Munūf, Egypt

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Munūf, Egypt

Region: Munuf is located in the Al Sharqia Governorate of Egypt

Geographic Coordinates: 30.465800, 30.930800
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 35.0°C (50°F to 95°F)
Climate: Dry and hot climate with very little rainfall throughout the year. Average temperature ranges from 20-30°C.
Population: 117240
Language: Arabic

Munūf, Egypt is a small town located in the Nile Delta region of Egypt, Approximately 60 kilometers northwest of Cairo. It has a population of around 70, 000 people and is known for its rich history and cultural heritage dating back to ancient times. Al-Hussein Mosque is one of the most notable landmarks in Munūf. Built during the Mamluk era in the 13th century, It features intricate decorations and unique architectural design that reflects Islamic art and culture. The mosque serves as an important religious site for Muslims in Munūf and surrounding areas.

Another significant historical site in Munūf is Beit El-Sennari house, Built during the Ottoman era in the late 18th century. The house served as a residence for prominent figures such as Napoleon Bonaparte’s general Jean-Baptiste Kléber during his campaign in Egypt. In addition to its historical significance, Munūf boasts several natural attractions such as Lake Burullus – one of Egypt’s largest lakes attracting migratory birds from all over Europe and Asia – offering opportunities for bird watching and fishing activities.

Munūf also has a vibrant local market where visitors can purchase locally made handicrafts like pottery, Textiles, Jewelry at affordable prices. Additionally, Munuf offers delicious traditional Egyptian cuisine like koshary (a mix of rice, Lentils, Pasta), Ful medames (mashed fava beans) served with pita bread or ta’amiya (Egyptian falafel). Despite being a small town compared to other major cities like Cairo or Alexandria; however it still offers several modern amenities including hospitals equipped with advanced medical technology facilities along with schools providing quality education services from pre-school up to university level.

Overall, Munuf provides an interesting mix between history, Culture, And nature making it worth visiting for anyone interested in exploring Egypt beyond typical tourist sites.’

Important Landmarks

  1. The Great Sphinx of Giza
  2. The Pyramids of Giza
  3. The Egyptian Museum in Cairo
  4. Khan el-Khalili Bazaar
  5. Al-Azhar Mosque
  6. Cairo Tower
  7. Salah El-Din Citadel
  8. Abdeen Palace Museum
  9. Saqqara Necropolis
  10. Memphis Open Air Museum

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture: Munūf is famous for its agricultural production of cotton, wheat rice and corn.
  2. Textile Manufacturing: The city has several textile factories that produce clothing and other textile products.
  3. Food Processing: There are several food processing plants in Munūf that process crops such as tomatoes and olives.
  4. Construction: With the growing population of the city there has been an increase in construction projects such as housing developments and commercial buildings.
  5. Retail: Throughout the city there are many small shops and markets selling a variety of goods including clothing household items, and food.
  6. Services: As with most cities there are also various service-based businesses such as banks healthcare facilities restaurants hotels catering to tourists visiting nearby attractions like Alexandria or Cairo.

Noteable History

  1. The Battle of Munūf occurred during the Arab-Israeli War of 1948 when Israeli forces clashed with Egyptian troops at this site.
  2. Sheikh Mohamed Metwally Al-Shaarawy was a prominent Islamic scholar who spent his childhood years in Munūf.
  3. Ahmed Zaki El-Sayed, born in Munūf in 1949, was a famous Egyptian actor.
  4. Naguib Mahfouz, a Nobel Prize-winning author, lived in Munūf during his childhood years.
  5. The construction of the Aswan High Dam resulted in many residents of Munūf being displaced from their homes due to its location on the Nile River.
  6. In 1956, Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal which led to an international crisis involving Israel, France and Britain; although not directly related to Munuf it had significant impacts on Egypt as a whole including economic sanctions and military conflict.
  7. Agriculture is an important industry for Munuf with cotton being one of its primary crops historically as is common for many towns located within this region of the Nile Delta area.

