Geographic Coordinates: 54.897200, 23.886100
Temperature Range: -40.0°C to 35.0°C (-40°F to 95°F)
Climate: Cold winters and mild summers with precipitation throughout the year.
Kaunas is the second-largest city in Lithuania, Situated in the central part of the country. It has a lively atmosphere and a rich history that dates back to the 14th century, Playing an essential role in Lithuanian culture and politics. For tourists interested in exploring this fascinating country, Kaunas is a must-visit destination. One of Kaunas’s most notable landmarks is its Old Town, Which features narrow cobblestone streets lined with colorful buildings, Historic churches, And stunning architecture from different eras.
Tourists can explore various museums dedicated to Lithuanian art, History and culture such as Vytautas Magnus War Museum or M.K.Ciurlionis National Art Museum. Another must-see attraction is Kaunas Castle which was built during the 14th century by Grand Duke Vytautas. Today it serves as a museum where visitors can learn about its fascinating history as well as enjoy stunning views over the Nemunas River. For nature lovers, There are plenty of parks and green spaces around Kaunas to explore including Pazaislis Monastery Park or Santakos Parkas offering beautiful views over both rivers Nemunas and Neris.
Foodies will appreciate Kaunas’ culinary scene with traditional Lithuanian dishes such as cepelinai (potato dumplings stuffed with meat), Kibinai (pastry filled with meat) or šaltibarščiai (cold beet soup). There are also plenty of modern restaurants serving international cuisine that will satisfy any palate. Kaunas also has an exciting nightlife scene with numerous bars, Clubs and music venues throughout the city. The popular Laisvės alėja street transforms into one big party on weekends where locals gather to socialize over drinks while enjoying live music performances. Overall, Kaunas offers something for everyone – from history buffs to nature lovers or foodies.
Its unique blend of old-world charm and modern amenities make it a fascinating destination that should not be missed when visiting Lithuania.
- Kaunas Castle is a medieval castle that was built in the 14th century and now serves as a museum.
- St. Peter and Paul’s Church is a Baroque church with stunning interior decorations.
- Town Hall Square is a charming square surrounded by historic buildings, cafes, and restaurants.
- Ninth Fort Museum used to be a Soviet prison camp but has since been turned into a museum showcasing Lithuania’s dark history during World War II.
- Pazaislis Monastery is an impressive Baroque monastery complex with beautiful gardens and frescoes.
- Kaunas Cathedral Basilica of Apostles St Peter and St Paul is one of the largest Gothic-style churches in Lithuania.
- M.K Ciurlionis National Art Museum houses works of famous Lithuanian artist M.K Ciurlionis.
- Pažaislis Park is a large park surrounding the Pažaislis Monastery.
- Lithuanian Aviation Museum displays aircraft used by Lithuanian military from World War I to modern times.
- Akropolis Shopping Mall is one of the largest shopping centers in Lithuania with over 200 shops.
- Manufacturing: Kaunas is renowned for its manufacturing industry. Companies produce textiles, furniture, electronics, and food products.
- Information technology: The city has a thriving IT sector with companies specializing in software development, cybersecurity, and data analytics.
- Logistics and transportation: Due to its central location in Lithuania, Kaunas serves as a hub for logistics and transportation companies.
- Biotechnology: The city is home to several biotechnology firms that focus on researching and developing new drugs and medical technologies.
- Education: Several universities are located in Kaunas including Vytautas Magnus University which attracts students from all over the world.
- Tourism: The city boasts a rich cultural heritage with many historic sites such as the Old Town district attracting tourists from around the world.
History of Kaunas
- Kaunas Castle was built in the 14th century by the Grand Duke of Lithuania, Vytautas the Great.
- In 1919, Kaunas became the temporary capital of Lithuania after Vilnius was occupied by Poland.
- During World War II, Kaunas was occupied by Nazi Germany and served as a major center for Holocaust atrocities.
- In 1991, Lithuania declared its independence from the Soviet Union in a historic vote held in Kaunas.
Notable People from Kaunas
- Jonas Jablonskis – a linguist and one of the fathers of modern Lithuanian language.
- Juozas Naujalis – a composer and conductor who established Lithuanian choral music tradition.
- Vincas Kudirka – author of Lithuanian national anthem Tautiška giesmė.
