Körfez, Turkey

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Körfez, Turkey

Region: Kocaeli

Geographic Coordinates: 40.783300, 29.733300
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 25.0°C (50°F to 77°F)
Population: 165503
Language: Turkish

Körfez is a district in the northwestern part of Turkey, Situated on the eastern coast of the Marmara Sea. The district covers an area of 222 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 200, 000 people. One of Körfez’s main attractions is its beautiful beaches that stretch for several kilometers offering visitors plenty of opportunities to swim, Sunbathe or indulge in water sports such as windsurfing or jet skiing. Dilovası Beach, Hereke Beach and Gebze Beach are some popular beaches in the area.

Körfez has a rich cultural heritage dating back to ancient times when it was part of the Byzantine Empire with historical landmarks such as Yarimburgaz Cave that contains fascinating rock formations from prehistoric times. The district also boasts several museums showcasing its history and culture including the Kocaeli Museum which houses archaeological artifacts from throughout the region’s history as well as exhibits on traditional crafts such as pottery making and weaving.

Outdoor enthusiasts can enjoy hiking or cycling along scenic routes through forests or along coastal paths with stunning views over the sea while food lovers will be delighted with Körfez’s cuisine featuring delicious local specialties like lamb kebabs cooked over open flames, Fresh seafood dishes like grilled octopus or calamari salad served with lemon juice dressing alongside traditional Turkish mezes like hummus or stuffed grape leaves known locally as dolma.

whether you are interested in exploring ancient history, Enjoying outdoor activities surrounded by nature or just relaxing on beautiful sandy beaches while sampling some delicious local food – there’s something for everyone in Körfez, Turkey.

Important Landmarks

  1. Gulf of İzmit: A large bay that offers stunning views and a variety of water sports activities.
  2. Eskihisar Castle: A historic castle located on the coast that dates back to the Byzantine era.
  3. Osman Hamdi Bey Museum: A museum dedicated to the famous Turkish painter and archaeologist Osman Hamdi Bey.
  4. Seka Park: A large park with walking trails, picnic areas, and a zoo.
  5. Kocaeli Science Center: An interactive science museum with exhibits on physics, biology, astronomy, and more.
  6. Hereke Carpet Factory: A factory that produces traditional Turkish carpets using ancient techniques.
  7. Gebze Center Shopping Mall: A modern shopping mall with a variety of stores and restaurants.
  8. Darıca Zoo and Botanical Garden: A zoo featuring exotic animals from around the world as well as a botanical garden with over 2000 plant species.
  9. Yarımca Beach: One of the most popular beaches in Körfez for swimming and sunbathing.
  10. İznik Pottery Workshop: An artisan workshop where visitors can learn about traditional Turkish pottery-making techniques and purchase handmade ceramics as souvenirs.

Primary Industries

  1. Körfez, Turkey is primarily an industrial city with a focus on petrochemicals and oil refineries.
  2. The major industries and businesses in Körfez include:
    • Oil refineries such as Tüpraş (Turkish Petroleum Refineries Corporation), which is one of the largest oil refineries in Turkey.
    • A large petrochemical industry with companies like Petkim Petrochemical Holding A.S., producing plastics, chemicals, and fertilizers.
    • A significant textile industry with factories producing fabrics for clothing and other uses.
    • Several construction material manufacturing companies that produce products such as cement, concrete blocks, and bricks.
    • Food processing factories located in Körfez producing items like canned vegetables and jams/jellies.
  3. Due to its location near the port of Izmit Bay, Körfez has become an important transportation hub for goods coming into or leaving Turkey.

Noteable History

  1. During the ancient Greek and Roman periods, Körfez (then known as Nicomedia) was an important city and served as the capital of the Bithynia province under Roman rule.
  2. Körfez played a significant role in Ottoman history and served as a center for trade and commerce, particularly during Sultan Abdulhamid II’s reign.
  3. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of modern Turkey, visited Körfez in 1922 during his campaign against Greek forces in Anatolia.
  4. From 1919 to 1922, British forces occupied Körfez during World War I.
  5. Due to its proximity to major oil refineries, Körfez has become an essential hub for Turkey’s oil industry in recent years.
  6. İbrahim Hakkı Erzurumi was a famous Islamic scholar who lived in Körfez during the 18th century and wrote extensively on Sufism and Islamic philosophy.
  7. Mehmed Fuad Köprülü was born in Körfez in 1890 and became one of Turkey’s leading scholars on Ottoman history.
  8. Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar spent much of his childhood living with his family in Körfez before eventually moving to Istanbul later on where he became a celebrated Turkish novelist.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Körfez Museum showcases the history, culture, and traditions of Körfez through its collection of artifacts and exhibits.
  2. İzmit Clock Tower is a prominent landmark and symbol of the city’s rich history located in the nearby city of İzmit.
  3. Yarımca Thermal Baths offer a relaxing experience for visitors with believed healing properties from hot springs.
  4. Osman Hamdi Bey Museum is dedicated to Turkish painter, archaeologist, and art historian Osman Hamdi Bey where his works are displayed along with other notable Turkish artists.
  5. Suadiye Beach is a popular beach destination with crystal clear waters and stunning views of the Marmara Sea.
  6. Şehitler Parkı (Martyrs’ Park) offers beautiful scenery for visitors to enjoy in peaceful surroundings located in Körfez.
  7. Sabancı Cultural Center hosts various events throughout the year including concerts, exhibitions, theatrical performances, and more.
  8. Gebze Castle dates back to the Byzantine era offering stunning views overlooking Kocaeli Bay as an ancient castle.
  9. Sapanca Lake is a picturesque lake surrounded by mountains that offers various outdoor activities such as hiking, biking, fishing, boating and more.
  10. Darıca Zoo & Botanical Garden home over 200 animal species from around the world along with a vast collection of plants in its botanical garden area.

