Nyala, Sudan

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Nyala, Sudan

Region: South Darfur

Geographic Coordinates: 12.050000, 24.883300
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 40.0°C (68°F to 104°F)
Climate: Dry and hot with occasional rainfall during the summer months.
Population: 492984
Language: Arabic

Nyala is the capital city of South Darfur state in Sudan, Located in the southwestern part of the country. It covers an area of approximately 137 square kilometers and has a population of over one million people, Making it one of Sudan’s largest cities. The city has a rich history dating back to ancient times when it was an important center for trade and commerce due to its strategic location on trade routes between North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. Today, Nyala remains an important commercial hub for the region with its bustling market selling everything from spices to textiles.

Nyala’s central mosque is one of its most notable landmarks. Built-in 1987 , It can accommodate up to 10, 000 worshippers at a time and has a distinctive minaret that towers over surrounding buildings. Apart from being commercially significant, Nyala also serves as a cultural center for South Darfur state by hosting several annual festivals celebrating traditional music, Dance, And other forms of cultural expression that attract visitors from across Sudan and beyond.

Despite facing significant challenges due to ongoing conflict in Darfur region since 2003 that displaced thousands of people from their homes and disrupted daily life throughout much of South Darfur state; Nyala still offers tourists many reasons to visit such as exploring local markets selling traditional goods like pottery or visiting nearby wildlife reserves where they can see animals like elephants or lions up close! Overall if you’re looking for an authentic experience then visiting Nyala might just be what you need with its rich history, Bustling marketplaces offering unique souvenirs alongside opportunities for wildlife safaris!

Important Landmarks

  1. Nyala Stadium
  2. Al-Fashir Mosque
  3. Al-Nilin Mosque
  4. The Great Mosque of Nyala
  5. Dinder National Park
  6. Jebel Marra Mountains
  7. Lake Yoa National Park
  8. Taka Mountains Wildlife Reserve

Primary Industries

  1. Nyala, Sudan is a thriving city with a diverse economy that supports various industries.
  2. The fertile land in the area allows for agriculture to flourish, with crops like sorghum, millet, wheat, maize, and groundnuts being grown.
  3. Animal husbandry is also a major industry in Nyala as cattle rearing and camel breeding are common activities among locals.
  4. Trade is another significant part of Nyala’s economy as it serves as a commercial hub for South Darfur State and connects various parts of Sudan to Chad and other neighboring countries.
  5. Additionally, there are mineral resources such as gold deposits that attract mining companies from around the world.
  6. With an ongoing construction boom due to increased demand for housing and infrastructure development projects like roads and bridges, small-scale manufacturing industries have also emerged producing textiles, shoes, soap products among others.
  7. These industries contribute to creating employment opportunities for many people within Nyala town itself or its environs.

Noteable History

  1. Darfur conflict: Nyala has been a major center for the ongoing Darfur conflict since 2003, witnessing violent clashes between government forces and rebels.
  2. Sultan Ali Dinar: Sultan Ali Dinar was a prominent leader of the Fur people who ruled over Darfur from 1916 to 1917 and was killed by British forces during World War I.
  3. Ibrahim Abboud: Ibrahim Abboud served as the President of Sudan from 1958 to 1964 and established his headquarters in Nyala during his presidency.
  4. Janjaweed militia: The notorious Janjaweed militia has been accused of carrying out atrocities against civilians in the Darfur region since early 2000s.
  5. International Criminal Court (ICC): The ICC indicted Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide committed during the Darfur conflict in March 2009 while he was visiting Nyala.
  6. United Nations-African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID): UNAMID is a peacekeeping mission established by the United Nations and African Union to protect civilians and promote stability in the Darfur region since July 31, 2007.
  7. Ahmed Haroun: Ahmed Haroun is a former governor of South Kordofan state who has been accused by ICC for war crimes committed during his tenure as Minister of State for Interior Affairs when he allegedly coordinated attacks on civilians along with Janjaweed militias.
  8. Sheikh Musa Hilal: Sheikh Musa Hilal is an Arab tribal leader from North-Darfur known for his role as commander-in-chief of janjaweed militias that have carried out attacks on non-Arab tribes in Darfur since early 2000s.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Nyala Museum: This museum showcases traditional Sudanese artifacts and exhibits that highlight the history and culture of Darfur.
  2. Al-Fasher University Archaeological Museum: The museum has an extensive collection of archaeological finds from the region.
  3. Al-Serif Mosque: This mosque is known for its unique architecture and intricate design and is one of the most significant mosques in Nyala.
  4. Darfur Cultural Center: The center promotes cultural exchange through exhibitions, workshops, and performances showcasing local traditions.
  5. Nyala Market: Visitors can buy traditional crafts like jewelry, textiles, and leather goods in this bustling market.
  6. Jebel Marra National Park: Located about 100 km from Nyala city center; this national park is famous for its wildlife including elephants and giraffes among others.
  7. Wadi Howar National Park: Situated around 200 km from Nyala city center; it’s home to various species such as cheetahs and hyenas along with beautiful landscapes that include riverside forests and rocky outcrops.
  8. Central Market (Souq): A vibrant market where visitors can find everything from fresh produce to handicrafts made by local artisans.
  9. Sufi Shrines (Zawiyas): There are several Sufi shrines located throughout the city that offer a glimpse into Islamic mysticism practices in Sudanese culture.

