Kitale, Kenya

Reading Time: 9 minutes

Kitale, Kenya

Region: Trans-Nzoia

Geographic Coordinates: 1.016700, 35.000000
Climate: Kitale, Kenya experiences a tropical climate with two distinct seasons: a dry season and a rainy season.
Population: 63245
Language: Swahili

Kitale is a vibrant town located in the Trans-Nzoia County of western Kenya. Nestled in the scenic Rift Valley, This charming destination offers a unique blend of natural beauty, Cultural heritage, And agricultural prosperity. Known as the Gateway to Mount Elgon, Kitale serves as an ideal base for exploring the region’s stunning landscapes and diverse wildlife. One of Kitale’s notable attractions is Saiwa Swamp National Park, Which boasts a rich ecosystem with over 350 bird species and rare animals such as sitatunga antelopes.

Visitors can embark on guided nature walks through lush forests and boardwalks that wind around swamps teeming with aquatic life. The park also features picturesque waterfalls that cascade down rocky cliffs, Creating a tranquil atmosphere for picnics or photography enthusiasts. For those interested in history and culture, Kitale Museum is an absolute must-visit. Housed in an old colonial building, It showcases artifacts from various tribes inhabiting the area including pottery, Traditional clothing weaponry, And musical instruments. The museum also provides insights into Kenya’s colonial past through exhibitions on early European settlers’ lives.

Agriculture plays a significant role in Kitale’s economy due to its fertile soils and favorable climate conditions. The town is renowned for its large-scale flower farms producing roses that are exported worldwide. Visitors can take guided tours of these farms to witness firsthand the cultivation process while enjoying breathtaking views of colorful flower fields stretching across vast landscapes. Food enthusiasts will be delighted by Kitale’s bustling markets offering fresh produce from local farmers.

Strolling through these vibrant markets allows one to experience authentic Kenyan flavors by sampling tropical fruits like mangoes or indulging in street food delicacies such as samosas or chapatis prepared right before your eyes. Kitale also serves as an excellent starting point for treks up Mount Elgon – East Africa’s fourth-highest peak – attracting adventurous hikers from all over the world. The mountain offers breathtaking views of deep valleys, Ancient caves, And unique flora and fauna. Mount Elgon National Park is home to various wildlife species including elephants, Buffalos, And monkeys.

In terms of accommodation options, Kitale provides a range of choices to suit different budgets. From cozy guesthouses to luxurious resorts with stunning views of the surrounding landscapes, Visitors are spoilt for choice when looking for a place to stay. With its natural beauty, Rich cultural heritage, And agricultural prominence, Kitale is an enchanting destination that offers something for everyone. Whether you seek adventure on Mount Elgon or wish to immerse yourself in local culture and history at the museum or markets – this town promises an unforgettable experience in the heart of Kenya’s western region.

Important Landmarks

  1. Saiwa Swamp National Park: Known for being the smallest national park in Kenya, it is home to the rare Sitatunga antelope and offers beautiful walking trails.
  2. Kitale Museum: Located within a former District Commissioner’s residence, this museum showcases exhibits on the culture, history, and natural heritage of the region.
  3. Mount Elgon National Park: Although not directly in Kitale town, this national park is located nearby and offers stunning landscapes, hiking trails, waterfalls (such as Chepnyalil), and caves for exploration.
  4. Rimoi National Reserve: Situated about 50 kilometers from Kitale town, this reserve boasts diverse wildlife including zebras, giraffes, impalas, hippos along with scenic views.
  5. Saiwa Cultural Center: A community-based project that promotes traditional music and dance performances by local tribes like Pokot and Sabaot.
  6. Kitale Nature Conservancy: A sanctuary dedicated to preserving endangered species like Rothschild giraffes as well as offering guided nature walks through its lush surroundings.
  7. Cherangani Hills: Located south of Kitale town lies these picturesque hills offering opportunities for hiking enthusiasts to explore its scenic beauty.
  8. Equator Crossing Point: Just outside of Kitale lies a marker indicating crossing the equator line – an interesting spot for tourists to visit.
  9. Saiwa Botanical Garden & Arboretum: This serene garden features various indigenous plants species including orchids making it a great place for nature lovers to relax or take leisurely strolls.
  10. Kapenguria Museum (Kapenguria Six Memorial): Though not directly in Kitale but nearby Kapenguria town holds historical significance as it was where Jomo Kenyatta (Kenya’s first President) along with other freedom fighters were imprisoned during the colonial era. The museum showcases artifacts and information related to this period.