Museums and Things To See

  1. The Monastery of Saint Macarius the Great is a significant pilgrimage site for Coptic Christians in Egypt due to its ancient history.
  2. The Shobra Palace Museum is situated in a stunning palace constructed by Khedive Ismail during the 19th century, featuring an array of art, furniture, and artifacts from Egypt’s royal past.
  3. The Tanta Museum of Antiquities displays artifacts from different periods in Egyptian history such as Pharaonic, Greco-Roman, and Islamic periods.
  4. The Al-Mahalla al-Kubra Textile Museum celebrates Egypt’s rich textile traditions with exhibits on weaving techniques and traditional clothing located in Al-Mahalla al-Kubra city.
  5. The Mosque of Ibn Tulun dates back to the 9th century and is one of Cairo’s oldest mosques with intricate carvings and stunning geometric patterns that make it an architectural masterpiece.
  6. A visit to Munūf would not be complete without exploring the iconic Pyramids at Giza that have been standing for over 4,500 years.
  7. Located in Cairo, the world-renowned Egyptian Museum houses an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian art and artifacts including King Tutankhamun’s treasures making it a must-visit destination for tourists.
  8. Khan el-Khalili Bazaar is a vibrant market that has been bustling since medieval times providing visitors with authentic Middle Eastern culture while shopping for souvenirs.
  9. Luxor Temple located on the east bank of Nile River showcases towering columns and intricate carvings depicting scenes from Egyptian mythology making it one of Egypt’s most impressive examples of ancient architecture.
  10. Abu Simbel Temples are two temples built by Ramses II over 3,000 years ago as evidence to his power considered some among the most impressive examples displaying ancient Egyptian architecture.

Cultural Events

  1. Moulid Abu El-Haggag: This is a religious festival celebrated annually in Munūf to honor the Sufi saint Abu El-Haggag.
  2. International Festival for Youth and Children’s Theatre: This is a popular event held annually in Munūf that showcases plays and performances by young actors from around the world.
  3. Ramadan Nights: During the holy month of Ramadan, many cultural events take place throughout Egypt, including in Munūf. These include food markets, music concerts, and traditional storytelling sessions.
  4. Al-Fayoum Pottery Festival: Although not located directly in Munūf (it’s about an hour away), this festival celebrates the ancient art of pottery-making that has been practiced for centuries in Fayoum Governorate.
  5. Coptic Christmas Celebrations: As a predominantly Christian country, Egypt celebrates Christmas on January 7th each year with various cultural events and festivities taking place throughout the country including Munūf.

Please note that due to COVID-19 pandemic situation most of these events might be cancelled or postponed until further notice.


  • Felfela: This restaurant serves authentic Egyptian dishes like koshari and falafel.
  • Al-Sheikh Aly: A popular seafood restaurant that offers fresh fish cooked to order.
  • El-Masryeen: A restaurant that specializes in traditional Egyptian dishes such as molokhia and stuffed pigeon.
  • Al-Tawfiqia: Famous for its grilled meat dishes like shish kebab and kofta.
  • Abu Omar Halawa: A dessert shop famous for its halawa (sweet sesame paste) treats.
  • El-Farida Café & Restaurant: Offers a range of Middle Eastern cuisine including shawarma, hummus, and tabbouleh salad.
  • El-Gomhoria Bakery & Pastry Shop: Known for its freshly baked breads, pastries, cakes, and sweets such as basbousa (semolina cake) and konafa (shredded phyllo pastry).

  • Parks and Recreation

    1. Al-Azhar Park: a large park with gardens, fountains, and a lake.
    2. Munufia Nature Reserve: A protected area with hiking trails and wildlife viewing opportunities.
    3. Al-Minya Botanical Garden: A beautiful garden featuring various plant species from around the world.
    4. Wadi El-Rayan National Park: A stunning desert oasis with waterfalls and natural pools for swimming.
    5. Sporting clubs: There may be several sporting clubs in Munūf where residents can participate in activities such as football (soccer), basketball, tennis or volleyball.
    6. Local markets and bazaars: These often offer handmade crafts or traditional goods that visitors can buy while enjoying local culture.

    Please note that this information is subject to change due to factors such as seasonality or events occurring in the area at any given time.


    Enjoy The Journey.

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