Note – Please check travel advisories before planning your trip as there are certain regions in Sudan which are not safe for tourists due to political unrest or conflicts between different groups/tribes etc..

Sports Teams

  1. Nyala is the capital city of South Darfur state in Sudan and boasts several sports teams that represent the city in various disciplines.
  2. Unfortunately, due to political instability and conflict in the region, many sports activities have been disrupted or canceled.
  3. One of Nyala’s most prominent sports teams is Al-Hilal SC (Nyala), a football club founded back in 1985.
  4. This team has won numerous domestic championships and even participated in international competitions such as the CAF Champions League and Confederation Cup.
  5. Another noteworthy football club from Nyala is Al-Nasr FC (Nyala), which was established in 1970.
  6. The team has a strong fan base and has also won domestic titles.
  7. Although there are no professional basketball clubs based out of Nyala at present, this city has produced some talented players who have represented Sudan at national level tournaments.
  8. Despite facing challenges such as conflicts and lack of resources for training facilities, sports remain an important part of life for many people living in Nyala.

Cultural Events

  1. Eid al-Fitr: A Muslim festival marking the end of Ramadan fasting.
  2. Eid al-Adha: Another Muslim festival commemorating Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son for Allah.
  3. Mawlid al-Nabi: A celebration of the birth of Prophet Muhammad.
  4. Independence Day: Celebrated on January 1st to mark Sudan’s independence from British colonial rule.
  5. Darfur International Film Festival: An annual event showcasing local and international films held in Nyala.
  6. Traditional Dances Festival: An annual showcase of traditional dances from different parts of Sudan held in Nyala.
  7. Agricultural Fair: An exhibition where farmers display their crops and livestock while traders sell agricultural products such as seeds, fertilizers, and equipment.
  8. Camel Racing Festival: A popular event where camels race against each other with jockeys riding them to victory.

Due to political instability in Sudan, some events may be canceled or postponed without prior notice; it is essential to check with local authorities before attending any cultural event or festival for safety reasons as well as updated information on schedules and venues amid the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic outbreak globally at this time (October 2021).


  • Ful Medames: a traditional breakfast dish made of fava beans and spices.
  • Asida: a porridge-like dish made of sorghum flour and served with meat or vegetable stew.
  • Grilled Meat: various types of grilled meat such as lamb, beef, and chicken are popular in Nyala.
  • Al-Masry Restaurant: known for its delicious Egyptian cuisine such as koshari and falafel.
  • Al-Nakhil Restaurant: serves traditional Sudanese dishes like ful medames, asida, and grilled meats.
  • Al-Omda Restaurant: offers a variety of Middle Eastern dishes including shawarma, kebab, hummus, and tabbouleh.
  • El-Sheikh El-Shazly Restaurant: famous for its grilled meats served with spicy sauces and salads.
  • Abdo Kebab House: specializes in kebabs made from lamb or beef marinated in spices then grilled over charcoal fire.
  • Meroe Cafe & Bakery: offers freshly baked breads like khobz (Arabic bread) and croissants along with coffee drinks.

Please note that this information is based on online sources about the local cuisine scene in Nyala; it may not reflect the current situation due to COVID-19 pandemic restrictions or other factors that may affect the availability of these restaurants/cuisines at any given time/place; therefore it’s always recommended to check recent reviews or recommendations before visiting any restaurant/cafe/bakery/etc., especially if you have specific dietary needs/preferences/allergies/etc.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Al-Salam Park: This is a popular park in Nyala that features green spaces, walking paths, and playgrounds for children.
  2. Nyala Zoo: The zoo offers visitors the opportunity to see various animals such as lions, giraffes, zebras and many more.
  3. Wadi Abu Hashim National Park: This national park is located near Nyala and offers visitors the opportunity to explore nature by hiking trails or taking a safari tour.
  4. Cultural Center of South Darfur State: Here you can learn about the culture of South Darfur state through exhibitions showcasing local art pieces.
  5. Sports Complex: There may be a sports complex in Nyala where people can participate in various sports activities such as football (soccer), basketball or volleyball games.

Please note that this information may not be accurate or up-to-date as things change rapidly due to external factors like weather conditions etc., so it’s always best to check with local authorities before planning any trip or activity.


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