Oran, Algeria

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Oran, Algeria

Region: Oran

Geographic Coordinates: 35.696900, -0.633100
Temperature Range: 10.0°C to 35.0°C (50°F to 95°F)
Climate: Dry and hot summers, mild winters with some rain.
Population: 852000
Language: Arabic

Oran is a port city located in the northwestern region of Algeria, Situated on the Mediterranean Sea. It is the second-largest city in Algeria, After Algiers, And known for its rich history, Vibrant cultural scene, And stunning architecture. The city has been a melting pot of different cultures and civilizations throughout history. One of the most prominent landmarks in Oran is the Santa Cruz Fort. Built by Spanish colonizers during their occupation of Oran from 1509 to 1792, It stands on top of a hill overlooking the sea.

The fort has undergone several renovations over time but still retains much of its original structure and charm. Another must-see attraction in Oran is Le Theatre Abdelkader Alloula. This beautiful theater was built in 1913 by French architects and has since become an iconic symbol of Oranian culture. It hosts various performances throughout the year ranging from plays to music concerts. Oran’s Great Mosque (Djamaa el-Djedid) is another significant landmark that dates back to Ottoman rule during the early 17th century. The mosque features intricate tile work and stonework that reflects Islamic architectural style.

For those interested in learning more about local history and culture, Musee Ahmed Zabana is an excellent place to visit. This museum showcases artifacts from various periods such as prehistory, Roman times, Islamic civilization as well as modern Algerian art pieces. One cannot miss out on visiting Place du Novembre 1954 while exploring Oran’s sights; this square honors Algerian independence from France with a towering monument at its center surrounded by fountains that light up at night.

but not least important are some famous local dishes like chakchouka or couscous with meat or vegetables which can be enjoyed at any traditional restaurant around town while enjoying live music played by street musicians who are always present to entertain visitors with their tunes. Oran is a city with a rich history and culture that offers something for every visitor. From its stunning architecture to its vibrant cultural scene, There is no shortage of things to see and do in this beautiful port city.

It’s the perfect destination for those who want to immerse themselves in Algerian culture while enjoying all the amenities of modern life.

Important Landmarks

  1. Santa Cruz Fort: A historic fortress built by the Spanish in the 16th century, offering stunning views of Oran and the Mediterranean Sea.
  2. Bey’s Palace: A magnificent palace built in the 19th century by the Ottoman governor of Oran, featuring beautiful architecture and intricate decorations.
  3. Great Mosque of Oran: A grand mosque dating back to the 18th century, with a unique blend of Islamic and Andalusian architectural styles.
  4. Le Theatre d’Oran: An iconic theater that has hosted many famous performers over the years, including Edith Piaf and Maurice Chevalier.
  5. Place du 1er Novembre: The central square of Oran, surrounded by historic buildings and bustling with activity day and night.
  6. La Grande Poste d’Oran: A stunning example of French colonial architecture, this post office building is now a popular venue for cultural events and exhibitions.
  7. Es-Sénia International Airport: One of Algeria’s busiest airports, connecting Oran to destinations across Europe and North Africa.
  8. Musée National Ahmed Zabana: A museum dedicated to Algerian history and culture, named after a local hero who fought for independence from France in the 1950s.
  9. Lighthouse Pointe des Andalouses: An iconic lighthouse located on a rocky promontory overlooking the sea, offering panoramic views of Oran’s coastline.
  10. Ain El Turck Beaches & Resorts: Beautiful sandy beaches located westward from Oran city center, where you can enjoy swimming, sunbathing, water sports or just relax on one of its many resorts.

Primary Industries

  1. Oran, Algeria is a bustling commercial and industrial hub in the country, with a diverse range of industries and businesses.
  2. Some of the major sectors in Oran include:
    • Petrochemicals
    • Textiles
    • Food processing
    • Construction materials
    • Shipping
    • Tourism
    • Retail trade
    • Financial services
  3. The city is home to several petrochemical companies that produce chemicals, plastics and other products from crude oil.
  4. Additionally, it has a thriving textile industry that produces clothing and fabrics.
  5. There are also many food processing companies in Oran that produce canned goods and dairy products.
  6. In terms of construction materials manufacturing plants producing cement bricks tiles etc. can be found in the city.
  7. Moreover Oran’s port is one of Algeria’s busiest ports serving as an important hub for shipping goods throughout North Africa.
  8. Tourism is another important sector for Oran with numerous hotels restaurants attractions catering to visitors from around the world.
  9. The city also has many shopping centers markets where residents can buy everything from groceries to electronics to clothing.
  10. Several banks have branches in Oran offering financial services such as loans savings accounts insurance policies etc.. making it easier for businesses to operate smoothly within the city.

