104°F) Climate: Hot and dry climate with very little precipitation throughout the year, with temperatures peaking in the summer

Read More »

Zouping, China

Reading Time: 6 minutes Zouping, China Region: Shandong Geographic Coordinates: 36.862500, 117.742000 Temperature Range: -30.0°C to 40.0°C (-22°F to 104°F) Population: 774517 Language: Mandarin Zouping is a city located in the Shandong Province of China. It covers an area of approximately 1, 500 square

Read More »

Pen-y-Bont ar Ogwr, United Kingdom

Reading Time: 8 minutes Pen-y-Bont ar Ogwr, United Kingdom Region: Wales Geographic Coordinates: 51.507200, -3.578400 Climate: Data not available. Population: 49404 Language: English Pen-y-Bont ar Ogwr, Also known as Bridgend, Is a charming town situated in the southern part of Wales, United Kingdom. Nestled

Read More »

Golmeh, Iran

Reading Time: 4 minutes Golmeh, Iran Region: Gilan province Geographic Coordinates: 33.784200, 46.595000 Population: 152894 Language: Persian Golmeh is a quaint village located in the southern part of Iran, Near Kerman city. The village is renowned for its exceptional and stunning architecture that reflects

Read More »

Sincelejo, Colombia

Reading Time: 6 minutes Sincelejo, Colombia Region: Sucre Geographic Coordinates: 9.295000, -75.396100 Temperature Range: 23.0°C to 35.0°C (73°F to 95°F) Climate: Tropical climate with high temperatures and humid conditions throughout the year, and a rainy season from May to November. Population: 286716 Language: Spanish

Read More »

La Victoria, Venezuela

Reading Time: 6 minutes La Victoria, Venezuela Region: Aragua Geographic Coordinates: 10.227800, -67.333600 Temperature Range: 18.0°C to 34.0°C (64°F to 93°F) Population: 214492 Language: Spanish La Victoria is a city located in the Aragua state of Venezuela, Situated in the central region of the

Read More »