- Leonas Bistras – an artist known for his paintings depicting life in rural Lithuania during the early 20th century.
- Jurgis Baltrušaitis – poet, writer and art historian known for his contributions to Symbolism movement.
Overall, Kaunas has played an important role in shaping Lithuanian history and culture over many centuries with its rich heritage reflected through its architecture, museums and cultural institutions that draw visitors from around the world today.
- BC Žalgiris Kaunas is the most successful sports team in Kaunas, Lithuania. It was established in 1944 and has won several national championships and European titles in basketball.
- FC Stumbras Kaunas is a football club that was founded in 2013 and has participated in various Lithuanian leagues since then.
- HC Lietuvos Rytas is an ice hockey team that was established in 2006 and plays its home games at the Žalgiris Arena.
- FK Kauno Žalgiris is a football club that was founded in 2017 and plays its home games at the S.Dariaus ir S.Girėno stadionas.
- BC Prienai-Birstonas Vytautas is a basketball team based out of Prienai, but it has played many of its home games at the Žalgiris Arena over the years.
- KK Kibirkštis-Vici Vilnius is a women’s basketball team based out of Vilnius but has also played several games at the Žalgiris Arena.
- BC Neptūnas Klaipėda, although based out of Klaipeda, also has a strong following among fans from Kaunas due to their success on the court over the years.
- Kaunas Jazz Festival is an annual international jazz festival held in April.
- Pažaislis Music Festival is a classical music festival held in the historic Pažaislis Monastery during July and August.
- Kaunas International Film Festival is an international film festival held in September.
- Kaunas City Days is a celebration of the city’s founding, featuring concerts, parades, and other events, held in late June or early July.
- Kaunas Photo Festival is an annual photography festival featuring exhibitions, workshops, and lectures held from May to June.
- Folklore Festival Skamba skamba kankliai is a traditional Lithuanian music and dance festival held every year on the last weekend of May.
- Christmas Market – A festive market that takes place each December with food stalls selling traditional Lithuanian treats like kūčiukai (small sweet breads) as well as handmade gifts.
- Street Music Day – Held annually on August 18th this event sees musicians take to the streets across Lithuania to perform for free.
- The Great Battle of Žalgiris Reenactment – Every July there is a large-scale historical re-enactment of one of Lithuania’s most famous battles which took place near Grunwald (now Poland) in 1410.
- Kauno Diena – An annual fair where local artisans sell their wares including pottery, jewelry and clothing among others things.
- Cepelinai – a traditional Lithuanian dish made of grated potatoes and stuffed with meat or cheese. You can try this dish at Etno Dvaras restaurant.
- Šaltibarščiai – a cold beetroot soup that is perfect for hot summer days. Try it at Senoji Kibininė restaurant.
- Kugelis – a potato pudding that is usually served with bacon bits and sour cream. You can find this dish at Bernelių Užeiga restaurant.
- Vėdarai – sausages made from pig intestines stuffed with potatoes, onions, and spices. Try them at Aula restaurant.
- Kepta Duona – deep-fried rye bread that is often served as an appetizer or snack with garlic sauce or cheese spread. You can find it at Spurginė bakery.
Other popular restaurants in Kaunas include Monte Pacis, Žaliasis Tiltas, La Provence, Medžiotojų užeiga, and Džiaugsmas café & bar among others.
- Nemunas Island Park is a vast park located on an island in the Nemunas River. It offers visitors walking and cycling paths, playgrounds, and picnic areas.
- Kaunas Botanical Garden is a stunning garden that boasts over 4,000 plant species from around the world.
- The Pazaislis Monastery Complex is a historical complex that features a monastery, church, and gardens.
- Santakos Park is a well-known park that provides scenic views of the confluence of the Nemunas and Neris rivers.
- Kaunas Zoo houses over 200 species of animals from all around the globe.
- Raudondvaris Castle is an ancient castle situated just outside of Kaunas city limits that provides guided tours and hosts cultural events throughout the year.
- Lithuanian Aviation Museum showcases Lithuania’s aviation history with exhibits featuring aircrafts, engines, and other aviation artifacts.
- Akropolis Shopping Center stands as one of Lithuania’s largest shopping centers providing various shops, restaurants as well as entertainment options like cinema or bowling alley for visitors to enjoy indoor recreational activities along with outdoor activities in its surrounding area.