Region: Kurdistan Province
Geographic Coordinates: 35.526900, 46.176400
Temperature Range: 5.0°C to 35.0°C (41°F to 95°F)
Marīvān, Located in the Kurdistan Province of Iran, Is a small city with a rich cultural heritage and stunning natural beauty. The city sits at an elevation of 1, 500 meters above sea level and is surrounded by mountains covered with oak and pine trees. The history of Marīvān dates back to ancient times when it was part of the Median Empire. Throughout history, Marīvān has played a significant role in Kurdish culture and politics. Several prominent Kurdish figures were born here, Including Qazi Muhammad who led an uprising against the Iranian government in 1945.
One of Marīvān’s most notable attractions is its traditional bazaar dating back to the Safavid era (16th-18th century). The bazaar features shops selling local handicrafts such as carpets, Rugs, Textiles, Pottery and jewelry. Visitors can also find delicious local food at restaurants and cafes scattered throughout the bazaar. Another popular attraction in Marīvān is its natural beauty. The surrounding mountains offer breathtaking views and opportunities for hiking and trekking. One can visit Darband-e Kuhpayeh waterfall which lies on one side of Marivan valley or take a trip to Lake Zarivar located about 20 kilometers away from Marivan city center.
Marīvān also boasts several historical sites that are worth visiting such as Qala Mardan Castle dating back to Sassanid era (224-651 AD), Pir Shaliar Tomb from Ilkhanid period (1256–1353 AD) or Sheikh Ali Khan Zangeneh Tomb – who was one of Kurdish leaders during Constitutional Revolution (1905–1911). The people of Marīvān are predominantly Kurds with their own unique dialects and traditions passed down through generations. They are known for their hospitality making visitors feel welcome. Marīvān offers a combination of cultural heritage, Natural beauty, And warm hospitality.
It is an ideal destination for those who seek to explore the rich Kurdish culture and history while enjoying the stunning scenery of the surrounding mountains.
- Marīvān Historic Bazaar
- Kani Barazan Waterfall
- Khosrow Abad Mansion
- Sangar Mosque
- Quri Qaleh Cave
- Zarivar Lake
- Sheykh Ali Khan Zangeneh Tomb
- Tangeh Vashi Bridge
- Ghezel Tapeh Dam
- Agriculture: Marivan produces a variety of agricultural products including wheat, barley, fruits, vegetables, and livestock.
- Handicrafts: Traditional handicrafts in Marivan include carpet weaving, wood carving, embroidery, pottery making and rug weaving.
- Tourism: Marivan is a popular tourist destination due to its natural beauty and historical sites such as the ancient city of Palangan.
- Textile industry: There are several textile factories in the city that produce fabrics for clothing.
- Food processing industry: The food processing industry in Marivan includes dairy products such as cheese and yogurt production.
- Construction industry: There has been an increase in construction activity in recent years due to urbanization and tourism development.
- Mining industry: The region around Marivan has significant deposits of minerals such as lead, zinc and copper which are mined by local companies.
- Marivan Uprising: In August 1979, a Kurdish uprising took place in Marivan against the newly established Islamic Republic of Iran. The rebellion was led by Kurdish political parties and lasted for several months.
- Sheikh Ali Khan Zangeneh: A famous Kurdish poet and writer who was born in Marivan in 1900. He is known for his contributions to the development of modern Kurdish literature.
- Qareh Kelisa: A historical church located near Marivan that dates back to the 7th century AD. It is one of the oldest churches in Iran and is considered a significant cultural heritage site.
- Abdolhossein Teymourtash: A prominent statesman during the Pahlavi dynasty who was born in Marivan in 1883. He served as Minister of Court under Reza Shah and played a significant role in modernizing Iran.
- Sardar Aziz Mohammadzadeh: A famous Kurdish musician who was born in Marivan and is known for his contributions to traditional Kurdish music.
- Kani Barazan Lake: A scenic lake located near Marivan that attracts tourists from all over Iran due to its beautiful scenery and recreational activities such as boating, fishing, and camping.
