Larkana, Pakistan

Reading Time: 7 minutes

Larkana, Pakistan

Region: Sindh

Geographic Coordinates: 27.558300, 68.211100
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 40.0°C (68°F to 104°F)
Climate: Hot and dry summers, mild winters with occasional rainfall.
Population: 490508
Language: Sindhi

Larkana is a city located in the northwestern region of Sindh province, Pakistan. It is situated on the banks of the River Indus and is considered to be one of the oldest cities in South Asia. Larkana has a rich history and heritage that dates back to the Indus Valley Civilization, Making it an important cultural and historical site. The city is home to several archaeological sites that are evidence of its ancient civilization, Including Mohenjo-Daro, Which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The ruins at Mohenjo-Daro date back over 4, 000 years and provide insight into how people lived during that time period. There are also several other historic sites in Larkana such as the Shah Jahan Mosque which was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1647. Larkana has a population of approximately 500, 000 people and serves as an important commercial center for Sindh province. The city’s economy relies heavily on agriculture with cotton being one of its main crops. Other industries include textiles, Sugar mills, And pharmaceuticals.

One notable feature of Larkana is its beautiful architecture which reflects both Islamic and Hindu influences. The city’s old bazaars are lined with traditional shops selling handicrafts such as pottery, Textiles, Jewelry and embroidered garments. In terms of education facilities, Larkana has several schools including government-run schools as well as private institutions offering quality education to students from all backgrounds. The city also hosts two universities: Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical University (SMBBMU) which provides medical education while Chandka Medical College offers undergraduate degrees in medicine.

The people of Larkana are known for their hospitality towards visitors who come from different parts of Pakistan or abroad to explore this ancient land full with culture & traditions. The Sindhi language spoken here adds another layer to this unique cultural experience for visitors. In addition, Larkana is also known for its delicious food which includes traditional dishes such as biryani, Sindhi curry, And kebabs. Larkana is a city that has something to offer everyone – from history buffs to foodies.

It is a place where visitors can experience the rich culture and heritage of Pakistan while also enjoying modern amenities. With its stunning architecture, Historic sites, And friendly people, Larkana is definitely worth exploring for anyone interested in discovering more about this fascinating country.

Important Landmarks

  1. Mohenjo-daro Archaeological Site is a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of the most significant archaeological sites globally, attracting tourists from all over the world.
  2. Shahi Mosque is a beautiful mosque situated in Larkana’s heart, renowned for its intricate architecture and tranquil atmosphere.
  3. Garhi Khuda Bakhsh Bhutto Mausoleum is where Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Pakistan’s former Prime Minister and founder of the Pakistan People’s Party, rests eternally.
  4. Naudero House was once the ancestral home of the Bhutto family but has been converted into a museum that displays their history and legacy.
  5. Lal Shahbaz Qalandar Shrine is a revered pilgrimage site for Sufi Muslims dedicated to Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, an esteemed saint from the 12th century.
  6. Chandka Medical College is one of Pakistan’s leading medical colleges recognized for its exceptional faculty and facilities.
  7. Bakrani Tombs are ancient tombs dating back to pre-Islamic times located on a hill overlooking Larkana city.
  8. Kamber Ali Khan Museum showcases artefacts from ancient times as well as modern art by local artists in a small museum setting.
  9. Larkana Railway Station connects Larkana with other major cities such as Karachi and Lahore through an essential railway system in Pakistan.
  10. Indus River Bridge (Lakki Marwat) was built during British rule over India between 1889-1890 AD across Indus River at Lakki Marwat district near Larkana city which connects Balochistan with Sindh province via National Highway (N-65).

Primary Industries

  1. Larkana is a city located in the Sindh province of Pakistan.
  2. The main industries and businesses that thrive in Larkana are:
    1. Agriculture
    2. Textile manufacturing
    3. Healthcare
    4. Education
    5. Retail and wholesale trade
    6. Transportation
    7. Construction industry
    8. Tourism
  3. Agriculture is the primary source of income for most people in Larkana as it is an agricultural district. The main crops grown here include:
    1. Wheat
    2. Rice
    3. Sugarcane
    4. Cotton
    5. Vegetables
  4. There are a few textile mills in Larkana that manufacture cotton yarn and fabric.
  5. Healthcare services are also available to the local population as there are several hospitals and clinics located within the city.
  6. Education is also an important aspect of Larkana’s economy with many schools and colleges offering education to students from all over Pakistan.
  7. Retail shops and markets offer goods such as groceries, clothing or electronics to consumers.
  8. The transportation system within the city includes buses, taxis or rickshaws which make commuting easy for residents traveling within or outside of Larkana.
  9. With an increasing population comes an increase demand for housing which has led to growth in construction industry.
  10. Finally historical sites such as Mohenjo-Daro attract tourists from all over Pakistan contributing towards tourism industry growth in Larkana.

Noteable History

  1. Mohenjo-daro: This ancient Indus Valley Civilization site dates back to 2600 BCE and is one of the world’s earliest urban settlements.
  2. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto: Born in Larkana in 1928, Bhutto was a prominent politician who served as Prime Minister from 1973-1977 before being overthrown in a military coup.
  3. Benazir Bhutto: Daughter of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Benazir also served as Prime Minister twice before her assassination in 2007.
  4. Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai: A renowned Sufi poet and scholar born near Larkana in the early 18th century.
  5. Sindhi Culture: Known for its vibrant music, dance, and literature scene, Larkana is considered the cultural capital of Sindh province.
  6. Partition of India: During the partition of India in 1947, many refugees fled to Larkana from neighboring areas that became part of India.
  7. Floods: Recent floods have caused significant damage to infrastructure and agriculture in the region.

