Pematangsiantar, Indonesia

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Pematangsiantar, Indonesia

Region: North Sumatra

Geographic Coordinates: 2.960000, 99.060000
Temperature Range: 20.0°C to 35.0°C (68°F to 95°F)
Climate: Tropical climate with high humidity and rainfall throughout the year, but with a distinct wet season from October to March.
Population: 278055
Language: Indonesian

Pematangsiantar is a city in North Sumatra, Indonesia. It is located about 130 kilometers southeast of Medan, The capital of North Sumatra. Pematangsiantar is known for its rich cultural heritage and its unique blend of Batak and Chinese cultures. The city has a population of around 250, 000 people and covers an area of approximately 80 square kilometers. It is situated on the banks of the Asahan River, Which provides water for irrigation to the surrounding agricultural lands.

One of the most famous landmarks in Pematangsiantar is the Tugu Pahlawan (Heroes Monument), Which was built to commemorate Indonesian soldiers who fought against Dutch colonialism during World War II. The monument stands at over 30 meters tall and features a statue of a soldier holding a rifle. Another popular attraction in Pematangsiantar is Istana Maimun (Maimun Palace), Which was built in 1888 by Sultan Ma’moen Al Rasyid Perkasa Alam as his residence. The palace has become one of the most iconic landmarks in North Sumatra due to its unique architecture that blends Islamic, Malay, Spanish, Indian and Italian styles.

The city also boasts several museums that showcase its rich history and culture. One such museum is Museum Negeri Propinsi Sumatera Utara (North Sumatra Provincial Museum) which displays various artifacts from prehistoric times up until modern day Indonesia. Pematangsiantar also offers a wide range of culinary delights for visitors to indulge in. One must-try dish here is Saksang – made from pork or dog meat cooked with spices like garlic, Ginger and chili pepper – which represents traditional Batak cuisine.

In addition to all these attractions, Pematangsiantar hosts several festivals throughout the year including Galungan Festival – celebrated by Balinese Hindus living here – Christmas Festival where locals decorate their houses with lights and ornaments, And the Chinese New Year Festival which is marked by lion dances, Fireworks and other festivities. Overall, Pematangsiantar is a vibrant city that offers a unique blend of culture, History and tradition. With its rich cultural heritage, Beautiful landmarks and delicious cuisine, It is definitely worth a visit for anyone traveling to North Sumatra.

Important Landmarks

  1. Taman Wisata Alam Siantar: A nature park with a lake and various recreational activities.
  2. Gereja GKPS Siantar: A historic church built during the Dutch colonial period.
  3. Istana Maimun: A royal palace in Medan that showcases traditional Batak architecture.
  4. Vihara Avalokitesvara Graha: A Buddhist temple known for its giant statue of Guan Yin.
  5. Tugu Pahlawan (Heroes Monument): A monument dedicated to Indonesian heroes who fought against Dutch colonialism.
  6. Bukit Gajah Bobok: A scenic hilltop with panoramic views of the surrounding area.
  7. Danau Toba (Lake Toba): The largest volcanic lake in the world located near Pematangsiantar, which is a popular tourist destination for its natural beauty and cultural significance to the Batak people.
  8. Museum TB Silalahi Center: An art museum showcasing works by local artists and featuring traditional Batak artifacts and cultural exhibits.
  9. Waterboom Siantar Waterpark: A water park with various rides and attractions for families to enjoy.
  10. Pantai Cermin Theme Park: A beachfront amusement park with rides, games & attractions for all ages.
  11. Kampung Cina: A Chinese village located within Pematangsiantar city limits that showcases Chinese culture through food, architecture & festivals throughout the year.

Primary Industries

  1. Agriculture
    • Rice
    • Corn
    • Vegetables
    • Fruits
  2. Textile production
    • Batik fabrics
    • Traditional clothing
  3. Food processing
    • Snacks
    • Canned foods
    • Other processed food products
  4. Retail sales
    • Clothes
    • Electronics
    • Household goods
  5. Construction activities
    • New buildings
  6. Education services
    • Schools
    • Universities
  7. Healthcare providers
    • Hospitals
    • Clinics
  8. Tourism
    • Lake Toba

Noteable History

  1. Pematangsiantar was established as a town in 1907 during the Dutch colonial era.
  2. The Battle of Pematangsiantar took place in 1947, as part of the Indonesian National Revolution against Dutch rule.
  3. Sisingamangaraja XII, a Batak king who fought against Dutch colonization in the late 19th century, was born here.
  4. T.B. Simatupang, a renowned Indonesian writer and military officer during the country’s struggle for independence, hails from this town.
  5. President Sukarno delivered his famous speech on Pancasila ideology at this location in 1963.
  6. Several historic churches are located here, including the HKBP Siantar Cathedral and GKPS Church Huta Tinggi; these are important landmarks for Christian communities in Indonesia.

Notable people associated with Pematangsiantar include T.B Simatupang, Sisingamangaraja XII, Joko Widodo (Indonesia’s current president), Djarot Saiful Hidayat (former governor of Jakarta), and Rosyidah Tambunan (Indonesian national athlete).

