Māler Kotla, India

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Māler Kotla, India

Region: Punjab

Geographic Coordinates: 30.516700, 75.883300
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 35.0°C (68°F to 95°F)
Population: 374000
Language: Punjabi

Malerkotla is a small city located in the state of Punjab, India. It has a rich history and cultural heritage. The city’s population is approximately 150, 000 people and it sits on the banks of the Satluj River. One of Malerkotla’s unique features is its religious diversity, With Muslims, Sikhs and Hindus coexisting peacefully. The city has never experienced any communal riots or violence between different religious groups. Malerkotla has several historical sites that are worth visiting including Nawab Sher Mohammad Khan’s Tomb and Rauza Sharif – a mausoleum dedicated to Hazrat Sheikh Sadruddin Sadiq Ali Shah Bukhari.

The city also boasts beautiful natural landscapes such as Kajauli Water Works Dam and Gurdwara Nanaksar Sahib which attract tourists from all over India. Visitors can enjoy some unique culinary delights in Malerkotla such as Kulfi Falooda, Mawa Jalebi, Chhole Bhature and Lassi. In recent years, Malerkotla has become an industrial hub for manufacturing industries like textiles and garments which have increased employment opportunities for locals. Overall, Malerkotla offers visitors a perfect blend of history, Culture, Natural beauty and delicious food. Its peaceful coexistence between different religious groups sets an example for other parts of India.

Important Landmarks

  1. Sangrur Fort: A historical fort located in the heart of Maler Kotla city.
  2. Jama Masjid: A beautiful mosque built during the reign of Emperor Akbar.
  3. Kali Mata Mandir: A popular Hindu temple dedicated to Goddess Kali.
  4. Gurudwara Nanaksar Sahib: A Sikh shrine that attracts a large number of devotees every year.
  5. Sita Ram Mandir: Another popular Hindu temple known for its beautiful architecture and religious significance.
  6. Gandhi Park: A peaceful park located in the heart of the city that offers a perfect escape from the hustle-bustle of daily life.
  7. Nehru Rose Garden: A well-maintained garden that houses a variety of roses and other flowers.
  8. Baba Jiwan Singh Memorial Museum: This museum is dedicated to Baba Jiwan Singh, a freedom fighter who sacrificed his life for India’s independence struggle.
  9. Maharaja Aggarsain Park: Located on the outskirts of Maler Kotla city, this park is known for its serene surroundings and natural beauty.
  10. Khalsa College Malerkotla: One of the oldest educational institutions in Punjab, this college is known for its rich history and cultural heritage.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: Māler Kotla is primarily an agricultural region with crops such as wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane, and vegetables being grown.
  2. Textile industry: The town has a significant textile industry which includes weaving of fabrics like shawls and blankets.
  3. Handicrafts: Māler Kotla is known for its handicrafts including pottery, woodcrafts, metal crafts, and embroidery work.
  4. Small-scale industries: There are various small-scale industries in the town that manufacture products like bicycle parts, machine tools, and electrical equipment.
  5. Education sector: The town has several educational institutions including schools and colleges which contribute to the economy of the region.
  6. Healthcare sector: There are several hospitals and clinics in the town that provide healthcare services to people from nearby areas.
  7. Retail sector: The retail market in Māler Kotla is growing rapidly with many shops selling clothing, groceries, electronics etc.
  8. Transportation sector: The town has a well-developed transportation system with good road connectivity to nearby cities like Ludhiana and Chandigarh.

Noteable History

  1. The Battle of Malerkotla: In 1704, Mughal-Sikh Wars witnessed a battle between Mughal forces led by Wazir Khan and Sikh forces led by Banda Singh Bahadur. The Mughals emerged victorious.
  2. Nawab Sher Muhammad Khan: He was the first Muslim ruler of Maler Kotla and is known for his contributions towards education and trade in the region.
  3. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad: A prominent Indian scholar and independence activist, he visited Maler Kotla during his travels across India.
  4. Baba Farid: A 12th-century Sufi saint whose shrine is located near Maler Kotla in Pakpattan.
  5. Maharaja Ranjit Singh: A notable Sikh ruler who controlled much of northern India during early 19th century including Maler Kotla.
  6. Sir Chhotu Ram: An Indian politician who played an important role in promoting agricultural reforms during British rule, visited Maler Kotla as part of his political campaigns.
  7. Guru Gobind Singh Ji: The tenth guru of Sikhs passed through this town on his way to Deccan from Anandpur Sahib before attaining martyrdom at Nanded Sahib (Maharashtra).
  8. Khwaja Ghulam Farid – A Sufi poet whose poetry has been translated into many languages including English, German, Russian etc., also known as The Poet Of Love.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Jama Masjid Malerkotla is a historic mosque built in 1657, known for its beautiful architecture and intricate carvings.
  2. Sheesh Mahal is a stunning palace made entirely out of glass, with intricate designs and patterns on the walls and ceilings.
  3. Nehru Rose Garden is a beautiful garden filled with a variety of roses, perfect for a leisurely stroll or picnic.
  4. Kali Mata Mandir is a popular Hindu temple dedicated to the goddess Kali, known for its colorful decorations and vibrant atmosphere.
  5. Malerkotla Fort is an ancient fort built in the 17th century, featuring impressive architecture and historical significance.
  6. Gurudwara Nanaksar Sahib is a Sikh temple known for its peaceful atmosphere and spiritual significance.
  7. Sita Ram Mandir is another popular Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Rama’s wife Sita Devi.
  8. Shaheed-E-Azam Bhagat Singh Museum – This museum is dedicated to Indian freedom fighter Bhagat Singh.
  9. Bhai Kanhaiya Ji Memorial & Museum – This museum honors Bhai Kanhaiya Ji who was a Sikh sevak (servant) during Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s time.
  10. Gurdwara Shri Patshahi Dasvin Sahib- It marks the visit of Guru Gobind Singh Ji who stayed here during his travels through Punjab, making it one of the most important gurdwaras in Maler Kotla.