These landmarks and attractions offer visitors a chance to explore the natural beauty, cultural heritage, and historical significance of Kitale and its surrounding areas.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: Kitale is known as the breadbasket of Kenya due to its fertile soil and favorable climate for agriculture. The region is a major producer of maize, wheat, dairy products, horticultural crops (such as flowers and vegetables), tea, coffee, and sugarcane.
  2. Tea Processing: There are several tea processing factories in or near Kitale that process tea leaves grown in the surrounding areas. These factories produce high-quality tea for both domestic consumption and export.
  3. Horticulture: Kitale has a thriving horticulture industry with numerous flower farms producing roses, carnations, lilies, and other flowers for export to international markets.
  4. Dairy Farming: The region is renowned for its dairy farming industry. Many farmers keep dairy cattle and produce milk that is processed into various dairy products such as butter, cheese, yogurt, and milk powder.
  5. Retail Trade: As a commercial center in the North Rift region of Kenya, Kitale has numerous retail shops ranging from small-scale informal traders to large supermarkets offering a wide range of goods to meet the needs of residents.
  6. Financial Services: Banks and microfinance institutions have established branches in Kitale to provide financial services such as banking facilities loans for agribusinesses or small enterprises operating within the area.
  7. Education Sector: With several primary schools; secondary schools; tertiary institutions like colleges; universities; vocational training centers; educational supply stores; bookshops etc., education plays an important role in the economy of Kitale by providing employment opportunities directly or indirectly related to this sector.
  8. Transportation Services: Being strategically located along major transportation routes connecting different parts of Kenya (including Uganda), there are various transportation services available including public transport vehicles like matatus (minibusses) or buses which facilitate movement within town or across regions/countries.
  9. Hospitality and Tourism: Kitale attracts tourists due to its scenic beauty, wildlife reserves such as Saiwa Swamp National Park, Mount Elgon National Park, and the Cherangani Hills. There are hotels, lodges, restaurants, and tour operators catering to visitors’ needs.
  10. Manufacturing: The town has a few small-scale manufacturing industries that produce products like textiles (clothing), construction materials (bricks), food processing (e.g., fruit juices), and other consumer goods.

It is important to note that while these industries and businesses are significant in Kitale’s economy, the prominence of each may vary over time due to factors such as market demand, government policies or climatic conditions.

Noteable History

  1. Kitale Museum: The town is home to the Kitale Museum, which showcases the history and culture of various tribes in Kenya, including the Kalenjin, Luo, Luhya, Kikuyu, and Maasai.
  2. Lord Egerton Castle: Located near Kitale town, Lord Egerton Castle is a magnificent mansion built by Maurice Egerton in 1938. It is now a popular tourist attraction.
  3. White Highlands: During British colonial rule in Kenya (1895-1963), Kitale was part of the White Highlands region where European settlers established large-scale farms for coffee and wheat production.
  4. Sir Malcolm McLeod: Sir Malcolm McLeod was a Scottish settler who played a significant role in establishing agriculture in Kitale during colonial times. He introduced coffee farming to the area.
  5. Kapenguria Six Trial: In 1952, six prominent Kenyan nationalist leaders were arrested by British colonial authorities at Kapenguria near Kitale for their involvement in anti-colonial activities against British rule. Among them were Jomo Kenyatta (later became independent Kenya’s first President) and Bildad Kaggia.
  6. Elgon View College: This educational institution located in Kitale produced some notable alumni such as former Kenyan Vice President Moody Awori and renowned athlete Moses Tanui (winner of Boston Marathon).
  7. Agricultural Research Institutions: The town is home to several agricultural research institutions like KARI-NARL (Kenya Agricultural Research Institute – National Agricultural Laboratories) that have contributed significantly to agricultural development in Kenya.
  8. Mount Elgon National Park: Although not directly associated with historical events or people from Kitale itself, Mount Elgon National Park lies nearby and attracts tourists due to its stunning landscapes, waterfalls, and diverse wildlife.

These events and people have left an indelible mark on the history and development of Kitale, making it a significant destination for tourists and researchers interested in Kenya’s past.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Kitale Museum: This museum showcases the rich cultural heritage and history of the region, including exhibits on traditional artifacts, archaeological findings, and information about the local tribes.
  2. Saiwa Swamp National Park: Located near Kitale, this national park is home to rare Sitatunga antelopes and offers beautiful walking trails through lush swamps and forests.
  3. Mount Elgon National Park: Just a short distance from Kitale, this national park is known for its stunning landscapes, including waterfalls, caves, and diverse flora and fauna. Hiking to the summit of Mount Elgon is a popular activity here.
  4. Rimoi National Reserve: Situated approximately 50 kilometers from Kitale town, this reserve offers opportunities for game drives to spot wildlife such as zebras, giraffes, buffaloes, and various antelope species.
  5. Saiwa Cultural Centre: This center promotes cultural preservation through workshops on traditional crafts like beadwork and pottery-making. Visitors can learn about local customs while supporting local artisans.
  6. St Patrick’s Catholic Church: Known for its unique architecture blending African traditional designs with modern elements, this church is an iconic landmark in Kitale that shouldn’t be missed.
  7. Trans Nzoia County Assembly Building: An impressive architectural marvel in the heart of Kitale town that showcases contemporary Kenyan design aesthetics.
  8. Cherangani Hills Forest Reserve: A pristine forested area offering hiking trails amidst breathtaking scenery with opportunities for birdwatching and wildlife spotting.
  9. Saiwa Botanical Garden: A tranquil garden filled with indigenous plant species where visitors can enjoy peaceful walks or picnics surrounded by nature’s beauty.
  10. Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary (nearby): Located around 30 kilometers from Kitale town in Nakuru County but worth mentioning due to its proximity; it provides a unique opportunity to see rhinos up close in their natural habitat while supporting conservation efforts.

