Néma, Mauritania

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Néma, Mauritania

Region: Nouakchott-Ouest

Geographic Coordinates: 16.616700, -7.250000
Climate: Hot and dry climate with little rainfall, typical of the Saharan region, and occasional sandstorms.
Population: 200000
Language: Arabic

Néma is a small town in the Hodh Ech Chargui region of Mauritania, Located in the southeastern part of the country. This town has a population of approximately 30, 000 people and is famous for its traditional architecture, Rich cultural heritage, And breathtaking natural landscapes. The unique architecture of Néma’s buildings is one of its most striking features. These structures are made from mud bricks and feature intricately carved wooden doors and windows that reflect the country’s cultural heritage. The style has been used in Mauritania for centuries.

In addition to its architecture, Néma also boasts vibrant markets that attract traders from across the region who come to sell their wares such as textiles, Spices, Jewelry, Or livestock. Visitors can stroll through market stalls while sampling local delicacies such as grilled meat skewers or sweet pastries. Beyond bustling markets and beautiful buildings lies some truly breathtaking natural scenery. Néma sits on the edge of a vast desert plain that stretches out as far as one can see.

Guided tours into this remote wilderness offer visitors an opportunity to explore sand dunes rising up like mountains or witness incredible sunsets over endless horizons. For those interested in history and culture, Néma offers plenty to explore too with several museums dedicated to showcasing traditional Mauritanian crafts such as weaving or pottery-making techniques passed down through generations. no visit to Néma would be complete without experiencing some traditional Mauritanian hospitality firsthand.

Locals are known for their warm welcome towards visitors; guests may be invited into homes where they will be served mint tea – a national drink – along with sweet pastries while chatting with their hosts about life in Mauritania. In conclusion, Nema may not be on top tourist destinations list but it offers visitors an authentic glimpse into the rich cultural heritage and natural beauty of Mauritania. From stunning architecture to vibrant markets, Breathtaking desert landscapes, And welcoming locals, Néma is a truly unique destination that should not be missed.

Primary Industries

  1. Néma, Mauritania is primarily an agricultural town with farming and livestock rearing being the major industries.
  2. The town also has a small market where local goods such as textiles, handicrafts, and foodstuff are sold.
  3. Additionally, there are a few small shops selling basic household items and electronics.
  4. There is also some mining activity in the surrounding areas for minerals such as gold and copper.
  5. However, overall Néma is not known for any major industries or businesses beyond agriculture.

Noteable History

  1. French colonization: Néma was part of French West Africa until 1960 when Mauritania gained independence.
  2. Trans-Saharan trade: Néma was an important stop on the trans-Saharan trade route that connected West Africa to North Africa.
  3. Arab-Berber invasions: In the 11th century, Arab-Berber invaders conquered the region where Néma is located.
  4. Almoravid dynasty: The Almoravid dynasty ruled over this region in the 11th and 12th centuries.
  5. Sheikh Saad Bouh Kamara: A famous Islamic scholar who lived in Néma during the early 20th century and wrote several books on Islamic jurisprudence.
  6. Ahmed Ould Daddah: The first president of independent Mauritania who was born in Boutilimit but spent some time living in Néma as a child.
  7. Cheikh Moulaye Taher Ould Mohamed Saleck: A prominent Mauritanian politician who served as Prime Minister from 2008 to 2009 and was born in nearby Oualata.

Overall, due to its location at an important crossroads between West and North Africa, Néma has been significant throughout history for trade, conquests, and cultural exchanges even though it may not have many notable events or people specifically associated with it.

Museums and Things To See

  1. The Great Mosque of Néma: This mosque is a beautiful example of traditional Islamic architecture and one of the oldest mosques in Mauritania.
  2. The Museum of Traditional Arts and Crafts: Visitors can explore traditional arts and crafts such as weaving, pottery, jewelry making, and leatherwork at this museum.
  3. The Oasis de Néma: A natural wonder that provides a peaceful escape from city life.
  4. The Tidjikja Market: This market is famous for its vibrant colors and exotic goods like spices, fabrics, and handicrafts.
  5. The Ksar de Tafilalet: An ancient fortress built in the 17th century to protect against raiders from neighboring countries.
  6. The Adrar Plateau: A plateau offering stunning views of sand dunes and rock formations surrounding the area.
  7. The Chinguetti Library: This library houses ancient manuscripts dating back to the 13th century which are considered to be some of the most important historical documents in West Africa.
  8. Chegga Pass: A scenic mountain pass located near Nema with breathtaking views over dramatic landscapes filled with rocky peaks covered by sand dunes.

Sports Teams

  1. Néma is a small city in Mauritania with a population of around 20,000 people.
  2. It’s unlikely that there are any professional sports teams based in Néma.
  3. The most popular sports in Mauritania are football (soccer), basketball and wrestling.
  4. The country has a national football team that competes internationally and several local clubs that play in the Mauritanian Premier League.
  5. However, it’s unclear if any of these teams have a direct connection to Néma or its surrounding areas.


Traditional Mauritanian Dishes:

  1. Thieboudienne: A rice dish with fish and vegetables.
  2. Couscous: A dish made from semolina grains served with meat or vegetables.
  3. Mechoui: A roasted lamb dish that is often served during special occasions.
  4. Chakhchoukha: A noodle-based dish that is often served with a spicy tomato sauce and meat.
  5. Boulettes de Poisson: Fried fish balls served as a snack or appetizer.

Popular Restaurants in Néma:

  1. Restaurant Al Waha: Known for its delicious grilled meats and couscous dishes.
  2. Restaurant Le Ksar El Barka: Serves traditional Mauritanian food such as thieboudienne and chakhchoukha.
  3. La Pergola Café-Restaurant: Offers international cuisine along with traditional Mauritanian food like mechoui.
  4. Restaurant Chez Fatima: Traditional restaurant serving couscous dishes.
  5. Restaurant El Mina: Specializes in seafood dishes like Boulettes de Poisson.


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