Sports Teams

  1. Malerkotla Cricket Club – This is one of the oldest cricket clubs in the city that has been promoting cricket among youngsters for decades.
  2. Malerkotla Football Club – Established recently to promote football among young players in the region.
  3. Malerkotla Kabaddi Academy – A renowned academy that trains young kabaddi players to compete at both national and international levels.
  4. Guru Nanak Wrestling Academy – The academy has produced several national-level wrestlers who have represented India at various international tournaments.

In summary, although there may not be any major sports teams with significant histories in Maler Kotla, locals can still engage in various sporting activities through these local clubs and academies.

Cultural Events

  1. Urs of Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani: This is a three-day festival held in the month of Rajab to commemorate the death anniversary of Sufi saint Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. The festival includes qawwali performances, religious sermons, and a grand procession.
  2. Holi: This colorful festival is celebrated in Māler Kotla with great enthusiasm and fervor. People smear each other with colors, dance to music, and enjoy traditional sweets.
  3. Eid-ul-Fitr: The end of Ramadan is celebrated with great pomp and show in Māler Kotla. Muslims offer prayers at the mosque and exchange greetings with friends and family.
  4. Guru Nanak Jayanti: The birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of Sikhism, is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Māler Kotla. Sikhs visit gurdwaras to offer prayers and participate in langar (community meal).
  5. Diwali: Also known as the Festival of Lights, Diwali is one of the most popular festivals in India that celebrates victory over evil forces by lighting diyas (oil lamps) and bursting firecrackers.
  6. Basant Panchami: This spring festival marks the arrival of Basant or spring season when people wear yellow clothes, fly kites, sing songs dedicated to Goddess Saraswati (the deity for knowledge), and prepare special dishes made from sesame seeds.
  7. Lohri: Celebrated on 13th January every year to mark the end of winter solstice, Lohri involves lighting bonfires outdoors while singing folk songs around it followed by feasting on traditional Punjabi food like makki di roti (cornbread) with sarson da saag (mustard greens).


  • Tandoori Dhaba – famous for its tandoori dishes and biryanis.
  • Shere Punjab Dhaba – known for its Punjabi cuisine such as butter chicken and naan.
  • Haveli Restaurant – serves a variety of Indian dishes including thalis and chaats.
  • Chawla’s Chicken – specializes in North Indian-style chicken dishes like butter chicken and kebabs.
  • Bismillah Biryani Centre – offers a range of biryanis including mutton, chicken, and vegetarian options.
  • Raja Sweets & Restaurant – serves traditional Punjabi sweets like laddoos, jalebis, and rasgullas along with snacks like samosas.
  • Giani Ice Cream Parlour – famous for its ice creams with unique flavors such as paan (betel leaf), kesar pista (saffron pistachio), mango kulfi (Indian ice cream).
  • Janta Bakery & Sweets- known for their fresh bakery items such as cakes, pastries, biscuits along with traditional Indian sweets.
  • Pappu Kulfi Wala- Famous for their homemade kulfi(Indian ice cream) which comes in various flavors.
  • Moti Mahal Delux Tandoori Trail- Offers North Indian delicacies cooked over charcoal fire in the tandoor oven.

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Nehru Park – a popular park with walking paths and playgrounds
    2. Shaheed Bhagat Singh Park – a peaceful park with lush greenery and a statue of the famous freedom fighter
    3. Shanti Vana – a serene park with beautiful landscaping and a meditation area
    4. Jathedar Santokh Singh Park – a large park that offers multiple sports facilities including cricket, volleyball and basketball courts
    5. Malerkotla Golf Club – an 18-hole golf course that offers memberships for residents and visitors alike
    6. Kali Devi Temple – a popular pilgrimage site surrounded by scenic gardens and water bodies
    7. Harsharan Singh Memorial Stadium – hosts various sports events throughout the year
    8. Malerkotla Fort – offers stunning views of the city from atop its walls
    9. Chhapar Mela Grounds – the site of an annual fair held in honor of Baba Sheikh Farid who was a revered Sufi saint who lived in the area centuries ago


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