These are just a few examples of the many attractions and places to explore in and around Kitale, Kenya.

Sports Teams

Kitale, Kenya Sports

Sports in Kitale, Kenya

Kitale, Kenya is not known for having professional sports teams. However, the town does have a vibrant local sports scene with numerous amateur and community-based teams. These teams often participate in various tournaments and leagues within the region.

Some of the popular sports played in Kitale include:

  1. Football (soccer)
  2. Rugby
  3. Athletics
  4. Volleyball
  5. Basketball

While there are no notable professional teams from Kitale, there have been individual athletes who have achieved success in their respective sports at national and international levels. These athletes often represent their schools or clubs rather than being associated with specific professional teams.

It’s important to note that the availability of up-to-date information on local amateur or community-based sports teams can be limited. Therefore, it’s recommended to reach out to local sporting authorities or visit Kitale directly for more detailed information on current teams and their histories.

Cultural Events

  1. Kitale Street Carnival: This annual event takes place in December and features colorful parades, music, dance performances, and various street activities.
  2. Kitale Agricultural Show: Held every year in September, this show celebrates the region’s rich agricultural heritage. It showcases livestock exhibitions, farming equipment displays, crop competitions, and traditional food tasting.
  3. Kitale Music Festival: Organized by the Kenya National Music Festival, this event brings together musicians from different parts of the country to showcase their talents in various genres such as traditional music, gospel music, hip hop, and more.
  4. Turkana Cultural Festival: Although not directly in Kitale (located about 220 km away), this festival is a significant cultural event that attracts people from all over Kenya and beyond. It celebrates the traditions of the Turkana community with traditional dances, music performances storytelling sessions camel races and cultural exhibitions.
  5. Eldoret Goat Derby: While also not directly in Kitale (located about 100 km away), this popular event is worth mentioning as it attracts participants and spectators from nearby towns like Kitale. The derby features goat racing competitions alongside entertainment activities such as live bands and food stalls.
  6. Christmas Celebrations: Like many other places around the world with Christian populations Kitale celebrates Christmas with great enthusiasm Churches hold special services on Christmas Eve and Christmas Day while families come together for feasts and gift exchanges.
  7. Independence Day Celebrations: On December 12th each year commemorating Kenya’s independence from British colonial rule in 1963 celebrations are held nationwide including parades showcasing Kenyan culture through traditional dances and costumes.
  8. Cultural Performances at Local Schools/Colleges Various schools colleges within Kitale often organize cultural events where students showcase their talents through traditional songs dances or skits representing different Kenyan tribes’ cultures.


  1. Sukuma Wiki: A traditional Kenyan dish made with collard greens, tomatoes, onions, and spices. It is commonly served with Ugali (a staple maize meal).
  2. Nyama Choma: Grilled meat (usually goat or beef) is a favorite local delicacy in Kitale. Many restaurants specialize in serving nyama choma.
  3. Chapati: A thin flatbread made from wheat flour that is often enjoyed with stews or curries.
  4. Ugali: A staple food made from maize flour cooked to a thick porridge-like consistency.
  5. Mama’s Kitchen: This popular restaurant offers a variety of Kenyan dishes including sukuma wiki, nyama choma, and traditional stews.
  6. Tuskys Supermarket Restaurant: Located within the Tuskys Supermarket complex, this restaurant serves both local and international cuisines including burgers, pizzas, and Kenyan favorites.
  7. Khetias Supermarket Restaurant: Another supermarket restaurant that offers a range of dishes including Indian-inspired cuisine like biryani as well as local Kenyan specialties.
  8. The Barn Restaurant & Bar: This cozy restaurant serves both local and international cuisines with options such as grilled meat platters (nyama choma), burgers, sandwiches, and salads.
  9. Talisman Garden Cafe Kitale Branch: Known for its beautiful garden setting, this cafe offers an array of dishes ranging from continental to Kenyan specialties like sukuma wiki and ugali fries.
  10. Kitale Club Hotel & Resort Restaurant: Located within the Kitale Club Hotel & Resort premises, this restaurant provides various dining options including buffet-style meals featuring both local and international cuisines.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Kitale Nature Conservancy: This park offers nature trails, bird watching, and camping facilities.
  2. Saiwa Swamp National Park: It is home to the rare Sitatunga antelope species and offers walking trails and bird watching opportunities.
  3. Kitale Golf Club: A well-maintained golf course where visitors can enjoy a round of golf.
  4. Mt. Elgon National Park: Located near Kitale, this park offers hiking trails, camping areas, and stunning views of the surrounding landscape.
  5. Rimoi National Reserve: A wildlife reserve located near Kitale that offers game drives, bird watching, and camping facilities.
  6. Trans-Nzoia County Stadium: A sports stadium where visitors can watch or participate in various sporting events like football matches or athletics competitions.
  7. Kipsaina Falls: A scenic waterfall located near Kitale where visitors can enjoy picnicking or hiking along the riverbank.
  8. Saiwa Cultural Centre: Offers cultural experiences such as traditional music performances, dance shows, and storytelling sessions about the local tribes in the region.


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