Noteable History

  1. Oran was founded by the Moorish Andalusians in the 10th century and later became a major center of trade and commerce under the Ottoman Empire.
  2. During World War II, Oran was an important strategic port for both Allied and Axis powers, with battles fought between French forces and German troops.
  3. In 1962, Oran played a significant role in Algeria’s struggle for independence from France.
  4. The city is also known for its vibrant music scene, which has produced many famous musicians such as Cheb Khaled and Rachid Taha.
  5. Notable people associated with Oran include French-Algerian philosopher Jacques Derrida, Algerian footballer Riyad Mahrez, and singer Warda Al-Jazairia.
  6. In recent years, Oran has undergone significant urban development projects aimed at revitalizing its economy and infrastructure.

Museums and Things To See

  1. Le Théâtre Régional d’Oran Abdelkader Alloula
  2. Musée National Ahmed Zabana
  3. Fort Santa Cruz
  4. La Grande Mosquée d’Oran
  5. Palais de la Culture Moufdi Zakaria
  6. Cathédrale du Sacré-Cœur d’Oran
  7. Musée Municipal Ahmed Ziani
  8. Les Plages d’Oran (Ain El Turck, Les Andalouses, Madagh)
  9. Place du 1er Novembre
  10. La Fontaine de l’Aigle Royal

Sports Teams

  1. MC Oran is a football club based in Oran and was founded in 1946. The team has won the Algerian Ligue Professionnelle 1 six times and the Algerian Cup four times.
  2. ASM Oran is another football club based in Oran that was founded in 1933. The team has won the Algerian Ligue Professionnelle 2 twice.
  3. IRB Maghnia is a football club from Maghnia located near Oran that has played several seasons in the Algerian Ligue Professionnelle 2.
  4. Widad Tlemcen is a football club from Tlemcen located near Oran that has played several seasons in the Algerian Ligue Professionnelle 1.
  5. CRB Ain Turk is a basketball team based in Ain Turk located near Oran. The team plays in the Algerian Basketball Championship and has won several titles over the years.

These are some of the sports teams associated with the history of the region of Oran, Algeria.

Cultural Events

  1. Oran International Arabic Film Festival
  2. Oran International Mediterranean Theatre Festival
  3. National Festival of Rai Music
  4. Tlemcen-Oran Cultural Week
  5. Sidi El Houari Moussem (religious festival)
  6. Oran Book Fair
  7. International Exhibition of Plastic Arts and Photography
  8. Oran Fashion Week
  9. National Festival of Traditional Music and Dance
  10. Oranie Expo (annual trade fair)


  1. Couscous: a traditional Algerian dish made with semolina grains, vegetables, and meat.
  2. Chakhchoukha: a hearty stew made with lamb or beef, vegetables, and broken-up pieces of bread.
  3. Merguez: spicy sausages made from lamb or beef that are grilled or fried.
  4. Brik: a crispy pastry filled with egg and tuna or meat.
  5. Shorba: a flavorful soup made with meat, vegetables, and spices.
  6. La Mamma Restaurant: known for its seafood dishes like paella and grilled fish.
  7. Le Marais Restaurant: specializes in French cuisine like steak frites and escargot.
  8. Dar El Hana Restaurant: known for its traditional Algerian dishes like couscous and chakhchoukha.
  9. Cafe de la Paix Oran: offers Mediterranean-inspired dishes like pizza and pasta as well as local specialties like brik.
  10. Le Petit Parisien Restaurant & Patisserie : serves French pastries such as croissants alongside classic North African dishes such as tagine.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Le Jardin de l’Horloge: A public garden with a clock tower, playgrounds, and walking paths.
  2. La Grande Poste d’Oran: A historic post office building that now serves as a cultural center with exhibitions and events.
  3. Parc des Grandes Plantes: A botanical garden with over 200 species of plants and flowers.
  4. Plage Les Andalouses: A popular beach for swimming, sunbathing, and water sports.
  5. Musée National Ahmed Zabana: A museum dedicated to the history and culture of Oran and Algeria.
  6. Stade Ahmed Zabana: A stadium that hosts sporting events such as soccer matches.
  7. Promenade Ibn Badis: A seaside promenade with restaurants, cafes, and shops.
  8. Place du 1er Novembre 1954: The main square in Oran where many cultural events take place throughout the year.


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