Overall, Larkana remains an important center for education, commerce, and politics within Sindh province today due to its rich heritage and cultural significance throughout history.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Mohenjo-Daro Archaeological Site is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that dates back over 4,000 years and is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world.
  2. Shah Jahan Mosque, built in 1647, is one of the largest mosques in Pakistan and is a beautiful sight to see.
  3. Larkana Museum houses a collection of artifacts from the Indus Valley Civilization including pottery, jewelry, and tools.
  4. Naudero House was once the birthplace of former Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and has been converted into a museum dedicated to his life and legacy.
  5. Garhi Khuda Bakhsh Bhutto Mausoleum serves as the final resting place for Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and other members of his family and is an important pilgrimage site for many Pakistanis.
  6. Ratodero Fort was built by Mir Sohrab Khan Talpur during the 18th century as defense against neighboring tribes’ invasions.
  7. Al-Murtaza Shopping Mall features local and international brands making it a popular shopping destination in Larkana city.
  8. Chandka Medical College Museum showcases Pakistan’s medical history through various exhibits & displays related to medicine’s development over time.
  9. Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Park named after former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto offers an outdoor space for picnics & activities.
  10. Shikarpur Bridge built during British colonial rule in 1932 spans River Indus connecting Larkana with Shikarpur district which has historical importance & scenic beauty around it making it worth visiting place for tourists.

Sports Teams

  1. Larkana is a small city located in the Sindh province of Pakistan.
  2. It has limited infrastructure for sports activities and is not known for any major sports teams or events.
  3. The most popular sports played in Larkana are cricket and football.
  4. However, there are no significant teams or tournaments associated with the city.

Cultural Events

  1. Urs of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai: This is an annual festival that takes place in the city of Bhit Shah, near Larkana, to commemorate the death anniversary of the famous Sindhi Sufi poet, Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai.
  2. Basant Festival: This is a spring festival celebrated in various parts of Pakistan and India. In Larkana, it is celebrated with kite flying competitions and other cultural activities.
  3. Eid-ul-Fitr: This is one of the most important Islamic festivals celebrated by Muslims all over the world. In Larkana, people celebrate this festival with great enthusiasm and joy.
  4. Shandur Polo Festival: Although not directly in Larkana but it’s a popular event nearby which attracts many visitors from Larkana as well. It’s an annual polo tournament held at Shandur Pass on the border between Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit-Baltistan regions.
  5. Urs of Sachal Sarmast: Another famous Sindhi Sufi poet, Sachal Sarmast also has his death anniversary commemorated through an annual Urs festival held near Khairpur district which attracts many visitors from nearby areas including Larkana.
  6. National Horse & Cattle Show: Held annually in Lahore but it’s a popular event throughout Pakistan including Larkana where people gather to see various livestock competitions showcasing their breeds’ beauty and strength.
  7. Jashn-e-Baharan (Spring Festival): Celebrated every year during Spring season across Pakistan including small towns like Larkana where people enjoy outdoor activities such as picnics, flower exhibitions etc.


  • Sindhi Biryani: This spicy rice dish is a staple in Larkana and can be found at many local restaurants.
  • Kababjees: Known for their delicious kebabs, this restaurant chain has a location in Larkana.
  • Al-Makkah BBQ: Another popular spot for grilled meats, Al-Makkah BBQ serves up flavorful chicken and beef skewers.
  • Shahbaz Tikka House: This roadside eatery is famous for its succulent chicken tikka and parathas.
  • Cafe Xander’s: A trendy cafe serving up Western-style dishes like burgers, sandwiches, and pasta.
  • Karachi Biryani Centre: Another great spot to try biryani, this restaurant also offers other Pakistani dishes like haleem and nihari.
  • Taj Mahal Restaurant: A family-friendly restaurant that serves up traditional Pakistani cuisine like biryani, karahi chicken, and seekh kebab.
  • Pizza Hut & KFC: These international chains have locations in Larkana for those craving some fast food or pizza options.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Mohenjo Daro Archaeological Site: A UNESCO World Heritage site that offers a glimpse into the ancient Indus Valley civilization.
    2. Jinnah Bagh Park: A popular park with walking paths, playgrounds, and picnic areas.
    3. Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Park: Another park with green spaces, walking paths, and children’s play areas.
    4. Larkana Golf Club: A golf course that also offers tennis courts and a swimming pool.
    5. Sindbad Amusement Park: An amusement park with rides and games for all ages.
    6. Ayub National Stadium: A sports complex that hosts cricket matches and other events.
    7. Chandka Medical College Grounds: An open space used for sports activities such as football and cricket.
    8. Kandhkot Forest Reserve: A nature reserve with hiking trails and wildlife viewing opportunities.
    9. Garhi Khuda Baksh Bhutto Mausoleum Complex: The final resting place of former Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and his family members, which also includes a museum about their lives.
    10. Indus River Cruise: Boat tours along the Indus River offer scenic views of the surrounding landscape.


    Dream, Travel, Repeat.

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