- Yarsanism: An ancient religion practiced by some Kurds living around Marivan that has roots dating back to pre-Islamic times.
- Sharafnameh Museum: A local museum dedicated to showcasing the history, culture, art, and traditions of Kurdistan region with an emphasis on life during different eras including Safavid dynasty era until now days.
- The Marivan Museum showcases the history and culture of the Kurdish people in Marivan, featuring exhibits on traditional crafts, clothing, and musical instruments.
- The Marivan Dam is located on the Sirvan River and offers breathtaking views of the surrounding mountains. It’s a popular spot for picnics and fishing.
- The Kani Shilan Cave system is just outside of Marivan and features stunning stalactites and stalagmites.
- The Ghal’eh Sangi Fortress dates back to the Sassanid period (224-651 CE) and offers visitors a glimpse into Iran’s rich history.
- Zarivar Lake is only 5 km from Marivan, surrounded by lush greenery, offering opportunities for boating, fishing, hiking, and picnicking.
- The Quri Qaleh Waterfall drops over 100 meters into a pool below in a scenic valley just outside of town.
- The Haji Omran Tower was built during the Ilkhanate period (1256-1353 CE) as part of a defensive network along Iran’s western border with Iraq.
- Kani Barazan Hot Springs are natural hot springs located about 50 km from Marivan in remote mountainous areas near Iraq’s border.
- Sheikh Abdolhossein Shrine honors one of Iran’s most revered Sufi saints who lived during the Safavid era (1501-1736 CE).
- Khosro Abad Mansion Museum Complex was constructed during Zand dynasty as an outpost to safeguard against Ottomans aggression towards Persia. It has been converted into museum complex showcasing local handicrafts, costumes, musical instruments, etc.
- Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Iran, with many football clubs throughout the country including Persepolis FC, Esteghlal FC, Sepahan FC, and Tractor Sazi Tabriz FC.
- Basketball is also a popular sport in Iran with Petrochimi Bandar Imam BC and Mahram Tehran BC being notable teams.
- Volleyball is another popular sport in Iran with the men’s national volleyball team having won several Asian Championships.
- However, it is unclear if there are any notable sports teams or histories associated with Marīvān specifically.
- Tavaab Restaurant: Known for its traditional Kurdish dishes like Qorma Sabzi and Dolma.
- Koocheh Bagh Restaurant: Serves traditional Iranian dishes like Chelo Kabab and Ghormeh Sabzi.
- Shahrzad Restaurant: Offers a variety of Iranian dishes including Kebabs, stews, and rice dishes.
- Aroosak Café: Serves fresh juices, smoothies, and light snacks like sandwiches and salads.
- Jahan Nama Restaurant: Offers a range of Iranian cuisine with a focus on grilled meats and seafood.
- Shamsi Café & Bakery: Known for its freshly baked breads, pastries, cakes, and cookies.
- Zardalu Café & Tea House: A cozy café that serves tea, coffee, desserts, sandwiches, soups among others.
- Saray-e Rahgozar Traditional Hotel & Restaurant : This restaurant is located inside the historical hotel which dates back to 200 years ago serving traditional Kurdish food such as Kale Pache,Gheymeh,Piti among others
- Golestan Cafe&Restaurant : This restaurant offers both indoor&outdoor seating options with an amazing view of the city while serving various types of fast foods,burgers,pizzas among others
- Marivan Park: This park is located in the city center and offers a beautiful green space for walking, picnicking, and relaxing.
- Zarivar Lake: This lake is located just outside of Marivan and offers a variety of water activities such as boating, fishing, and swimming.
- Bisheh Waterfall: This waterfall is located just outside of Marivan and offers a scenic hiking trail to reach the falls.
- Hana Mountain: This mountain offers hiking trails with stunning views of the surrounding landscape.
- Kani Barazan Cave: This cave system is located just outside of Marivan and offers guided tours to explore its unique rock formations.
- Gahar Lake: This lake is located near Hana Mountain and offers a peaceful spot for fishing or picnicking.
- Quri Qaleh Historical Site: This historical site features ruins from an ancient fortress that dates back to the Sassanid period (224-651 AD).