Orsha, Belarus

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Orsha, Belarus

Region: Vitebsk Region

Geographic Coordinates: 54.509200, 30.425800
Temperature Range: -30.0°C to 30.0°C (-22°F to 86°F)
Climate: Orsha, Belarus experiences cold winters and mild summers with a significant amount of precipitation throughout the year.
Population: 117225
Language: Belarusian

Orsha is a city with a rich history located in the Vitebsk Region of Belarus, Situated on the banks of the Dnieper River. The city has played an important role in various wars and battles throughout its history and was first mentioned in written records in 1067. Due to its location at the crossroads of major trade routes, Orsha was an important trade center during medieval times. One of Orsha’s most notable landmarks is the Orsha Castle, Which dates back to the 14th century. The castle served as a defense against neighboring countries such as Lithuania and Poland.

Today, Visitors can explore its ruins and learn about its fascinating history. Another must-see attraction is St. Nicholas Church, Built in 1630 with beautiful frescoes depicting scenes from biblical stories. This stunning Orthodox church has been restored several times over the years but still retains much of its original charm. Orsha also boasts several museums that offer insight into Belarusian culture and history such as The Museum of Local Lore showcasing artifacts from ancient times through modern day while highlighting notable figures from Orsha’s past like famous writer Maxim Bogdanovich.

For nature lovers, There are several parks throughout Orsha that offer peaceful spots for relaxation or outdoor activities like hiking or biking. The Dnieper River provides opportunities for water sports like kayaking or fishing too. In addition to historical landmarks and natural beauty, Orsha also offers plenty of modern amenities such as shopping centers, Restaurants serving traditional Belarusian cuisine along with international dishes; hotels ranging from budget-friendly options to luxurious accommodations with spa facilities.

Overall, Whether you’re interested in exploring ancient castles or enjoying outdoor activities surrounded by breathtaking scenery – there’s something for everyone to enjoy in this charming city full of rich heritage!

Important Landmarks

  1. Orsha Castle
  2. St. Nicholas Church
  3. Monument to the Heroes of Orsha Battle
  4. Museum of Local Lore and History
  5. Victory Square
  6. The Holy Trinity Church
  7. The House of Culture named after Lenin
  8. The Park Orshansky
  9. The Palace of Culture named after Kirov
  10. The Memorial Complex To the soldiers who died in Afghanistan

Primary Industries

  • Orsha, Belarus is primarily known for its agricultural industry with a focus on grain and livestock production.
  • Other major industries in the city include food processing, textile manufacturing, and construction materials production.
  • There are also several small businesses and service industries operating within the city.

  • Noteable History

    1. Battle of Orsha (1514) – A battle between the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Muscovite army led by Grand Prince Vasili III. The Lithuanians emerged victorious in what is considered one of their greatest triumphs.
    2. Siege of Orsha (1655) – During the Russo-Polish War, Russian forces besieged Orsha for three months but were ultimately unable to conquer it.
    3. Napoleon’s March on Moscow (1812) – The French army passed through Orsha during their disastrous retreat from Moscow.
    4. Jewish community – Before World War II, Orsha had a significant Jewish population, with many prominent rabbis and scholars associated with the town.
    5. Ivan Shishmanovich – A celebrated Belarusian painter who was born in Orsha in 1898.
    6. Tadeusz Kościuszko – A Polish-Lithuanian military leader who fought for American independence before leading an unsuccessful uprising against Russian rule in Poland-Lithuania; he spent time as a prisoner in Orsha after his capture during the rebellion.
    7. Vladimir Korotkevich – A Belarusian mathematician known for his accomplishments in mathematical competitions who was born in Orsha in 1969.
    8. Alexei Kondratievich Savrasov – An esteemed Russian landscape painter who lived near his father’s estate close to Orsha where he painted numerous depictions of local landscapes.
    9. Mikhailo Kozlovsky – An exceptional sculptor whose works are preserved at Hermitage Museum; he contributed to constructing St.Peterburg’s Isaac Cathedral and worked on sculptures for Catherine Palace near Saint Petersburg as well as other buildings throughout Russia including those located at or around Orsha.
    10. Ivan Mazepa – A Ukrainian nobleman and Hetman of the Zaporozhian Host who was born in Orsha in 1639. He is remembered for his role in the Great Northern War and his alliance with Charles XII of Sweden against Russia.

    Museums and Things To See

    1. Orsha Town Museum
    2. St. Nicholas Church
    3. Orsha Castle Ruins
    4. Monument to the Heroes of the Great Patriotic War
    5. Memorial Complex Sorrowful Mother
    6. The Chapel of Sts Peter and Paul
    7. Monument to Tadeusz Kosciuszko
    8. The Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary
    9. Orsha Synagogue
    10. Park of Culture and Rest named after Kirov

    Cultural Events

    1. Orsha Battle Festival – a historical reenactment of the famous battle that took place in Orsha in 1514.
    2. Slavic Bazaar – an international music festival that takes place every July and features performers from all over Europe.
    3. International Film Festival Listapad – a film festival held annually in November, showcasing films from around the world.
    4. City Day – a celebration of Orsha’s founding anniversary with various cultural events such as concerts, exhibitions, and fireworks.
    5. Folklore Festival Orshanskiye Zori – a traditional folklore festival held every summer that features folk music, dance performances, and crafts exhibitions.
    6. Maslenitsa (Shrovetide) – a traditional Slavic holiday celebrated before Lent with activities such as pancake-making competitions and burning effigies of winter.
    7. Christmas Market – a festive market held during the holiday season where visitors can buy handmade crafts and souvenirs while enjoying traditional food and drinks like hot mulled wine (glühwein).


    • Orsha, Belarus is renowned for its traditional Belarusian cuisine. Some popular dishes include:
      • Draniki (potato pancakes)
      • Machanka (pork stew)
      • Kalduny (dumplings filled with meat or mushrooms)
    • There are various restaurants in Orsha that serve authentic Belarusian cuisine, such as:
      • Korchma U Ratushi – a cozy restaurant situated in the heart of Orsha’s old town
      • Vasilki – a family-friendly restaurant with a rustic atmosphere and a menu featuring classic Belarusian dishes
      • Stolovaya No. 1 – a cafeteria-style eatery that offers affordable home-style meals and snacks
      • Pivnaya Apteka – a pub-style restaurant that provides an extensive selection of beers and hearty pub fare
      • Zolotaya Rybka – a seafood restaurant that specializes in fresh fish dishes sourced from local lakes and rivers
    • Overall, visitors to Orsha can expect to find plenty of delicious local cuisine options to try during their stay!

    • Parks and Recreation

      1. Central City Park – a large park with walking paths, benches, playgrounds, and a lake.
      2. Victory Park – a park dedicated to World War II veterans with monuments, walking paths, and an outdoor amphitheater.
      3. Orsha Zoo – a small zoo with various animals including bears, monkeys, and birds.
      4. Sports Complex Orsha – a sports complex that offers tennis courts, swimming pools, and soccer fields.
      5. Ice Palace Orsha – an indoor ice skating rink that offers public skating sessions as well as hockey games.
      6. Culture Palace of Railway Workers – a cultural center that hosts concerts and events throughout the year.
      7. Museum of Local Lore – a museum showcasing the history of Orsha and its surrounding areas.
      8. Komsomol Lake – a popular spot for fishing and boating in the summer months.
      9. Children’s Amusement Park Karusel – A small amusement park for children located near Victory Square.
      10. Orshanka Beach- A beach located on the Dnieper river where people can swim or relax on the sand.


      Go Where The Road Takes You.

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