Museums and Things To See

  1. Taman Wisata Bahari Siantar is a well-known tourist spot situated on the banks of Lake Toba. It boasts of beautiful gardens, a water park, and various recreational activities.
  2. Museum Pendidikan Proklamator is a museum dedicated to Indonesia’s independence history and the role of its founding fathers. It houses several artifacts related to the country’s struggle for freedom.
  3. Vihara Avalokitesvara Graha is a Buddhist temple famous for its impressive architecture and serene surroundings. Visitors can admire intricate carvings and statues while enjoying the peaceful atmosphere.
  4. Gereja GKPS Pematangsiantar is an old church built-in 1897 by Dutch missionaries, making it one of North Sumatra’s oldest churches.
  5. Makam Raja Sisingamangaraja XII is where King Sisingamangaraja XII’s tomb lies, who fought against Dutch colonialism in Batak legend.
  6. Pematangsiantar City Hall building was constructed during Dutch colonial times with an interesting architectural style that combines European and local influences.
  7. Istana Maimun (Maimun Palace) located in nearby Medan was built as Sultan Ma’moen Al Rasyid Perkasa Alam’s residence in 1888 but now serves as a museum showcasing royal artifacts from Sumatra’s past kingdoms.
  8. Taman Simalem Resort offers stunning views overlooking Lake Toba from atop a hill along with outdoor activities like trekking, zip-lining etc.
  9. Sipiso-Piso Waterfall near Berastagi town drops down over 120 meters height making it one of Indonesia’s highest waterfalls – truly magnificent!
  10. Bukit Lawang orangutan sanctuary located near Medan attracts nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts who can observe orangutans in their natural habitat or go trekking in nearby jungle trails!

Sports Teams

  1. I apologize as I do not possess any knowledge regarding the current sports teams and their histories in Pematangsiantar, Indonesia.
  2. However, I would recommend looking for local news websites or social media pages related to sports in Pematangsiantar to gather more information about the sports teams and their histories.

Cultural Events

  1. Pesta Danau Toba (Lake Toba Festival) – held annually in August, this festival celebrates the culture of the Batak people. It includes traditional music, dance performances and a boat race on Lake Toba.
  2. Hari Raya Idul Fitri – also known as Eid al-Fitr, this is a major Muslim holiday celebrated at the end of Ramadan with prayer services and feasting.
  3. Chinese New Year – celebrated by the Chinese community in Pematangsiantar with dragon dances, fireworks displays and traditional food.
  4. Cap Go Meh Festival – held on the 15th day of Chinese New Year, this festival includes parades featuring lion dances and dragon dances.
  5. Sigale-gale Festival – a traditional Batak festival that features puppet shows depicting local legends and folk stories.
  6. Pasar Horas Siantar (Siantar City Market) – a weekly market where locals sell everything from fresh produce to handicrafts to clothing.
  7. Independence Day Celebration – commemorating Indonesia’s independence from Dutch colonial rule on August 17th with flag-raising ceremonies, parades and cultural performances.


  1. Babi Panggang Karo is a well-liked dish in Pematangsiantar, consisting of roasted pork with spicy sauce and served with rice cakes.
  2. Mie Gomak is a traditional noodle dish from the Karo region, made with spicy broth, vegetables, and meat.
  3. Sate Padang is a grilled meat skewer dish from West Sumatra that has gained popularity throughout Indonesia.
  4. Bakso Malang Cipta Rasa is a famous restaurant in Pematangsiantar known for its delicious meatballs served in flavorful broth.
  5. Warung Sate Kambing Pak Ucup is a street food stall serving tasty grilled goat skewers with peanut sauce.
  6. Rumah Makan Tiong Sim is a Chinese restaurant serving traditional dishes such as fried rice and noodles, along with dim sum and seafood dishes.
  7. Nasi Goreng Kampung Khas Jawa Timur specializes in Javanese-style fried rice cooked with various spices and ingredients like chicken or shrimp.
  8. Ayam Penyet Bu Krisna is a popular chain restaurant serving crispy fried chicken that has been flattened before cooking to make it tender and juicy inside.
  9. Bebek Madura Pak Haji Slamet is another chain restaurant known for its crispy duck cooked in Madurese style using special herbs and spices.
  10. Martabak Bangka Asli Pak Basri serves Indonesian-style stuffed pancakes filled with savory or sweet ingredients like minced beef, cheese, chocolate or peanuts crafted by the owner who hails from Bangka island off Sumatra’s east coast.

Parks and Recreation

  1. Taman Hutan Raya Sibolangit (Sibolangit Forest Park)
  2. Taman Kota Pematangsiantar (Pematangsiantar City Park)
  3. Lapangan Merdeka (Merdeka Field)
  4. Pantai Cermin Waterpark
  5. Bukit Indah Simarjarunjung
  6. Danau Toba (Lake Toba)
  7. Bukit Lawang Jungle Trekking
  8. Gunung Sibayak (Mount Sibayak) hiking trail
  9. Tebing Tinggi Waterfall
  10. Pusuk Buhit Mountain Trekking


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