Cultural Events

  1. Körfez International Olive Festival: This festival is held annually in October to celebrate the olive harvest. It includes various activities such as olive oil tasting, traditional music performances, and a parade.
  2. Traditional Wrestling Festival: Held every August, this festival features traditional Turkish wrestling competitions between local athletes.
  3. Körfez Municipality Culture and Art Days: This event is organized by the municipality to promote local art and culture. It includes exhibitions of paintings, sculptures, photography, and other forms of art.
  4. Traditional Turkish Folk Dance Festival: Held annually in July or August, this festival showcases traditional Turkish folk dances performed by local dance groups.
  5. International Children’s Day Festival: Celebrated on April 23rd every year with various activities for children including games, music performances, puppet shows and more.
  6. Ramadan Festivities: During the holy month of Ramadan (usually May-June), there are many cultural events such as iftar dinners (breaking fast together), religious ceremonies at mosques etc., that take place throughout Körfez to celebrate this important time for Muslims around the world.


  1. Karadeniz Pidecisi: This restaurant serves traditional Turkish pide (flatbread) with various toppings like cheese, meat, and vegetables.
  2. Köfteci İzzet Usta: A restaurant that specializes in köfte (meatballs) made from ground beef or lamb mixed with spices and herbs.
  3. Balıkçı Ali Usta: This seafood restaurant offers fresh fish dishes like grilled sea bass, fried calamari, and shrimp casserole.
  4. Şahinler Restaurant: A family-run eatery that serves homemade Turkish dishes such as lamb stew, stuffed peppers, and pilaf.
  5. Kebapçı Halil Usta: You can relish various types of kebabs here including Adana kebab (spicy minced meat), şiş kebab (grilled meat skewers), and döner kebab (rotisserie meat).
  6. Gölcük Dondurmacısı: An ice cream shop where you can indulge in traditional Turkish ice cream made from goat milk with unique flavors such as mastic gum and rose water.
  7. Simit Sarayı: A bakery chain famous for its simit (Turkish bagel) baked fresh daily with sesame seeds on top.
  8. Çınaraltı Kahve Evi: An old-fashioned coffee house located under a large tree where locals gather to drink tea or coffee while playing backgammon or cards.
  9. Tarihi İznik Köftecisi Selim Usta: Another köfte restaurant known for its delicious meatballs served with grilled peppers, tomatoes, onion rings, and bulgur pilaf on the side.
  10. Çınaraltı Balıkçısı: A seafood restaurant located by the sea that offers a stunning view of the Gulf of İzmit while serving fresh fish and meze (Turkish appetizers) to its guests.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Körfez Atatürk Parkı: A large park with walking paths, playgrounds, and picnic areas.
  2. Şirinyalı Parkı: A small park with a playground and benches for relaxing.
  3. Körfez Sahil Parkı: A waterfront park with a walking path, beach access, and picnic areas.
  4. Yarımca Sahil Parkı: Another waterfront park with a beach area, walking path, and playground.
  5. Kocaeli Botanik Bahçesi: A botanical garden featuring various plant species from around the world.
  6. İstasyon Meydanı: A public square in the center of town that hosts events and festivals throughout the year.
  7. Gölcük Yarımadası Tabiat Parkı: An ecological reserve offering hiking trails through forests and wetlands.
  8. İznik Gölü Milli Parkı: A national park located on Lake Iznik that offers boating, fishing, camping, and hiking opportunities.
  9. Tuzla Marina & Yacht Club: A marina offering sailing lessons and boat rentals for recreational boating on the Sea of Marmara.
  10. Kartepe Ski Center: A ski resort located nearby where visitors can enjoy skiing during winter months.


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